Giada De Laurentiis
Giada Pamela De Laurentiis is an Italian-born American chef, television personality, and the host of the current Food Network television program Giada at Home. She appears regularly as a contributor and guest co-host on NBCs Today, De Laurentiis is the founder of the catering business GDL Foods. She is a winner of the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lifestyle Host, Giada Pamela De Laurentiis was born in Rome, the eldest child of actress Veronica De Laurentiis and her first husband, actor-producer Alex De Benedetti. De Benedetti was an associate of Giadas maternal grandfather, film producer Dino De Laurentiis. As a child, Giada often found herself in the kitchen and spent a great deal of time at her grandfathers restaurant. Her parents were married in February 1970 but were divorced, after her parents divorce and her siblings moved to Southern California where they took their mothers surname. After graduating from Marymount High School in Los Angeles, De Laurentiis attended the University of California, Los Angeles and her maternal great-grandmother was English and her grandmother was British-Italian film star Silvana Mangano.
Her siblings include sister Eloisa, a makeup artist, and brothers Igor and Dino Alexander II and her stepfather is producer Ivan Kavalsky. De Laurentiis studied at Le Cordon Bleu in Paris, with aspirations of becoming a pastry chef, after returning to the United States, she became a professional chef working in several Los Angeles restaurants, notably the Wolfgang Puck-owned Spago. She worked as a food stylist and was contacted by the Food Network after styling a piece in Food & Wine Magazine in 2002 and her Food Network daytime cooking show, Everyday Italian, premiered April 5,2003. When the program first aired, the Food Network received mail accusing the network of hiring a model or actress pretending to cook instead of a real chef and she has since become well known for her trademark over-enunciation of Italian words within English sentences. De Laurentiis began hosting Behind the Bash in October 2006, the program examines the catering process behind big event extravaganzas such as the Grammy Awards.
In January 2007, a third De Laurentiis-hosted show, Giadas Weekend Getaways, on this show, De Laurentiis travels to a featured locale and visits her favorite local culinary destinations. On a November 2006 episode of Iron Chef America, De Laurentiis and Bobby Flay competed against, in 2007, De Laurentiis appeared as a presenter at the inaugural Food Network Awards. In June 2007, she hosted a two-part Food Network special entitled Giada in Paradise, De Laurentiis made several appearances as a guest judge on the third season of The Next Food Network Star, which aired in 2007. That year she was dubbed a petite powerhouse by Town & Country magazine, in 2008, she won a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lifestyle Host. In 2008, De Laurentiis and the Barilla Group, launched an Italian gourmet line under the Academia Barilla name—Barillas first-ever gourmet celebrity product line and that same year, Giada at Home premiered, showing De Laurentiis in a kitchen preparing meals and parties for family and friends.
The show is shot on a set that is similar to her own home
Wilmington, North Carolina
Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States. The population is 112,067, according to the 2010 Census it is the eighth most populous city in the state, Wilmington was settled by European Americans along the Cape Fear River. Its historic downtown has a one-mile-long Riverwalk, originally developed as a tourist attraction and it is minutes away from nearby beaches. The National Trust for Historic Preservation named Wilmington, North Carolina, in 2003 the city was designated by the US Congress as a Coast Guard City. It is the port for the USCGC Diligence, a United States Coast Guard medium endurance cutter. The World War II battleship USS North Carolina is held as a war memorial, located across from the port area. Other attractions include the Cape Fear Museum, the Wilmington Hammerheads United Soccer Leagues soccer team, Wilmington is the home of EUE Screen Gems Studios, the largest domestic television and movie production facility outside of California.
Dream Stage 10, the facilitys newest sound stage, is the third-largest in the US and it houses the largest special-effects water tank in North America. After the studios opening in 1984, Wilmington became a center of American film. Numerous movies in a range of genres and several series, including Iron Man 3, Foxs Sleepy Hollow, One Tree Hill, Dawsons Creek. In recent years, the end of tax credits to the industry has severely impacted filmmaking in the entire area. The area had long inhabited by various cultures of indigenous peoples, at the time of European encounter. The ethnic European and African history of Wilmington spans more than two and a half centuries, giovanni da Verrazano is reportedly the first European to observe the area, including the citys present site, in the early 16th century. The first permanent European settlement in the area came in the 1720s when English colonists began settling the area, in September 1732, a community was founded on land owned by John Watson on the Cape Fear River, at the confluence of its northwest and northeast branches.
The settlement, founded by the first royal governor, George Burrington, was called New Carthage, governor Gabriel Johnston soon after established his government there for the North Carolina colony. In 1739 or 1740, the town was incorporated with a new name, Wilmington, in honor of Spencer Compton, many of the settlers were indentured servants, mainly from the British Isles and northern Europe. As the indentured servants gained their freedom, the colonists imported a number of African slaves as laborers into the port city. By 1767, slaves accounted for more than 62% of the population of the Lower Cape Fear region, many worked in the port as laborers, and some in ship-related trades
World War II
World War II, known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the worlds countries—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust and the bombing of industrial and population centres. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history, from late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. In December 1941, Japan attacked the United States and European colonies in the Pacific Ocean, and quickly conquered much of the Western Pacific.
The Axis advance halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway, near Hawaii, in 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained all of its territorial losses and invaded Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in South Central China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy, thus ended the war in Asia, cementing the total victory of the Allies. World War II altered the political alignment and social structure of the world, the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The victorious great powers—the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence of European great powers waned, while the decolonisation of Asia, most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery.
Political integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities, the start of the war in Europe is generally held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland and France declared war on Germany two days later. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or even the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred simultaneously and this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935. The British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the forces of Mongolia and the Soviet Union from May to September 1939, the exact date of the wars end is not universally agreed upon.
It was generally accepted at the time that the war ended with the armistice of 14 August 1945, rather than the formal surrender of Japan
Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia
The Centro sperimentale di cinematografia was established in 1935 in Italy and aims to promote the art and technique of cinematography and film. The center is the most important Italian institution for training and experimentation in the field of cinema, intended in its widest sense, of films, documentaries and it is a full member of the international CILECT network of film schools. Located near Cinecittà, the school trains its students using 35mm equipment over a 3-yr period, with only 6 places available per class, selection is highly competitive. Among its mentors are Piero Tosi, Giuseppe Rotunno and Giancarlo Giannini, archived from the original on June 5,2010
Kingdom of Italy
The state was founded as a result of the unification of Italy under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which can be considered its legal predecessor state. Italy declared war on Austria in alliance with Prussia in 1866, Italian troops entered Rome in 1870, ending more than one thousand years of Papal temporal power. Italy entered into a Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1882, victory in the war gave Italy a permanent seat in the Council of the League of Nations. Fascist Italy is the era of National Fascist Party rule from 1922 to 1943 with Benito Mussolini as head of government, according to Payne, Fascist regime passed through several relatively distinct phases. The first phase was nominally a continuation of the parliamentary system, came the second phase, the construction of the Fascist dictatorship proper from 1925 to 1929. The third phase, with activism, was 1929–34. The war itself was the phase with its disasters and defeats. Italy was allied with Nazi Germany in World War II until 1943 and it switched sides to the Allies after ousting Mussolini and shutting down the Fascist party in areas controlled by the Allied invaders.
Shortly after the war, civil discontent led to the referendum of 1946 on whether Italy would remain a monarchy or become a republic. Italians decided to abandon the monarchy and form the Italian Republic, the Kingdom of Italy claimed all of the territory which is modern-day Italy. The development of the Kingdoms territory progressed under Italian re-unification until 1870, the state for a long period of time did not include Trieste or Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, which are in Italy today, and only annexed them in 1919. After the Second World War, the borders of present-day Italy were founded, the Kingdom of Italy was theoretically a constitutional monarchy. Executive power belonged to the monarch, as executed through appointed ministers, two chambers of parliament restricted the monarchs power—an appointive Senate and an elective Chamber of Deputies. The kingdoms constitution was the Statuto Albertino, the governing document of the Kingdom of Sardinia. In theory, ministers were responsible to the king.
However, in practice, it was impossible for an Italian government to stay in office without the support of Parliament, members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected by plurality voting system elections in uninominal districts. A candidate needed the support of 50% of those voting, and of 25% of all enrolled voters, if not all seats were filled on the first ballot, a runoff was held shortly afterwards for the remaining vacancies. After a brief multinominal experimentation in 1882, proportional representation into large, Socialists became the major party, but they were unable to form a government in a parliament split into three different factions, with Christian Populists and classical liberals
Torre Annunziata is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, region of Campania in Italy. It is located on the Gulf of Naples at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius, the city was destroyed in the Vesuvius eruption of 79 AD and in 1631. It is known locally in the Neapolitan dialect as Torre Nunziata, the city was once the seat of important ironwork food processing and pasta industries. Today industries still active include naval and pharmaceutical ones, the archaeological site of Oplonti is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1997. Torre Annunziata borders with the municipalities of Boscoreale, Castellammare di Stabia, Torre del Greco, on the Tabula Peutingeriana Torre Annunziata is called Oplonti. In the communal territory, one of the richest Roman villas has been excavated, dating to the 1st century BC, it probably belonged to the gens Poppaea, and is known as Villa Poppaea. Torre Annunziata is home to F. C. Savoia 1908 who play at the Stadio Giraud and their highest achievement was during the 1923-24 season where they finished Serie A runners up.
Professional footballer Ciro Immobile was born in Torre Annunziata
Barabbas (1961 film)
Barabbas is a 1961 religious epic film expanding on the career of Barabbas, from the Christian Passion narrative in the Gospel of Mark and other gospels. It was conceived as a grand Roman epic, was based on Nobel Prize-winning Pär Lagerkvists 1950 novel of the same title, a previous film version of the novel, in Swedish, had been made in 1953. The film was directed by Richard Fleischer and shot in Verona and it included many spectacular scenes, including a battle of gladiators in a Cinecittà film studio mock-up of the arena, and a crucifixion shot during a real eclipse of the sun. Pontius Pilate offers to release neither Jesus of Nazareth or Barabbas, the crowd gathered for the pardoning chooses Barabbas, and Jesus is condemned to crucifixion. Returning to his friends, Barabbas asks for his lover and his friends inform him that Rachel has become a follower of Christ. Rachel soon returns, but she is not happy to see Barabbas, Barabbas witnesses the crucifixion of Jesus. As Jesus dies, the sky turns black, and Barabbas is shaken and he watches Christs body sealed in the tomb.
On the third morning, Barabbas finds the open and the corpse gone. Rachel tells him that Christ has risen, but Barabbas says it is an illusion and he visits the apostles, they do not know where he is, but believe he is risen. Rachel preaches in Jerusalem about the Christ and she is stoned to death at the insistence of the priests. Barabbas returns to his ways and robs a caravan containing several of the priests. He throws stones at one of rather than fleeing, and is captured by Roman soldiers. The law forbids Pilate from executing someone who has been pardoned, Barabbas survives this hellish existence for the next twenty years. He is chained to Sahak, a sailor who was sent to the mines for allowing slaves to escape, Sahak hates Barabbas for being pardoned instead of the Master, but the two men eventually become friends. Over time, Sahak becomes too weak to work, as the guards are about to euthanize him, the mine is destroyed in an earthquake. Sahak and Barabbas are the only survivors, the superstitious wife of the local prefect, considers them blessed.
The prefect is due to leave for Rome to be appointed to the Senate, julia insists that Barabbas and Sahak accompany him for good luck. Once in Rome, the men are trained to become gladiators by Torvald, after a gladiatorial event, Sahak is overheard sharing his faith with other gladiators, and is condemned to death for treason
Danger, Diabolik is a 1968 action film directed by Mario Bava based on the Italian comic series Diabolik. The film is about a criminal named Diabolik who plans large-scale heists for his girlfriend Eva, Diabolik is pursued by Inspector Ginco who blackmails the gangster Ralph Valmont into catching Diabolik for him. An adaption of the Italian comic book was originally envisioned by producer Tonino Cervi, Cervi hired director Seth Holt and had an international production with a cast that included Jean Sorel, Elsa Martinelli and George Raft. After producer Dino De Laurentiis saw the footage that had shot, he halted production on the film and had a new director, cast. This resulted in Bava directing the film on a smaller budget with more well known actors taking smaller roles. Many of the cast and crew members were brought in from Barbarella De Laurentiis other comic book adaptation of that year. The film did not do as well at the box office as De Laurentiis had expected and received negative reviews on its release from The New York Times.
With the re-evaluation of Bavas filmography, contemporary reception of the film has been more positive, two new adaptions of Diabolik were announced in the 2000s, but none went into production. After an armored car leaves a bank with ten dollars, it is attacked en route by Diabolik who manages to steal the money. Leaving the money in their hideout and Eva attend a press conference held by the Minister of the Interior which they disrupt by releasing laughing gas. Due to the level of crime, the death penalty is brought back. The police cannot find Diabolik, and gang leader Valmont suffers at their hands from a clampdown because of his actions, realising things can only get worse because of Diaboliks crime spree, Valmont contacts Inspector Ginco and makes a deal to catch him for the police. At his hideout, Diabolik decides to steal the famous Aksand emerald necklace from the Saint Just Castle for Evas birthday, Valmont builds up an identikit picture of Eva and circulates it as a means of capturing Diabolik.
Diabolik scales the walls of Saint Just Castle where he finds the police lying in wait and he manages to steal the necklace by fooling the police officers with mirrors on the road and dummy decoys of himself. Valmont has made plans to lure Diabolik out of hiding by having one of his henchmen kidnap Eva. To rescue her, Diabolik boards Valmonts airplane with the ten million dollars and he is ejected from the plane but manages to grab Valmont just before a bomb he had placed earlier explodes. Diabolik rescues Eva as the close in on them. Eva makes her escape as Diabolik kills Valmont, but Diabolik is trapped, the police find him and pronounce him dead
The term was used by American critics and other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. According to veteran Spaghetti Western actor Aldo Sambrell, the phrase Spaghetti Western was coined by Spanish journalist Alfonso Sánchez, the denomination for these films in Italy is western allitaliana. Italo-Western is used, especially in Germany, the term Eurowesterns may be used to include Western movies that were produced in Europe but not called Spaghetti Westerns, like the West German Winnetou films or Ostern Westerns. The majority of the films were international co-productions between Italy and Spain, and sometimes France, Israel, Yugoslavia, or the United States. These movies were released in Italian, but as most of the films featured multilingual casts and sound was post-synched. Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978 and these are consistently listed among the best Westerns of any variety. Sergio Leones A Fistful of Dollars established the Spaghetti Western as a kind of Western.
In this seminal film the hero enters a town that is ruled by two outlaw gangs and ordinary social relations are non-existent and he betrays and plays the gangs against one another in order to make money. Then he uses his cunning and exceptional skill to assist a family threatened by both gangs. His treachery is exposed and he is beaten, but in the end he defeats the remaining gang. Leone moved on from borrowing and established his own oft imitated style, Leones films and other core Spaghetti Westerns are often described as having eschewed, criticised or even demythologized many of the conventions of traditional U. S. Westerns. This was partly intentional and partly the context of a different cultural background, use of pathos received a big boost with Sergio Corbuccis influential Django. However, in the years use of cunning and irony became more prominent. This was seen in Leones next two Westerns, with their emphasis on unstable partnerships, Ennio Morricones music for A Fistful of Dollars and Spaghetti Westerns was just as seminal and imitated.
It expresses a similar duality between quirky and unusual sounds and instruments on the one hand, and sacral dramatizing for the big scenes on the other. Most Spaghetti Westerns were made on low budgets, using inexpensive locales, gods Gun was filmed in Israel. In the 1960s, critics recognized that the American genres were rapidly changing, the genre most identifiably American, the Western, seemed to be evolving into a new rougher form. For many critics, Sergio Leones films were part of the problem, Leones Dollars Trilogy was not the beginning of the Spaghetti Western cycle in Italy, but for Americans Leones films represented the true beginning of the Italian invasion of an American genre
Nights of Cabiria
Nights of Cabiria is a 1957 Italian drama film directed by Federico Fellini and starring Giulietta Masina, François Périer, and Amedeo Nazzari. Based on a story by Fellini, the film is about a prostitute in Rome who searches for love in vain. The film won the 1957 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and this was the second straight year Italy and Fellini won this Academy Award, having won for 1956s La Strada, which starred Giulietta Masina. A happy, laughing Cabiria is standing on a bank with her current boyfriend and live-in lover. Suddenly he pushes her into the river and steals her purse which is full of money. She cannot swim and nearly drowns, but is rescued by a group of young boys, in spite of just saving her life, she treats them with disdain and starts looking for Giorgio. Cabiria returns to her home, but Giorgio has disappeared. She is bitter, and when her best friend and neighbor, Wanda tries to help her get him, Cabiria shoos her away. She continues to ply her trade as a prostitute, one night, she is outside a fancy nightclub and witnesses a fight between famous movie star, Alberto Lazzari and his girlfriend, as she dumps him.
The differences in appearance between the glamorous girlfriend, in a coat, and the disheveled and short Cabiria are stark. The jilted Lazzari takes the starstruck Cabiria to another club and to his house, as the two are finally becoming closer after a rather standoffish few hours, Lazzaris girlfriend returns and Cabiria is shuffled off to the bathroom, unable to consummate with the movie star. Later, a procession passes the hangout area for the town prostitutes. As her associates mock the Church, Cabiria is drawn to the procession, just as she is about to join the procession, another john comes and she gets in his truck instead. As she heads home that night, she sees a man giving food to the people living in caves near her house. She has never seen this man before, but she is impressed by his charity toward others, when she goes to church with her friends, she prays for a chance to better her life. Cabiria goes to a show, and the magician drags her up on stage. As the audience laughs, she acts out her desires to be married, furious at having been taken advantage of for the audiences amusement, she leaves in a huff.
Outside the theater, a man named Oscar is waiting outside to talk to her and he was in the audience, and he says he agrees with her that it was not right for everyone to laugh, but believes that fate has brought them together
Silvana Mangano was an Italian actress. Raised in poverty during World War II, Mangano trained as a dancer and this led to work in films, she achieved a notable success in Bitter Rice and continued working in films for almost four more decades. Born in Rome to an Italian father and an English mother, trained for seven years as a dancer, she was supporting herself as a model. In 1946, at age 16, Mangano won the Miss Rome beauty pageant and through this, one year later, she became a contestant in the Miss Italia contest. Manganos earliest connection with filmmaking occurred through her relationship with actor Marcello Mastroianni. This led her to a contract, though it would take some time for Mangano to ascend to international stardom with her performance in Bitter Rice. Thereafter, she signed a contract with Lux Film, in 1949, and married Dino De Laurentiis, married to film producer Dino De Laurentiis from 1949, the couple had four children, Raffaella and Federico. Veronicas daughter Giada De Laurentiis is host of Everyday Italian and Giada at Home on the Food Network, Raffaella coproduced with her father on Manganos penultimate film, Dune.
Federico died in a crash in 1981 in Alaska. De Laurentiis and Mangano separated in 1983, and Mangano began divorce proceedings in 1988, following surgery on 4 December 1989 that left her in a coma, Mangano died of lung cancer in Madrid, Spain on 16 December 1989. A clip of the opening of this performance is featured in the film Cinema Paradiso, Silvana Mangano at the Internet Movie Database Silvana Mangano at AllMovie Silvana Mangano at Find a Grave Front Cover of Life Magazine,11 April 1960