SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Manipur

Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, Assam to the west; the state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres and has a population of 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the majority group in the state, the Pangals or the Pangans, Naga tribes, Kuki/Zo tribes and other communities, who speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years, it has long connected the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia to Southeast Asia, Siberia and Polynesia, enabling migration of people and religions. During the days of the British Indian Empire, the Kingdom of Manipur was one of the princely states. Between 1917 and 1939, some people of Manipur pressed the princely rulers for democracy. By the late 1930s, the princely state of Manipur negotiated with the British administration its preference to continue to be part of the Indian Empire, rather than part of Burma, being separated from India.

These negotiations were cut short with the outbreak of World War II in 1939. On 11 August 1947, Maharaja Budhachandra signed an Instrument of Accession. On 21 September 1949, he signed a Merger Agreement, merging the kingdom into India, which led to its becoming a Part C State; this merger was disputed by groups in Manipur, as having been completed without consensus and under duress. The dispute and differing visions for the future has resulted in a 50-year insurgency in the state for independence from India, as well as in repeated episodes of violence among ethnic groups in the state. From 2009 through 2018, the conflict was responsible for the violent deaths of over 1000 people; the Meitei ethnic group represents around 53% of the population of Manipur state, followed by various Naga tribes at 24% and various Kuki-Zo tribes at 16%. The main language of the state is Meiteilon. Tribals constitutes about 41% of the state population and are distinguished by dialects and cultures that are village-based.

Manipur's ethnic groups practice a variety of religions. According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the major religion in the state followed by Christianity. Other religions include Islam, Buddhism, Judaism etc. Manipur has an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential, it is connected to other areas by daily flights through Imphal airport, the second largest in northeastern India. Manipur is home to many sports and the origin of Manipuri dance, is credited with introducing polo to Europeans. Manipur is mentioned in historic texts as Kangleipak or Meeteileipak Sanamahi Laikan wrote that officials during the reign of Meidingu Pamheiba in the eighteenth century adopted Manipur's new name. According to Sakok Lamlen, the area had different names in its history. During the Hayachak period, it was known as Mayai Koiren poirei namthak saronpung or Tilli Koktong Ahanba. During the Langbachak era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren, was known as Muwapali in the Konnachak epoch.

Neighbouring cultures each had differing names for its people. The Shan or Pong called the area Cassay, the Burmese Kathe, the Assamese Meklee. In the first treaty between the British East India Company and Meidingu Chingthangkhomba signed in 1762, the kingdom was recorded as Meckley. Bhagyachandra and his successors issued coins engraved with "Manipureshwar", or "lord of Manipur", the British discarded the name Meckley. On, the work Dharani Samhita popularised the Sanskrit legends of the origin of Manipur's name; the term Kanglei, meaning "of Manipur/Kangleipak", is used to refer to items associated with the state where the term Manipuri is a given name. The history of Manipur Meities is chronicled in Puyas or Puwaris, the Ninghthou Kangbalon, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Ningthourol Lambuba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, Panthoibi Khongkul, etc. in the archaic Meitei script, comparable to the Thai script. The historical accounts presented here were recordings from the eyes and the judgment of the Meitei Kings and Maichous.

Hill tribes have their own folk tales and legends. Manipur was known by different names at various periods in its history, such as, Tilli-Koktong, Poirei-Lam, Sanna-Leipak, Mitei-Leipak, Meitrabak or Manipur, its capital was Yumphal or Imphal. Its people were known by various names, such as Mi-tei, Poirei-Mitei, Maitei or Meitei; the Puwaris, Ninghthou Kangbalon, Ningthourol Lambuba, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, recorded the events of each King who ruled Manipur in a span of more than 3500 years until 1955 AD. Ningthou Kangba is regarded as the foremost king of Manipur. There were times when the country was in turmoil without rulers and long historical gaps in between 1129 BC - 44 BC. In 1891 AD, after the defeat of the Meiteis by the British in the Anglo-Manipuri war of Khongjom, the sovereignty of Manipur which it had maintained for more than three millenniums, was lost. In 1926, it became a part of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts of British Burma until 4 January 1947, it regained its freedom on 14 August 1947 AD.

On 15 October 1949, Manipur was unified with India. By the medieval period, marriage alliances between royal families of the Manipur kingdom and Burma had become common

Richard Lugo

Richard Lugo is a Venezuelan professional basketball player signed with Venezuelan team Guaiqueríes de Margarita. Lugo played one season of NCAA Division I college basketball at St. Francis College in New York, he averaged 9.5 points, 8.1 rebounds, 4.5 blocks per game as a freshman starting center for the Terriers. Following this season, he signed as a professional with Panteras de Miranda in Venezuela. In 20 years as a professional, Lugo has played for several teams in Latin America and had brief stints in Europe and China, he was the Venezuelan Player of the Year in 1998 and is a four-time member of the Venezuelan All-Defensive Team and two-time Puerto Rican League Defensive Player of the Year. Champion with Capitanes of Arecibo Puerto Rican League in 2005. Participates with Atleticos San German team Puerto Rican League in 2008, he was a player of Team Brujos de Guayama in 2007. Richard Lugo is a member of the Honorary Council of the Federation of Basketball of Venezuela. Lugo has been a member of the Venezuela national basketball team since 1998.

He competed with the team at the 2002 FIBA World Championship and 2006 FIBA World Championship and was the team's leading rebounder at both tournaments. 2016 Became for life in the Professional Basketball League of Venezuela in the player with the most rebounds overcoming itself with more than 6,000 rebounds being the leader until today in the Venezuelan basketball

The MOBB

The Mobb is debut album by South Korea hip-hop duo MOBB. The album was released online on September 8, 2016, physically on September 23, 2016, by YG Entertainment; the album consist of 2 songs from the duo called "Hit Me" and "Full House", Mino's solo song "Body" and Bobby's solo song "HOLUP!". The physical edition add 2 bonus songs, "Fear" and "가드올리고 Bounce"; the music video for Bobby's solo track "꽐라" was released on September 7, 2016, the music video for Mino's solo track "몸" was released on September 8. On September 9, music videos for the collaborative singles "붐벼" and "빨리 전화해" were released; the duo performed their songs "Hit Me" & "Full House" at Inkigayo on September 11, 2016. The duo performed their solo song at M Countdown. On September 28 they "Full House" at a busking on a park in Hongdae, Seoul. Upon its release the album debut on number 1 at Billboard's World Album Chart; the album charted at number 2 on South Korean Gaon Album Chart on the first week of physical release and number 6 on monthly chart.

The album sold 31,744 copies in September. In Japan the album charted in Oricon album chart at No. 47, selling 1,418 copies. In December 28, 2016, the Japanese version of the album was released as their Japanese debut, with Japanese lyrics of three songs, "Full House", "HOLUP!" & "Body". The album charted in number seven selling 7,938 copies."Hit Me" debut at number 3 on Billboard's World Digital Songs for the week October 1, 2016. The MVs had great reception where they land on number 2, 3, 6 and 7 for most watched K-Pop MVs in America and rank at 3, 5, 7 and 8 in the world