India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
Ashok Kumar, born Kumudlal Ganguly, fondly called Dadamoni, was an Indian film actor who attained iconic status in Indian cinema. He was honoured in 1988 with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest national award for cinema artists, by the Government of India and received the Padma Bhushan in 1999 for his contributions to Indian cinema, he is considered to be one of India's finest actors playing leading and character roles with equal panache. Ashok Kumar was born Kumudlal Ganguly to a Bengali family in Bhagalpur in the Bengal Presidency of British India and now in the Bihar state of India, his father, Kunjlal Ganguly, was a lawyer while Gouri Devi, was a home-maker. Kumudlal was the eldest of four children, his only sister, Sati Devi, a few years younger to him, was married at a young age to Sashadhar Mukherjee and became the matriarch of a large "film family". Next was his brother, more than 14 years younger, who took the screen name Anoop Kumar. Youngest of all was Abhas, whose screen name was Kishore Kumar, who became a phenomenally successful playback singer of Hindi films.
Although the eldest by several years, Kumudlal outlived all his siblings. In fact, he stopped celebrating his birthday after his youngest brother, died on that day in 1987. While still a teenager, well before he had given thought to a career in films, the young Kumudlal was married to Shobha in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian style, their lifelong marriage was a harmonious and conventional one, despite his film career, the couple retained a middle-class outlook and value system, bringing up their children with traditional values in a remarkably simple home. They were the parents of one son, Aroop Ganguly, three daughters named Bharati Patel, Rupa Verma and Preeti Ganguly. Aroop Kumar Ganguly worked in only one film, appearing as hero in Bezubaan, which flopped at the box office, he made a career in the corporate world. The eldest daughter, Bharati Patel, is the mother of the actress Anuradha Patel, married to actor Kanwaljeet Singh, his second daughter, Rupa Verma, is the widow of comedian Deven Verma.
The youngest daughter, Preeti Ganguly, was the only one among his daughters to enter the film industry. She acted as a comedienne in several Hindi films during the 1970s and 1980s, died unmarried in 2012. Kumudlal's daughter Bharati married twice, both times for love, her first marriage was to a Gujarati gentleman. By this marriage, she had one daughter, the actress Anuradha Patel, married to the actor Kanwaljeet Singh, and much against the wishes of all her relatives, Bharati married Hameed Jaffrey, a Muslim, the brother of the actor Saeed Jaffrey. By this second marriage, Bharati had another daughter, Shaheen Jaffrey, whose principal claim to fame is that she may have been the first love of actor Salman Khan. By this second marriage, Bharati acquired a step-daughter, Geneviève, Hameed's daughter by his first wife Valarie Salway, a woman of Scottish, Irish and Spanish heritage. Geneviève married, their daughter is actress Kiara Advani. Thus, Ashok Kumar has no blood relationship with Kiara Advani and she is not his great-granddaughter, as is sometimes rumoured.
Reverently called Dadamoni, Kumudlal Ganguly was born in Bhagalpur and educated at Presidency College of the University of Calcutta, where he studied to become a lawyer. However, his heart was not in his law studies. Ganguly was more interested in cinema. Kumudlal's sister Sati Devi was married at a young age to Sashadhar Mukherjee, who lived in Mumbai and worked as a technician in the film industry; this connection resulted in Kumudlal becoming somewhat interested in the technical aspects of film-making. He failed his law exams and, to escape acrimony at home, came to live with his sister for a few months, until the exams were held again. In order to earn some livelihood, he requested his brother-in-law to find him a job. Sashadhar Mukherjee was working in a senior position in the technical department of Bombay Talkies, a pioneering Indian film studio, he used his influence to get Kumudlal a job there, he started off as a laboratory assistant in Bombay Talkies and lived with his sister's family in Chembur, not far from the studio.
This was in the early 1930s. The salary was decent, he managed to convince his father that he would not become successful as a lawyer and would be able to earn a living as lab assistant. His father reconciled himself to the situation and granted permission to abandon his law studies, thus began his film career, albeit as laboratory assistant in a film studio. He remained in that position for some five years, his acting career started purely by accident. Shooting was underway on the Bombay Talkies production Jeevan Naiya in 1936 when the male lead Najmul Hassan eloped with his co-star Devika Rani, who happened to be the wife of studio head Himanshu Rai. Rani subsequently returned to her husband who, out of spite, dismissed Hassan and called upon Kumudlal to replace him against the advice of director Franz Osten, who reckoned that the young man did not have the looks needed for an actor. Kumudlal was given the screen name Ashok Kumar, in keeping with the general trend in an era when actors concealed their real identities behind screen names.
Ashok Kumar, as Kumudlal Ganguly was now know
North-West Frontier Province (1901–2010)
The North-West Frontier Province was a province of British India and subsequently of Pakistan. It was established in 1901 and was known by this name until 2010; the area became Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on 19 April 2010 when the Eighteenth Amendment was signed by President Asif Ali Zardari. The province covered an area of 70,709 km², including much of the current Khyber Pakhtunkhwa but excluding the princely states of Amb, Dir and Swat; the capital was the city of Peshawar, the province was composed of three divisions. Until 1947, the province was bordered by five princely states to the north, the minor states of the Gilgit Agency to the northeast, the province of West Punjab to the east and the province of Balochistan to the south. Afghanistan lay with the tribal agencies forming a buffer zone. Most of the territory of this province was part of the Durrani Empire from the 18th century to around the 1820s, when Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Sikh Empire based in Lahore, taking advantage of the internal chaos of the Afghan ruling family, annexed it to his empire.
On, after the Second Anglo-Sikh War of 1848–1849, when the Punjab came under the control of British East India Company, this region along with the'Frontier Tribal Areas' acted as a'buffer' zone with Afghanistan. The Province was formally created in 1901 by the British administration, out of the North-Westerly areas of the Pashtun lands which were merged with old Punjab under a Chief Commissioner, a full-fledged Governor beginning circa 1938. At the Partition of India, a referendum was held in July 1947 to decide the future of NWFP, in which the people of the province decided in favor of joining Pakistan. However, the Chief Minister Dr Khan Sahib, along with his brother Bacha Khan and the Khudai Khidmatgars, boycotted the referendum, citing that it did not have the options of the NWFP becoming independent or joining Afghanistan; the NWFP province lasted until 1955 when it was merged into the new province of West Pakistan, under the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Mohammad Ali.
Mianwali and Attock were merged with Punjab. It was recreated after the dissolution of the One Unit system and lasted under its old nomenclature until April 2010, when it was renamed as the'Khyber Pakhtunkhwa' province. At independence there was a clear Muslim Pashtun majority in North-West Frontier Province, although there were some small minorities of Hindus and Sikhs; the languages of the North-West Frontier Province included Pashto, Hindko and others, although most of the population spoke Pashto. Prior to the arrival of the British, the official language, for governmental uses and such, was Persian; the offices of Governor and Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province lasted until 14 October 1955. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Federally Administered Tribal Areas Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Abbottabad is the capital city of Abbottabad District in the Hazara region of eastern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is about 120 kilometres north of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, 150 kilometres east of Peshawar, at an altitude of 1,260 metres. Kashmir lies to the east; the city is well known throughout Pakistan for its pleasant weather, high-standard educational institutions and for hosting the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul. It remains a popular hill station attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year. Outside of Pakistan, it is best known as the place. Abbottabad was founded and named after Major James Abbott in January 1853 as the headquarters of Hazara District during the British Raj after the annexation of Punjab, he remained the first Deputy Commissioner of the Hazara district from 1849 until April 1853. Major Abbott is noted for having written a poem titled "Abbottabad", before his return to Britain, in which he wrote of his fondness for the town and his sadness at having to leave it.
In the early 20th century, Abbottabad became an important military cantonment and sanatorium, serving as the headquarters of a brigade in the Second Division of the Northern Army Corps. The garrison consisted of four battalions of native infantry, of the Frontier Force and two native mountain batteries. In 1901, the population of the town and cantonment was 7,764 with an average income of Rs. 14,900. This increased to Rs. 22,300 in 1903, chiefly derived from octroi. During this time chief public institutions were built such as the Albert Victor Unaided Anglo-Vernacular High School, the Municipal Anglo-Vernacular High School and the government dispensary. In 1911, the population had risen to 11,506 and the town contained four battalions of Gurkhas. In June 1948, the British Red Cross opened a hospital in Abbottabad to deal with thousands of injured being brought in from Kashmir. In October 2005 Abbottabad was devastated by the Kashmir earthquake. Although most of Abbottabad survived, many older buildings were destroyed or damaged.
On 25 January 2011, Indonesian terrorist Umar Patek was arrested in Abbotobad. Patek, a member of the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist group, was wanted in connection with a deadly series of church bombings in Indonesia in 2000, three attacks that killed 202 people in tourist districts of Indonesia in what became known as the Bali bombings. On 2 May 2011, Abbottabad gained worldwide attention when U. S. President Barack Obama announced that Osama bin Laden had been killed in his compound in the city. In February 2012, nine months after bin Laden was killed, Pakistani authorities demolished the compound where Osama bin Laden had lived for years; the city is bounded at all four sides by the Sarban hills, from which residents and tourists can view the region and city. The location of the city and the hills allows Abbottabad to experience pleasant weather in the summer and cold winters; the Dor river flows south of Abbottabad through the town of Harnol reaching Tarbela Dam, west of Abbottabad. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west and Islamabad Capital Territory to the south.
Abbottabad is in the Orash Valley lying between 34°92′N latitude and 73°13′E longitude at an altitude of 4,120 feet. To the north is the picturesque Kaghan Valley. Abbottabad has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm temperatures during the spring and autumn months, hot temperatures during June and July, cool to mild temperatures during the winter; the temperature can rise as high as 38 °C during the mid-summer months and drop below −5 °C during the extreme cold waves. Snowfall occurs in December and January, though it is sparse, while heavy rainfall occurs during the monsoon season stretching from July to September that cause flooding in lower lying parts of the city. Abbottabad is the headquarters of Abbottabad District; the District Nazim, Deputy Inspector General of police and Forest Conservator, all reside in Abbottabad. The city is divided into localities, towns and neighbourhoods. In addition to the civil administration, the town is the regimental headquarters for the Frontier Force Regiment, the Baloch Regiment and Pakistan Army Medical Corps and Kakul Military Academy is located in Abbottabad.
Abbottabad's economy is based on tourism. It is known for its shady gardens, church bells and wide streets in the Old Cantonment which evoke the British colonial era. Abbottabad has been attracting tourists to the city since the colonial era, as it is a major transit point to all major tourist regions of Pakistan such as Nathiagali and Naran. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, "the town is picturesquely situated at the southern corner of the Rash plain, 4,120 feet above the sea". Like much of the mountainous Northern Areas, tourism is an important source of income in Abbottabad. In the summer when temperatures rise to around 45 degrees Celsius in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a large number of tourists travel to Abbottabad; the Karakoram Highway, which traces one of the paths of the ancient Silk Road, starts from Hasan Abdal on the N5 and heads north passing through the city reaching Khunjerab Pass. The Karakorum Highway is a major attraction itself for its views; the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges can be approached from Abbottabad, it continues to be a transit city for tourists, serving as a base for visiting nearby places, such as Hunza, Gilgit and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range.
Abbottabad is popular with those looking to relocate. Its weather, peaceful reput
Pran Krishan Sikand, better known by his mononym, was an Indian actor, known as a movie villain and character actor in Hindi cinema from the 1940s to the 1990s. He played hero roles from 1940–47, a villain from 1942–1991, played supporting and character roles from 1948–2007. In a long and prolific career Pran appeared in over 350 films, he played the leading man in works such as Pilpili Saheb and Halaku. His roles in Madhumati, Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai, Shaheed, Purab Aur Paschim, Ram Aur Shyam, Aansoo Ban Gaye Phool, Johny Mera Naam, Victoria No. 203, Be-Imaan, Don, Amar Akbar Anthony and Duniya are considered to be among his best performances. Pran has received many honours in his career, he won the Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award in 1967, 1969 and 1972 and was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. He was awarded as the "Villain of the Millennium" by Stardust in 2000; the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 2001 for his contributions to the arts.
He was honoured in 2013 with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest national award for cinema artistes, by the Government of India. In 2010, he was named on the list of CNN's Top 25 Asian actors of all time. Pran died on 12 July 2013 at the age of 93 of old age after suffering from a prolonged illness in Mumbai's Lilavati Hospital. Pran was born on 12 February 1920 in Kotgarh Old Delhi, into a wealthy Punjabi family, his father, Kewal Krishan Sikand, was a civil engineer and a government civil contractor, his mother was Rameshwari. Pran was one of seven children. Pran was academically gifted in mathematics, his father had a transferable job, so Pran studied in various places, including Dehradun, Kapurthala and Unnao completing his matriculation from Hamid School, in Rampur. Thereafter, he joined A. Co.. Delhi as an apprentice to become a professional photographer, he travelled to Shimla and played the role of Sita in a local staging of "Ramlila". Madan Puri enacted the role of Rama in this play.
Pran got his first role in Dalsukh M. Pancholi's Punjabi film Yamla Jat because of an accidental meeting with writer Wali Mohammad Wali at a shop in Lahore. Directed by Moti B. Gidwani, the film featured Durga Khote; this was followed by small roles in the film Chaudhary and Khajanchi, both in 1941. Pancholi cast him again in Khandaan, Pran's first Hindi film, it featured him as a romantic hero, opposite Noor Jehan, who had acted with him in Yamla Jat as a child artist. In Khandaan, she was under 15 years old and compensated for the difference in their heights in close-up shots by standing on top of bricks. In the pre-partition era, director Gidwani cast Pran in more films like Kaise Kahoon and Khamosh Nigahen. Pran had acted in 22 films from 1942 to 1946 in Lahore. Due to India's partition in 1947, his career had a brief break, his films from 1944 to 1947 were made in undivided India, but Taraash and Khanabadosh were released only in Pakistan after Partition. He arrived in Bombay. For a few months, he looked for acting opportunities while doing other jobs.
He worked in Delmar Hotel, Marine Drive for eight months, after which he got a chance to act in 1948. Because of help from writer Saadat Hasan Manto and actor Shyam, he got a role in the Bombay Talkies' film, Ziddi which starred Dev Anand and Kamini Kaushal in the lead roles and was directed by Shaheed Latif; the movie launched Pran's career in Bombay. Incidentally, it proved to be Dev Anand's big break as a hero. By 1950 he had been established as a premier villain in Hindi cinema. Within a week of Ziddi's success, he had signed three more films — S M Yusuf's Grihasti, which became a diamond jubilee hit, Prabhat Films's Apradhi and Wali Mohammad's Putli. By Wali Mohammad, responsible for Pran's first role, had come to Bombay and became a producer, setting up an office at Famous Studios, near Mahalaxmi Racecourse. In the 1940s, romantic duets featuring him, like the songs "Tere Naaz Uthane Ko Jee Chahta Hai" from Grihasti, opposite Shardha, from Khandaan, with Noor Jehan, became popular in the 1940s.
The way he expressed his dialogues in films such as Sheesh Mahal, a series of disguises he made in Adalat, the rapport he shared with vamps like Kuldip Kaur in Jashan showcased his versatility in the 1950s. As a villain, Pran's initial successful films were Bari Behan. Pran's trademark blowing of smoke rings first appeared in the latter film, he was offered the role of the main villain or of a negative character in films with Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand and Raj Kapoor as the lead hero in the 1950s and 60s. From the 1950s directors like M. V. Raman, Nanabhai Bhatt, Ravindra Dave, I. S. Johar and Bimal Roy cast him. In the 1960s, he was in the directorial ventures of A. Bhim Singh, Shakti Samanta, Bhappi Sonie, K. Amarnath, Nasir Hussain and others. In the 1970s, younger directors and producers cast him in their films though Pran asked for the highest price among supporting actors from 1968 to 1982. Pran's performance as the negative character was appreciated in Dilip Kumar starrers such as Azaad, Madhumati, Dil Diya Dard Liya, Ram Aur Shyam and Aadmi.
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in cinema. It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organisation set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting; the recipient is honoured for their "outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema" and is selected by a committee consisting of eminent personalities from the Indian film industry. As of 2017, the award comprises a Swarna Kamal medallion, a shawl, a cash prize of ₹1,000,000. First presented in 1969, the award was introduced by the Government of India to commemorate Dadasaheb Phalke's contribution to Indian cinema. Phalke, popularly known as and regarded as "the father of Indian cinema", was an Indian film-maker who directed India's first full-length feature film, Raja Harishchandra; the first recipient of the award was actress Devika Rani, honoured at the 17th National Film Awards. As of 2017, there have been 49 awardees. Among those, actor Prithviraj Kapoor and actor Vinod Khanna are the only posthumous recipients.
Kapoor's actor-filmmaker son, Raj Kapoor, accepted the award on his behalf at the 19th National Film Awards in 1971 and was himself a recipient in 1987 at the 35th National Film Awards ceremony. Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy and Bommireddy Nagi Reddy; the most recent recipient of the award is actor Vinod Khanna, honoured posthumously at the 65th National Film Awards ceremony. Gulzar. Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. Ramēś, Be. Gō. Recipients of Dadasaheb Phalke Award. Pavai Publications. ISBN 978-81-7735-745-5. Official Page for Directorate of Film Festivals, India National Film Awards Archives
Neel Kamal (1968 film)
Neel Kamal is a 1968 Hindi film directed by Ram Maheshwari starring Waheeda Rehman in the title role. Other stars includes Raaj Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Balraj Sahni, Lalita Pawar and Shashikala. Waheeda Rehman won the Filmfare Best Actress Award for her role in this film. # 3 at Box Office collection list. Sita and her friends go on a trip. Sita sleepwalks and when she is about to be hit by a train on the railway track, Ram saves her. Impressed, her father decides to get her married to him. After the marriage, Sita discovers that her sleepwalking is not a simple sleepwalking as it takes her to the story of her past life - Chitrasen, an artisan, is in love with the princess Sita; the king rejects his alliance for his daughter, buries him alive. Chitrasen's love for Neelkamal is immortal and his soul survives for centuries to meet her. Sita is invited to Chitrasen's place by a song, her mother-in-law, a cross person, believes that Sita is in love with another and gives her a tough time at home. One night Sita reaches Chitrasen's place and a brief conversation ends with Chitrasen's soul becoming free and Sita falling unconscious.
Ram rescues they lead a good life. Waheeda Rehman as Rajkumari Neel Kamal / Sita Raaj Kumar as Chitrasen Manoj Kumar as Ram Lalita Pawar as Thakurain Balraj Sahni as Mr. Raichand Ramayan Tiwari P. Jairaj David Abraham as Guruji Murad as Emperor Chhaya Nasreen Nandini Gopal Sehgal Jagdish Raj Ruby Mayer as Dean of the girls' college Mumtaz Begum Sheela R. Sophia Shenaaz Apsara Abhimanyu Sharma Rajan Kapoor Nazir Kashmiri V. P. Verma Dev Chand Shribhagwan Bhushan Tiwari Vijay Maria Mehmood as Girdhar Gopal Agarwal Shashikala as Chanchal Filmfare Best Actress Award: Waheeda Rehman - Won Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award: Raaj Kumar - Nominated< Filmfare Best Film Award: - Nominated Filmfare Best Director Award: Ram Maheshwari - Nominated Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award: Shashikala - Nominated Filmfare Award for Best Performance in a Comic Role:Mehmood - Nominated Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer: Mohammad Rafi for Babul Ki Duaein - Nominated Neel Kamal on IMDb