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Manuel II Palaiologos

Manuel II Palaiologos or Palaeologus was Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Shortly before his death he received the name Matthew, his wife Helena Dragaš saw to it that their sons, John VIII Palaiologos and Constantine XI Palaiologos, become emperors. Manuel is commemorated on July 21. Manuel II Palaiologos was the second son of Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene. Granted the title of despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369; the failed attempt at usurpation by his older brother Andronikos IV Palaiologos in 1373 led to Manuel's being proclaimed heir and co-emperor of his father. In 1376–1379 and again in 1390 they were supplanted by Andronikos IV and his son John VII, but Manuel defeated his nephew with help from the Republic of Venice in 1390. Although John V had been restored, Manuel was forced to go as an honorary hostage to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I at Prousa.

During his stay, Manuel was forced to participate in the Ottoman campaign that reduced Philadelpheia, the last Byzantine enclave in Anatolia. Having heard of his father's death in February 1391, Manuel II Palaiologos fled the Ottoman court and secured the capital against any potential claim by his nephew John VII. Although relations with John VII improved, Sultan Bayezid I besieged Constantinople from 1394 to 1402. After some five years of siege, Manuel II entrusted the city to his nephew and embarked on a long trip abroad to seek assistance against the Ottoman Empire from the courts of western Europe, including those of Henry IV of England, Charles VI of France, Sigismund the Holy Roman Emperor, Queen Margaret I of Denmark and king Martin of Aragon. In 1399, the French King Charles VI sent Marshal Jean Le Maingre with six ships carrying 1,200 men from Aigues-Mortes to Constantinople. Meanwhile, an anti-Ottoman crusade led by the Hungarian King Sigismund of Luxemburg failed at the Battle of Nicopolis on 25 September 1396, but the Ottomans were themselves crushingly defeated by Timur at the Battle of Ankara in 1402.

Manuel II had sent 10 ships to help in the Crusade of Nicopolis. As the sons of Bayezid I struggled with each other over the succession in the Ottoman Interregnum, John VII was able to secure the return of the European coast of the Sea of Marmara and of Thessalonica to the Byzantine Empire in the Treaty of Gallipoli; when Manuel II returned home in 1403, his nephew duly surrendered control of Constantinople and received as a reward the governorship of newly recovered Thessalonica. The treaty regained from the Ottomans Nesebar and the Marmara coast from Scutari to Nicomedia. On 25 July 1414, with a fleet consisting of four galleys and two other vessels carrying contingents of infantry and cavalry, departed Constantinople for Thessalonica; the purpose of this force soon became clear when he made an unannounced stop at Thasos, a unimportant island, under threat from a son of the lord of Lesbos, Francesco Gattilusio. It took Manuel three months to reassert imperial authority on the island. Only did he continue on to Thessalonica, where he was warmly met by his son Andronicus, who governed the city.

In the spring of 1415, he and his soldiers left for the Peloponnese, arriving at the little port of Kenchreai on Good Friday, 29 March. Manuel II Palaiologos used his time there to bolster the defences of the Despotate of Morea, where the Byzantine Empire was expanding at the expense of the remnants of the Latin Empire. Here Manuel supervised the building of the Hexamilion across the Isthmus of Corinth, intended to defend the Peloponnese from the Ottomans. Manuel II stood on friendly terms with the victor in the Ottoman civil war, Mehmed I, but his attempts to meddle in the next contested succession led to a new assault on Constantinople by Murad II in 1422. During the last years of his life, Manuel II relinquished most official duties to his son and heir John VIII Palaiologos, went back to Europe searching for assistance against the Ottomans, this time to the King Sigismund of Hungary, staying for two months in his court of Buda. Sigismund never rejected the possibility of fighting against the Ottoman Empire.

However, with the Hussite wars in Bohemia, it was impossible to count on the Czech or German armies, the Hungarian ones were needed to protect the Kingdom and control the religious conflicts. Unhappily Manuel returned home with empty hands from the Hungarian Kingdom, in 1424 he and his son were forced to sign an unfavourable peace treaty with the Ottoman Turks, whereby the Byzantine Empire had to pay tribute to the sultan. Manuel II died on 21 July 1425. Manuel II was the author of numerous works of varied character, including letters, poems, a Saint's Life, treatises on theology and rhetoric, an epitaph for his brother Theodore I Palaiologos and a mirror of prince for his son and heir John; this mirror of prince has special value, because it is the last sample of this literary genre bequeathed to us by Byzantines. By his wife Helena Dragas, the daughter of the Serbian prince Constantine Dragas, Manuel II Palaiologos had several children, including: A daughter. Mentioned as the eldest

Lake Fenton, Michigan

Lake Fenton is a census-designated place in Fenton Charter Township, Genesee County in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census the population was 5,559, up from 4,876 at the 2000 census; the CDP includes the unincorporated communities of Bayport Lakeside. The Lake Fenton Community Schools district overlaps a portion of adjacent areas; the school district and community are named after Lake Fenton known as Long Lake. A community was platted as "Mount Pleasant" by John Cook in 1840, with a second plat added in 1845; the name was changed to "Long Lake" in 1850, a post office with that name opened on March 6, 1851. The lake was subsequently renamed "Lake Fenton", the platted settlement became extinct. In 1932, the United States Board on Geographic Names decided on "Lake Fenton" as the official name of the lake. Astronaut Michael J. Bloomfield grew up in Lake Fenton. Lakeside is an unincorporated community on the east side of Lake Fenton at 42°50′09″N 83°42′24″W, a short distance north of Fenton.

Bayport Park is an unincorporated community on the north side of Lake Fenton at 42°51′15″N 83°43′04″W with elevation at 889 feet. The Lake Fenton CDP occupies the northeast corner of Fenton Township, bordered to the north by Mundy Township, to the west by the rest of Fenton Township, to the south by the city of Fenton, to the east by Holly Township in Oakland County. All but the southern end of Lake Fenton, the water body, is located within the Lake Fenton CDP. Other lakes in the CDP include Petts Lake, Crooked Lake, McCully Lake, Dollar Lake, Little Long Lake, Barnum Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.2 square miles, of which 5.5 square miles is land and 1.7 square miles, or 23.51%, is water. From the center of the Lake Fenton CDP, it is 3.5 miles south to the center of Fenton city, 12 miles north to downtown Flint, via Fenton Road. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,876 people, 1,886 households, 1,433 families residing in the CDP; the population density is 884.3 per square mile.

There are 2,076 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP is 97.09% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. 1.39 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 1,886 households out of which 31.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% are married couples living together, 7.2% have a female householder with no husband present, 24.0% are non-families. 19.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.2% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.58 and the average family size is 2.97. In the CDP, the population is spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP is $67,885, the median income for a family is $82,366. Males have a median income of $54,559 versus $32,804 for females; the per capita income for the CDP is $32,717. 3.2% of the population and 1.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.1% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line

List of Qualcomm Snapdragon systems-on-chip

This is a list of Qualcomm Snapdragon chips. Snapdragon is a family of mobile system on a chip made by Qualcomm for use in smartphones, tablets and smartbook devices. Snapdragon S4 is offered in three models, it was launched in 2012. The Snapdragon S4 were succeeded by Snapdragon 200/400 series and 600/800 series The Snapdragon 208 and Snapdragon 210 were announced on September 9, 2014; the Snapdragon 212 was announced on July 28, 2015. The Qualcomm 205 Mobile Platform formally falls under the Mobile Platform brand, but is a Snapdragon 208 with a X5 LTE modem, it was announced March 20, 2017. The Qualcomm 215 was announced on July 9, 2019.. It is a stripped-down version of the Snapdragon 425; the Snapdragon 400 Series is the entry-level SoC designed for budget devices. It is the successor of the Snapdragon S4 Play; the Snapdragon 410 was announced on December 9, 2013. It was Qualcomm's first 64-bit mobile system on a chip; the Snapdragon 412 was announced on July 28, 2015. The Snapdragon 415 and the older Snapdragon 425 were announced on February 18, 2015.

Snapdragon 425, 427, 430 and 435 are pin and software compatible. The Snapdragon 430 was announced on September 15, 2015; the new Snapdragon 425 and Snapdragon 435 were announced on February 11, 2016. The Snapdragon 427 was announced on October 18, 2016; the Snapdragon 450 was announced on June 28, 2017. Pin and software compatible with Snapdragon 625, 626 and 632; the Snapdragon 429 and 439 were announced on June 26, 2018. Snapdragon 429 and 439 pin and software compatibility; the Snapdragon 460 was announced on January 2020 with NavIC support. It is the first Snapdragon 400 model to incorporate the Kryo architecture; the Snapdragon 600 was announced on January 8, 2013. Unlike the models of the 600 series, Snapdragon 600 was considered a high-end SoC similar to the Snapdragon 800, was the direct successor of both the Snapdragon S4 Plus and S4 Pro. Display Controller: MDP 4. 2 RGB planes, 2 VIG planes, 1080p The Snapdragon 610 and Snapdragon 615 were announced on February 24, 2014. The Snapdragon 615 was Qualcomm's first octa-core SoC.

Starting with the Snapdragon 610, the 600 series is a mid-range SoC lineup, as opposed to the original Snapdragon 600, a high-end model. Hardware HEVC/H.265 decode accelerationThe Snapdragon 616 was announced on July 31, 2015. The Snapdragon 617 was announced on September 15, 2015; the Snapdragon 625 was announced on February 11, 2016. The Snapdragon 626 was announced on October 18, 2016. Snapdragon 625, 626, 632 and 450 are pin and software compatible; the Snapdragon 618 and Snapdragon 620 were announced on February 18, 2015. They have been since renamed as Snapdragon 652 respectively; the Snapdragon 653 was announced on October 18, 2016. Snapdragon 630, 636 and 660 are pin and software compatible; the Snapdragon 630 and Snapdragon 660 were announced on May 9, 2017. The Snapdragon 636 was announced on October 17, 2017; the Snapdragon 632 was announced on June 26, 2018. Pin and software compatible with Snapdragon 625, 626 and 450; the Snapdragon 670 was announced on August 8, 2018. Pin and software compatible with Snapdragon 710.

The Snapdragon 675 was announced on October 22, 2018. The Snapdragon 665 was announced on April 9, 2019; the Snapdragon 662 was announced on January 2020 with NavIC Support. February 27, 2018 Qualcomm Introduces New Snapdragon 700 Mobile Platform Series The Snapdragon 710 was announced on May 23, 2018. Pin and software compatible with Snapdragon 670; the Snapdragon 712 was announced on February 6, 2019. The Snapdragon 730 and 730G were announced on April 9, 2019; the Snapdragon 765 and 765G were announced on December 4, 2019. The Snapdragon 765/765G were Qualcomm's first SoCs with 5G integrated modem; the Snapdragon 720G was announced on January 20, 2020. A Snapdragon 802 chip, 8092, for use in Smart TVs, was announced by Qualcomm, they confirmed that it will not be released, as demand for processors in that market is "smaller than anticipated". The Snapdragon 800 was announced on January 8, 2013. EMMC 4.5 support 4 KiB + 4 KiB L0 cache, 16 KiB + 16 KiB L1 cache and 2 MiB L2 cache H.264, VP8 UHD/30fps encoding/decoding Up to 21 megapixel, stereoscopic 3D dual image signal processor Adreno 330 GPU USB 2.0 and 3.0 Qualcomm Quick Charge 2.0The Snapdragon 801 was announced on February 24, 2014.

Notable features: eMMC 5.0 support H.265 HD/30fps software decoding DSDAThe Snapdragon 805 was announced on November 20, 2013. Adreno 420 GPU Hardware dynamic tessellation support Improve H.265 support: UHD/30fps hardware decoding 1080p 120fps encoding and decoding Full support Direct3D Feature Level 11_2 and OpenCL 1.2 Up to 55 megapixel, The Snapdragon 808 and 810 were announced on April 7, 2014. Snapdragon 808 notable features over its predecessor: ARMv8-A 64-bit architecture Adreno 418 GPU with support for Vulkan 1.0 Hexagon V56 DSP 12-bit dual-ISP up to 21 MP 20 nm manufacturing technologySnapdragon 810 notable features over its lower end: CPU cluster with Cortex-A57 is Quad-core Adreno 430 GPU with support for Vulkan 1.0 14-bit dual-ISP up to 55 MP H.264, H.265 UHD/30fps encoding and decoding 4K main display support The Snapdragon 820 was announced at the Mobile World Congress in March 2015, with the first phones featuring the SoC released in early 20