Ukraine, sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic; the dominant religions in the country are Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2, making it the largest country within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world; the territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was split between Poland and the Russian Empire, merged into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1991 Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses. Following its independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state. In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government; these events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, the War in Donbass in April 2014. On 1 January 2016, Ukraine applied the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union.
Ukraine is ranks 88th on the Human Development Index. As of 2018, Ukraine has the second lowest GDP per capita in Europe. At US$40, it has the lowest median wealth per adult in the world, it suffers from a high poverty rate and severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the world's largest grain exporters. Ukraine maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia; the country is home to a multi-ethnic population, 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians, followed by a large Russian minority, as well as Georgians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Jews and Hungarians. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with separate powers: legislative and judicial branches; the country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the GUAM organization, one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. There are different hypotheses as to the etymology of the name Ukraine. According to the older widespread hypothesis, it means "borderland", while some more recent linguistic studies claim a different meaning: "homeland" or "region, country"."The Ukraine" used to be the usual form in English, but since the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine, "the Ukraine" has become less common in the English-speaking world, style-guides recommend not using the definite article.
"The Ukraine" now implies disregard for the country's sovereignty, according to U. S. ambassador William Taylor. The Ukrainian position is that the usage of "'The Ukraine' is incorrect both grammatically and politically." Neanderthal settlement in Ukraine is seen in the Molodova archaeological sites which include a mammoth bone dwelling. The territory is considered to be the location for the human domestication of the horse. Modern human settlement in Ukraine and its vicinity dates back to 32,000 BC, with evidence of the Gravettian culture in the Crimean Mountains. By 4,500 BC, the Neolithic Cucuteni–Trypillia culture flourished in wide areas of modern Ukraine including Trypillia and the entire Dnieper-Dniester region. During the Iron Age, the land was inhabited by Cimmerians and Sarmatians. Between 700 BC and 200 BC it was Scythia. Beginning in the sixth century BC, colonies of Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome and the Byzantine Empire, such as Tyras and Chersonesus, were founded on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea.
These colonies thrived well into the 6th century AD. The Goths stayed in the area but came under the sway of the Huns from the 370s AD. In the 7th century AD, the territory of eastern Ukraine was the centre of Old Great Bulgaria. At the end of the century, the majority of Bulgar tribes migrated in different directions, the Khazars took over much of the land. In the 5th and 6th centuries, the Antes were located in the territory of; the Antes were the ancestors of Ukrainians: White Croats, Polans, Dulebes and Tiverians. Migrations from Ukraine throughout the Balkans established many Southern Slavic nations. Northern migrations, reaching to the Ilmen l
Mehedinți County is a county of Romania on the border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality and three communes located in the Banat; the county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin. In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km2. Romanians - 96.1% Roma - 3% Others - 0.9% This county has a total area of 4,933 km2. In the North-West there are the Mehedinți Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians; the heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain. In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in an affluent of the Jiu River. In the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region. Bulgaria in the South - Vidin Province. Serbia in the West and South-West - Bor District. Caraș-Severin County in the North-West.
Gorj County in the North-East. Dolj County in the South-East; the energetic sector is developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants. In NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex; the predominant industries in the county are: Chemical industry. Food and beverages industry. Textile industry. Mechanical components industry. Railway and ship equipment industry. Wood and paper industry. In the North and copper are extracted; the South is agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards; the main tourist destinations are: The city of Drobeta-Turnu Severin - the ruins of Trajan's first bridge over the Danube The city of Orșova. The Mehedinți Mountains; the Danube's Iron Gates. Baia de Aramă Monastery The Mehedinți County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 31 counselors, with the following party composition: Mehedinți County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes Municipalities Drobeta-Turnu Severin - capital city.
Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Mehedinți County. At present, its territory comprises a large part of the current territory of Mehedinţi County except for the northern part belonging to Gorj County, while a small part of the former Severin County where Orsova was located is part of Mehedinti County, it was bordered on the west by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the northwest by Severin County, to the north by Hunedoara County, to the east by the counties of Gorj and Dolj, in the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria. The county was divided into four administrative districts: Plasa Câmpul Plasa Cloșani, headquartered at Cloșani Plasa Motru, headquartered at Motru Plasa Ocolul, headquartered at Turnu SeverinSubsequently, Plasa Câmpul was disbanded and replaced with five more districts: Plasa Bâcleș, headquartered at Bâcleș Plasa Broșteni, headquartered at Broșteni Plasa Cujmir, headquartered at Cujmiru Plasa Devesel, headquartered at Devesel Plasa Vânju Mare, headquartered at Vânju Mare According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 303,878 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.7% Romanians, 1.2% Romanies, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population comprised 91.3% Romanians, 2.5% Germans, 1.3% Romanies, 1.3% Jews, 1.1% Serbs and Croats, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.9% Eastern Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Jewish, 0.4% GreekCatholic, 0.4% Lutheran, as well as other minorities
Cluj County is a county of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Cluj-Napoca. In Hungarian, it is known as Kolozs megye, in German as Kreis Klausenburg. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an identical name existed since the 11th century. At the 2011 census, Cluj County had a population of 691,106 inhabitants, down from the 2002 census. At 1 January 2015, an analysis of the National Institute of Statistics revealed that 13.7% of the county population was between 0 and 14 years, 69.8% between 15 and 64 years, 16.4% 65 years and over. 66.3% of the population lives in urban areas, having the fourth highest rate of urbanization in the country, after Hunedoara, Brașov and Constanța. At the 2011 census, the ethnic composition was as follows: Romanians – 80.09% Hungarians – 15.93%. Hold the majority of the population in Sic, Izvoru Crișului, Sâncraiu, Unguraș, Moldovenești, Săvădisla. Romanies – 3.46%. Large ethnic Roma communities are in Cămărașu, Bonțida, Recea-Cristur, Fizeșu Gherlii, Sânpaul, Panticeu, Săcuieu, Huedin, Luna.
Cluj County lies in the northwestern half of the country, between parallels 47°28' in north and 46°24' in south, meridians 23°39' in west and 24°13' in east, respectively. It covers an area of 6,674 km2 unfolded in the contact zone of three representative natural units: Apuseni Mountains, Someș Plateau and Transylvanian Plain. Cluj County occupies 2.8 % of Romania's area. It is bordered to the northeast with Maramureș and Bistrița-Năsăud counties, to the east with Mureș County, to the south with Alba County, to the west with Bihor and Sălaj counties; the relief is rugged, constituted of hilly units belonging to Someș Plateau and, to a lesser extent, of mountain portions that represent the northeastern part of Apuseni Mountains. Fields are missing on the territory of Cluj County, being replaced, as step of relief, by well developed terraces and floodplains in the lower sectors of Someșul Mic and Arieș rivers; the hilly area, extended in the central northern and southern part of the county, include several subunits of Someș Plateau, among which are individualized numerous depressions at the edge of which there are some contact depressions, at the limit of the mountain.
The mountain sector, located in southwest, belongs to Apuseni, mountains group of Western Carpathians, represented by sectors of Vlădeasa Massif, Gilău Mountains and Muntele Mare, as well as narrow portions of Trascău, Plopiș, Meseș and Bihor mountains. In the eastern part of Cluj County, east of the river alignment Valea Florilor–Maraloiu–Someșul Mic, is located a part of the Hilly Plain of Transylvania, special unit of relief, with mountainous character overlapped by some gas-condensate domes; the hydrographic network is represented by rivers, natural lakes and ponds and lakes of hydropower interest. In the northeastern part of Cluj County, Someșul Mic joins Someșul Mare, upstream of Dej, forming Someș River, which flows into the Tisza to the west; the deep waters are characterized by high mineralization. Rich mineral springs, with sulphates and sodium chloride, can be found in Dezmir, Cojocna, Gădălin, Gherla, Someșeni, etc. Through its location, Cluj County benefits from a moderate continental climate.
In the mountain sector, mean annual air temperature is 2 °C, in the rest of the territory is 6 °C. Annual thermal amplitudes have values between 17–19 °C in the mountains and grow at 23–25 °C in hilly areas and plains. Rainfall is distributed unevenly, with minimal amounts in Turda–Câmpia Turzii and maximum in Vlădeasa Massif. On average, annual values of rainfall reach 600–650 mm in the Transylvania Plain, 650–700 mm in the Someș Plateau and over 900–1000 mm in mountainous areas. Cluj County has rich and varied natural resources. Iron ores came into use in 1962, by exploitations in Căpușu Mic and Băișoara, being conducted over the years a series of geological explorations in Vlaha, Săvădisla and Cacova Ierii. Fossil fuels are represented by brown coal exploited in Ticu–Dâncu–Băgara area and peat, exploited in Călățele–Căpățâna sector. There is a gas-condensed dome in Puini in the Transylvanian Plain. Besides iron ore and mineral fuels, there is a variety of useful minerals and rocks, including: quartz in Muntele Mare and around Someșu Rece and andesites in Vlădeasa Massif and around Morlaca, Poieni, Săcuieu and Iara, granites in Muntele Mare and dolomites used to fabricate binders, exploited in Săndulești, Surduc, Poieni, etc. calcareous tuffs of high quality with quarries at Tioc–Cornești, kaolin sands at Popești, Topa, Băgara, Gârbău, etc. salt, with significant reserves at Ocna Dejului, Cojocna, Nireș, gravel pits on Someșul Mic at Gilău, Florești and on lower Arieș.
The vegetation is storeyed due to the prevalence of hilly and mountainous relief. In Cluj County can be met a wide range of plant formations. Sub-alpine floor, present in Vlădeasa Massif
Dolj County is a county of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in Oltenia, with the capital city at Craiova. In 2011, it had a population of 660,544 and a population density of 89/km2. Romanians – over 96% Romani – 3% Others 1%; this county has a total area of 7,414 km2. The entire area is a plain with the Danube on the south forming a wide valley crossed by the Jiu River in the middle. Other small rivers flow through each one forming a small valley. There are many ponds and channels in the Danube valley. 6% of the county's area is a desert. Olt County to the east. Mehedinți County to the west. Gorj County and Vâlcea County to the north. Bulgaria – Vidin Province to the southwest and Vratsa provinces to the south. Agriculture is the county's main industry; the county has a land, ideal for growing cereals and wines. Other industries are located in the city of Craiova, the largest city in southwestern Romania; the county's main industries: Automotive industry – Ford has a factory. Heavy electrical and transport equipment – Electroputere Craiova is the largest factory plant in Romania.
Aeronautics Chemicals processing Foods and beverages Textiles Mechanical parts and componentsThere are two small ports on the shore of the Danube river – Bechet and Calafat. Corneliu Baba Tudor Gheorghe ro:Mircea Mihail Ghiorghiu Alexandru Macedonski Titu Maiorescu Amza Pellea Doina Ruști Francisc Șirato Marin Sorescu Nicolae Titulescu Ion Țuculescu Nicolae Vasilescu-Karpen Mihai Viteazul Major tourist attractions: The city of Craiova; the Dolj County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition: Dolj County 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 104 communes Municipalities Băilești Calafat Craiova – capital city. Its capital was Craiova; the interwar county territory comprised the central and southwestern part of the current Dolj county. It was bordered to the north with by the counties of Gorj and Valcea, to the west by Mehedinți County, to the east by Romanați County, to the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria; the county was divided into six administrative districts: Plasa Amaradia, headquartered at Melinești Plasa Bârca, headquartered at Bârca Plasa Calafat, headquartered at Calafat Plasa Gângiova, headquartered at Gângiova Plasa Ocolul, headquartered at Ocolul Plasa Plenița, headquartered at PlenițaSubsequently, four districts were created in place of two of the prior districts: Plasa Bechet, headquartered at Bechet Plasa Brabova, headquartered at Brabova Plasa Filiași, headquartered at Filiași Plasa Segarcea, headquartered at Segarcea According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 485,149 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.7% Romanian, 0.5% Jews, 0.3% Germans, 0.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the population was 98.4% Eastern Orthodox, 0.7% Roman Catholic, 0.5% Jewish, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 91,788 inhabitants, comprising 90.2% Romanians, 2.4% Jews, 2.2% Romanies, 1.7% Germans, 1.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.7% Eastern Orthodox, 3.1% Roman Catholic, 2.5% Jewish, 0.7% Lutheran, 0.3% Calvinist, 0.3% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities
Counties of Romania
A total of 41 counties, along with the municipality of Bucharest, constitute the official administrative divisions of Romania. They represent the country's NUTS-3 statistical subdivisions within the European Union and each of them serves as the local level of government within its borders. Most counties are named after a major river, while some are named after notable cities within them, such as the county seat; the earliest organization into județe of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia dates back to at least the late 14th century. For most of the time since modern Romania was formed in 1859, the administrative division system has been similar to the French departments one; the system has been changed several times since and the number of counties has varied over time, from the 71 județe that existed before World War II to only 39 after 1968. The current format has been in place since 1968 as only small changes have been made since the last of, in 1997. According to a 2011 census data from the National Institute of Statistics, the average population of Romania's 41 counties is about 445,000, with Iași County as the most populous and Covasna County the least.
The average county's land area is 5,809 square kilometres, with Timiș County the largest and Ilfov County the smallest. The municipality of Bucharest, which has the same administrative level as that of a county, is both more populous and much smaller than any county, with 1,883,425 people and 228 square kilometres; the earliest organization into județe, ținuturi, dates back at least to the late 14th century. Inspired from the organization of the late Byzantine Empire, each județ was ruled by a jude, a person appointed with administrative and judicial functions. Transylvania was divided into royal counties headed by comes with administrative and judicial functions. After modern Romania was formed in 1859 through the union of Wallachia and the rump of Moldavia, the administrative division was modernized using the French administrative system as a model, with județ as the basic administrative unit. Aside from the 1950–1968 period, this system has remained in place until today. Since 1864, for each județ there exists a prefect, a subordinate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and representative of the government inside the county.
Until 1948, each județ was further divided into several plăși, each administered by a pretor. After the adoption of a new Constitution in 1923, the traditional local administrative systems of the newly acquired regions of Transylvania and Bessarabia were made uniform in 1925 with that of the Romanian Old Kingdom. County borders were kept intact, with few adjustments, the total number of counties was raised to 71. In 1938, King Carol II modified the law on the administration of the Romanian territory according to the fascist model. Ten ținuturi were ruled by Rezidenți Regali, appointed directly by the Monarch; the ținuturi represented another layer of administration between counties and the country, as the county borders were not erased. Due to the territorial changes during World War II, this style of administration did not last, the administration at the județ level was reintroduced after the war. Between 1941–1944, Romania administered the territory between the Dniester and Southern Bug rivers known as Transnistria, which consisted of 13 separate counties.
After taking over the administration of the country in 1945, the Communist Party changed the administrative model to that of the Soviet Union in 1950, but changed it back in 1968. The county borders set were quite different from those present during the interbellum, as only 39 counties were formed from the 56 remaining after the war. In 1981, Giurgiu and Călărași were split from Ialomița and the former county of Ilfov, while in 1997, Ilfov County, a dependency of the municipality of Bucharest for nearly two decades, was reinstated; the county borders set in 1968 are still in place today, but the functions of different authorities have changed due to administrative reforms in the 1990s. At present, Romania is divided into one municipality; each of the counties is further divided into communes. The prefect and his administration have executive prerogatives within the county limits, while limited legislative powers are assigned to a County Council elected every four years during local elections.
The territorial districts of the Romanian judicial system overlap with county borders, thus avoiding further complication in the separation of powers on the government. Communes of Romania Development regions of Romania List of Romania county name etymologies Former administrative divisions of Romania List of Romanian counties by population List of cities and towns in Romania List of Romanian counties by foreign trade Municipiu Blog of the Romanian Royalty House showing various maps with the previous administrative divisions of Romania. Current and historical divisions of Romania at Statoids.com "Geopolitical Entities and Their Codes". National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from the original on 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2010-
Argeș County is a county of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești. On 20 October 2011, it had a population of 612,431 and the population density was 89/km². Romanians – 97% Roma, other; this county has a total area of 6,862 km². The landforms can be split into 3 distinctive parts. In the north side there are the mountains, from the Southern Carpathians group – the Făgăraș Mountains with Moldoveanu Peak, Negoiu Peak and Vânătoarea lui Buteanu peak towering the region, in the North-East part the Leaotă Mountains. Between them there is a pass towards the Rucăr-Bran Passage; the heights decrease, in the center there are the sub-carpathian hills, with heights around 800 m, crossed with deep valleys. In the south there is the northern part of the Romanian Plain; the main river that crosses the county is the Argeș River in which all the other rivers coming from the mountains flow. In the south the main rivers are the Teleorman River. Dâmbovița County in the east. Vâlcea County and Olt County in the west.
Sibiu County and Brașov County in the north. Teleorman County in the south; the county is one of the most industrialized counties in Romania. There is one oil refinery and two automobile plants at Mioveni – the Dacia Renault car plant, at Câmpulung the ARO plant; the predominant industries in the county are: Automotive Chemical Electrical equipment Home appliances Food Textiles Construction materialsOil is being extracted in the center and in the south. There are a few coal mines and close to Mioveni there is a nuclear research and production facility making nuclear fuels for the Cernavodă Nuclear Electric Power Plant. On the Argeș River there are a great number of hydroelectric power plants, the most impressive being the Vidraru power plant and dam; the hillsides are well suited for wines and fruit orchards, the south is suited for cereal crops. The main tourist destinations are: The city of Pitești The city of Curtea de Argeș, where one of the most well known monasteries in Romania is located The Câmpulung – Rucăr area The Făgăraș Mountains – the Transfăgărășan The Leaota Mountains The Poienari Castle The Cotmeana monastery.
The Argeș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition: Argeș County has 3 cities, 4 towns and 95 communes: Municipalities Câmpulung Curtea de Argeș Pitești – county seat. Its territory comprised a large part of the current county, a piece of the western part of the present Vâlcea County, it was bordered on the west by the counties of Olt and Vâlcea, to the north by the counties Făgăraș and Sibiu, to the east by the counties Muscel and Dâmbovița, to the south by the counties Teleorman and Vlașca. The county was divided administratively into five districts: Plasa Argeș, headquartered at Curtea de Argeș Plasa Dâmbovnic, headquartered at Rociu Plasa Oltul, headquartered at Jiblea Veche Plasa Teleorman, headuqartered at Costești Plasa Uda, headquartered at Uda Subsequently, Plasa Uda was divided into two districts, some territory was transferred from Plasa Oltul:Plasa Cuca, headquartered at Cuca, which town was in Plasa Oltul Plasa Pitești, headquartered at Pitești According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 257,378 inhabitants, out of which 97.6% were ethnic Romanians.
From the religious point of view, the population was 99.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 26,341 inhabitants, comprising 90.4% Romanians, 2.2% Jews, 2.0% Hungarians, 1.7% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 93.0% Eastern Orthodox, 2.4% Roman Catholic, 2.4% Jewish, 0.7% Reformed, 0.7% Lutheran, as well as other minorities
Brăila County is a county of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Brăila. In 2011, Brăila had a population of 304,925 and the population density was 64/km2. Romanians – 98% Romani, Lipovans and others; this county has a total area of 4,766 km2. All the county lies on a flat plane: the Bărăgan Plain, one of the best areas for growing cereals in Romania. On the east side there is the Danube, which forms an island – The Great Brăila Island surrounded by the Măcin channel, Cremenea channel and Vâlciu channel. On the northern side there is the Siret River and on the north-western side there is the Buzău River. Tulcea County in the east. Buzău County in the west. Galați County and Vrancea County in the north. Ialomița County and Constanța County in the south; the agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is entirely concentrated in the city of Brăila; the predominant industries in the county are: Food industry. Textile industry. Mechanical components industry. In Brăila there is an important harbour.
The main tourist destinations are: The city of Brăila. The Lacu Sărat Resort; the Brăila County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition: Brăila County has 1 municipality, 3 towns and 40 communes Municipalities Brăila – capital city. Its territory included the portions of the current county to the east and south-east of the Buzău River, it was bordered on the west by the counties of Buzău and Râmnicu-Sărat, to the north by Covurlui County, to the east by Tulcea County, to the south by the counties of Constanța and Ialomița. The county was divided administratively into four districts: Plasa Călmățui, with headquarters at Făurei Plasa Ianca, with headquarters at Ianca Plasa Silistraru, with headquarters at Silistraru Plasa Viziru, with headquarters at ViziruSubsequently, Plasa Călmățui, was abolished and two new districts were established in its place: Plasa I. I. C. Bratianu, with headquarters at Făurei Plasa Vădeni, with headquarters at Vădeni According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 219,831 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 89.4% Romanians, 3.1% Jews, 2.2% Greeks, 0.7% Hungarians, 0.6% Russians, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the population was 93.6% Eastern Orthodox, 3.3% Jewish, 1.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 68,347 inhabitants, comprising 75.4% Romanians, 9.7% Jews, 6.7% Greeks, 1.7% Hungarians, 1.6% Russians, as well as other minorities. Mother tongues among the urban population were Romanian, Yiddish, Hungarian, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 84.4% Eastern Orthodox, 10.4% Jewish, 3.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities