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Marathwada is a region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The word "Marathwada" has been used since the times of the Nizams; the region coincides with the Aurangabad Division of Maharashtra. It borders the states of Karnataka and Telangana, it lies to the west of the Vidarbha and east of Khandesh regions of Maharashtra; the largest city of Marathwada is Aurangabad. Its people speak Dakhini; the term Marathwada means the house of Marathi people, land occupied by the Marathi-speaking population of the former Hyderabad state during the period of Nizam's rule. The term can be traced to 18th century state records of the Nizam of Hyderabad. Marathwada has total area of 64590 km2 and had a population of 18,731,872 at the 2011 census of India; the foundation of agricultural research in Marathwada region of erstwhile Hyderabad kingdom was laid by the 7th Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan with the commencement of the Main Experimental Farm in 1918 in Parbhani. During the Nizam's rule agricultural education was available only at Hyderabad.

After independence, this facility was developed further by the Indian government, renamed as Marathwada Agriculture University on 18 May 1972. The region of Hingoli and Aurangabad were a major hub for the military stations and depot during the time of Nizam as well as during the British rule. Hyderabad state took special work to build Dams and renovate the existing underwater system in Aurangabad. Major works were undertaken to built railways connecting the city of Hyderabad to Bombay via Aurangabad. Handlooms and paper factories were established in Kaghzipura near Aurangabad. Religious sites were developed in Khuldabad. Temporary guest houses were built for Sikh devotees in Nanded which lies in ruins due to neglect by the government authorities. Roads connecting to Ahmedabad were initiated. All the cities below have population of more than 100,000 with Aurangabad having 1.1 million inhabitants per the 2011 census. Aurangabad Nanded Latur Parbhani Jalna Beed Parli-Vaijainath Tuljapur Ambejogai Osmanabad Kinwat Aurangabad Beed Hingoli Jalna Parbhani Latur Osmanabad Nanded-waghalaThere are Municipal Corporations at Aurangabad Municipal Corporation, Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation, Latur Municipal Corporation, Parbhani Municipal Corporation.

The state government recognises Aurangabad as the "Tourism Capital of Maharashtra". There are various Tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Other places visited by tourists are: Ajanta Caves Ellora Caves Udgir Fort Ausa Hazur Sahib Nanded Bibi Ka Maqbara Dharashiv Caves Aundha Nagnath Mahur Kandhar Daulatabad Grishneshwar temple Parli Tuljapur Ambajogai, Mukundraj, shivleni Dharur, Beed Marathwada has four government medical colleges, situated at Aurangabad, Latur and Ambajogai; the region has good government engineering colleges such as SGGS Nanded, Aurangabad Government Engineering College. It has three major universities, being Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University at Aurangabad, Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University at Parbhani, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University at Nanded; the foundation of agricultural research in Marathwada region of Hyderabad state was laid by the erstwhile Nizam of Hyderabad with the commencement of the Main Experimental Farm in 1918 in Parbhani.

During the Nizam's rule agricultural education was available only at Hyderabad. After independence, this facility was developed further by the Indian government, renamed as Marathwada Agriculture University on 18 May 1972. Marathwada is affected by frequent anomalies in rainfall during Monsoon season, which accounts for 80 percent of the annual rainfall; the average annual rainfall over the division is 882 mm. Three-fourths of the Marathwada division is covered by agricultural lands. Hence, drought is having a significant impact on the life of farmers. According to government records, 422 farmers in Marathwada committed suicide in 2014; this was because of their inability to bear crop losses and a financial quandary made acute by water scarcity and an agrarian crisis. 2014 was the third consecutive year of low rainfall, when rainfall did occur it was sometimes untimely and damaged crops. Of the 422 suicides, 252 cases were due to an inability to repay agricultural loans. There have been more than 117 farmer suicides in the first two months of 2017.

According to a study by IIT Bombay, the severe or extreme droughts have occurred in major portions of Marathwada, in the last few decades. List of people from Marathwada Make in Maharashtra Manav Vikas Mission Notes Citations Beyond Economic Development: A Case Study of Marathwada Vidarbha and Marathwada: Trapped in a vicious cycle -Hindustan Times Cane cultivation leaving Marathwada bone dry: Study -The Times of India Photo-essay on the 2016 drought in Marathwada Have India's farm suicides declined? -BBC article In worst drought year, Marathwada emerges new suicide region -Indian Express ‘Wrong method used to calculate Vidarbha, Marathwada backlog’ - The Times of India Lucien D. Benichou. From Autocracy to Integration: Political Developments in Hyderabad State, 1938-1948. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-250-1847-6. Human Development Report 2002 - Maharashtra


A burgus or turris is a small, tower-like fort of the Late Antiquity, sometimes protected by an outwork and surrounding ditches. Darvill defines it as "a small fortified position or watch-tower controlling a main routeway."Burgus was a term used in the period of the Roman Empire, in the Germanic provinces. Burgus is a Latin word, used from the end of the second century but more common in late antiquity, derived from the Germanic languages, it refers to a fortified tower, sometimes designed for observation. From 369 AD, under Valentinian, an extensive fortress building programme was set under way on the borders of the Empire; this entailed the construction of two-storey, rectangular towers, so-called residual forts in limes camps, denuded of their complements, granaries envisaged for border troops. These burgi were a development of the limes towers of the middle imperial period and consisted, in the case of the larger examples, of a tower-like central structure and outer fortifications. A conspicuous feature of buildings of this type of the Late Antiquity is the significant increase in size of the central tower.

Most of these new fortifications were destroyed by about the middle of the 5th century. Burgi were erected along border rivers and along major roads, where they are to have been used for observation, as forward positions or for signalling. Buildings such as smaller watchtowers, civilian refuges at estates and fortified docks for riverboats on the Upper Rhine and Danube, were called burgi. Troops at these posts carried out policing duties on the roads and looked after the maintenance of law and order in the villages. Burgi might serve in emergencies as a places of retreat. Larger towers such as one at Asperden served as refuges for the surrounding population and as granaries. A special type of burgus contained a river landing. In addition to a rectangular building near the river bank, these had crenellated walls that extended up to or into the river like pincers, thus protecting a landing stage or berthing bay for cargo ships and river patrol boats. Castrum/castra Castellum Limes Burh Thomas Fischer: Die Römer in Deutschland.

Theiss, Stuttgart, 1999, ISBN 3-8062-1325-9. Jörg Fesser: Frühmittelalterliche Siedlungen der nördlichen Vorderpfalz. Dissertation University of Mannheim, 2006. Dieter Planck, Andreas Thiel: Das Limes-Lexikon, Roms Grenzen von A-Z. Beck, Munich, 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-56816-9, p. 21. Yann Le Bohec: Die römische Armee. Steiner, Stuttgart, 1993, ISBN 3-515-06300-5, pp. 175–177. Ute Naberfeld: Rekonstruktionsversuch des spätrömischen Burgus von Asperden. In: An Niers und Kendel. 11, pp. 16–17. Baden State Museum: Imperium Romanum, Römer, Alamannen-Die Spätantike am Oberrhein. Theiss, Stuttgart, 2005, ISBN 3-8062-1954-0

King Christian Island

King Christian Island is an uninhabited member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the Sverdrup Islands, a part of the Queen Elizabeth Islands archipelago, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It lies in the Arctic Ocean, 13.5 km from the southwestern coast of Ellef Ringnes Island, separated by the Danish Strait. The first European to visit the island was Gunnar Isachsen in 1901. Vilhjalmur Stefansson charted its southern coast in 1916; the island has an area of 645 km2, measures 38.8 kilometres long and 25.7 kilometres wide. King Christian Island in the Atlas of Canada - Toporama.

Dowe Aughtman

Lorenzo Dowe Aughtman is a former professional American football defensive tackle in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at Auburn University. Aughtman attended T. R. Miller High School, he accepted a football scholarship from Auburn University. He was a linebacker until Pat Dye was hired as the new Auburn head coach in 1981; the coaching staff considered converting him into a nose guard or an offensive guard, until deciding to move him to the defensive line. He became a starter as a sophomore; the next year he made 75 tackles. In 1983, he was a co-captain, while contributed to the team finishing with an 11–1 record and winning its first Southeastern Conference championship since 1957, he recorded a career-high 85 tackles, including 7 for loss. He tied his career-high of 11 tackles against the University of Texas and the University of Maryland, he was a two-time All-SEC selection. Aughtman was selected by the Dallas Cowboys in the eleventh round of the 1984 NFL Draft.

He was selected by the Birmingham Stallions in the 1984 USFL Territorial Draft. Because of injuries to the offensive line, like Blaine Nye, John Fitzgerald, Pat Donovan and Kurt Petersen before him, he was switched to the offensive line to play offensive guard in September, he appeared in 7 games. In 1985, he was placed on the injured reserve list, he was waived on August 18, 1986. The Boys of'83: From tragedy to a championship

Fourth metacarpal bone

The fourth metacarpal bone is shorter and smaller than the third. The base is quadrilateral. On the radial side are two oval facets, for articulation with the third metacarpal. A shortened fourth metacarpal bone can be a symptom of Kallmann syndrome, a genetic condition which results in the failure to commence or the non-completion of puberty. A short fourth metacarpal bone can be found in Turner syndrome, a disorder involving sex chromosomes. A fracture of the fourth and/or fifth metacarpal bones transverse neck secondary due to axial loading is known as a boxer's fracture; the ossification process begins in the shaft during prenatal life, in the head between 11th and 37th months. Metacarpus First metacarpal bone Second metacarpal bone Third metacarpal bone Fifth metacarpal bone This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 228 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy

Stigmata High-Five

Stigmata-High Five is the seventh full-length album by the Canadian grindcore band Fuck the Facts released August 20, 2006. It is the band's first release on Relapse Records. Stigmata High-Five is the first recording to feature Mathieu Vilandré on drums, he had joined the band as a second guitarist in 2005 and took over drumming duties after Tim Olsen was asked to leave the band. In January 2006 it was announced that Stigmata High-Five would be released on Great White North Records in May of that year; the Collection of Splits 2002-2004, slated for a February release, was pushed back until late May, ended up being the final release on Great White North Records before it folded. However, early into the recording of Stigmata High-Five, Relapse Records contacted the band and secured a three-album deal; the album was released on an enhanced CD that contains 2 bonus tracks in MP3 format, as well as a "making of" video and a music video. The album was released on 3 different colors of vinyl. All music by Fuck the Facts with assistance.

All lyrics By Timothy Leo. "La Dernière Image" – 7:03 "The Wrecking" – 4:38 "Carve Your Heart Out" – 2:32 "Taken from the Nest" – 5:01 "What's Left Behind" – 3:41 "The Sound of Your Smashed Head" – 2:06 "Dead in the Ruins of Your Own City" – 8:50 Stigmata High-Five – 2:44 Ants – 2:00 The Making of "Stigmata High-Five" – 5:13 The Wrecking – 4:57 Topon Dasguitar, keyboard Mel Mongeon – vocals, lyrics Steve Chartier – bass, vocals Mathieu Vilandré – drums, guitar Jean-Philippe Latour – engineer, photography Fuck the Facts – producer Timothy Leo – lyrics This album marks the first time that the band recorded in a studio other than their own, with a producer outside of the band. It was recorded February 16 -- March 2006 at Studio En-Phase in Montréal, Québec; the recording quality is much higher than their previous recordings, but the performances remain "raw" sounding. No drum triggers were used, all of the guitar parts were run through amps, as opposed to being recorded direct into the board