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Marble Hill, Manhattan

Marble Hill is the northernmost neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is the only Manhattan neighborhood, not on an island. Marble Hill was occupied as a Dutch colonial settlement in 1646, gained its current name in 1891 because of marble deposits underneath the neighborhood. Politically a part of Manhattan and New York County, Marble Hill became an island in the Harlem River when it was separated from the island of Manhattan by the construction of the Harlem Ship Canal in 1895. In 1914, the Harlem River was filled in on the north side of Marble Hill, connecting it to the North American mainland and the Bronx; because of this change in geography, Marble Hill is associated with the Bronx and is part of Bronx Community District 8. In addition, Marble Hill has a Bronx ZIP Code of 10463, is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 50th Precinct, headquartered in the Bronx. Marble Hill has been occupied since the Dutch colonial period. On August 18, 1646, Governor Willem Kieft, the Dutch Director of New Netherland, signed a land grant to Mattius Jansen van Keulan and Huyck Aertsen which included the whole of the present community.

Johannes Verveelen petitioned the Harlem authorities to move his ferry from what is now the East River and 125th Street to Spuyten Duyvil Creek because the creek was shallow enough to wade across, thus providing a means of evading the toll. The ferry charter was granted in 1667. Many settlers circumvented the toll for the ferry by crossing the creek from northern Marble Hill to modern Kingsbridge, Bronx, a point where it was feasible to wade or swim through the waters. In 1669 Verveelen transplanted his ferry to the northern tip of Marble Hill, at today's Broadway and West 231st Street. Two bridges connected Marble Hill with the mainland: the King's Bridge and the Dyckman Free Bridge. In 1693 Frederick Philipse, a Dutch nobleman who had sworn allegiance to the Crown upon the British takeover of Dutch New Netherlands, built the King's Bridge at Marble Hill near what is now West 230th Street in the Bronx. A merchant in New Amsterdam, Philipse had purchased vast landholdings in what was Westchester County.

Granted the title Lord of Philipse Manor, he established a plantation and provisioning depot for his shipping business upriver on the Hudson in present-day Sleepy Hollow. His toll bridge opened his land to settlement, it carried the Boston Post Road. In 1758, the Free Bridge was erected by Benjamin Palmer, it opened on January 1, 1759. Its purpose was to serve the farmers. Stagecoach service was established across the span; the new bridge proceeded to take much of the traffic away from the King's Bridge. One of the local visiting spots during this period was a tavern operated by the Dyckman family, they had a tavern called the Black Horse Inn, located just south of McGowan's Pass in what is now East Drive of Central Park, near 102nd Street. The Dyckmans sold the Black Horse to finance a new operation on the west side of Broadway and 226th Street, to be managed by Benjamin Palmer, who owned property on City Island, it was situated to cater to the traffic from both bridges. In 1772 the Dyckmans sold the tavern to Caleb Hyatt and was known by the new owner's name as Hyatt's Tavern at the Free Bridge.

When hostilities broke out at the start of the American Revolution, the Continental Army constructed a fort on Marble Hill as part of a series of forts to defend the area. By November 1776, the fort had been taken over by Hessian forces and renamed Fort Prince Charles in honor of Charles, Duke of Brunswick, brother-in-law to George III. Despite contrary beliefs, the King's Bridge and the Dyckman Free Bridge served as escape routes for the retreating American forces after the Battle of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776; the latter of these bridges was destroyed during the war. In January 1777, an American attack was made in the Marble Hill area against the Hessian occupiers; this particular raid was under the command of General William Heath, when the cannons opened up, forced the Hessians to retreat from the tavern to the fort to return fire. Hyatt's Tavern remained in the Hyatt family until 1807; the building was razed, succeeded by the Kingsbridge Hotel on the east side of Broadway at 226th Street.

The hotel had a central turret. It catered to the anglers and sportsman who came to the area either by the Hudson River Railroad Company or boat service up the Harlem River. One of the meals served at the hotel was turtle dinner; the hotel's business declined when interest was lost in the community. The hotel fell into disrepair and was torn down in 1917. Philipse Manor was forfeited to the state legislature after the war. Afterward, the King's Bridge was free. In 1817, Curtis and John Bolton purchased land in the area, their home was on the south side of the community and had a mill located 350 East of Broadway, on property now owned by Metro-North. The Boltons were related to a noted historian of northern Manhattan; the name of Marble Hill was conceived when Darius C. Crosby came up with the name in 1891 from the 100-to-500-foot-deep deposits of dolomite marble underlying it, a soft rock that crops out in Inwood and Marble Hill, known as Inwood marble; the marble was quarried for the federal buildings in lower Manhattan when New York was the capital of the United States in the 1780s.

Saint Stephen's United Methodist Church, a community fixture since its 1898 construction, is located at 228th Street and Marble Hill Avenue. It is the third structure of the same name, as well as one of the olde

Knok Studio

Knok Studio is a film studio and charitable organization located in Seattle and Enumclaw, Washington State producing media for non-profit 5013 organizations in the Pacific Northwest as well as internationally. In 2011 Beau Chevassus returned from serving as the videographer aboard Mercy Ships in Sierra Leone. At this time, Mercy Ships had a media team, however Chevassus noted the equipment and long-term commitment of conventional for-profit media studios or independent filmmakers were unaffordable for conventional non-profits; this was based upon the fact that Mercy Ships had hired Chevassus as their videographer, however they had required Chevassus to raise his own support due to the non-profit's inability to afford a staffed videographer. Knok Studio was established in 2011 to meet the needs of accessibility and cinematic storytelling for non-profit organizations. Knok is the production company involved in winning the 168 Film Project Evangelista Award out of 7 nominations and 84 total film entries.

Knok Studio's founder, has won multiple awards, including the Jury Award for Short Experimental Film, As Vapour, in the Show Me Justice Film Festival, is responsible for viral video content published on YouTube. Non-profit journalism Non-profit technology Knok Studio

George Crady

George Abraham Crady is an American politician in the state of Florida. He was born in 1931 in Miami, attended Duke University and Jones Business College. After university, he was a helicopter pilot in the United States Marine Corps from 1954 to 1957, he served in the Florida House of Representatives, as a Democrat, representing Nassau County from 1976 to 2000. He is a Democrat. Crady has served as a member of Nassau County School Advisory Board from 1974 to 1976 serving in the capacity of president from 1975 to 1976. A Methodist, Crady has six daughters, he is a businessman. House Parliamentarian 1988–1994 Rules Reform Chairman, Rules & Calendar Committee Vice Chairman 1988–1992 Chairman of the Duval County Legislative Delegation 1989–1990 Ethics & Elections Committee Chairman 1986–1988 Rules, Resolutions, & Ethics Committee Co-Chair 1997–1998 Yulee PTA Citizen of the Year, 1971 League of Cities Quality Floridian Award 1990 AARP Outstanding Service to the Community Award 1994 Small County Coalition Outstanding Legislative Service Award 1994 Florida Chamber of Commerce Roll Call Award 1994

Wiener Stadthalle

Wiener Stadthalle is a multi-purpose indoor arena and convention center located in the 15th district of Vienna, Austria. Austrian architect Roland Rainer designed the original halls which were constructed between 1953 and 1958; the main hall, a multi-purpose venue, is Austria's largest indoor arena with a seating capacity of 16,152 people. The complex houses six venues and an adjacent swimming pool, two gymnasiums, an indoor ice rink, a small and a large multi-purpose hall and auditorium with a stage, it serves as a venue for a variety of events, including concerts, trade fairs, lectures, theatre, TV and sport. The Wiener Stadthalle is a subsidiary of Wien Holding and stages more than 350 events each year that attract around one million visitors. Halls A, B and C, as well as the Stadthallenbad, are managed by the Viennese sports venues corporation GmbH; the arena has been site of the annual Erste Bank Open tennis tournament since 1974 and has hosted the ice shows Vienna Ice Revue and Holiday on Ice, the touring horse show Apassionata annually and the circus show Artisten-Tiere-Attraktionen from 1959 to 1995.

The Stadthalle has hosted a number of sporting events including the 1970 European Athletics Indoor Championships, the 2004 European Short Course Swimming Championships, the 2010 European Men's Handball Championship, the 2011 Men's European Volleyball Championship, the Austrian International open badminton tournament and the Ice Hockey World Championships in 1967, 1977, 1987, 1996 and 2005. Austrian broadcaster ORF announced on 6 August 2014, that Stadthalle would be the host venue for the Eurovision Song Contest 2015, following the victory of Conchita Wurst in the 2014 Final in Copenhagen, Denmark; the arena hosted the 60th contest in the main hall. The complex comprises 6 interconnecting halls: A and B, C, D, E and F. Halls A and B were completed in 1957 as a gymnasium and sports hall. Hall A is 18 by 36 metres and 7.6 metres high, whilst Hall B is 30 by 60 metres and 11.8 metres high. Both halls can be used for conferences or lectures; the basement of Hall A houses training rooms and the lower level of Hall B contains bowling lanes and dressing rooms.

Hall C, completed in 1958, houses an ice rink 30 by 60 by 7.3 metres and is operated by Die EisStadthalle. Completed in 1958, the large multi-purpose main hall is Austria's largest indoor arena; the structure is 98 by 110 metres and has a ridge height of 26.6 metres with a usable floor area measuring 98 by 55.2 by 15.4 metres. It has a capacity of up to 16,152 depending on the event; the venue has special curtain systems and ground-level stands on the north and south sides of the hall which can be closed to divide the hall into several parts. The stage can be up to 600 square metres and is supported with two VIP rooms, dressing rooms and offices backstage; the small multi-purpose hall was completed in 1994 and holds up to 1,482. It is 50 by 25 by 4.5 metres and is used for exhibitions and social receptions. Conceived as an arena hall, Hall F was completed in 2006 and holds up to 2,036 visitors in raked theatre seating, it is 68.2 by 73.4 by 12.5 metres. The hall has an audio and video system. To accommodate visitors, there is a 1,300 square metres foyer, a connected restaurant with two additional foyers of 400 square metres and a banquet hall of 300 square metres.

In 1974, the additional Stadthallenbad and three public swimming pools, were constructed. For the 2004 European Short Course Swimming Championships, the center added a temporary pool of 1,025 square metres. List of tennis stadiums by capacity Official website Die EisStadthalle Wiener Stadthalle in Austria-Forum

Slalom (video game)

Slalom is a skiing video game in which the player races in a series of downhill slalom runs while navigating past flags and obstacles before time expires. It was developed by Rare and first released by Nintendo for the Nintendo VS. System in 1986, it was released for the Nintendo Entertainment System in North America in March 1987 and in Europe that year. The game was developed by Tim and Chris Stamper and its music was composed by David Wise. Slalom was the first NES game developed outside Japan and the Stamper brothers' first game released under the Rare brand. Reviews from the 1980s found Slalom unrealistic, but appreciated its graphics and animations. In contrast, AllGame's retrospective review called the game poorly rushed. Slalom was released in Rare's 2015 Rare Replay compilation for Xbox One. Slalom is a single-player game. There are 24 downhill runs total. Before the game starts, players choose their mountain based on difficulty: Snowy Hill for beginners, Steep Peak for intermediate players, Mount Nasty for experts.

The goal for each run is to reach the finish line within the allotted time. Players must dodge obstacles including trees, snowmen and other skiers on their way downhill, or else they will tumble and lose time. With enough momentum, players can jump over these obstacles. Players must ski around flags to maintain their speed. If they ski on the wrong side of the flag, the racer will slow down. Located on the runs are moguls that, when hit, causes the racer to go airborne and slow down when landing. While airborne, players can earn bonus points. However, if the player botches the trick, the racer may fall, losing time. At the end of each run, final scores are calculated based on the amount of time remaining on the run and points scored from completing freestyle tricks. If the player earns enough points, they may race the next level "solo"; the points earned in qualifying runs convert to additional seconds on the solo run timer. The high scores on each of the runs are saved in memory. Slalom was developed by British video game company Rare by Chris Stamper.

Rare had been looking to develop games for consoles in the wake of rampant computer game piracy in the United Kingdom. They chose the NES for its nascent popularity, though the console had no Western developers, asked Nintendo for a license; when Nintendo declined, they reverse engineered the console and made a demo, Slalom to show the company. Nintendo was astonished at their effort, made Rare its first Western developer, beginning a long and close collaboration between Rare and Nintendo of America founder and president Minoru Arakawa. Slalom was released in 1986 in the arcades as part of the Nintendo VS. System and was titled Vs. Slalom; this release featured an upright cabinet, a joystick, one jump button, monaural sound, standard raster graphics. There was an optional controller upgrade that featured two physical ski poles and shortened skis that the player could stand on and use to control the skier onscreen; the NES version was released by Nintendo in North America in March 1987 and in Europe on October 15, 1987.

Slalom was Rare's first video game developed as a new company. It was the Stamper brothers' first video game console release; the game's music was composed by Rare's video game composer his first NES composing job. In a December 2010 interview, Wise said, he had to first code the HEX values for each note by hand before converting them into subroutines with a computer. Wise recalled thinking, he was humbled. Slalom received preview coverage in early 1987 in the first issue of Nintendo Fun Club News – the predecessor to the company's house organ Nintendo Power – citing the arcade conversion to the NES, it was featured in the following Summer 1987 issue with expert tips. French magazine Tilt appreciated the game's graphics and sound, but thought its animation did not fare as well. On the other hand, German magazine Aktueller Software Markt commended Slalom's animations and thought its sounds were mediocre; the magazine found the game fun. Power Play and Gen4 praised the animations. Though Gen 4 found the game unrealistic, they appreciated its depiction of speed and the gradual difficulty progression.

Power Play liked the obstacle graphics. Gen 4 considered the graphics average for Nintendo, disagreed internally as to whether the game was sufficiently fantastical. Power Play thought the game needed more variety and became monotonous. AllGame editor Brett Alan Weiss's retrospective review was critical as he called Slalom "a rush job" that did not capture the spirit of skiing, he felt that the game was repetitive, too simple, not fun for adults. Weiss described the graphics as the sound as repetitive and derivative, he said that though it was an early release in the console's lifespan, Slalom was on par with the 1979 Intellivision's capabilities. He recommended Konami's Antarctic Adventure for the ColecoVision in its stead. UK-based magazine Retro Gamer wrote; the magazine's Stuart Hunt wrote in December 2010, on Rare's 25th anniversary, that the game was "fun but quite simplistic" in its lack of race variety. He said, that the game showcased how the company could maximize the system resources of the NES.

Slalom was includ

Manx National Heritage

Manx National Heritage is the national heritage organisation for the Isle of Man. The organisation manages a significant proportion of the island’s physical heritage assets including over 3,000 acres of coastline and landscape, it holds property, artwork and museum collections in trust for the Manx nation. It is the Isle of an Isle of Man registered charity. Manx National Heritage is a charitable trust, a registered charity created by statute as the Manx Museum and National Trust, it is governed by a board of trustees. Manx National Heritage's role is to lead the Isle of Man's community in recognising, understanding and promoting its cultural heritage and identity to a worldwide audience, it is a designated body of the Isle of Man Government, linked via the Department of Economic Development. The Isle of Man Government provide funding for the trust's core activities and some capital projects Manx National Heritage operates the Isle of Man's National Museum and Art Gallery, National Monuments Service, the National Library and Archive.

Manx National Heritage runs the following museums: Castle Rushen, Castletown Cregneash Folk Village, Cregneash Grove Museum, Ramsey House of Manannan, Peel The Great Laxey Wheel & Mines Trail, Laxey Wheel, Laxey Manx Museum, Douglas The Nautical Museum, Castletown The Old Grammar School, Castletown The Old House of Keys, Castletown Peel Castle, Peel Rushen Abbey, Ballasalla Sound Centre, Calf Sound, near Cregneash Niarbyl, Dalby Niarbyl The following monuments are under the protection of Manx National Heritage: Balladoole The Braaid Cashtal Yn Ard Cronk ny Merriu The Manx Stone Cross Collection Meayll Hill St Michael's Isle The following properties are under the protection of Manx National Heritage: The Ayres The Curraghs Eary Cushlin & Creggan Mooar The Dhoon and Bulgham Brooghs Killabrega Land seaward of the Marine Drive Lower Silverdale Maughold Head & Brooghs. Gob ny Rona Niarbyl The Sound and the Calf of Man Upper Ballaharry Raad ny Foillan The Friends of Manx National Heritage