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Marcel Proust

Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust was a French novelist and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu, published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927. He is considered by critics and writers to be one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Proust was born on July 10, 1871, shortly after the conclusion of the Franco-Prussian war and at the beginning of the Third Republic, his birth took place in the Paris Borough of Auteuil at the home of his great-uncle on 10 July 1871, two months after the Treaty of Frankfurt formally ended the Franco-Prussian War. He was born during the violence that surrounded the suppression of the Paris Commune, his childhood corresponded with the consolidation of the French Third Republic. Much of In Search of Lost Time concerns the vast changes, most the decline of the aristocracy and the rise of the middle classes, that occurred in France during the Third Republic and the fin de siècle. Proust's father, Adrien Proust, was a prominent pathologist and epidemiologist, studying cholera in Europe and Asia.

He wrote numerous books on medicine and hygiene. Proust's mother, Jeanne Clémence, was the daughter of a wealthy Jewish family from Alsace. Literate and well-read, she demonstrated a well-developed sense of humour in her letters, her command of English was sufficient to help with her son's translations of John Ruskin. Proust was raised in his father's Catholic faith, he was baptized and confirmed as a Catholic, but he never formally practised that faith. He became an atheist and was something of a mystic. By the age of nine, Proust had had his first serious asthma attack, thereafter he was considered a sickly child. Proust spent long holidays in the village of Illiers; this village, combined with recollections of his great-uncle's house in Auteuil, became the model for the fictional town of Combray, where some of the most important scenes of In Search of Lost Time take place. In 1882, at the age of eleven, Proust became a pupil at the Lycée Condorcet, but his education was disrupted by his illness.

Despite this he excelled in literature. Thanks to his classmates, he was able to gain access to some of the salons of the upper bourgeoisie, providing him with copious material for In Search of Lost Time. Despite his poor health, Proust served a year in the French army, stationed at Coligny Barracks in Orléans, an experience that provided a lengthy episode in The Guermantes' Way, part three of his novel; as a young man, Proust was a dilettante and a social climber whose aspirations as a writer were hampered by his lack of self-discipline. His reputation from this period, as a snob and an amateur, contributed to his troubles with getting Swann's Way, the first part of his large-scale novel, published in 1913. At this time, he attended the salons of Mme Straus, widow of Georges Bizet and mother of Proust's childhood friend Jacques Bizet, of Madeleine Lemaire and of Mme Arman de Caillavet, one of the models for Madame Verdurin, mother of his friend Gaston Arman de Caillavet, with whose fiancée he was in love.

It is through Mme Arman de Caillavet, he made the acquaintance of her lover. Proust had a close relationship with his mother. To appease his father, who insisted that he pursue a career, Proust obtained a volunteer position at Bibliothèque Mazarine in the summer of 1896. After exerting considerable effort, he obtained a sick leave that extended for several years until he was considered to have resigned, he never worked at his job, he did not move from his parents' apartment until after both were dead. His life and family circle changed markedly between 1900 and 1905. In February 1903, Proust's brother, Robert Proust and left the family home, his father died in November of the same year. And most crushingly, Proust's beloved mother died in September 1905, she left him a considerable inheritance. His health throughout this period continued to deteriorate. Proust spent the last three years of his life confined to his bedroom, sleeping during the day and working at night to complete his novel, he died of pneumonia and a pulmonary abscess in 1922.

He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. Proust was involved in publishing from an early age. In addition to the literary magazines with which he was associated, in which he published while at school, from 1890 to 1891 he published a regular society column in the journal Le Mensuel. In 1892, he was involved in founding a literary review called Le Banquet, throughout the next several years Proust published small pieces in this journal and in the prestigious La Revue Blanche. In 1896 Les plaisirs et les jours, a compendium of many of these early pieces, was published; the book included a foreword by Anatole France, drawings by Mme Lemaire in whose salon Proust was a frequent guest, who inspired Proust's Mme Verdurin. She invited him and Reynaldo Hahn to her château de Réveillon in summer 1894, for three weeks in 1895; this book was so sumptuously produced that it cost twice the normal price of a book its size. That year Proust began working on a novel, published in 1952 and titled Jean Santeuil by his posthumous editors.

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Pierre Guillaumat (supertanker)

Pierre Guillaumat was a supertanker, built in 1977 by Chantiers de l'Atlantique at Saint-Nazaire for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation. Pierre Guillaumat, the third vessel of Batillus class supertankers, is distinguished as the biggest ship constructed, it was surpassed in length, deadweight tonnage, displacement, only by Seawise Giant, though it was smaller when it was built in 1976, was subsequently lengthened and enlarged. Named after the French politician and founder of Elf Aquitaine oil industry, Pierre Guillaumat, the vessel was completed and put in service in 1977. Due to unprofitability, accentuated by huge dimensions of the ship, which placed restrictions on where she could be employed, the Pierre Guillaumat was put on hold at Fujairah anchorage since February 2, 1983, that year, bought by the Hyundai Corporation, renamed Ulsan Master, she arrived at Ulsan, South Korea for demolition on October 19, 1983; because of her gigantic proportions the utility of Pierre Guillaumat was limited.

She couldn't pass through either the Suez canals. Because of her draft, she could enter a minimal number of ports in the world, was therefore moored on offshore rigs, oil terminals like Antifer and after off-loading to reduce her draft, at Europoort. Length overall was 414.23 m, beam 63.05 m, draft 28.603 m, deadweight tonnage 555,051, gross tonnage 274,838. Propulsion was provided by two propellers each driven by two Stal-Laval steam turbines developing a total power of 65,000 Hp; the service speed was 16.7 knots, with fuel consumption of about 330 tonnes of heavy oil per day and fuel enough for 42 days. The cargo was carried in 40 tanks with a total volume of 677,300 m3, they were divided into central and lateral tanks, whose dimensions were designed to reduce the risk of pollution caused by collision or grounding. Ahead of the international standards of the time, the wing tanks had a maximum unit volume not exceeding 17,000 m3, reduced to 9,000 m3 in the most vulnerable parts of ship. Batillus class supertankers Batillus Bellamya Prairial Gallery and technical information at


Blogcritics is a blog network and online magazine of news and opinion. The site was founded in 2002 by Phillip Winn. Blogcritics features more than 100 original articles every week, maintains an archive of all its published content; the site was founded in 2002 with 50 members and has increased that number by allowing anyone to contribute. A team of editors reviews every article prior to publication on the site. In August 2008, the blog search engine, acquired Blogcritics for an undisclosed amount of money; as a result, publisher Olsen and technical director Winn became full-time Technorati employees. One of the first collaborative ventures of the two entities was for Blogcritics writers to begin writing descriptions of Technorati tags. In April 2009, Blogcritics underwent a complete site redesign and switched content management systems. In his official email newsletter, sent during the week of 12 Sep 2010, publisher Eric Olsen stated that he was leaving Blogcritics and Technorati: As of November 22, 2011, Blogcritics has 3,997 blog writers registered.

In March 2014, Blogcritics was acquired by executive editors Barbara Barnett and Jon Sobel under their new company Critical Lens Media, Inc. Blogcritics has won several blog awards, including a Bloggie and recognition as a Best Media Blog. In addition, the site is an accredited news source for both Google News and Yahoo! News. Official website

Max Rheinstein

Max Rheinstein was a German-born American jurist and political scientist. He was for many years a professor at the University of Chicago Law School. Max Rheinstein was born on July 5, 1899, in Bad Kreuznach, the only son of wine merchant Ferdinand Rheinstein and Rosalie Bernheim, he fought in the German Army in World War I, subsequently studied law at the University of Munich. In the spring of 1919 Rheinstein participated in the overthrow of the Bavarian Soviet Republic. Becoming an assistant of Ernst Rabel, Rheinstein received his doctorate in law in 1924, he subsequently followed Rabel to Berlin as a research lecturer at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Foreign and International Private Law, where he supervised the institute library. He joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1928. Unlike other SPD-members and Jews, Rheinstein was not dismissed from his position after the Nazi seizure of power, due to the fact that he had fought the Bavarian Soviet Republic in 1919. In February 1933, he received a scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation, emigrated to the United States, where he began working at Columbia Law School.

In 1936 he was appointed Max Pam Professor of American and Foreign Law and Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago Law School, a position he held until his retirement in 1968. Rheinstein became an American citizen in 1940. After World War II, Rheinstein returned to Germany, where he was a member of the Legal Division of the Office of Military Government and served in a division of the Allied Control Council in Berlin. In 1953, Rheinstein was awarded the Ordre des Palmes académiques and the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1954. Until 1968 he was a member of the American Academy of Sciences. Rheinstein moved to California in 1976 for health reasons, he died in Bad Gastein, Austria on July 9, 1977. Oliver Lepsius: Rheinstein, Max. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie. Band 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4, S. 493 f

Studentenviertel Oberwiesenfeld

The Studentenviertel Oberwiesenfeld known as a student village or because of its location in the Olympic Park, sometimes called Olydorf, is a student residency in Munich. It is located on the former site of the Olympic Village of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. After the student city Freimann, it is, with about 1953 residents, the second largest housing estate of the Studentenwerk München; the student district Oberwiesenfeld is part of the former Olympic Village, located in the north of Munich in district 11 Milbertshofen-Am Hart between the middle ring, Moosacher Straße and Lerchenauer Straße. The residential complex is embedded in the Olympic Park and borders the Central University Sports Center and the Sports Center of the Technical University of Munich. In the immediate vicinity is the BMW headquarters with the associated BMW Museum and the BMW Welt; the streets of the Olympic Village were named after pioneers of Olympic sports. The Helene-Mayer-Ring and Connollystraße lead through the student district.

The Olympic village was built in the context of 1972 Summer XX. Olympics in Munich. To build the Men's Olympic Village, five building companies were commissioned; the Studentenwerk München commissioned the Munich architects Günther Eckert and Werner Wirsing with the construction of a student residency, used as an Olympic village for women during the Olympic Games. The bungalows in the south are still used today as a dormitory and to be held apart from the student city Freimann, were referred to as a student district or student village. A skyscraper and some of the terrace buildings are used as a dormitory. From spring 2007, the bungalows were demolished over a period of three years and rebuilt monument-appropriate, since renovating the existing buildings would not have been cheaper. Of the old bungalows, 12 were original renovated; the re-opening of the bungalows took place in 2009/2010. By reducing the width of the building, the number of bungalows increased from 800 to 1,052; the total number of residential units in the student district therefor increased to 1953.

The name goes back to the fact. The Olydorf used by students consists of three living areas. First, there are the 1052 single bungalows. Characteristic was the painting of the bungalow doors and facades, an expression of European youth culture. During the renovation of the bungalows for the 2002 European Athletics Championships, the doors were exchanged among other things and the paintings were therefore lost; the bungalows were an popular form of housing among students before the renovation work started. The reinforced concrete precast newly built mini houses are oriented to the original bungalows of 1972. In the planning for the new construction of the bungalows, Werner Wirsing one of the old architects, was involved; the residents have a two-storey maisonette apartment, which has a kitchenette and terrace. In addition, every new resident has the right to design the façade of his bungalow himself. In the skyscraper at Helene-Mayer-Ring 7, 801 students live in single apartments, each with its own kitchenette and after the renovations, without a balcony.

After the re-opening of the bungalows, the skyscraper was renovated from 2010 to 2012. There are around 100 residential units in family apartments in Connollystraße 7 to 11, which are inhabited by young families with or without children; the residential complex "Olydorf" is managed by students in cooperation with the Studentenwerk München. Because of this, house speakers are elected by the residents each semester. In order to make the community life more attractive, the Association of students in the Olympic center e. V. was founded in 1974. The Old Mensa of the Olympians serves today as a community center for students. There are several student operated facilities in the building; these include, in particular, the "OlyDisco", the pub, the "Cafe CO2", the student cinema "Olywood" and various workshops. In addition, the entire community center is used annually for the student carnival Olympiaust. After the end of carnival in 2010, a general renovation of the community center was planned; the Olydorf is connected by three bus lines.

The Munich underground line 3 has the stops Olympiazentrum in the east and Oberwiesenfeld in the north of the residential area. In the east-west direction is the city bus line 50 from the northern end of the student district, in the north-south direction is the city bus line 173 and the city bus line 180 running on the eastern side of the student district and on weekends the night line N46.

Jungle Jim's International Market

Jungle Jim's International Market Jungle Jim's Farmer's Market, is a large supermarket in Fairfield, with a satellite location in Union Township, Clermont County, both near Cincinnati. The main location has been described as a theme park of food. Founded in 1971 by "Jungle" Jim Bonaminio, the store started as a small produce stand, has grown to over 180,000 items, about 60,000 of which are international items, over 300,000 square feet of floorspace. Jungle Jim's is notable for one of the largest wine collections in the United States, live seafood tanks, an in-store cooking school; each week, the store is visited by 82,000 shoppers, whom Bonaminio calls "foodies". Many of the specialty foods in the store's Asian and European departments are difficult to find elsewhere in the Greater Cincinnati area, customers have been known to drive from other cities for the store's wide variety of food. Jungle Jim's resembles a theme park due to the unusual displays throughout the store. At the entrance, animal replicas are accompanied by occasional roars and the splashing of a miniature waterfall in the background.

Inside are several animatronic displays, such as a lion that sings Elvis Presley songs at regular intervals and a "rock band" composed of General Mills cereal mascots. Several of the animatronics, such as the lion, a human character named Pedro, a trio of black birds, are former Pizza Time Theatre animatronics; the miniature storefronts in Jungle Jim's' European section represent the architectural styles of various countries, the Mexican section is covered by what appears to be the adobe façade and wooden frame of a cantina. Subtle humor is injected into many parts of the store, such as the trashcans once labeled "Jungle Junk," the "Adult Oriented Hot Sauces" section, the restroom entrances disguised as Rumpke portable toilets. In 2007, the restrooms won the Cintas Best Restroom in America contest. Before Jungle Jim's doubled in size in the late 1990s, the store featured flags from many countries that were positioned throughout the store and automatically waved back and forth, to give it an "international" feel.

With its latest expansion, Jungle Jim's has added a strip mall on one side, including Starbucks, CiCi's Pizza locations. Running outside is a reconditioned Lion Country Safari Monorail from the former Wild Animal Habitat at Kings Island; the Oscar Event Center, a 15,000-square-foot space for wine tastings and concerts alike, opened in 2007. On April 1, 2005, Bonaminio signed a letter of intent to open a second, smaller location closer to Cincinnati, but by April 2007, the project was canceled due to a lack of progress at the site. On September 25, 2012, Jungle Jim's opened a second location at the former bigg's Place Mall in Eastgate. Jungle Jim's has been featured on the Food Network show Unwrapped, the History Channel show Modern Marvels, ABC News' Good Morning America. Jungle Jim's International Market The Oscar Event Center Photos of Jungle Jim's at Flickr CET Snapshot: Jungle Jim's on YouTube – founder Jim Bonaminio discusses the store's history for WCET-TV