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Marching band

A marching band is a group in which instrumental musicians perform while marching for entertainment or competition. Instrumentation includes brass and percussion instruments. Most marching bands wear a uniform of a military-style, that includes an associated organization's colors, name or symbol. Most high school marching bands, some college marching bands, are accompanied by a color guard, a group of performers who add a visual interpretation to the music through the use of props, most flags and sabres. Marching bands are categorized by function, age, marching style, type of show they perform. In addition to traditional parade performances, many marching bands perform field shows at sporting events and marching band competitions. Marching bands perform indoor concerts that implement many songs and flair from outside performances. In some cases, at higher level competitions, bands will be placed into classes based on school size. Percussion and wind instruments were used on the battlefield since ancient times.

An Iron Age example would be the carnyx. The development of the military band from such predecessors was a gradual development of the medieval and early modern period. A prototype of the Ottoman military band may be mentioned in the 11th-century Divânu Lügati't-Türk; the European tradition of military bands formed in the Baroque period influenced by the Ottoman tradition. 17th-century traveler Evliya Çelebi noted the existence of 40 guilds of musicians in Istanbul. In the 18th century, each regiment in the British Army maintained its own military band; until 1749 bandsmen were civilians hired at the expense of the colonel commanding a regiment. Subsequently, they became regular enlisted men who accompanied the unit on active service to provide morale enhancing music on the battlefield or, from the late nineteenth century on, to act as stretcher bearers. Instruments during the 18th century included fifes, the oboe, French horn and bassoon. Drummers summoned men from their ranches to muster for duty.

In the chaotic environment of the battlefield, musical instruments were the only means of commanding the men to advance, stand or retire. In the mid 19th century each smaller unit had their own fifer and drummer, who sounded the daily routine; when units massed for battle a band of musicians was formed for the whole. In the United States, modern marching bands are most associated with performing during American football games; the oldest American college marching band, the University of Notre Dame Band of the Fighting Irish, was founded in 1845 and first performed at a football game in 1887. Many American universities had marching bands before the twentieth century, which were associated with military ROTC programs. In 1907, breaking from traditional rank and file marching, the first pictorial formation on a football field was the "Block P" created by Paul Spotts Emrick, director of the Purdue All-American Marching Band. Spotts had seen a flock of birds fly in a "V" formation and decided that a band could replicate the action in the form of show formations on a field.

The first halftime show at an American football game was performed by the University of Illinois Marching Illini in 1907, at a game against the University of Chicago. Appearing at the same time as the field show and pictorial marching formations at universities was the fight song, which today are closely associated with a university's band; the first university fight song, For Boston, was created at Boston College. Many more recognizable and popular university fight songs are borrowed and played by high schools across the United States. Four such fight songs used by high schools are the University of Michigan's The Victors, the University of Illinois' Illinois Loyalty, the University of Notre Dame's Victory March, the United States Naval Academy's Anchors Aweigh. During the 20th century, many marching bands added further pageantry elements, including baton twirlers, dance lines, color guard. After World War I, the presence and quality of marching bands in the American public school system expanded as military veterans with service band experience began to accept music teaching positions within schools across the country bringing wind music and marching band into both educational curriculum and school culture.

With high school programs on the rise, marching bands started to become competitive organizations, with the first national contest being held in 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. State and national contests became common featuring parades and mass-band concerts featuring all participating groups. By 1938, competitive band programs had become numerous and widespread, making a national contest too large to manage and leading to multiple state and regional contests in its place. Today, state contests continue to be the primary form of marching band competition in the United States. Since the inception of Drum Corps International in the 1970s, many marching bands that perform field shows have adopted changes to the activity that parallel developments with modern drum and bugle corps; these bands are said to be corps-style bands. Areas where changes have been adopted from drum corps include: Marching: instead of a traditional high step, drum corps tend to march with a fluid glide step known as a roll step, to keep musicians' torsos still.

Auxiliaries: adaptation of the flag, rifle and sabre units into auxiliaries, who march with the band and provide visual flair by spinning and tossing flags or mock weapons and using dance in the performance. Percussion: moving marching timpani and keyboard percussion into a stationary sideline percussion section, or "pi

Glenn Reynolds

Glenn Harlan Reynolds is Beauchamp Brogan Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Tennessee College of Law, is known for his American politics weblog, Instapundit. Reynolds' blog got started as a class project in August 2001, when he was teaching a class on Internet law. Much of Instapundit's content consists of links to other sites with brief comments. Between early 2006 and early 2010, Reynolds began to host podcasts of "The Glenn & Helen Show", along with his wife, Dr. Helen Smith. In 2007 network theory researchers who studied blogs as a test case found that Instapundit was the #1 blog for "quickly know about important stories that propagate over the blogosphere". In the past, Reynolds has called for the assassination of Iranian scientists and clerics, advocated the use of nuclear weapons against North Korea "if they start anything."On September 21, 2016, on his Twitter account, Reynolds suggested that any drivers feeling threatened by protesters objecting to the fatal shooting of Keith Lamont Scott in Charlotte, North Carolina should "run them down."

The tweet consisted only of the words "Run them down" and a link to a news story about the protestors. On September 22, 2016, Erik Wemple of the Washington Post, published an article titled "'Instapundit' Glenn Reynolds defends'Run them down' tweet during Charlotte unrest.'" The article contained the original tweet and an interview in which Reynolds said: But riots aren't peaceful protest. And blocking interstates and trapping people in their cars is not peaceful protest — it's threatening and dangerous against the background of people rioting, cops being injured, civilian-on-civilian shootings, so on. I wouldn't aim for people blocking the road, but I wouldn't stop because I'd fear for my safety, as I think any reasonable person would. Twitter suspended Reynolds' account, but restored it shortly after and told him to delete the tweet in order to be allowed to use Twitter again; the University of Tennessee released a statement that it was investigating Reynolds as it does not condone language that encourages violence.

On September 27, 2016, the law school's Dean Melanie Wilson issued a statement to announce that the University had ended its short-lived investigation with a recommendation that no disciplinary action be taken. Dean Wilson wrote that Reynolds' tweet "... was an exercise of his First Amendment rights. The tweet offended many members of our community and beyond, I understand the hurt and frustration they feel." USA Today said that Reynolds had violated the newspaper's standards and suspended his column for one month. Reynolds issued an apology at the request of USA Today saying: Wednesday night one of my 580,000 tweets blew up. I didn't live up to my own standards, I didn't meet USA TODAY's standards. For that I apologize, to USA TODAY readers and to my followers on social media.... Those words can be taken to advocate drivers going out of their way to run down protesters. I meant no such thing, I'm sorry it seemed I did. What I meant is that drivers who feel their lives are in danger from a violent mob should not stop their vehicles.

I remember Reginald Denny, a truck driver, beaten nearly to death by a mob during the 1992 Los Angeles riots.... I have always supported peaceful protests, speaking out against police militarization and excessive police violence in my USA TODAY columns, on my website and on Twitter itself. I understand why people regret that I was not clearer; as a law professor, Reynolds has written for the Columbia Law Review, the Virginia Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, the Wisconsin Law Review, the Northwestern University Law Review, the Harvard Journal of Law and Technology and Policy in International Business and the High technology law journal, among others. Reynolds writes articles for various publications: Popular Mechanics, The New York Post, The New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, The Los Angeles Times, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, he has written for the TCS Daily, Fox News, MSNBC websites as well. Reynolds is described as conservative, but holds liberal views on some social issues such as abortion, the War on Drugs and gay marriage.

He describes himself as a libertarian and more a libertarian transhumanist. He customarily illustrates his combination of views by stating: "I'd like to live in a world in which married gay people have closets full of assault weapons to protect their pot."Reynolds is a former member of the Libertarian Party and the Democratic Party. He delivered the keynote speech at a September 2011 conference at the Harvard Law School to discuss a possible Second Constitution of the United States and concluded that the movement for a constitutional convention was a result of having "the worst political class in our country's history". Reynolds is now a Presbyterian, he is married to a forensic psychologist. Reynolds once ran his own music label WonderDog Records, for which he served as a record producer. Reynolds has worked as an indie music artist. One of his albums reached the number one album chart spot on the website service MP3.com for several weeks. Reynolds is of Scots-Irish ancestry. Outer Space: Problems of Law and Policy, ISBN 0-8133-7622-X.

Dekhmeh Rawansar

Dekhmeye Rawansar is a rock-cut tomb located near the town of Ravansar, about 57 km northwest of Kermanshah, at west of Iran. This tomb was known to Ernst Herzfeld but he never visited it; the first archaeologist who visited the tomb was Massoud Golzari, an Iranian archaeologist who attributed it to Medes. It is re-visited and examined by Peter Calmeyer, German archaeologist in the 1970s, who according to his observations related the tomb to the Achaemenid period; the old part of the town is built at the foot of the isolated rock of Qola, into its northeastern face the tomb is cut, looking out over the plain and the Weshkaro seasonal river. An area was smoothed to form a vertical facade with a narrow ledge at its foot; this leads directly into the tomb chamber, square and quite plain, there is nothing to indicate how the dead were disposed of in it, but it is large enough to have held several coffins or numerous receptacles for bones. Outside there are badly weathered; these reliefs consist of a weathered human figure that standing close to the door and his face is toward right.

Above is a man on a winged disk. Under this winged figure there is a parallelogram diagonally laid and divided by 12 longitudinal lines which interpreted by Calmeyer as wood fuel. Above the tomb the cliff is sheer, but from below it is accessible. No attempt has been made to smooth away the rock. Based on its architecture it can be dated to the Achaemenid period after the reign of Darius I. A column base with probable same age have been found close to the Goni Khani spring that emerge at the western slope of Qola rock. Two other column bases were found in the town and moved to Rawansar Municipality; some Sherds dating to first mill. Bc. have been collected around the Qola rock indicating its importance during Late Iron Age to early Achaemenid period. Calmeyer, Peter 1978, “Das Grabrelief von Ravansar,” AMI N. S. 11, pp. 73–85. Golzari, Massoud. 1994 The Ravansar rock-cut tomb, three Islamic tombstones. Proceedings of the First Archaeological Symposium in Iran after the Islamic Revolution, Susa, 14–17 April 1994

Emma of Lesum

Emma of Lesum or Emma of Stiepel was a countess popularly venerated as a saint for her good works. Emma was born into the Saxon noble family of descendants of Widukind, she was the daughter of Count Immed from the diocese of Utrecht and according to Adam of Bremen, the sister of Meinwerk, Bishop of Paderborn. She married Liudger, a son of the Saxon duke Hermann Billung and brother of Bernard I, Duke of Saxony. Emperor Otto III made the couple a present in 1001 of the Pfalz or palatium in Stiepel, where in 1008 Emma had a church built dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which became a popular place of pilgrimage; the only child of the marriage was Imad, consecrated Bishop of Paderborn in 1051. After the early death of her husband by going to Russia and getting a rare sickness. In 1011, Emma withdrew to the estate of Lesum and with her fortune generously supported Bremen Cathedral, where Unwan, Archbishop of Bremen, was another of her relatives, granted the cathedral chapter her property at Stiepel with its church.

She was portrayed as a great benefactress of the church, indeed founded a number of churches in the Bremen area, although her greatest care was for the poor. Emma was venerated as a saint, although there is no evidence that she was formally either beatified or canonised, she was buried in Bremen Cathedral. Her tomb is one of the biggest in the cemetery. There is a stained glass window of her in the Roman Catholic church of St. John's at Schnoor in Bremen, her feast day is 17 April, although some sources name 19 April instead. When the tomb was opened, her body had crumbled to dust except for her right hand; that relic was placed in the abbey of Saint Ludger at Werden. There is a well-known Bremen legend concerning her gift of meadow to the town in 1032; when a delegation of the townspeople approached her with a request for more meadowland, Emma promised them as much meadow as a man could run round in an hour. Her brother-in-law Bernard or Benno, duke of Saxony, with an appraising eye on his inheritance, suggested mockingly that she might as well give them as much land as a man could run round in a day.

Emma agreed to this, but Bernard asked to choose the man, to do the running, when Emma agreed to that too, picked out a legless cripple past whom they had just walked. This man proved however to have extraordinary strength and endurance and by the end of the day had succeeded in making his way round a substantial area, bigger than the present Bremen town meadow; this story has been current in various forms since at least the 18th century, although there is no documentary evidence for it, gives a whole new possible meaning to the inclusion of the figure of the "cripple" at the feet of the statue of Bremen Roland. In Bremen the "Emmasee" and a café in the main park are named after Emma, besides streets in the districts of Bremen-Burglesum and Bremen-Schwachhausen. In Bochum-Stiepel there is a Gräfin-Imma-Strasse, a Countess Emma church, as well as a primary school and a kindergarten, named after her; this article is translated from that on the German Wikipedia List of Catholic saints Schwarzwälder, Herbert, 2003: Das Große Bremen-Lexikon.

Edition Temmen. ISBN 3-86108-693-X Ekkart Sauser. "Emma of Lesum". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 16. Herzberg: Bautz. Cols. 453–454. ISBN 3-88309-079-4. Heiligenlexikon Kirchensite.de Bremen Town Park

The Big Sleep (band)

The Big Sleep are a three piece band based in Brooklyn, New York. The band consists of Sonya Balchandani, Danny Barria, Gabe Rhodes; the Big Sleep are signed to French Kiss Records. Formed in 2003, the band's discography includes the self-released EP You Today, Me Tomorrow, the full-length Son Of The Tiger LP, the full-length album Sleep Forever, the album Nature Experiments. Having drawn comparisons to fellow New Yorkers Sonic Youth, The Big Sleep's sound deviates from that of more formed contemporaries. Without vocals, The Big Sleep's songs are for the most part instrumentals leaning towards post-rock or shoegaze, however with a psychedelic feel hearkening back to classic rock such as Led Zeppelin or Black Sabbath. In fall 2011, The Big Sleep performed at CMJ Music Marathon and released “Ace”, the single from their new album Nature Experiments. Nature Experiments was released on January 31, 2012. "...a formed psych-rock beast capable of soothing with gentle melodies as it is of slaughtering with a menacing attack."

- Playback: Stl "The Big Sleep is a rock band from New York: they are a force that will lift you off your feet and slam you into the wall behind you, where you will rattle to the ground, brush yourself off, come back for more." - Loose Record "...heads started to thrash, as the trio took the best elements of postrock and un-bored them, quickening the tempo while remaining mysterious and cerebral." - Village Voice "Arrive early, sad sack, get your mind blown by Brooklyn-based trio the Big Sleep, whose instrumental brand of darkness rolls in apocalyptic waves, with traces of early Verve-meets-Sonic Youth-meets My Bloody Valentine-meets the awesome dream you once had after you stayed up for three days straight. But the Big Sleep are less about who they might remind you of, more about where they’re going. If you went to Disney World and rode Space Mountain, there were moments of blissful drifting between the times you’re hurtling through the cosmos at breakneck speeds, it still wouldn’t describe what you're in store for.

Wearing a seat belt on your trip with the Big Sleep won’t do you any good at all." - New York Press Official website

Lai Pei Jing

Lai Pei Jing is a Malaysian badminton player who played in the doubles events. She started her career in the women's singles event, she partnered Chan Peng Soon in mid-2014 and in August that year, they reached a world ranking of No. 48. However, she resumed her partnership with Tan Aik Quan that month. Since 2016, she has been partnered with Tan Kian Meng. Mixed doubles Mixed doubles Girls' doubles Mixed doubles The BWF World Tour, announced on 19 March 2017 and implemented in 2018, is a series of elite badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation; the BWF World Tour are divided into six levels, namely World Tour Finals, Super 1000, Super 750, Super 500, Super 300, the BWF Tour Super 100. Mixed doubles The BWF Grand Prix has the BWF Grand Prix and Grand Prix Gold, it is a series of badminton tournaments sanctioned by the Badminton World Federation since 2007. Mixed doubles BWF Grand Prix Gold tournament BWF Grand Prix tournament Women's doubles Mixed doubles BWF International Challenge tournament BWF International Series tournament Lai Pei Jing at BWF.tournamentsoftware.com