New Zealand /njuːˈziːlənd/ is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, the countrys varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealands capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland, sometime between 1250 and 1300 CE, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand, in 1840, representatives of Britain and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire, the majority of New Zealands population of 4.7 million is of European descent, the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealands culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers. The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, New Zealand is a developed country and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, economic freedom and quality of life. Since the 1980s, New Zealand has transformed from an agrarian, Queen Elizabeth II is the countrys head of state and is represented by a governor-general. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes, the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue, and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealands territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and called it Staten Landt, in 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand, Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the country before the arrival of Europeans. Māori had several names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South, in 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907, this was the accepted norm. The New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised and this set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu
FIA Formula 3 European Championship
The FIA Formula 3 European Championship is a European Formula Three racing competition, organised by the FIA. After one season of the FIA Formula 3 International Trophy, the FIA revived the FIA Formula 3 European Championship, the ten-event season included seven Formula 3 Euro Series rounds, two British Formula Three rounds and DTM-supporting round at Brands Hatch. From 2013, the starting running its own rounds, based upon the defunct Formula 3 Euro Series
Formula Renault is a class of formula racing founded in 1971, popular in Europe and elsewhere. Regarded as a series to motor racing, it is a respected series where drivers can learn advanced racecraft before moving on to Formula Three, World Series by Renault. Renault now backs two one-make single-seater series, Formula Renault 1.6 and Formula Renault 2.0, with Formula Renault 3.5 becoming the World Series Formula V83.5 in 2016. At the end of each racing season, Renault Sport gave an opportunity to the best Formula Renault 2.0 drivers to try the 3. 5L car at Circuit Paul Ricard. The most senior Formula Renault was the Formula Renault V6 Eurocup started by Renault to run as part of Eurosports Super Racing Weekends, in 2016 the series became the World Series Formula V83.5. Formula V6 Asia started in 2006 in Asia and ran at Asian Festival of Speed Weekends, the old Eurocup and current Asian formulas use Tatuus chassis, while the World Series uses Dallara cars. Formula Renault 2.0 descends from Formula France created in 1968 and its predecessors used 1. 3L,1. 6l,1. 6L turbo and 1,721 cc, 2l 8V engines in single-seater chassis.
The series evolved in 2000 into a 2L 16V series using one-make cars from Italian manufacturer Tatuus. The series was introduced into the UK in 1989 and even after the 1721 cc cars had replaced at the top level a club-level series for them continued in parallel with the more ambitious 2.0 series. This is seen as one of the key steps in a career before Formula Three. The most notable recent graduate of the formula is Kimi Räikkönen, the cars were open-wheelers, with Tatuus-made chassis running 2.0 L Renault Clio engines attached to a Sadev gearbox. They are capable of accelerating from 0 to 100 mph in 4.85 seconds, the Tatuus Formula Renault car is the most successful single seater ever, with 10 years of service and nearly 1000 sold. The car has produced many current Formula One stars, with 11 of the 25 drivers in the 2009 Formula One season using the car in the infancy of their careers. For the 2010 season, a new car developed by Barazi-Epsilon, will be used in most major championships and it incorporates a FIA-approved roll hoop and lateral drivers head protection.
This was introduced in 2000 and updated with new bodywork in 2004 and 2007, both the chassis and engine are of an FIA-approved impact break-away design. It uses Elf Transmission LS, regular championships and Winter Series, an off-season championship held usually between November and February with few races. In 2005, all names were replaced from Formula Renault 2000 to Formula Renault 2.0. An Uruguyan 2. 0L series is held, a majority of Formula Renault champions have gone onto lead successful careers in motor racing, most notably Alain Prost who won the Formula One World Championship four times in his career
Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Islands east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula and it is home to 389,700 residents, making it New Zealands third most-populous urban area behind Auckland and Wellington. The city was named by the Canterbury Association, which settled the province of Canterbury. The name of Christchurch was agreed on at the first meeting of the association on 27 March 1848 and it was suggested by John Robert Godley, who had attended Christ Church, Oxford. Some early writers called the town Christ Church, but it was recorded as Christchurch in the minutes of the management committee of the association, Christchurch became a city by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856, making it officially the oldest established city in New Zealand. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with a park located along its banks. At the request of the Deans brothers, the river was named after the River Avon in Scotland, the usual Māori name for Christchurch is Ōtautahi.
This was originally the name of a site by the Avon River near present-day Kilmore Street. The site was a dwelling of Ngāi Tahu chief Te Potiki Tautahi. The Ōtautahi name was adopted in the 1930s, prior to that the Ngāi Tahu generally referred to the Christchurch area as Karaitiana, a transliteration of the English word Christian. The citys name is abbreviated by New Zealanders to Chch. In New Zealand Sign Language, the name is the fingerspelled letter C signed twice, with the second to the right of the first. Archaeological evidence found in a cave at Redcliffs in 1876 has indicated that the Christchurch area was first settled by moa-hunting tribes about 1250 CE. These first inhabitants were thought to have followed by the Waitaha tribe. Following tribal warfare, the Waitaha were dispossessed by the Ngati Mamoe tribe and they were in turn subjugated by the Ngāi Tahu tribe, who remained in control until the arrival of European settlers. Their abandoned holdings were taken over by the Deans brothers in 1843 who stayed, the First Four Ships were chartered by the Canterbury Association and brought the first 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour.
These sailing vessels were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, the Charlotte Jane was the first to arrive on 16 December 1850. The Canterbury Pilgrims had aspirations of building a city around a cathedral and college, the name Christ Church was decided prior to the ships arrival, at the Associations first meeting, on 27 March 1848
Prema Powerteam is a motorsport team from Italy. It mainly operates in the FIA Formula 3 European Championship as well as various junior championships, the team was founded in 1984. Also this team was a part of Toyota Driver Programme, currently the team has strong ties with Mercedes and Ferrari, running many of the current Ferrari Driver Academy drivers. Its most recent success is winning the GP2 Drivers title with Pierre Gasly,1 Italian F4 Trophy Official website
Toyota Racing Series
The Toyota Racing Series is New Zealands premier open-wheeler motorsport category. The Series includes races for every trophy in New Zealand circuit racing including the New Zealand Motor Cup. The cars are the category for the New Zealand Grand Prix – one of two races in the world with FIA approval to use the Grand Prix nomenclature outside Formula One. The Toyota Racing Series is an incubator and showcase for the generation of New Zealand racing talent. The Series offers emerging drivers the chance to gain experience with carbon-fibre composite chassis, aerodynamics. The Series has the endorsement of Motorsport New Zealand, the sports governing body. The series is managed by Toyota Racing Management a company under the leadership of Barrie Thomlinson, the countrys leading drivers had to go offshore to step up to this level. High profile graduates from the series to date includes Brendon Hartley, now signed to race Formula Three for the respected Carlin Motorsport team in the UK, for 2008, the series has gone green.
Fuels for all racing in the series are now an E85 biofuel blend of 85 per cent ethanol made from whey, a dairy industry by-product. Reduced emissions, reduced carbon footprint and reduced use of fuels are all being showcased in this unique New Zealand programme. The 2008 New Zealand Grand Prix thus becomes the first ever grand prix in the world. The short summer series during the Southern Hemisphere summer has made the series attractive to drivers from the Northern Hemisphere, the current championship consists of five rounds, each comprising three races, except Taupo which has four races. The cars use Michelin S308 tyres and weigh approximately 480 kg, each championship round consists of three races, one on Saturday afternoon, one on Sunday morning and the final on Sunday afternoon
The terminology can be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, and includes off-road racing such as motocross. Four- wheeled motorsport competition is governed by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile. In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, in 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose as open road racing, on roads, was banned. Brooklands was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom, following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular, after World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became firmly established, motorsports ultimately became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, and their appropriate organisations. Open-wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, with their wheels outside of.
However, in North America, the IndyCar series is their pinnacle open-wheeled racing series, more recently, new open-wheeled series have been created, originating in Europe, which omit the Formula moniker, such as GP2 and GP3. Former Formula series include Formula 5000 and Formula Two, the formula regulations contain a very strict set of rules which govern vehicle power and size. In the United States, Indy Car is a class of single seat paved track racing and its premier race is the Indianapolis 500. Enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are primarily enclosed inside the bodywork of the vehicle, sports car racing is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, and specialised racing types. The premiere race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans which takes place annually in France during the month of June, sports car racing rules and specifications differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies. Stock car racing is a set of vehicles, that race over a speedway track, while once stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. NASCAR was organised in 1947, to flat track oval racing of production cars.
Daytona Beach and Road Course was founded where land speed records were set on the beach, touring car racing is a set of vehicles, modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street courses. Motorsport was an event at the 1900 Summer Olympics
Double R Racing
Double R Racing is a motor racing team, which races in Formula Three and other junior levels of formula racing including the MSA Formula Championship for the 2016 season. It is based in Woking, site of the McLaren manufacturing facility, Hieatt took sole control of the team in November 2010, leading to the teams renaming. When the team was announced, it was confirmed that Räikkönen Robertson would compete in the British F3 International Series, Senna qualified 22nd around the tight, twisty Circuito da Guia, although he failed to finish in either the qualifying race or the Grand Prix itself. The season started well, with Senna winning both races at Oulton Park, after winning the next race at Donington Park as well, the Brazilian had a useful lead at the championship. Sadly a serious crash at Snetterton, which was not his fault seemingly halted his progress and this coincided with a dramatic improvement in Conways results and he overtook Senna in the race for the title. At Silverstone, Conway claimed the title with another weekend to spare, in that final weekend at Thruxton, Räikkönen Robertson ran their fourth car in the Invitation Class, a category for drivers making a guest appearance.
British Porsche Carrera Cup driver Danny Watts, who had been in British F3 two years before, made a return, and won the race at Thruxton. In just their second season, Räikkönen Robertson were champions, winning a massive fourteen races from the twenty-two that took place, in F3s international meetings, Räikkönen Robertson had far more luck than they had in 2005. At the BP Ultimate Masters, the team entered all three drivers, qualifying 7th, 12th, and 22nd, with Senna finishing 7th, Jelley 18th, at the Macau Grand Prix, Räikkönen Robertson only entered two cars, with Senna not being able to appear. After Conways accident in the qualifying session, the pair ended up in 11th and 16th respectively. Jelley, finished in 11th place, for the 2007 season, Räikkönen Robertson upgraded to Dallaras latest F307 chassis, and were again powered by the Mercedes-HWA engine. Conway and Senna made the leap to the GP2 Series, whilst Jelley continued with Räikkönen Robertson, partnered by Jonathan Kennard, meanwhile, Räikkönen Robertson entered a team in the National Class, their two cars being driven by British driver Alistair Jackson and Spains Albert Costa.
The team claimed 4 pole positions and won 4 races, scoring 5 fastest laps, in 2008 the team won one race with Finn Atte Mustonen. The team continued with its supply of Mercedes engines, in 2009 the team kept the Mercedes Supply of engine. Nakajima and Ericsson both claimed one pole position each, in 2010 the team fielded Brazilian Driver Felipe Nasr, Daisuke Nakajima and Carlos Huertas. For the first race of the season with Nakajima scoring points in the first race of the season, for this years 2016 season the team is contesting both the BRDC British Formula 3 Championship and the MSA Formula Championship. Matheus Leist is currently lying second in the British Formula 3 Championship and his team mates Huovinen and Bortoleto are inside the top ten lying tenth and eighth respectively. German Carrie Schreiner is lying in 14th position having only contested two race weekends, team Profile Official British F3 website