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Marcus Camby

Marcus Dion Camby is an American former professional basketball player who played 17 seasons in the National Basketball Association. He was named Defensive Player of the Year during the 2006–07 NBA season, leading the league in blocked shots per game. Camby is a four-time member of the NBA All-Defensive Team and is 12th on the NBA's all-time career blocks list. Camby, a native of Connecticut, began his high school career at Conard High School in West Hartford, he transferred to Hartford Public High School. In his senior season, Camby averaged 27 points, 11 rebounds, 8 blocks and 8 assists, en route to a 27-0 record and state title, he was named Gatorade's Connecticut Player of the Year. Camby played three seasons for the UMass Minutemen, he had an NCAA freshman record 105 total rejections during his first year at UMass, was named the Atlantic 10's Freshman of the Year. Camby was named to the A-10's First Team during his sophomore season in 1994–95, as the Minutemen reached the Elite Eight of the NCAA Tournament.

Camby won the John R. Wooden Award and the Naismith College Player of the Year Award during the 1995–96 season, he led UMass to the 1996 NCAA Final Four. In the NCAA tournament, Camby set a tourney record of 43 total blocked shots in 11 games. On April 29, 1996, Camby announced that he would forgo his senior year at UMass and enter the NBA Draft. In 1997, UMass' visit to the Final Four was vacated by the NCAA because Camby had been found to have accepted $28,000 from two sports agents; as part of the penalty, the school was forced to return their $151,617 in revenue from the 1996 NCAA Tournament. Camby reimbursed the school for the amount lost. According to a 1997 Sports Illustrated article, the agents, John Lounsbury and Wesley Spears of Connecticut, had hoped that Camby would hire them to represent him when he became a professional; the article reported that Camby had received "jewelry, rental cars and prostitutes" from the agents. Camby was inducted into the UMass Athletic Hall of Fame on September 10, 2010.

Though some criticized the school for inducting a student-athlete who caused their Final Four achievement to be vacated, others saw it as a positive recognition of one of the school's best athletes. Camby returned to school, taking online courses from UMass, earned his degree on May 12, 2017. Camby was selected second overall in the first round of the 1996 NBA draft by the Toronto Raptors. In his rookie season, he made the NBA All-Rookie First Team, averaging 14.8 points, 6.3 rebounds, 2.1 blocks per game. In the following season, Camby led the league in blocked shots with 3.7 per game. Camby was traded to the New York Knicks in a Draft day deal for Charles Oakley, for his first two seasons in New York, Camby backed up veteran All-Star center Patrick Ewing; the Knicks struggled to establish on-court chemistry in the lockout-shorted 1998–99 season, finishing with a 27–23 record, just good enough to qualify for the 8th and final seed in the Eastern Conference. In the playoffs and teammate Latrell Sprewell began to assert themselves as the Knicks shocked the top-seeded Miami Heat and swept the Atlanta Hawks in the first two rounds, setting up a meeting with the rival Indiana Pacers in the Eastern Conference Finals.

After Ewing went down with a season-ending Achilles injury early in the series, Camby filled the void, averaging doubles in the last three games of the series to lead the Knicks to a six-game upset series win over the Pacers and into the NBA Finals. The Knicks became the first 8th-seeded team to make it to the NBA Finals, where they matched up with the San Antonio Spurs; the Spurs defeated the Knicks in five games to win the 1999 Championship. In the 1999–00 season the Knicks with Ewing back at center bounced back and won 50 games thanks to the contributions of many of the veteran players, including the Sixth Man of the Year Award-type season from Camby. In the playoffs, the Knicks defeated the Toronto Raptors in three games and Miami Heat in seven games in the first two rounds of the playoffs en route to making it to the Eastern Conference Finals for the second year in a row. There they faced the top seed in the East, the Indiana Pacers, were defeated by the Pacers in six games. During a game against the San Antonio Spurs on January 15, 2001, Camby took a roundhouse swing at Spurs' forward Danny Ferry after he was hit in the eye on a box-out.

The punch missed Ferry because Knicks' head coach Jeff Van Gundy stepped in at the last second, resulting in his being head-butted by Camby. Van Gundy required 15 stitches to close a gash above his left eye. Camby, who ended up with scratches on his face from both incidents, was suspended for five games and fined $25,000. Ferry was fined $7,500 for the initial foul. Upon returning from the suspension, Camby began to play his best ball of the season in averaging 12 points with 11 rebounds and 2 blocks a game. Camby spent most of the 2001–02 season injured, without him as an inside presence, the Knicks struggled with a 30-52 record and missed the playoffs. Camby, after getting traded to Denver, accused the Knicks training staff of misdiagnosing his injury and causing him to miss more games than he should have; the Nuggets however, sided with the Knicks. Camby played for the Knicks from 1998 to 2002, before being traded to the Denver Nuggets in exchange for Antonio McDyess. In the 2003–04 season, along with rookie teammate Carmelo Anthony, Camby helped lead the Nuggets back into the playoffs where they were defeated by the Minnesota Timberwolves led by league MVP Kevin Garnett.

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Hyalophane

Hyalophane or jaloallofane is a crystalline mineral, part of the feldspar group of tectosilicates. It is considered a barium-rich potassium feldspar, its chemical formula is, it has a hardness of 6 – ​6 1⁄2. The name hyalophane comes from the Greek hyalos, meaning "glass", phanos meaning "to appear". An occurrence of hyalophane was discovered in 1855 in Lengenbach Quarry, Binn valley, municipality of Binn, Canton of Valais, Switzerland; the mineral is found predominantly in Europe, with occurrences in Switzerland, Bosnia, Japan, New Jersey, the west coast of North America. Hyalophane may be found in manganese deposits in compact metamorphic zones. Hyalophane has a monoclinic crystallography, with cell properties a = 8.52 Å, b = 12.95 Å, c = 7.14 Å, β = 116°. Optically, the material exhibits biaxial birefringence, with refractive index values of nα = 1.542, nβ = 1.545, nγ = 1.547 and a maximum birefringence of δ = 0.005. It has low surface relief. Hyalophane has sometimes been used as a gemstone

SS San Juan

SS San Juan was a passenger steamship owned by the Los Angeles and San Francisco Navigation Company. She was owned by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company and White Flyer Line. At the age of 47 years, San Juan was involved in a collision with the steel-hulled oil tanker S. C. T. Dodd; because of her aged iron hull, San Juan was fatally damaged in the collision and sank three minutes killing 65 people. The loss of San Juan was strikingly similar to the loss of Columbia. San Juan was constructed at John Roach and Sons of Chester, Pennsylvania in 1882, her eventual running mate was SS Humboldt. In 1895, while San Juan was in service with the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, the passenger steamer Colima sank in a storm off Mazatlán, killing 100 people. San Juan rescued her survivors; the crew of San Juan were blamed by Colima's survivors for being negligent and leaving the scene of the disaster too soon. In April 1905, San Juan was caught in a storm; the storm damaged all her machinery, including her engine.

Due to this, San Juan, now 24 years old, arrived late to California. At this point in her career, San Juan was known for being unreliably slow. In June 1905, San Juan carried 58 Russian immigrants from Panama to California, where they joined a Slavic community in Los Angeles, California; the immigrants came from Batum. One Russian girl on San Juan was suffering from trachoma, which threatened to have her deported when the steamer reached its American dock. On August 29, 1907, John P. Poe Jr. a man known for being a successful football player and dedicated soldier, travelled on board San Juan from Nicaragua to San Francisco. He had been arrested in Nicaragua when attempting to volunteer for an upcoming war. In November 1909, San Juan carried 1,673 tons of cargo and valuable treasure from the Charles Butters Mine in El Salvador. A fireman from the steamer Peru, Robert Latewitz, was onboard San Juan, having been removed from his ship due to insanity. Latewitz walked on all fours across San Juan's deck.

In October, 1910, San Juan was involved in a collision with its fellow Pacific Mail Steamship Company steamer City of Sydney. The collision occurred while San Juan was docked at the Pacific Mail Steamship Company's pier in San Francisco; the incident was attributed to a misunderstanding of signals. San Juan was owned by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company until it was acquired by W. R. Grace and Company in 1925; the newer and stronger vessels were kept by Grace, while the older vessels, including San Juan, were offered for sale. San Juan and another aging steamer, were purchased by the White Flyer Line and placed on the San Francisco to Los Angeles route. Both ships were operated on cut rate services. In 1927, the White Flyer Line declared bankruptcy and San Juan along with Humboldt were sold to the Los Angeles and San Francisco Navigation Company. Despite the change in ownership, San Juan and Humboldt continued operating cut rate service along their usual route; the minimum cost of a ticket on board San Juan and Humboldt was $8.00.

Despite their lack of luxury and old age, both San Juan and Humboldt appealed to many middle-class residents of Los Angeles and San Francisco traveling between the two cities for business purposes. On August 29, 1929, San Juan departed San Francisco bound for Los Angeles two hours behind schedule with 119 passengers on board. Due to the late departure, the passengers began eating dinner; that evening, a thick fog enveloped San Juan. During this voyage, she was mastered by Captain Adolf F. Asplund, he had commanded San Juan three times before. Around 11:45 PM, the oil tanker S. C. T. Dodd of the Standard Oil Company of California began exchanging fog whistle blasts with San Juan. Not long afterwards, San Juan appeared in front of S. C. T. Dodd's bow. Both San Juan and S. C. T. Dodd were ordered to reverse thrust to prevent a collision. Despite all efforts, S. C. T. Dodd collided with San Juan's stern on her portside; some survivors reported the collision was not noticeable in feeling. On San Juan, steward William Gano's bunk was destroyed when S.

C. T. Dodd's steel bow plowed straight through his room. Gano was able to escape by climbing up a rope leading to San Juan's main deck; the collision destroyed one of San Juan's lifeboats. Some of the passengers on board San Juan were able to jump onto the deck of S. C. T. Dodd before the two ships drifted apart. Not long after the collision occurred, the lights went out on board San Juan. While heading up to San Juan's deck, passenger George Houghton, observed a group of distressed passengers by the main stairwell, shouting at each other and praying. Houghton compared the sight to Dante's Inferno. Shortly after the collision, San Juan began to capsize on its port side and start sinking stern first. Wireless operator Clifford Paulson hurriedly returned to his room and began sending out distress signals. Soon after a single ship had replied, water rushed in through Paulson's door and flooded his room. Paulson was able to escape. Only three minutes after the collision, San Juan capsized onto her port side and sank by the stern.

It was the fastest sinking of any ship on the West Coast of the United States. During this final plunge, San Juan's deck was torn apart. Survivors reported the final plunge took many by surprise, to the point where many were nearly dragged down with the sinking vessel. Many lifeboats were unable to be launched due to the speed of San Juan's foundering. S. C. T. Dodd and the freighter Munami began pulling survivors from the water. After 8:00 A. M. no more survivors could be located. Munami subsequently transferred its injured su