Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, in 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.4 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland, the islands geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild, thick woodlands covered the island until the Middle Ages. As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, there are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is moderate and classified as oceanic.
As a result, winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, summers are cooler than those in Continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant, the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE, the island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, England claimed sovereignty over Ireland, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, with the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s and this subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of literature.
Alongside mainstream Western culture, an indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music. The culture of the island shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, horse racing. The name Ireland derives from Old Irish Eriu and this in turn derives from Proto-Celtic *Iveriu, which is the source of Latin Hibernia. Iveriu derives from a root meaning fat, during the last glacial period, and up until about 9000 years ago, most of Ireland was covered with ice, most of the time
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Missoula /mᵻˈzuːlə/ is a city in the U. S. state of Montana and is the county seat of Missoula County. In 2015, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population at 71,022. In the 1990s, Missoula overtook Great Falls as Montana’s second‑largest city, Missoula is home to the University of Montana, a public research university. Missoula was founded in 1860 as Hellgate Trading Post while still part of Washington Territory, by 1866, the settlement had moved east,5 miles upstream, and renamed Missoula Mills, shortened to Missoula. The mills provided supplies to settlers traveling along the Mullan Road. The establishment of Fort Missoula in 1877 to protect settlers further stabilized the economy, the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 brought rapid growth and the maturation of the local lumber industry. In 1893, the Montana Legislature chose the city as the site for the states first university, along with the U. S. Forest Service headquarters founded in 1908, lumber and the university remained staples of the local economy for the next hundred years.
The city is governed by a government with twelve city council members. Notable residents include the first woman in the U. S. Congress, Jeannette Rankin, archaeological artifacts date the Missoula Valleys earliest inhabitants to the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago with settlements as early as 3500 BCE. From the 1700s until European settlements began a years later, it was primarily the Salish, Pend dOreille, Blackfeet. Hell Gate would remain the name of the area until it was renamed Missoula in 1866, the Lewis and Clark Expedition brought the first U. S. citizens to the area. They twice stopped just south of Missoula at Travelers Rest and they camped there the first time on their westbound trip in September 1805. When they stayed there again on their return in June–July 1806, Clark left heading south along the Bitterroot River and Lewis traveled north, through Hellgate Canyon. The desire for a more convenient water supply to power a lumber, the Missoula Mills replaced Hell Gate Village as the economic power of the valley and replaced it as the county seat in 1866.
The name Missoula came from the Salish name for the Clark Fork River, Fort Missoula was established in 1877 to help protect further arriving settlers. Growth accelerated with the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883, in 1893, Missoula was chosen as the location of the states first university, the University of Montana. The continued economic windfall from railroad construction and lumber mills led to a boom in Missoulas population. A. B. Hammond and Copper Kings Marcus Daly and William A. Clark competed fiercely in the region over lumber share, the United States Forest Service work in Missoula began in 1905
New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
Park City, Utah
Park City is a city in Summit County, United States. It is considered to be part of the Wasatch Back, the city is 32 miles southeast of downtown Salt Lake City and 19.88 miles from Salt Lake Citys east edge of Sugar House along Interstate 80. The population was 7,558 at the 2010 census, on average, the tourist population greatly exceeds the number of permanent residents. After a population decline following the shutdown of the mining industry. The city currently brings in an average of $529,800,000 to the Utah Economy as a tourist hot spot. The city has two ski resorts, Deer Valley Resort and Park City Mountain Resort. Both ski resorts were the locations for ski and snowboarding events at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Although they receive less snow and have a ski season than do their counterparts in Salt Lake County, such as Snowbird resort. Some scenes from 1994s Dumb and Dumber were shot in the city, outdoor-oriented businesses such as backcountry. com, Rossignol USA, and Skullcandy have their headquarters in Park City.
The city has many retailers, clubs and restaurants, and has nearby reservoirs, hot springs, forests, in the summertime many valley residents of the Wasatch Front visit the town to escape high temperatures. Park City is usually 20 °F cooler than Salt Lake City, as it lies mostly above 7,000 feet above sea level, in 2008, Park City was named by Forbes Traveler Magazine among one of the 20 prettiest towns in the United States. In 2011, the town was awarded a Gold-level Ride Center designation from the International Mountain Bicycling Association for its mountain trails, amenities. The area was traveled by the early Mormon pioneers on their journey to where they settled, one of their leaders, Parley P. Pratt, explored the canyon in 1848. He was given a charter the following year to build a road through it. The basin at the top of the canyon was good for grazing, early on, the area was deeded to Samuel Snyder, Heber C. The settlers named it Parleys Park City, which was shortened to Park City in the early 1900s, the first known discovery of ore in this area was by Colonel Patrick E.
Connor, who instigated his men to search the area in bringing non-Mormons to the Utah region. The finding of silver and lead sparked the first silver mines in Park City in the 1860s, Park City’s large mining boom brought large crowds of prospectors setting up camps around the mountain terrain, marking the first mining settlements. Although it was not the first find, the Ontario mine, discovered by Herman Buden in 1872, by 1892 the Silver King Mine and its owners Thomas Kearns and David Keith took the spotlight as one of the most famous silver mines in the world
The Copper Kings, industrialists William A. Clark, Marcus Daly, Mark Sloan, and F. The battles between Clark and Heinze, and between just Heinze and industrialist financiers William Rockefeller and Henry H. Rogers are a chapter in Montana history. Eventually, a known as Anaconda Copper emerged as a monopoly. The riches in the hills made Davis Montana’s first millionaire, by 1876, Butte had become a prosperous silver camp with over 1,000 inhabitants. Marcus Daly arrived that year representing the Walker brothers, entrepreneurs from Salt Lake City and his mission was to inspect the Alice Mine for possible purchase by the brothers. Daly purchased the mine and successfully managed it for the Walkers, the town of Walkerville, which still overlooks the city of Butte, sprang up around the mine and other mines in the area. In 1880, Daly sold his interest in the Walkers properties and he did so with investment money from several San Francisco capitalists, including George Hearst, the father of media mogul William Randolph Hearst.
Davis attracted investors from Denver and points east and it wasnt long before capitalists from New York City and Boston bought into the huge potential of the area. During the 1880s, copper mining came into the forefront and Butte became the world’s greatest copper producer, the Union Pacific Railroad came to the area in 1881 allowing developers to build and equip smelters. The Butte smelters quickly became the best in the world at extracting the metal from the ore and it wasnt long before Butte began to pay a price for the riches. The air filled with toxic sulfurous smoke, Daly responded by building a giant smelter in Anaconda, just 30 miles west of Butte. To this day, the giant smokestack remains a landmark, shortly after Daly built the smelter, the Boston and Montana Co. with holdings only second to Dalys, built one in Great Falls. After complications with the Great Northern, Daly built his own railroad to transport ore from his mines to the smelter, trains carried the ore from Buttes mines to both smelters.
Clark yearned to be a statesman and used his newspaper and he became a hero in Helena Montana, by campaigning for its election as the state capital instead of Anaconda. Clarks long-standing dream of becoming a United States Senator resulted in scandal in 1899, senators were chosen by their respective state legislators. The U. S. Senate refused to seat Clark because of the 1899 bribery scheme, but a Senate campaign was successful, and he served a single, undistinguished term from 1901 until 1907. To stir the mix, another Copper King, F. Augustus Heinze, fought the dominance of Amalgamated, providing excitement to an already interesting chapter in Montanas legal history. John D. Ryan, a banker, became close to Margaret Daly after her husbands death
Ballyjamesduff is a small town with a population of 2,240 in County Cavan in Ireland, located on the R194 regional road. Formerly a market town and winner of the 1966 and 1967 Irish Tidy Towns Competition, the first mention of Ballyjamesduff is found in The Registry of Deeds, Kings Inns, Henrietta Street, Deed No. 12-294-5122, drawn up on 12/5/1714. On August 292016 a murder took place close to the town in Oakdene. A family of 5 consisting of 3 young boys and a mother and father were all found dead approximately at 11, at 10,45 am a person called to the house and contacted Garda Síochána to raise the alarm. The family were identified as the Hawe Family, between census years 2002 and 2006 the population of Ballyjamesduff rose by 59. 9%. A major factor in the increase has been immigration from outside Ireland, the 2006 census results showed that more than 25% of people in the town were from overseas. Bus Éireann Route 187 serves Ballyjamesduff from Monday to Saturday and it provides transport to the neighbouring towns and villages of Oldcastle, Mountnugent and Kells.
There are four journeys both to and from Ballyjamesduff each weekday, the first journey of the day departs the town at 07,30. Subject to road safety the bus stop to pick up. The Tannery has been in Ballyjamesduff for 309 years, in 1983, it was destroyed in a fire, but was rebuilt near a local petrol pump station a year later. The ashes of the old tannery were ceremoniously converted into 2½ bricks and these bricks formed the cornerstone of the new building. Cavan County Museum, located in the former Convent of St Clare, in August 2014, Cavan County Museum opened Irelands largest outdoor WW1 replica trench. Ballyjamesduff was once noted for having the largest pub to person ratio in Ireland, there was approximately 1 pub for every 34 persons in the town. McClean left Ireland around 1825 and settled in Brockville, Ontario, St Josephs Town Hall was built in 1959 and was opened officially in 1968 by showband act Big Tom and The Mainliners. Liffey Meats, a processing plant, which gained notoriety when it was revealed they processed equine and porcine meat in beefburgers.
Ballyjamesduff annually holds The Frolics, a showcase of music. The show was held in the nearby town Mountnugent where it was known as The Mountnugent Frolics. The rights to the show were bought by the Ballyjamesduff Frolics Club in 1943, in 1957, due to confusion, the event was renamed from The Mountnugent Frolics to The Ballyjamesduff Frolics. in 1987, Terry Waite famously made a cameo appearance during a sketch
William A. Clark
William Andrews Clark, Sr. was an American politician and entrepreneur, involved with mining and railroads. Clark was born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania and he moved with his family to Iowa in 1856 where he taught school and studied law at Iowa Wesleyan College. In 1862, he traveled west to become a miner, after working in quartz mines in Colorado, during 1863 Clark made his way to new gold fields to find his fortune in the Montana gold rush. He settled in the capital of Montana Territory, Montana and he soon changed careers again and became a banker in Deer Lodge, Montana. He repossessed mining properties when owners defaulted on their loans, placing him in the mining industry, between 1884 and 1888, Clark constructed a 34-room, Tiffany-decorated home on West Granite Street, incorporating the most modern inventions available, in Butte, Montana. This home is now the Copper King Mansion bed-and-breakfast, as well as a museum, in 1899, Clark built Columbia Gardens for the children of Butte. It included flower gardens, a pavilion, amusement park, lake.
He died on March 2,1925, and is interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, Clark served as president of both Montana state constitutional conventions in 1884 and 1889. Clark yearned to be a statesman and used his newspaper, the Butte Miner, at this time, Butte was one of the largest cities in the West. He became a hero in Helena, Montana, by campaigning for its selection as the capital instead of Anaconda. This battle for the placement of the capital had subtle Irish vs. English, Catholic vs. Protestant, and Masonic vs. non-Masonic elements. Clarks long-standing dream of becoming a United States Senator resulted in scandal in 1899 when it was revealed that he bribed members of the Montana State Legislature in return for their votes, senators were chosen by their respective state legislators. The corruption of his contributed to the passage of the 17th Amendment. The U. S. Senate refused to seat Clark because of the 1899 bribery scheme, but a campaign was successful. In responding to criticism of his bribery of the Montana legislature, Clark is reported to have said, Clark died at the age of 86 in his mansion at 962 Fifth Avenue in New York City, one of the 50 richest Americans ever.
To my mind he is the most disgusting creature that the republic has produced since Tweeds time, mark Twains comments must be taken in context. He was a friend of Henry H. Rogers, one of the organizers of the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company. Twain is not an unbiased observer and his first wife was Katherine Louise Kate Stauffer
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
William Avery Rockefeller, Jr. was an American businessman and financier. He was a co-founder of Standard Oil along with his older brother John Davison Rockefeller and he was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. William Jr. was born in Richford, New York and he was the middle son of con artist William Avery Rockefeller Sr. and Eliza Davison. In addition to elder brother John, William Jr. s siblings were Lucy, Mary and he had two elder half-sisters and Cornelia, through his fathers affairs with mistress and housekeeper Nancy Brown. In 1853 his family moved to Strongsville, Ohio, as a young pupil in public school, he was inspired and motivated by his teacher-mentor, Rufus Osgood Mason, whom Rockefeller named A Rockefeller Patron. In 1865, he entered the oil business by starting a refinery in Ohio, in 1867, his older brother Johns partnership of Rockefeller & Andrews absorbed this refinery. In 1870, that company became Standard Oil, Rockefeller was very adept in business matters. He served as the companys New York representative until 1911 when Standard Oil of New Jersey was split up by the United States Supreme Court.
He had interests in mining and processing and public utilities. In the late 1890s, Rockefeller joined fellow Standard Oil principal Henry H. Rogers in forming the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, along with Henry Rogers, devised a scheme which earned them a profit of $36 million. First, they purchased Anaconda Properties from Marcus Daly for $39 million, with the understanding that the check was to be deposited in the bank and remain there for a definite time. Rogers and Rockefeller set up an organization, known as the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, with their own clerks as dummy directors. They had Amalgamated Copper Company buy Anaconda from them for $75 million in capital stock, they borrowed $39 million from the bank using Amalgamated Copper as collateral. They paid back Daly for Anaconda and sold $75 million worth of stock in Amalgamated Copper to the public and they paid back the banks $39 million and had a profit of $36 million in cash. With help from banker John Dennis Ryan, Amalgamated acquired two competitors, and soon controlled all the mines of Butte, Montana.
By the late 1920s it had become Anaconda Copper Company and was the fourth-largest company in the world, Rockefeller married Almira Geraldine Goodsell on May 25,1864 in Fairfield, Connecticut. There were many connections among this and other elite families and her sister Esther Judson Goodsell was married to Oliver Burr Jennings, who became one of the original stockholders of Standard Oil. Together and Almira had, Lewis Edward Rockefeller Emma Rockefeller and he had caught a cold during a car trip he took with brother John and nephew John, Jr. to visit his childhood home in Richford, New York
Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as Americas greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Edison was an inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France. Edisons inventions contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications and these included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures. His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his career as a telegraph operator. Edison developed a system of generation and distribution to homes, businesses. His first power station was on Pearl Street in Manhattan, New York, Thomas Edison was born in Milan and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr.
and Nancy Matthews Elliott. His father, the son of a Loyalist refugee, had moved as a boy with the family from Nova Scotia, settling in southwestern Ontario, in a known as Shewsbury, Vienna. Samuel Jr. eventually fled Ontario because he took part in the unsuccessful Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837 and his father, Samuel Sr. had earlier fought in the War of 1812 as captain of the First Middlesex Regiment. By contrast, Samuel Jr. s struggle found him on the losing side, once across the border, he found his way to Milan, Ohio. His patrilineal family line was Dutch by way of New Jersey and his mother taught him at home. Much of his education came from reading R. G, parkers School of Natural Philosophy and The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art. Edison developed hearing problems at an early age, the cause of his deafness has been attributed to a bout of scarlet fever during childhood and recurring untreated middle-ear infections. In his years, he modified the story to say the injury occurred when the conductor, in helping him onto a moving train, Edisons family moved to Port Huron, after the railroad bypassed Milan in 1854 and business declined.
Edison sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit and he briefly worked as a telegraph operator in 1863 for the Grand Trunk Railway at Stratford, Ontario railway at age 16. He was held responsible for a near collision and he studied qualitative analysis and conducted chemical experiments on the train until he left the job. Edison obtained the right to sell newspapers on the road, with the aid of four assistants, he set in type and printed the Grand Trunk Herald
Hamilton is a city in and the county seat of Ravalli County, United States. The population was 4,348 at the 2010 census, significant outlying population growth is shown in the area, the ZIP Code Tabulation Area for Hamiltons ZIP Code,59840, had a population of 12,979 at the United States Census Bureau 2013 estimate. Hamilton was founded by copper king Marcus Daly in the late 19th century and it was named for J. W. Hamilton, who provided the right-of-way to the railroad. Daly is said to have wanted to begin business in the county seat of Grantsdale. He supposedly founded Hamilton out of his own pocket as a reaction to being rebuffed at Grantsdale, the Ravalli County Museum, founded in 1955, is located in the former Ravalli County Courthouse and focuses on County history, natural history and art. In the summer of 2000, Hamilton made international headlines when forest fires throughout the Bitterroot Valley filled the area with smoke, president Clinton declared a state of emergency in the area and dispatched National Guardsmen to assist with fighting the fires.
Hamilton is, as of 2004, home to two research and production facilities, the government-run Rocky Mountain Laboratories, and a branch of the Corixa Corporation. The Corixa Corporation was bought by GlaxoSmithKline in 2005, NIAID completed construction of a Biosafety Level 4 biohazard laboratory as part of the Rocky Mountain Laboratories facility in 2008. This facility has begun operations using highly-pathogenic organisms including the Lentivirus family of viruses, Hamilton is located at 46°14′54″N 114°9′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 2.57 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 4,348 people,2,175 households, the population density was 1,718.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,456 housing units at a density of 970.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95. 0% White,0. 3% African American,0. 6% Native American,1. 4% Asian,0. 2% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 1% of the population. 47. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.72.
The median age in the city was 43 years. 20. 1% of residents were under the age of 18,7. 4% were between the ages of 18 and 24,24. 4% were from 25 to 44,23. 4% were from 45 to 64, and 24. 7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46. 6% male and 53. 4% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 3,705 people,1,772 households, and 855 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,603.6 people per square mile, there were 1,915 housing units at an average density of 828.8 per square mile