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Margaret of Valois

Margaret of Valois was a French princess of the Valois dynasty who became queen consort of Navarre and also of France. By her marriage to Henry III of Navarre, she was queen of Navarre and France at her husband's 1589 accession to the latter throne, she was the daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici and the sister of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. Her marriage, intended to celebrate the reconciliation of Catholics and Huguenots, was tarnished by the St Bartholomew's Day massacre, the resumption of the religious troubles which ensued. In the conflict between Henry III and the Malcontents, she took the side of Francis, Duke of Anjou, her younger brother, this caused the king to have a deep aversion towards her; as Queen of Navarre, she played a pacifying role in the stormy relations between her husband and the French monarchy. Shuttled back and forth between the two courts, she endeavored to lead a happy conjugal life, but her sterility and the political tensions inherent in the French Wars of Religion caused the end of her marriage.

Mistreated by a brother quick to take offence and rejected by a fickle and opportunistic husband, she chose the path of opposition in 1585. She took the side of the Catholic League and was forced to live in Auvergne in an exile which lasted twenty years. In 1599, she consented to the annulment of the marriage only after the payment of a generous compensation. A well-known woman of letters and an enlightened mind as well as an generous patron, she played a considerable part in the cultural life of the court after her return from exile in 1605, she was a vector of Neoplatonism. While imprisoned, she took advantage of the time to write her Memoirs, she was the first woman to have done so. She was one of the most fashionable women of her time, influenced many of Europe's royal courts with her clothing. After her death the anecdotes and slanders circulated about her created a legend, consolidated around the nickname La Reine Margot invented by Alexandre Dumas père, handed down through the centuries the myth of a nymphomaniac and incestuous woman.

At the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, historians have reviewed the extensive chronicles of her life, concluding that many elements of her scandalous reputation stemmed from anti-Valois propaganda and from a fationalism capable of denigrating the participation of women in politics, created by Bourbon dynasty court historians in the 17th century. Margaret of Valois was born on 14 May 1553, at the royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the seventh child and third daughter of Henry II and Catherine de' Medici. Three of her brothers would become kings of France: Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, her sister, Elisabeth of Valois, would become the third wife of King Philip II of Spain, her brother Francis II, married Mary, Queen of Scots. Her childhood was spent in the French royal nursery of the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye with her sisters Elisabeth and Claude, under the care of Charlotte de Vienne, baronne de Courton, "a wise and virtuous lady attached to the Catholic religion".

After her sisters' weddings, Margaret grew up in the Château d'Amboise with her brothers Henry and Francis. During her childhood, her brother Charles IX gave her the nickname of "Margot". At the French court, she studied grammar, classics and Holy Scripture. Margaret learned to speak Italian, Spanish and Greek in addition to her native French, she was competent in prose, poetry and dance. She traveled with the court in the grand tour of France. During this period Margaret had direct experience of the dangerous and complex political situation in France, learned from her mother the art of political mediation. In 1565, Catherine met with Philip II's chief minister the Duke of Alba at Bayonne in hopes of arranging a marriage between Margaret and Carlos, Prince of Asturias. However, Alba refused any consideration of a dynastic marriage. Other marriage negotiations with Sebastian of Portugal and Archduke Rudolf did not succeed. During her teenage years and her brother Henry, were close friends. In 1568, leaving court to command the royal armies, he entrusted his 15-year-old sister with the defense of his interests with their mother.

His words inspired me with resolution and powers I did not think myself possessed of before. I had a degree of courage, and, as soon as I recovered from my astonishment, I found I was quite an altered person, his address pleased me, wrought in me a confidence in myself. Delighted with this mission, she fulfilled it conscientiously, but Henry showed no gratitude upon his return, according to her Memoirs, he had discovered Margaret's secret romance with Henry of Guise and their presumptive plan of marriage. When the royal family found this out and Charles beat her and sent Henry of Guise away from court; this episode is at the root of a "lasting brotherly hatred" between Margaret and her brother Henry, as well as the lasting cooling of relations with her mother. Some historians have hinted that the duke was Margaret's lover, but nothing confirms this, in the sixteenth century a king's daughter had to remain a virgin until her marriage for political reasons. After their marriage she was not faithful to her husband, however, it is difficult to discern what is true or invented about her extramarital affairs.

Many have no basis, others were platonic. Most of Margaret's alleged adventures are the result of pamphlets that have had to po

Tikkurilan Palloseura

Tikkurilan Palloseura is a football club from Tikkurila in Vantaa, Finland. The club was established in 1958 and its main catchment areas comprise Tikkurila and Hakunila in Itä-Vantaa; the women's team competes in the Naisten Liiga, the highest division of women's football in Finland. Men's team competes in the Kolmonen, the fourth highest division in Finland; the club's home ground is at Tikkurilan urheilupuisto. TiPS men played two seasons in the Ykkönen, the second tier of Finnish football in 1996 and 1997, they have had six spells covering 12 seasons in the third tier, the Kakkonen, in 1980–85, 1991–92, 1995, 1998, 2004 and 2011. Their history became somewhat distorted in 1998 when Jalkapalloseura Airport City was established as a flagship club for Vantaa following the merger of TiPS and Vantaan Jalkapalloseura men's first teams with assistance from Koivukylän Palloseura, Pallokerho-50 and Itä-Vantaan Urheilijat clubs. TiPS finished top of the East Group of the Kakkonen in 1998 and their place in the Ykkönen in 1999 was taken by the new AC Vantaa club.

TiPS men started again in the Kutonen and by 2004 had progressed through the divisions back to the Kakkonen, coincidentally at a higher level than AC Vantaa who at the same time had been relegated to the Kolmonen. However their stay in third tier football was this time short-lived and over the last few years TiPS have been playing in the Nelonen and Kolmonen. TiPS soon dropped back to Kolmonen. Tikkurilan Palloseura is better known for its successful women's team and high level girl's junior football. Girls from many age groups have been representing juniors' national teams and are playing in the highest national level. Tikkurilan Palloseura is one of Finland's largest football clubs, bringing together players and officials from different backgrounds; the club provides coaching and training programmes to ensure equal opportunities for everyone to participate, develop and compete. Children and young people are able to enjoy football in a familiar and safe environment where opportunities are provided for youngsters to fulfill their potential as well as assisting their social development.

The club runs a large number of teams including 2 men's teams, 2 women's teams and a wide range of girls and boys junior teams. TiPS organises diverse activities for its players including an Academy and Football Coaching Schools. For the current season TiPS Women's Team is competing in the highest level in Naisten Liiga. TiPS Men's Team is competing in Group B of the Kakkonen administered by the Finnish FA; this is the third highest tier in the Finnish football system. In 2010 TiPS was promoted from the Kolmonen. TiPS M2 is participating in Section 2 of the Vitonen administered by the Uusimaa SPL. In 2009 TiPS AN were relegated from the Vitonen; as of 17 April 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official Website Finnish Wikipedia Suomen Cup T. I. P. S Tikkurilan Palloseura Facebook

Kliff Kingsbury

Kliff Timothy Kingsbury is an American football coach and former player, the head coach for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League. During his playing career, Kingsbury held many NCAA Division I passing records and was part of the New England Patriots Super Bowl XXXVIII winning team from 2003 that beat the Carolina Panthers. On January 8, 2019, the Cardinals hired him as their head coach. Kingsbury served as head coach of his alma mater, Texas Tech University, from 2013 to 2018. Prior to being named head coach of the Red Raiders, Kingsbury was the offensive coordinator for Texas A&M University, coaching Heisman Trophy winner Johnny Manziel during the 2012 season. Kingsbury began his coaching career as an assistant for the University of Houston from 2008–2011. Kliff Kingsbury was born in San Texas, to Tim and Sally Kingsbury. Kingsbury played high school football at New Braunfels High School, where his father, was head coach. Kingsbury was a member of the baseball and track teams.

As a quarterback at New Braunfels, Kingsbury threw for 3,009 yards and 34 touchdowns while leading the team to the Class 5A Division II semifinals and a 13–2 record. He was named the offensive MVP in the Texas High School Coaches All-Star Game. Kingsbury graduated 3rd in his class of 450, was an Academic All-State selection. In May 2018, Kingsbury was formally inducted into the Texas High School Football Hall of Fame. Kingsbury played collegiately for the Texas Tech Red Raiders at quarterback under coach Spike Dykes from 1998-1999 and Mike Leach from 2000-2002. Kingsbury played 43 games at Texas Tech, completing 1,229 of 1,881 passes for 12,423 yards with 95 touchdowns and 40 interceptions overall during his career. At the conclusion of his collegiate playing career, Kingsbury held 39 school records, 13 Big 12 Conference records, 7 NCAA FBS records. In his redshirt freshman year in 1999, Kingsbury appeared in six games, starting the season finale against Oklahoma, he completed 25 of 57 passes for 492 yards, four touchdowns and an interception in his initial collegiate season.

In 2000, he assumed the starting role and connected on 361 of 584 passes for 3,412 yards, 21 touchdowns and 17 interceptions. He added, his season ended with a loss to the East Carolina Pirates in the Bowl, with a final score of 40-27. As a junior in 2001, Kingsbury was an All-District first-team selection and All-Big 12 Conference second-team pick by the league's coaches for his performance, he completed 364 of 528 passes for 25 touchdowns and only nine interceptions. In 2002, Kingsbury averaged 350.2 yards per game, setting a new record with 5017 yards and his 45 touchdown passes nearly doubled his mark set during the 2001 season. As a senior, Kingsbury led Texas Tech to a 9-5 record, defeating Big 12 Conference rivals Texas, Texas A&M and Baylor, in addition to a 55-15 routing of the Clemson Tigers in the Tangerine Bowl. Following the 2002 season, he was awarded the Sammy Baugh Trophy, annually presented to the nation's best college passer, he was additionally selected as a Verizon/CoSIDA Academic All-American and Player of the Year, a unanimous All-Big 12 Conference first-team selection, was named the Associated Press Offensive Player of the Year, finished 9th in Heisman Trophy voting.

These awards followed a season during which he shattered his own school single-season records by completing 479 of 712 passes for 5,017 yards, 45 touchdowns and just 13 interceptions. He added two rushing scores on 102 carries. He, along with Graham Harrell, are the only Texas Tech quarterbacks to have beaten both the Oklahoma Sooners and Texas Longhorns during their careers as starters. Kingsbury led Tech to 3 bowl games in his 3 years with a 24-16 overall record. In 2003, he held the NCAA records for career plays, career plays per game, single season and career passing attempts, single season and career passing completions, highest single game completion percentage, career lowest percentage of passes intercepted, most single season and career games gaining 200 yards or more. Kingsbury was only the third player in college football history to throw for over 10,000 yards, gain over 10,000 yards in total offense and complete over 1,000 passes in a career, he became just the fourth player in college football to throw for over 3,000 yards three times during his career.

Kingsbury was an Academic All-Big 12 Conference choice following his sophomore campaign in 2000. Kingsbury, 6' 3", 213 lbs, was selected by the New England Patriots with the 201st overall selection of the 2003 NFL Draft, he did not play in his rookie season of 2003, spending the year on the Patriots' injured reserve with an arm injury. He did, get a Super Bowl ring, he was waived by the Patriots on September 6, 2004. He was signed by the New Orleans Saints to the team's practice squad, where he spent the entire 2004 season, he went to training camp with the Saints that season and completed 10-of-21 passes for 139 yards with a long of 57 yards and two interceptions. He was signed to the Denver Broncos' practice squad on September 6, 2005 and was released on September 21, 2005, he signed with the New York Jets on September 28, 2005. Kingsbury made his NFL debut on November 20, 2005 playing part of the fourth quarter for the Jets against the Denver Broncos, he completed one-of-two passes for 17 yards.

The Buffalo Bills signed Kingsbury in 2006 and he attended training camp with the Bills, but did not see any regular season action with the team. The New York Jets assigned Kingsbury to the Cologne Centurions of NFL Europe in 2006, he posted the top quarterback rating of any Cologne quarterback while completing 58 of 102

2012 Pakistan factory fires

Garment factories in the Pakistani cities of Karachi and Lahore caught fire on 11 September 2012. The fires occurred in a textile factory in the western part of Karachi and in a shoe making factory in Lahore; the fires are considered to be the most deadly and worst industrial factory fires in Pakistan's history, killing 289 people and injuring more than 600. Pakistan has one of the largest labour and manpower resources in the world, due to its large population. According to data produced by the CIA World Factbook, the total number of Pakistan's labour force is 58.4 million, making it the 10th largest country in terms of available human workforce. About 20.1% of labour force is involved in industry. The conditions under which Pakistan's blue-collar labour works have been raised by trade unions and workers' rights organisations. There is a controversial, yet wide use of child labour in Pakistan; the garment factory "Ali Enterprises", located in Plot 67, Hub Road, Baldia Town, used to export its garments to Europe and the United States, had employed between 1,200 and 1,500 workers.

Ali Enterprises manufactured denim, knitted garments, hosiery, had capital of between $10 million and $50 million. Workers at Ali Enterprises said they earned between 5,000 and 10,000 rupees a month for their labour; the factory manufactured jeans for textile discounter KiK. KiK claimed to control enforcement of labour laws and security standards of its suppliers. However, a security check in 2007 revealed deficiencies in fire protection of the Karachi plant, which KiK claimed were fixed by 2011. According to the Pakistani Textile Workers Union, a high working pressure and overtime with unpaid additional work were frequent at the factory. A few weeks prior to the factory passed an internationally recognised safety test; the factory is suspected of using child labour and locked workplaces analogous to prison cells. The owner of the factory, Abdul Aziz, had prevented inspections of the factory. A private garment factory lit on fire and the flames ignited chemicals that were stored in the factory.

The Baldia Town factory inferno case took a dramatic turn on Friday 7 Feb 2015 when a report by Rangers claimed that the MQM was behind the deadly fire that claimed the lives of at least 258 factory workers. The report prepared by a joint investigation team was submitted to the Sindh High Court by an additional attorney general, along with a statement of the deputy assistant judge advocate general of Rangers, Major Ashfaque Ahmed; the statement said the information had been disclosed by suspect Mohammad Rizwan Qureshi, an alleged worker of the MQM, on June 22, 2013 during joint investigation of the factory inferno. According to the JIT report, the MQM worker revealed that a “well-known party high official” had demanded Rs200 million as Bhatta though his frontman from Ali Enterprises, the owners of the ill-fated factory, in Aug 2012. Between 300 and 400 workers were inside the factory. Officials said that all the exit doors in the factory were locked and many of the windows of the factory were covered with iron bars, which made it difficult for workers to escape at the time of the fire and many of the deaths were caused by suffocation.

Baldia Town Factory owner names MQM lawmakers, Ex governor sindh Ishrat ul Ibad and ex chief of CPLC Ahmed Chinoy. The shoemaking factory is located on Band Road in Gulshan-i-Ravi in Lahore, it caught fire. The generator was installed in the garage of the factory compound, the only entry and exit point of the factory. Source: Sindh Law enforcement JIT Report Issued on 07 Feb 2015 The Baldia Town factory inferno case took a dramatic turn when a report by Rangers claimed that the Muttahida Qaumi Movement was behind the deadly fire that claimed the lives of at least 258 factory workers; the report prepared by a joint investigation team was submitted to the Sindh High Court by an additional attorney general, along with a statement of the deputy assistant judge advocate general of Rangers, Major Ashfaque Ahmed. The statement said the information had been disclosed by suspect Mohammad Rizwan Qureshi, an alleged worker of the MQM, on June 22, 2013 during joint investigation of the factory inferno. Source: Joint Investigation Team report submitted to the Sindh High Court According to the JIT report, the MQM worker revealed that a “well-known party high official” had demanded Rs200 million as Bhatta though his frontman from Ali Enterprises, the owners of the ill-fated factory, in Aug 2012.

One of the factory owners in Karachi, Arshad Bhaila, claimed that the fire first broke out in the warehouse and that he called the fire brigade, which arrived about 90 minutes late. The New York Times reported that the local fire department arrived 75 minutes after the fire started. A judicial inquiry headed by Justice Zahid Qurban Alvi reported that a short circuit caused the fire; the report cited several factors that exacerbated the situation leading to the loss of life, including the late arrival of fire tenders, the lack of fire hydrants, traffic congestion. The tribunal was critical of the factory owners and government, which failed to enforce the law, it criticized the police's forensic department for failing to conduct a scientific investigation. On 14 September, Justice Hassan Azhar of Sindh High Court Larkana Bench approved Rs. 500,000 bail for factory owners Abdul Aziz, Shahid Bhaila and Arshad Bhaila. All the bank accounts of the owners and the company are frozen and the owners are not allowed to leave the country as they are on exit control list.

The owners are facing charges of pre-meditated murder. The Deputy General Secretary o

Gilchrist Township, Pope County, Minnesota

Gilchrist Township is a township in Pope County, United States. The population was 239 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 92.0 square kilometres, of which 83.1 km2 is land and 9.0 km2 is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 239 people, 99 households, 73 families residing in the township; the population density was 7.4 people per square mile. There were 269 housing units at an average density of 8.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 100.00% White. There were 99 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 1.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.3% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.85. In the township the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $38,125, the median income for a family was $51,429. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $26,458 for females; the per capita income for the township was $17,520. About 6.3% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 13.2% of those sixty five or over

Die Schöpfung & Harmoniemesse (Leonard Bernstein recording)

Die Schöpfung & Harmoniemesse is a 1992, 149-minute CD issue of two studio recordings of classical vocal works by Joseph Haydn, both accompanied by the New York Philharmonic and conducted by Leonard Bernstein. The oratorio Die Schöpfung, sung by Judith Raskin, John Reardon, Alexander Young and the Camerata Singers, was first released in 1968; the Harmoniemesse, sung by Judith Blegen, Simon Estes, Kenneth Riegel, Frederica von Stade and the Westminster Choir, was first released in 1975. Die Schöpfung was recorded using analogue technology on 17, 18 and 20 May 1966 in the Philharmonic Hall – since renamed the Avery Fisher Hall – in the Lincoln Center, New York City; the Harmoniemesse was recorded using analogue quadraphonic technology in February 1973 in the Manhattan Center in New York City. The cover of the album, designed by C. C. Garbers, features a photograph by Lesley Donald of a 1991 watercolour by the Prince of Wales: View of Ben Avon, Balmoral. On the album's cover are a photograph of Bernstein by Ludwig Schirmer and a photograph of the Prince by dpa/Camera Press.

Alec Robertson reviewed Die Schöpfung on LP in Gramophone in January 1969, comparing Bernstein's recording with what he considered to be the best of its predecessors, a 1968 Decca album conducted by Karl Münchinger. In the work's Introduction, Haydn's depiction of the world's primordial chaos, Münchinger, he wrote, offered "mystery and awe", Bernstein drama and colour. In Bernstein's recording, "God was not so much moving over the face of the water as being moved", driven across it by the conductor; this contrast between Münchinger's and Bernstein's approaches continued when the archangel Raphael began his narration. Where Münchinger's Tom Krause sang "in hushed tones", Bernstein's John Reardon sang "loudly, so the atmosphere just created". Matters improved on Bernstein's album when Alexander Young delivered Uriel's "Now vanish before the holy beams", Bernstein laudably animating a "rhythmic vitality... admirably suited to this work". Young's virile singing and the more lyrical performance of Münchinger's Werner Krenn were both enjoyable in their own way.

As the soprano archangel, Gabriel, Münchinger's Elly Ameling was unequivocally better than Bernstein's Judith Raskin, with "more variation of tone" and "more sensitive feeling" than the American. The albums' rival choirs and orchestras all had much to commend them. Bernstein's Camerata Singers sang with "great enjoyment and excellent tone". Where Bernstein's New York Philharmonic provided "finely pointed orchestral detail", Münchinger's Vienna Philharmonic had a string section that the Americans could not equal. Bernstein's album was better engineered than Münchinger's, offering "bright recording", "great clarity" and "excellent balance". In sum, though if Bernstein's release gave "considerable pleasure and a great deal to recommend it", Münchinger's version was the more desirable of the two overall. Richard Freed reviewed the Harmoniemesse on LP in Stereo Review in September 1975. "There can be few scores of any kind", he wrote, "whose vigour and unlaboured exaltation find so close a parallel in the characteristics of Bernstein's music-making."

All four vocal soloists sang well Frederica von Stade in the Gloria's "Gratias agimus tibi" and Judith Blegen in the Credo's "Et incarnatus est". The chorus was no less impressive, if it could have sung more lustily than it did; the New York Philharmonic, sometimes disappointing with other conductors, was on its best form for Bernstein. The recording quality was variable, but satisfactory. "One hesitates to overwork such words as'inspiration' and'glory'," Freed concluded, "but these are the qualities that shine from every bar of this beautiful performance."Roger Fiske reviewed the Harmoniemesse on LP in Gramophone in December 1975, comparing it with an Argo disc of the Mass conducted by George Guest and released in 1966. Bernstein's soloists, he thought, sounded as though they were "behind the orchestra and in amongst the chorus", Guest's as though they were standing much closer. Bernstein's arrangement was in accord with the custom of Haydn's own day, but seemed to deny his soloists as much scope for self-expression as had been enjoyed by Guest's.

Bernstein's chorus itself was "of the highest class", as was his orchestra, which demonstrated its virtuosity by coping with the breakneck pace that he had adopted unwisely, for the end of the "Agnus Dei". The audio quality of his disc was good if his balance engineer had allowed his woodwinds to "occasionally sound unnaturally prominent". Bernstein's was "a strong, vivid performance", although there was little to choose between the two discs, Guest's was the better both technologically and musically. David S. Gutman reviewed Die Schöpfung and the Harmoniemesse coupled on CD in Gramophone in May 1993. Bernstein's Die Schöpfung, was among the conductor's better essays in Haydn. Yes, the solo singing was problematic, Judith Raskin had been "much criticized for her inadequate German". Yes, Bernstein's tempi were sometimes unorthodox, and yes, some numbers were hammy. But "the basic impression made brisk and taut"; as for the Ha