Robinsons Metro East
Robinsons Metro East is a shopping mall owned by Robinsons Malls. Robinsons Metro East is situated along Marikina–Infanta Highway, located at Barangay Dela Paz in Pasig, Philippines; the mall, opened in 2001, is the 3rd largest mall in the Philippines owned by Robinsons Malls. The location was first occupied by a Uniwide Warehouse owned by Jimmy Gow's Uniwide Sales, Inc. and was subsequently sold to Gokongwei, who demolished the warehouse. Construction of the mall began in mid-1998, Robinsons Metro East opened its doors to the public in 2001; the name "Metro East" refers to the fact that the mall is located in the eastern district of the Greater Manila Area, in the boundaries of the cities of Pasig and Marikina in Metro Manila and the municipality of Cainta in Rizal. The main building of Metro East is one of the largest structures along Marcos Highway; the mall is a 5-level building with a basement level. The mall provides a 5-level elevated indoor carpark. On 26 September 2009, the basement level of the mall was flooded as a result of Typhoon Ketsana.
This, in turn, led to the closure of the entire mall. Renovation of the mall began in August 2011 and was completed in 2012. Robinsons Galleria Sta. Lucia East Grand Mall SM City Marikina
Rizal known as the Province of Rizal, is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region, 16 kilometres east of Manila. The province is named after one of the main national heroes of the Philippines. Rizal is bordered by Metro Manila to the west, Bulacan to the north, Quezon to the east and Laguna to the southeast; the province lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Rizal is a mountainous province perched on the western slopes of the southern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range; the provincial capital of Rizal is situated in Antipolo while Pasig, Metro Manila, outside the jurisdiction of the province, is the official capital. Tagalog settlement arrived some time in the pre-Spanish period; the provincial territory began with the organization of the Tondo province and Laguna province during the Spanish administration. Some of the towns like Pasig, Parañaque and Cainta were thriving. From the reports of the Encomiendas in 1582-1583, the Encomiendas of Moron was under the jurisdiction of La Laguna and, the Encomiendas of Passi and Tagui belonged to the Province of Tondo.
It was recorded that in 1591, the Encomiendas of Moron and Taitay were under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan Order in the Province of La Laguna. In 1853 a new political subdivision was formed; this consisted of the towns of Antipolo, Bosoboso and Taytay from the Province of Tondo. This district was changed to Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong after four years. In 1860, by virtue of Circular No. 83, dated September 1859, the Province of Tondo became the Province of Manila. All its towns were placed under the administration, fiscal supervision and control of the Governor of the new province; the town of Mariquina became the capital of the Province of Manila during the tenure of the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo; the Province of Morong had for its capital the town of Antipolo for the period 1898-1899, the town of Tanay for 1899-1900. On February 6, 1901, the First Philippine Commission sought to establish civil government in the country through a provincial organization act after the Filipino-Spanish and Filipino-American conflicts.
Therefore, on June 5, 1901, a historic meeting was held at the Pasig Catholic Church for the organization of a civil government in the Provinces of Manila and Morong, with 221 delegates in attendance. The first Philippine Commission, headed by William Howard Taft and composed of Commissioners Luke E. Wright, Henry C. Ide, Bernard Moses and Dean C. Worcester, discussed with the Assembly the issue of whether or not to write the Province of Manila with Morong Province, was not self-sufficient to operate as a separate province. Although the delegates from Morong, Hilarion Raymundo and José Tupas, objected to the proposal, Juan Sumulong of Antipolo advocated the move. After much acrimonious debate and upon the suggestion of Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera the body agreed on the creation of a new province independent of the Province of Manila; the new province was aptly named after the country's national hero. On June 11, 1901, the province of Rizal was and created by virtue of an Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon.
The new province was composed of 17 from the old Province of Manila. The City of Manila from the old Province of Manila was treated as a separate entity; the seat of the provincial government was Pasig. In year 1939, Quezon City was established, which included parts of Caloocan, on, Novaliches and parts of Marikina and San Juan towns. During World War II, Japanese fighter and bomber planes rained explosives on the province in December 1941. Japanese Imperial troops invaded Rizal in 1942 at the onset of the Japanese Occupation; the establishment of the General Headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary went the military stationed in Rizal from January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 against the Japanese Occupation. Many Rizaleños organised themselves into a resistance movement, grouped in some places as the Hunters ROTC and the Marking's Filipino-American Troops in guerrilla camps in the province's mountains; the guerrilla forces aided Filipino soldiers in the Philippine Commonwealth Army and American troops in fighting the Japanese troops.
The local military unit of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946, while the local unit of the Philippine Constabulary was active from October 28, 1944 to June 30, 1946. United States forces had liberated parts of Luzon by January 1945. During the Allied Liberation that lasted until August that year, the combined U. S. and Philippine Commonwealth military ground troops aided the local Rizaleño Hunters ROTC and MFAT. Through Presidential Decree № 824, Rizal was partitioned on 7 Nov
Quezon City is the most populous and a urbanized city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Manila as the national capital; the city was proclaimed as such in 1948. However, since all government buildings are still in Manila, many functions of national government remained there. Quezon City held the status as the official capital until 1976 when a presidential decree was issued to designate Manila as the capital and Metro Manila as the seat of government, it is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon Province, named after the president. Quezon City now hosts a number of government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex, the Quezon City Reception House. Quezon City serves as home to the University of the Philippines Diliman—the national university—and Ateneo de Manila University.
The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national shrine located in Quezon City. The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road, its main feature is a mausoleum containing the remains of President Quezon and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon. Before Quezon City was created, its land was settled by the small individual towns of San Francisco del Monte and Balintawak. On August 23, 1896, the Katipunan, led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio, launched the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire at the house of Melchora Aquino in Pugad Lawin. In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country to replace Manila, it is believed that his earlier trip in Mexico influenced his vision. In 1938, President Quezon created the People's Homesite Corporation and purchased 15.29 km2 from the vast Diliman Estate of the Tuason family. The National Assembly of the Philippines passed Commonwealth Act 502, known as the Charter of Quezon City proposed as "Balintawak City.
President Quezon allowed the bill to lapse into law without his signature on October 12, 1939, thus establishing Quezon City. When Quezon City was created in 1939, the following barrios or sitios: Balingasa, Galas, Kangkong, La Loma, Masambong, San Isidro, San Jose and Tatalon from Caloocan. Instead of opposing them, the six towns willingly gave land to Quezon City in the belief that it would benefit the country's new capital. However, in 1941, the area within Wack Wack Golf and Country Club was reverted to Mandaluyong, Barangka and Jesus de la Peña to Marikina. In addition, the land of Camp Crame was part of San Juan. On 1 January 1942, President Quezon issued an executive order from the tunnel of Corregidor designating Jorge Vargas Mayor of Greater Manila, a new political entity comprising, aside from Manila proper, Quezon City, Pasay, San Juan, Mandaluyong and Parañaque. Greater Manila would be expanded to include Las Piñas, Navotas. Imperial Japanese forces occupied Quezon City in 1942 during World War II.
In October of that year, the Japanese authorities divided the City of Greater Manila into twelve districts, two of which were formed from Quezon City: Balintawak which consisted of San Francisco del Monte, La Loma. In 1945, combined Filipino and American troops under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Constabulary, with help from recognized guerrilla units and recaptured Quezon City in a few months, expelling Imperial Japanese forces. Heavy fighting occurred near Novaliches, which at that time was in Rizal Province, New Manila, a strongpoint. Toward the end of the Battle of Manila, Pres. Sergio Osmeña dissolved the Greater Manila Complex, which included the Japanese-created districts of Balintawak and Diliman, formed from the prewar Quezon City. After the war, Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan–Quezon City boundary, was signed by President Elpidio Quirino on July 17, 1948, declaring Quezon City to be the national capital, specifying the city's area to be 156.60 km2.
The barrios of Baesa, Banlat, Novaliches Proper, Pasong Putik, Pasong Tamo, Pugad Lawin, San Bartolome and Talipapa, which belonged to Novaliches and had a combined area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan and ceded to Quezon City. This caused the territorial division of Caloocan into two non-contiguous parts, the South section being the more urbanized part, the North half being sub-rural. On June 16, 1950, the Quezon City Charter was revised by Republic Act No. 537, changing the city's boundaries to an area of 153.59 km2. Six years after on Ju
Radial Road 6
Radial Road 6 is the sixth radial road in Metro Manila, in the Philippines. It passes through the cities of Manila, Quezon City, San Juan and Marikina, as well as Cainta, Antipolo in the province of Rizal. Is the portion of R-6 from Nepomuceno Road to Magsaysay Boulevard. Is a 6-8 lane main road in Manila, it ends in the Quezon City borders. It was part of the "Manila Provincial Road" and called as the " Santa Mesa Boulevard". Aurora Boulevard is a 4-6 lane avenue in San Juan. Aurora Boulevard is one of the two roads that form the majority portion of the Radial Road 6 in Metro Manila, passing through the cities of Quezon City and San Juan, its western endpoint is at the border between Manila and Quezon City and its northern terminus is at the intersection between Katipunan Avenue or at the C-5 Road. The avenue was a former portion of a highway connecting Manila to Infanta in Quezon, called as the "Manila Provincial Road" and was subsequently upgraded into one of Metro Manila's major thoroughfare, renamed after President Manuel L. Quezon's Wife and Former First Lady, Aurora Quezon.
The road becomes the Marikina-Infanta Highway after crossing the Katipunan Avenue of the C-5. The portion of Marikina-Infanta Highway, a part of the Radial Road 6 is from the Katipunan Avenue up to the Sumulong Highway intersection, called as the "Masinag junction"; the segment is a main road in Pasig and the province of Rizal with 4-8 lanes depending on the location. The highway was alternatively called Marcos Highway; the Marikina-Infanta Highway from Sumulong Highway to Infanta, Quezon are no longer parts of R-6. C-3 Road C-5 Road Major Roads in Metro Manila Rizal Avenue MacArthur Highway
President Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard known Magsaysay Boulevard, is the principal artery of Santa Mesa in Manila, Philippines. It is a six-lane divided roadway that travels east-west from Gregorio Araneta Avenue near the city's border with Quezon City and San Juan to Lacson Avenue and the Nagtahan Interchange, close to the district of San Miguel; the entire length of the boulevard serves as the boundary between Sampaloc in the north and Santa Mesa in the south with the Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2 running along its median. East of Gregorio Araneta, the road continues as Aurora Boulevard while west of Lacson, it extends as Legarda Street via a flyover into San Miguel and Quiapo; the Manila Line 2 has two stations along Magsaysay, namely V. Mapa, it is served by the Santa Mesa railway station near the Polytechnic University of the Philippines campus on Hipodromo and Anonas Streets. The boulevard was named after the seventh president of Ramon Magsaysay, it was called Santa Mesa Boulevard.
Magsaysay Boulevard is an all-divided road that starts as a continuation of Legarda Street past A. H. Lacson Avenue; the Manila Line 2 follows wholly the length of the road, with two stations, built above. The road has numerous traffic light intersections and side streets throughout its length. Various major establishments, like the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sogo Grand Hotel, SM City Santa Mesa, lie around or near the road. Major roads in Manila
Expressways of the Philippines
This is a list of the expressways in the Philippines. Expressways in the Philippines are composed of 10 controlled-access highways that connect Metro Manila to provinces located in North and South Luzon. While not all expressways are interconnected, there is a plan to connect all of the expressways to form the Philippine expressway network. Expressways that are in Italic are ongoing projects. Balintawak Interchange is a two-level cloverleaf interchange in Quezon City, Metro Manila, the Philippines which serves as the junction between Epifanio de los Santos Avenue and the North Luzon Expressway. Magallanes Interchange is a four-level partial turbine interchange in Makati, Metro Manila, the Philippines, serving as the junction between the South Luzon Expressway and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue Sales Interchange known as the Nichols Interchange, is a hybrid interchange at the boundary of Pasay and Taguig in Metro Manila, the Philippines, it is composed of a lower partial cloverleaf interchange serving as the junction between the South Luzon Expressway and Andrews Avenue, an upper T-bone interchange serving as the junction between the Metro Manila Skyway and the NAIA Expressway.
Smart Connect Interchange known as the Mindanao Avenue Interchange and the North Luzon Expressway–Circumferential Road 5 Interchange, is a two-level cloverleaf interchange in Valenzuela, Metro Manila, the Philippines which serves as the junction between Circumferential Road 5 and the North Luzon Expressway. Built as part of the 2.7-kilometer NLEX–Mindanao Avenue Link segment extending the expressway to Mindanao Avenue, which has since been incorporated into the C-5 system, it is the Philippines' largest cloverleaf interchange in terms of land area. Most of the expressways implement tolls of the closed road and barrier toll systems. On expressways roads using closed road tolling, motorists first get a card or ticket at the entry point and surrender them upon exit. On expressways implementing barrier tolling, toll collection are done at toll plazas on a fixed rate; some expressways employ a hybrid system that includes both, like the North Luzon Expressway, which uses both barrier and closed road tolling.
Electronic toll collection are first implemented on the Skyway and South Luzon Expressway, using transponder technology branded E-Pass. ETC systems are implemented by some toll road operators, with inter-running support on other connected expressways. Toll plazas or toll gates have ETC lanes on the leftmost lanes or on "mixed" lanes, that allow cash collection, or both. Latest ETC systems use radio frequency identification technology over transponder technology for collection. Having differing ETC systems that are not supported on other roads, a plan for a unified ETC system are promoted for motorists' convenience; as of April 2011, the toll rates by expressway are as follows: Notes The Luzon Spine Expressway Network is a planned network of interconnecting expressways within the main island of Luzon. It is part of the Build! Build! Build! Infrastructure Plan of DuterteNomics. In addition to the following expressways: Tarlac–Pangasinan–La Union Expressway Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway Subic–Tipo Expressway North Luzon Expressway NLEx Harbor Link Metro Manila Skyway South Luzon Expressway Muntinlupa–Cavite Expressway Southern Tagalog Arterial Road Manila–Cavite Expressway NAIA Expressway New expressways will be built as well, such as: Cavite–Laguna Expressway North Luzon East Expressway NLEx Harbor Link Tarlac–Pangasinan–La Union Expressway extension Central Luzon Link Expressway Plaridel Bypass Road Phase II Southeast Metro Manila Expressway Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3 NLEx–SLEx Connector Road SLEx Toll Road 4 and SLEx Toll Road 5 Philippine expressway network List of toll roads
Cainta the Municipality of Cainta, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 322,128 people, it is one of the oldest municipalities in Luzon, has a land area of 4,299 hectares. Cainta serves as the secondary gateway to the rest of Rizal province from Metro Manila. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, Cainta is now part of Manila's conurbation, which reaches Cardona in its easternmost part, is therefore one of the most urbanized towns. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 322,128 people, making it the second most populous municipality in the Philippines, although there are efforts underway to convert it into a city, its total assets amounting to Php 3,988,392,142.17 makes it the richest municipality in the country. Cainta faces different challenges with its boundary disputes with Pasig and Antipolo Cainta is bounded on the north by Marikina City and Antipolo City but not bounded San Mateo, on the west by Pasig City, on the east and south by Taytay.
It lies in the Marikina Valley, is 10% rolling hills and 90% residential-industrial. It streams. Historians claim that Cainta's old geographical boundaries encompassed the mountain slopes of Montalban. Cainta is politically subdivided into seven barangays. In the mid 1990s, Cainta submitted a petition to the Rizal provincial government to consider a proposal for 18 additional barangays, to make a total of 25 barangays; the proposal is still pending. Legend has it that there was an old woman called "Jacinta", well known not only in her own native town but in the neighboring towns. In her youth, she was popular because of her great beauty and wealth. Although she was a member of a rich clan, she showed generosity of heart to the poor. Hence, she became much loved and respected. Jacinta grew to be an old maid because after her sweetheart got sick and died, she never fell in love with anyone else; when her parents died and she was left alone in the house, she continued her charity work. She gave alms to the long line of beggars who came to her, housed and took care of the orphans and children in the streets.
In her old age, she was still popular and was fondly called "Ka Inta". One Christmas Day, when the old and the young called on her to give their greetings, she was not by the window to welcome them. People wondered at her absence and shouted her name to call her attention but no one came to answer. Concerned, they discovered the dead body of "Ka Inta" lying on the floor. Beside her were the piles of Christmas gifts. People wide grieved over her death. In memory of her goodness and her generosity, her native town was named after her and was called "Cainta"; the Municipality's name may have come from the Sanskrit word “kāṇṭha”, which means a narrow place or constriction. It means ‘stem’ or ‘branch’ in Sanskrit literature, describing the forested tropical Wilderness which used to surround the area. During the period 1762-1764, during the various Anglo-Spanish Wars, 600 Sepoy troops arrived in the Philippines as part of the military expedition of the East India Company; when the British troops withdrew, many of the Sepoys refused to leave.
All had taken Filipina brides. The region in and around the town still has many Sepoy descendants. During the 18th century, there was robust trade between Manila and the Coromandel Coast of Bengal, involving Philippine exports of tobacco, cotton, indigo and coffee. Sepoy troops from Madras, British India arrived with the British expedition and occupation between 1762 and 1764 during the Seven Years' War; the Indians left a culinary legacy in the spicy and seasoned dishes that are now part of mainstream Cainta cuisine. Cainta became part of Tondo. Cainta became an independent town in 1760. Founded on November 30, 1571, Cainta was a fiercely independent village that fought valiantly against the Spaniards but was defeated and became a visita of Taytay in 1571 under the Jesuits. Changes in ecclesiastical administration made Cainta a part of Pasig under the Augustinians but it was deeded back to the Jesuits by the King of Spain in 1696. Cainta became a separate township in 1760. After the death of Rajah Matanda, Adelantado Miguel de Legaspi received word that two ships, San Juan and Espiritu Santo, had just arrived in Panay Island in the central Philippines from Mexico.
One ship was under the command of Don Diego de Legaspi, his nephew, the other of Juan Chacon. The two ships were in such disrepair when they arrived in Panay that one of them was not allowed to return to Mexico. Legaspi ordered; the Maestro de Campo was sent to Panay to oversee its transfer to Manila, with Juan de la Torre as captain. To help spread the faith, several Augustinian friars were commissioned by Spain and were among the ship's passengers. One of them was Father Alonso de Alvarado, in the armada of Villalobos. Another