click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Marina Tsvetaeva

Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva was a Russian and Soviet poet. Her work is considered among some of the greatest in twentieth century Russian literature, she lived through and wrote of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Moscow famine that followed it. In an attempt to save her daughter Irina from starvation, she placed her in a state orphanage in 1919, where she died of hunger. Tsvetaeva left Russia in 1922 and lived with her family in increasing poverty in Paris and Prague before returning to Moscow in 1939, her husband Sergei Efron and her daughter Ariadna Èfron were arrested on espionage charges in 1941. Tsvetaeva committed suicide in 1941; as a lyrical poet, her passion and daring linguistic experimentation mark her as a striking chronicler of her times and the depths of the human condition. Marina Tsvetaeva was born in Moscow, the daughter of Ivan Vladimirovich Tsvetaev, a professor of Fine Art at the University of Moscow, who founded the Alexander III Museum of Fine Arts. Tsvetaeva's mother, Maria Alexandrovna Mein, Ivan's second wife, was a concert pianist literate, with German and Polish ancestry.

Growing up in considerable material comfort, Tsvetaeva would come to identify herself with the Polish aristocracy. Tsvetaeva's two half-siblings and Andrei, were the children of Ivan's deceased first wife, Varvara Dmitrievna Ilovaiskaya, daughter of the historian Dmitry Ilovaisky. Tsvetaeva's only full sister, was born in 1894; the children quarrelled and violently. There was considerable tension between Tsvetaeva's mother and Varvara's children, Tsvetaeva's father maintained close contact with Varvara's family. Tsvetaeva's father was kind, but wrapped up in his studies and distant from his family, he was still in love with his first wife. Maria Tsvetaeva had had a love affair before her marriage. Maria Tsvetaeva disapproved of Marina's poetic inclination. In 1902 Tsvetaeva's mother contracted tuberculosis. A change in climate was believed to help cure the disease, so the family travelled abroad until shortly before her death in 1906, when Tsvetaeva was 14, they lived for a while near Genoa. There, away from the rigid constraints of a bourgeois Muscovite life, Tsvetaeva was able for the first time to run free, climb cliffs, vent her imagination in childhood games.

There were many Russian émigré revolutionaries residing at that time in Nervi, who may have had some influence on the young Tsvetaeva. In June 1904 Tsvetaeva was sent to school in Lausanne. Changes in the Tsvetaev residence led to several changes in school, during the course of her travels she acquired the Italian and German languages, she gave up the strict musical studies that her mother had turned to poetry. She wrote "With a mother like her, I had only one choice: to become a poet". In 1908, aged 16, Tsvetaeva studied literary history at the Sorbonne. During this time, a major revolutionary change was occurring within Russian poetry: the flowering of the Russian symbolist movement, this movement was to colour most of her work, it was not the theory, to attract her, but the poetry and the gravity which writers such as Andrei Bely and Alexander Blok were capable of generating. Her own first collection of poems, Vecherny Albom, self-published in 1910, promoted her considerable reputation as a poet.

It was well received, although her early poetry was held to be insipid compared to her work. It attracted the attention of the poet and critic Maximilian Voloshin, whom Tsvetaeva described after his death in A Living Word About a Living Man. Voloshin soon became her friend and mentor, she began spending time at Voloshin's home in the Black Sea resort of Koktebel, a well-known haven for writers and artists. She became enamoured of the work of Alexander Blok and Anna Akhmatova, although she never met Blok and did not meet Akhmatova until the 1940s. Describing the Koktebel community, the émigré Viktoria Schweitzer wrote: "Here inspiration was born." At Koktebel, Tsvetaeva met a 17-year-old cadet in the Officers' Academy. She was 19, he 18: they fell in love and were married in 1912, the same year as her father's project, the Alexander III Museum of Fine Arts, was ceremonially opened, an event attended by Tsar Nicholas II. Tsvetaeva's love for Efron was intense. At around the same time, she became involved in an affair with the poet Sophia Parnok, 7 years older than Tsvetaeva, an affair that caused her husband great grief.

The two women fell in love, the relationship profoundly affected both women's writings. She deals with the ambiguous and tempestuous nature of this relationship in a cycle of poems which at times she called The Girlfriend, at other times The Mistake. Tsvetaeva and her husband spent summers in the Crimea until the revolution, had two daughters: Ariadna, or Alya and Irina. In 1914, Efron volunteered for the front and by 1917 he was an officer stationed in Moscow with the 56th Reserve. Tsvetaeva was a close witness of the Russian Revolution. On trains, she came into contact with ordinary Russian people a

Ankhnyam Ragchaa

Ankhnyam Ragchaa, or Ragchaagyin Ankhnyam is a Mongolian actress. She became internationally well known for her role as Gasma in the 2015 Chinese drama Wolf Totem, directed by French director Jean-Jacques Annaud, she was awarded the Cultural Worker by the Government of Mongolia in 2012. Film Year Title Role Director 1999 Feeling Senses/ Совингийн Савдаг/ Sovingyn Savdag Suren N. Chingis, Mongolia 2000 Don’t Tell Anyone/ Хүнд битгий хэлээрэй /Khund Bitgy Kheleerei Sarnai N. Chingis, Mongolia 2000 Unknown Girl’s letter/ Танихгүй охины захидал /Tanihgui Ohiny Zahidal Aagy R. Altansukh, Mongolia 2001 Winter Sonata/ Өвлийн уянга /Uvliin Uyanga Bolor B. Tumen-Ulzii, Mongolia 2002 Wind Khan/ Салхины хаан /Salkhiny Khaan Burte Mario Sonat, Mongolia 2003 Siilenbuur/ Сийлэнбөөр Secretary O. Mashbat, Mongolia 2003 Mountain Iron/ Уулын төмөр /Uulyn Tumur Tsermaa O. Bat-Ulzii, Mongolia 2004 Forgive/ Уучил/ Uuchil Undrakh B. Tsogtbayar, Mongolia 2005 Genghis Khan/ Чингис хаан/ Chingis Khan Burte BBC, UK & Mongolia 2005 Last Cuckoo’s Song/ Сүүлчийн хөхөөн дуу/ Suulchyn Khukhuun Duu Tsermaa N.

Khishigbadrakh, Mongolia 2006 Order/ Тушаал/ Tushaal Khulan P. Delgerbayar, Mongolia 2006 Kiss/ Үнсэлт/ Unselt Sisi B. Badamragchaa, Mongolia 2007 Marry Me/ Надтай гэрлээч/ Nadtai Gerleech Witch S. Battulga, Mongolia 2007 Two Nights and Three Days/ Хоёр шөнө, гурван өдөр/ Khoyor Shunu, Gurvan Udur Saraa B. Amarsaikhan, Mongola 2008 Sky Wind/ Тэнгэрийн салхи/ Tengeryn Salkhi Saran Chen Li Ming, China 2009 Saddle with Spiral Pattern/ Угалз хээт эмээл/ Ugalz Kheet Emeel Gua Song Tao, China 2009 Gaadaa Meeren/ Гаадаа Мээрэн Mandarvaa Chen Jia Lin, China 2010 Sex Freedom/ Сэксийн эрх чөлөө/ Seksyn Erkh Chuluu Enerel J. Jam’yansuren, Mongolia 2011 Police Oath/ Цагдаагийн тангараг/ Tsagdaagyn Tangarag Major Oyun-Gerel B. Badamragchaa, Mongolia 2013 Dagula/ Дагула King’s Queen E Bu Si, China 2014 Wolf Totem/ Чонон сүлд Galsmaa Jean-Jacques Annaud, China 2016 The Remnant Boss Karmia Alutade, China 2016 When Love Returned in Spring/ Хайр эргэсэн хавар/ Khair Ergesen Khavar Selenge Ts. Ganseree, Mongolia 2016 Genghis’ Children/Чингисийн хүүхдүүд/ Chingisyn Khuukhduud Tsetseg D.

Zolbayar, Mongolia 2017 World with Cloud Patterns/ Үүлэн хээтэй орчлон/ Uulen Kheetei Orchlon Sugar G. Badamragchaa, Mongolia Television 2003 Dream Ship/ Мөрөөдлийн хөлөг онгоц/ Muruudlyn Khulug Ongots. Drama Khaliun J. Sengedorj, Mongolia 2010 Finding Love/ Хайрын эрэлд/ Khairyn Ereld. Drama Margad Ts. Ganseree, Mongolia

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L42

28S ribosomal protein L42, mitochondrial is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MRPL42 gene. Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes consist of a large 39S subunit, they have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ in sequence, sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology; this gene encodes a protein identified as belonging to both the 39S subunits. Further experiments will be needed to identify the specific subunit localization. Sequence analysis identified three transcript variants. Pseudogenes corresponding to this gene are found on chromosomes 4q, 6p, 6q, 7p, 15q

Portuguese cuisine

Despite being restricted to an Atlantic sustenance, Portuguese cuisine has many Mediterranean influences. Portuguese cuisine is famous for seafood, the Portuguese are among the nations that consume more fish in the world, per capita; the influence of Portugal's former colonial possessions is notable in the wide variety of spices used. These spices include piri piri, white pepper and black pepper, as well as cinnamon, paprika, allspice and saffron. Cinnamon and allspice is not only saved for desserts, unlike other European cuisines, it's added to plenty savoury Portuguese dishes. Paprika, piri piri, bay leaf, white pepper and cinnamon are the most common spices used in Portuguese cuisine. Olive oil is one of the bases of Portuguese cuisine, used both for cooking and flavouring meals, raw; this has led to a unique classification of olive oils in Portugal, depending on their acidity: 1,5 degrees is only for cooking with, anything lower than 1 degree is good for dousing over boiled fish and vegetables.

0.7, 0.5 or 0.3 degrees are for those who do not enjoy the taste of olive oil at all, or who wish to use it in, say, a mayonnaise or sauce where the taste is meant to be disguised. Garlic is used, as are herbs, such as bay leaf, oregano, thyme and parsley, being the most prevalent. In fact, Portugal is the only European country to use coriander as a fresh herb, in food and salads, it makes an indispensable ingredient in Açorda, a type of bread porridge, vastly appreciated in the Alentejo region. Homemade sweet and hot red pepper paste is commonly used in the dishes of the Azores, along with spices obtained through the spice trade, like allspice and clove, it is preferred to make food spicy on the island of São Miguel in the Azores using malagueta peppers known as piri-piri. Frying onions, red pepper paste, piri piri and tomato in olive oil are essential in many sauces. A Portuguese breakfast consists of fresh bread, with butter, cheese or jam, accompanied by coffee, tea or hot chocolate. A small espresso coffee is a popular beverage had during breakfast, enjoyed at home or at the many cafés in towns and cities throughout Portugal.

Sweet pastries are very popular, as well as breakfast cereal, mixed with milk or yogurt and fruit. Lunch lasting over an hour, is served between noon and 2 o'clock around 1 o'clock and dinner is served around 8 o'clock. There are three main courses, with lunch and dinner including a soup. A common Portuguese soup is caldo verde, which consists of a base of cooked pureed, potato and garlic, to which shredded collard greens are added. Chunks of chouriço are added as well, but may be omitted, thereby making the soup vegan. Among fish recipes, salted cod dishes are pervasive; the most typical desserts are arroz caramel custard. There is a wide variety of cheeses made from the milk of sheep, goats or cows; these cheeses can contain a mixture of different kinds of milk. The most famous are queijo da serra from the region of Serra da Estrela, Queijo São Jorge from the Portuguese island of São Jorge, Requeijão. A popular pastry is the pastel de nata, a small custard tart sprinkled with cinnamon. Portugal is a seafaring nation with a well-developed fishing industry and this is reflected in the amount of fish and seafood eaten.

The country has Europe's highest fish consumption per capita and is among the top four in the world for this indicator. Fish is served grilled, fried or deep-fried, roasted, or steamed. Foremost amongst these is bacalhau, the type of fish most consumed in Portugal, it is said. Cod is always used dried and salted, because the Portuguese fishing tradition in the North Atlantic developed before the invention of refrigeration—therefore it needs to be soaked in water or sometimes milk before cooking; the simpler fish dishes are flavoured with virgin olive oil and white wine vinegar. Portugal has been fishing and trading cod since the 15th century, this cod trade accounts for its widespread use in the cuisine. Other popular seafoods includes fresh sardines, squid, crabs and prawns, spiny lobster, many other crustaceans, such as barnacles, horse mackerel, sea bass, a great variety of other fish and shellfish, as well as molluscs, such as clams, oysters and scallops. Caldeirada is a stew consisting of a variety of fish and shellfish with potatoes, bell peppers, parsley and onions.

Sardines used to be preserved in brine for sale in rural areas. Sardine canneries developed all along the Portuguese coast. Ray fish is dried in the sun in Northern Portugal. Canned tuna is available in Continental Portugal. Tuna used to be plentiful in the waters of the Algarve, they were trapped in fixed nets when they passed the Portuguese southern coast to spawn in the Mediterranean, again when they returned to the Atlantic. Portuguese writer Raul Brandão, in his book Os Pescadores, describes how the tuna was hooked from the raised net into the boats, how the fishermen would amuse themselves riding the larger fish around the net. Fresh tuna, however, is eaten in Madeira and the Algarve where tuna

Lumière (EP)

Lumière is the debut release from Canadian metalcore band The Afterimage. The album was released on August 2015 in North America through Tragic Hero Records; the album was produced by Jordan Valeriote at Sundown Studios in Guelph, Ontario and is the band's first album release since their debut EP Formless in 2012. The band took on a different approach from their first EP including clean vocals that have a strong R&B and Pop influence fused in with the band's progressive metal sound. Vocalist Kyle Anderson had the following to say of the band’s new music, “We started as a project that showcased technicality and precision at the heavier end of the musical spectrum. Now we’re focused on creating the most captivating songs, with heavy passages used as one of a number of dynamics.”

Eoin Colfer

Eoin Colfer is an Irish author of children's books. He worked as a primary school teacher, he is best known for being the author of the Artemis Fowl series. In September 2008, Colfer was commissioned to write the sixth instalment of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series, entitled And Another Thing..., published in October 2009. In October 2016, in a contract with Marvel Comics, he released Iron Man: The Gauntlet, he served as Laureate na nÓg between 2014 and 2016. Eoin Colfer was born in Ireland, he attained worldwide recognition in 2001, when the first Artemis Fowl book was published and became a New York Times Best Seller, as did some sequels. Among his other popular works are Half Moon Investigations, The Wish List, The Supernaturalist, a series of Eoin Colfer's Legends. In January 2008, Colfer published a book titled another best-seller. To date, more than half of his books have reached the New York Times list at least once. 1. Benny and Omar 2. Benny and Babe Colfer contributed three volumes to this series of books by several writers, for young readers.

1. Going Potty 4. Ed's Funny Feet 7. Ed's Bed 1. Artemis Fowl 2. Artemis Fowl and the Arctic Incident 3. Artemis Fowl and the Eternity Code 4. Artemis Fowl and the Opal Deception 5. Artemis Fowl and the Lost Colony 6. Artemis Fowl and the Time Paradox 7. Artemis Fowl and the Atlantis Complex 8. Artemis Fowl and the Last Guardian 9; the Fowl Twins LEPrecon Artemis Fowl: The Seventh Dwarf The Artemis Fowl Files Artemis Fowl: The Graphic Novel Artemis Fowl and the Arctic Incident - The Graphic Novel Artemis Fowl and the Eternity Code - The Graphic Novel Artemis Fowl and the Opal Deception - Graphic NovelGraphic novels are planned for every book in the series. 1. The Supernaturalist Companion booksThe Supernaturalist: The Graphic Novel Legend of Spud Murphy Legend of Captain Crow’s Teeth Legend of the Worst Boy in the World 1. W. A. R. P; the Reluctant Assassin 2. W. A. R. P; the Hangman's Revolution 3. W. A. R. P; the Forever Man 1. Half Moon Investigations 2. Half Moon Investigations 2 The first five novels in the Hitchhiker's "trilogy" were written by Douglas Adams.

Adams' widow, Jane Belson, the literary agency that manages Adams' estate asked Colfer to write another book, as Adams had intended to add to the series, agreeing that the end to the fifth book was "very bleak". A fan of the series, Colfer called the opportunity "like being offered the superpower of your choice... For years I have been finishing this incredible story in my head and now I have the opportunity to do it in the real world... It is a gift from the gods. So, thank you Thor and Odin." 6. And Another Thing... 1. Plugged 2. Screwed Iron Man: The Gauntlet; the Wish List Click, chapter 3 Airman Highfire Imaginary Fred In 2015, it was announced that Eoin Colfer was working on an adult graphic novel called Illegal with Andrew Donkin and Giovanni Rigano, the team behind the Artemis Fowl Graphic Novels. In April 2014 principal photography began on a new Irish feature film Poison Pen, the first screenplay from Colfer; the film, a romantic comedy, was filmed on location in Ireland over the next three weeks by the participants on the Filmbase/Staffordshire University MSc in Digital Feature Film Production.

The film premiered at the 26th Galway Film Fleadh on 11 July 2014. The film is an eco friendly production. John Gormley, the former Green Party Minister, has been appointed as a Green Production Manager for the production, with a view to minimising the carbon footprint and environmental impact of the film. On 1 September 2015, Variety reported that Kenneth Branagh had been hired to direct Artemis Fowl for Disney, with Irish playwright Conor McPherson as screenwriter and Judy Hofflund as an executive producer. Colfer confirmed this in a video to Artemis Fowl Confidential, spoke with RTE Radio 1 about meeting Branagh several times to discuss this prior to the announcement. On 12 September 2017, Disney announced that the film adaptation will be released on 29 May 2020. Colfer wrote an extended monologue for the Wexford Arts Centre in 2015, before expanding the piece into a full play. My Real Life was performed across Ireland and the UK throughout 2016 and 2017, before coming to the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 2017.

It starred Don Wycherley as Noel O'Brien, dictating his final thoughts and regrets to a friend on an old cassette tape. The play received 4- and 5-star reviews from a variety of publications. Noel Official website Eoin Colfer at British Council: Literature Artemis Fowl Confidential, fan site with some biographical and bibliographical data Interview of Colfer and Review of Plugged by Ayo Onatade in SHOTS Crime & Thriller Ezine Eoin Colfer at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Eoin Colfer at Library of Congress Authorities, with 31 catalogue records