Coronel João Pessoa
Coronel João Pessoa is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Norte in the Northeast region of Brazil. List of municipalities in Rio Grande do Norte
New York Cosmos (1970–85)
The New York Cosmos was an American professional soccer club based in New York City and its suburbs. The team played home games in three stadiums around New York before moving in 1977 to Giants Stadium, East Rutherford, New Jersey, where it remained for the rest of its history. Founded in December 1970, the team competed in the North American Soccer League until 1984 and was the strongest franchise in that league, both competitively and financially – based around its backing by Warner Communications President Steve Ross, which enabled it to sign internationally famous stars such as the Brazilian forward Pelé, Italian striker Giorgio Chinaglia and the West German sweeper Franz Beckenbauer; the acquisition of these foreign players Pelé, made the Cosmos into what Gavin Newsham called "the most glamorous team in world football", contributed to the development of soccer across the United States, a country where it had been ignored. As the Cosmos declined following Pelé's retirement, so did the NASL.
Attendances fell, the league's television deal was lost, it folded in 1985 after playing its last season in 1984. The Cosmos attempted to continue operations in the Major Indoor Soccer League, but attendances were so low that the club withdrew without completing a season; the team attempted an independent schedule in 1985, but cancelled that because of low attendance. The Cosmos folded, though the team's youth camps continued to operate under the Cosmos name and label, run by the franchise's former general manager, G. Peppe Pinton; the Cosmos name remained well known after it stopped competing. Numerous attempts were made to revive it during the 1990s and 2000s, most notably as a Major League Soccer club. Seeking to retain the Cosmos' heritage, Pinton refused to sell the name and image rights, believing that MLS would not honor them. Following a change of attitude by MLS towards the NASL's legacy and the revival of several former NASL names, Pinton sold the rights to an international, English-based consortium in August 2009.
A new Cosmos team was announced in August 2010 by the group's honorary president, Pelé. The new team started play in the second-tier North American Soccer League during the fall 2013 season; the club was founded in December 1970 by Warner Communications executives Ahmet and Nesuhi Ertegun and company president Steve Ross. The team's first recruit was the Englishman Clive Toye, a former sports writer who had moved to the United States in 1967 to become general manager of the short-lived Baltimore Bays. Toye sought to convey the new team's ambitions within its name, reasoned that he could outdo the "Metropolitans" label referenced by the then-nine-year-old New York Mets baseball team by calling his team the "Cosmos", shortened from "Cosmopolitans". However, the owners preferred other names: the Erteguns wished to use the name suggested by Nesuhi, the "New York Blues". To ensure that his own chosen name was adopted, Toye staged a "name the team" contest, inviting supporters to write in with potential names.
Two NYC teachers, Meyer Diller and Al Capelli, from Martin Van Buren High School in Queens, entered the contest and submitted the name "Cosmos". The two physical education teachers had independently come up with the name "Cosmos", having used the templates of the "Mets" shortened from Metropolitan, the "Knicks", shortened from Knickerbockers; the two men were awarded a trip to Europe. The name was unveiled, February 4, 1971; the New York Cosmos entered the 1968-founded North American Soccer League in 1970 and made their field debut in the league's fourth season in 1971. The first roster signing of the club was Gordon Bradley, an English professional who had moved to North America in 1963 and played for the New York Generals in 1968, he was made player-coach, a position he would hold until 1975. Bradley's team finished second in its division in its first year, playing at Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees baseball team. Randy Horton, from Bermuda, was named the league's Rookie of the Year after scoring 16 goals and 37 points, the most by any New York player.
In 1972, the team moved to Hofstra Stadium where they won their first league title with a 2–1 victory over the St. Louis Stars. Horton was the league's top scorer and Most Valuable Player, with 9 goals and 22 points from the 14 regular-season games and two post-season matches; the Cosmos were knocked out at the semi-final stage. Bradley coached the United States national team for six games during 1973—picking himself in one, despite not being an American citizen—but lost them all. Before the 1974 season, the Cosmos moved again. In their first year at their new base, they finished bottom of their division. Horton top scored for the Cosmos in every season before he was traded in 1975 to the Washington Diplomats, it was during the 1975 season that the Cosmos acquired the Brazilian star Pelé, whom they had been attempting to sign since the team was created. Ross had not heard of him before getting involved in soccer, but agreed to finance the transfer when Toye compared the Brazilian's popularity to that of the Pope.
Pelé joined the Cosmos on June 10, 1975 on a salary of $1.4 million per year, an enormous wage for an athlete at that time. A number of contracts—only one of which mentioned soccer—were set up for Pelé to ensure that he paid the lowest amount of tax possible, including one as a "recording artist" with Warner subsidiary Atlantic Records. "We owned him lock and barrel," Toye retrospectively boasted. They
João Pessoa, Paraíba
João Pessoa is the capital of the state of Paraíba in Brazil. It was founded in 1585 and it is known as the city where the sun rises first, because it is the easternmost city in the Americas at 34° 47′ 38″ W, 7° 9′ 28″ S, its easternmost point is known. The city is referred as "the second greenest in the world", with more than 7 square kilometres of forested land, second only to Paris, though such claim seems to be just a publicity stunt from the mayor during Earth Summit, it is the state's largest city, with an estimated population of 801,718 of inhabitants. Its metropolitan area comprises eight other satellite cities; the new "Estação Ciência, Cultura e Artes", located at the most eastern point of the Americas, is both an educational and cultural institution as well as a national landmark. The complex, inaugurated in 2008, was created by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and is one of his last projects; the capital of Paraíba received in 2017 the title of creative city by UNESCO, placing João Pessoa, as "Brazilian city of handicrafts".
Besides the capital of Paraíba, just another city in Latin America, it has the same title, with the same category, Chordeleg, in Ecuador. The recognition of the capital João Pessoa, places it on the Brazilian tourist route for the richness of its popular art; this recognition had great influence, due to the mermaids project of Penha. João Pessoa is the third oldest city in Brazil. Named Frederikstadt by the Dutch and Parahyba by the Portuguese, the city was renamed after former governor of Paraíba state João Pessoa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque after his assassination in 1930. João Pessoa has a 20 kilometres beachfront. João Pessoa has many green areas distributed among its avenues and residential neighborhoods, which support its claim as "the second greenest city in the world" with more than 7 square kilometres of forested land, second only to Paris, it was considered thus in 1992 after a survey of urban centres in various countries carried out by the United Nations. João Pessoa has a tropical monsoon climate with warm temperatures all year long and strong rainfall in most of the months.
According to the IBGE of 2009, there were 801,718 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 45.72% White, 38.72% Pardo, 2.77% Black, 0.25% Asian or Amerindian. Source: IBGE 2000. Joao Pessoa is served by Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport; the João Pessoa Urban Trains System is operated by diesel components in only one railway line with a 30 km extension spanning 4 municipalities, João Pessoa, Cabedelo and Santa Rita, constituted by the Cabedelo / stretch, with 10 stations in operation, carrying around 10.1 thousand passengers per day. Composed of three locomotives and 17 passenger cars, forming two compositions that carry out 28 daily trips; the GDP for the city was R$14,841,805. The per capita income for the city was R$19,284. Hartford, United States. Boca Raton, United States. Pompano Beach, United States. In the crafts part, the city stands out for its creativity through the popular art, possessing some places to be visited. "CREATIVE SPACE BARN": The environment has an exhibition of pieces and works by more than 140 artisans and artists from Paraíba.
The work of these artists can be visited by the public, who can purchase the pieces. "THE PARAIBANIAN CRAFT MARKET": The building has more than 120 shops that sell the region's handicrafts. "JÚLIO RAFAEL CRAFTS CENTER": The place has 20 stores where are tradized handicraft products of different typologies, such as renaissance, colored cotton, weaving. "TAMBAÚ FAIRY": The place has a large walk area where the shows and artistic and culture activities take place. The Fair is one of the main leisure options for visitors and residents of the capital; the Fair, has 45 boxes where the artisans sell their products and boxes where they sell typical foods of the Northeast. "SERENE OF THE PENHA": The artisans who participate in the project produce biojóias with scales and fish leather. Pieces produced: biojoias, handbags, garments and bouquets. Raw material: Shells, copper wires, fishing net wires and fish scales; the Penha Serene, seeks to provide improvements in the quality of life of the families of those who participate.
The artisans have the talent to transform objects into true works of art. "HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE ARTIST": In the House of the Popular Artist the craftsmen explore the variety of the crafts paraibano. In addition, the site houses the Craft Curatorship and spaces destined to the commercialization of the artisanal products and gastronomy of Paraíba; the collection consists of more than 1000 pieces that represent the genuine crafts of Paraíba, in 09 types: clay, fibers, stones, leather, indigenous handicrafts and recycled material. The space promotes the effective integration of the artisan activity with the tourist activity, contributing to the preservation of the manual arts that bring traces of the history, beliefs and socio-cultural traditions of Paraíba. Picãozinho: It is one of the most important sights of the city. São Reef Formation, located about 1,500 meters from Tambaú beach, on the coast of João Pessoa. Natural Pools of S
Bangu Atlético Clube
Bangu Atlético Clube, or Bangu as they are called, is a Brazilian football club from Bangu district, Rio de Janeiro city in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on April 17, 1904. The club competed in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A several times, finishing as runner-up in 1985. Home stadium is the Moça Bonita stadium, capacity 15,000; the club has its origins in Fábrica Bangu, located in Rio de Janeiro. Some Britons that worked at the factory Thomas Donohoe, introduced football to the factory workers by bringing footballs to the place and organizing the first football match in Brazil. In December 1903, Andrew Procter suggested the foundation of a club, when he realized how enthusiastic his colleagues were for football; the club was founded on April 1904 as Bangu Atlético Clube. Bangu was the first football club in Brazil to feature black and mulatto players. In 1933, Bangu won its first state championship. In 1966, Bangu won its second state championship in a game played in the world's largest stadium filled with over 120.000 fans, over powerhouse Flamengo 3–0 in a game remembered by a big brawl caused by Flamengo's players, in which several players got ejected afterwards.
In 1967, Bangu, as the Houston Stars, represented the city of Houston in the United Soccer Association. The club finished with four victories, four draws and four defeats, but led the competition's attendance, with an average of 19,000 supporters per match. In 1985, Bangu was the runner-up of Campeonato Brasileiro, gaining the right to compete in the following year's Copa Libertadores. In 2004, Bangu was relegated to the Campeonato Carioca Second Level, returning to the first level in 2009, after winning the 2008, second level. International Soccer League: Winners: 1960 President's Cup: Winners: 1984 BTV Cup: Winners: 2015 Série A: Runners-up: 1985 Campeonato Carioca: Winners: 1933, 1966 Runners-up: 1951, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1985 Campeonato Carioca Série B: Winners: 1911, 1914, 2008 Runners-up: 2005 Bangu's stadium is Estádio Guilherme Da Silveira Filho, popularly known as Moça Bonita, built in 1947, with a maximum capacity of 15,000 people. Bangu's biggest rivals are América and Campo Grande.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Bangu's mascot is a beaver, known as castor in Portuguese. Castor de Andrade, a banker of Jogo do; the mascot was created in Castor de Andrade's era. Ademar Pimenta, 1935–1936, Brazilian World Cup coach 1938 Aymoré Moreira, 1949–1950, Brazilian World Cup coach 1962 Ondino Viera, 1950–1953, 1967, champion coach, e.g. with Vasco da Gama, Botafogo and in Uruguay und Argentina Tim, 1953–1956, 1959–1960, 1963–1964, 1980 Flávio Costa, 1970, Brazilian World Cup coach 1950 Dorival Knippel "Yustrich", 1978 Zizinho, 1980 Paulo César Carpegiani, 1986, Club World Cup winner with Flamengo Mário Zagallo, 1988, World Cup Winner as coach and Manager Moisés, 1983–85 Ladislau da Guia – 215 goals Moacir Bueno – 162 goals Nívio – 130 goals Menezes – 119 goals Zizinho – 115 goals Paulo Borges – 105 goals Arturzinho – 93 goals Marinho – 83 goals Luís Carlos – 81 goals Décio Esteves and Luisão – 71 goals Ubirajara Motta – 280 matches Ladislau da Guia – 256 matches Zózimo – 256 matches Serjão – 249 matches Nilton dos Santos – 232 matches Moacir Bueno – 231 matches Décio Esteves – 221 matches Gilmar – 221 matches Luisão – 220 matches Luiz Antônio da Guia – 216 matches https://web.archive.org/web/20150402131514/http://www.bangu-ac.com.br/jogadores.htm'back to Rio'.
RGSSA blog post contains image of'The Bangu Football Grounds: Central Railway', c. 1914 Official Site Unofficial Site
Defender (association football)
In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. There are four types of defenders: centre-back, full-back, wing-back; the centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations. A centre-back defends in the area directly in front of the goal, tries to prevent opposing players centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them. With the ball, centre-backs are expected to make long and pinpoint passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal. Due to the many skills centre-backs are required to possess in the modern game, many successful contemporary central-defensive partnerships have involved pairing a more physical defender with a defender, quicker, more comfortable in possession and capable of playing the ball out from the back.
During normal play, centre-backs are unlikely to score goals. However, when their team takes a corner kick or other set pieces, centre-backs may move forward to the opponents' penalty area. In this case, other defenders or midfielders will temporarily move into the centre-back positions; some centre-backs have been known for their direct free kicks and powerful shots from distance. Brazilian defenders David Luiz and Naldo have been known for using the cannonball free kick method, which relies more on power than placement. In the modern game, most teams employ three centre-backs in front of the goalkeeper; the 4–2–3–1, 4–3–3, 4–4–2 formations all use two centre-backs. There are two main defensive strategies used by centre-backs: the zonal defence, where each centre-back covers a specific area of the pitch; the sweeper is a more versatile centre-back who "sweeps up" the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line. This position is rather more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents.
Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as libero. Though sweepers may be expected to build counter-attacking moves, as such require better ball control and passing ability than typical centre-backs, their talents are confined to the defensive realm. For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only "roamed" around the back line; the more modern libero possesses the defensive qualities of the typical libero while being able to expose the opposition during counterattacks. The Fundell-libero has become more popular in recent time with the sweeper transitioning to the most advanced forward in an attack; this variation on the position requires great fitness. While seen in professional football, the position has been extensively used in lower leagues. Modern libero sit behind centre-backs as a sweeper before charging through the team to join in the attack; some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
If the sweeper does move up the field to distribute the ball, they will need to make a speedy recovery and run back into their position. In modern football, its usage has been restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position; the position is most believed to have been pioneered by Franz Beckenbauer, Gaetano Scirea, Elías Figueroa, although they were not the first players to play this position. Earlier proponents included Alexandru Apolzan, Ivano Blason, Velibor Vasović, Ján Popluhár. Other defenders who have been described as sweepers include Bobby Moore, Franco Baresi, Ronald Koeman, Fernando Hierro, Matthias Sammer, Aldair, due to their ball skills and long passing ability. Though it is used in modern football, it remains a respected and demanding position. A recent and successful use of the sweeper was made by Otto Rehhagel, Greece's manager, during UEFA Euro 2004. Rehhagel utilized Traianos Dellas as Greece's sweeper to great success, as Greece became European champions.
Although this position has become obsolete in modern football formations, due to the use of zonal marking and the offside trap, certain players such as Daniele De Rossi:, Leonardo Bonucci, Javi Martínez and David Luiz have played a similar role as a ball-playing central defender in a 3–5–2 or 3–4–3 formation. Some goalkeepers, who are comfortable leaving their goalmouth to intercept and clear through balls, who participate more in play, such as René Higuita, Manuel Neuer, Edwin van der Sar, Fabien Barthez, Hugo Lloris, among others, have been referred to as sweep
Fort Lauderdale Strikers (1977–83)
The Fort Lauderdale Strikers were an American soccer team, based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. They played in the North American Soccer League from 1977 to 1983, they played their home games at Lockhart Stadium. The franchise was founded as the Washington Darts in 1967 and moved to the Miami metropolitan area in 1972, where they were known as the Miami Gatos and the Miami Toros before moving to Fort Lauderdale. In addition to their time in the NASL outdoor league, the Strikers played two NASL indoor seasons in 1979–80 and 1980–81, competed in the 1983 NASL Grand Prix of Indoor Soccer tournament, they were owned by his wife Elizabeth Robbie. In 1984 they relocated to Minnesota as the Minnesota Strikers, their first game was an indoor exhibition match with their cross-state rival the Tampa Bay Rowdies on February 27, 1977 After the 1983 season, the Strikers were moved to Minnesota and became the Minnesota Strikers. That club survived the end of the NASL by joining the Major Indoor Soccer League in 1984, but did fold in 1988.
Ron Newman Cor van der Hart Eckhard Krautzun David Chadwick Fort Lauderdale Strikers competing in the NASL Fort Lauderdale Strikers Fort Lauderdale Strikers Fort Lauderdale Sun Division 2 team of the short-lived USL Miami Fusion Now defunct MLS team Miami Toros Minnesota Strikers Fort Lauderdale–Tampa Bay rivalry A page devoted to the history of the Fort Lauderdale Strikers A blog for Fort Lauderdale Striker fans