Mario Lemieux is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player. He played parts of 17 National Hockey League seasons with the Pittsburgh Penguins from 1984 to 2006, assuming ownership in 1999. Nicknamed "The Magnificent One" or Le Magnifique, he is acknowledged to have been one of the greatest players of all time. A gifted playmaker and fast skater despite his large size, Lemieux beat defencemen with fakes and dekes. Lemieux led Pittsburgh to consecutive Stanley Cup championships in 1991 and 1992. Under his ownership, the Penguins won additional titles in 2009, 2016, 2017, he is the only man to have his name on the Cup as an owner. He led Team Canada to an Olympic gold medal in 2002, a championship at the 2004 World Cup of Hockey, a Canada Cup in 1987, he won the Lester B. Pearson Award as the most outstanding player voted by the players four times, the Hart Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player during the regular season three times, the Art Ross Trophy as the league's points leader six times, the Conn Smythe Trophy as playoffs MVP in 1991 and 1992.
He is the only player to score one goal in each of the five possible situations in a single NHL game, a feat he accomplished in 1988. At the time of his retirement, he was the NHL's seventh-highest career points scorer with 690 goals and 1,033 assists, he ranks second in NHL history behind only Mike Bossy. Astonishingly, in Lemieux's entire career he played in 70 or more games in a season on only six occasions, he played in every game of the season on zero occasions. In 2004, he was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. Lemieux's career was plagued by health problems that limited him to 915 of a possible 1,428 regular season games, between the opening of the 1984–85 campaign and the final game of 2005–2006. Lemieux's NHL debut was on October 11, 1984, his final game took place on December 16, 2005, his numerous ailments included spinal disc herniation, Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic tendinitis of a hip-flexor muscle, chronic back pain so severe that other people had to tie his skates. He retired on two separate occasions due to these health issues, first in 1997 after battling lymphoma before returning in 2000, a second and final time in 2006 after being diagnosed with atrial fibrillation.
Lemieux missed the entire 1994–95 season due to Hodgkin's lymphoma. Despite his lengthy absences from the game, his play remained at a high level upon his return to the ice. In 1999, he bought the then-bankrupt Penguins and their top minor-league affiliate, the American Hockey League's Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins, is the team's principal owner and chairman; the Hockey Hall of Fame inducted Lemieux after his first retirement in 1997, waiving the normal three-year waiting period. Lemieux's impact on the NHL has been significant: Andrew Conte of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review called him the saviour of the Pittsburgh Penguins, after Lemieux's retirement, Wayne Gretzky commented that "You don't replace players like Mario Lemieux... The game will miss him." Bobby Orr called him "the most talented player I've seen." Orr, along with Bryan Trottier and numerous fans, speculated that if Lemieux had not suffered so many issues with his health, his on-ice achievements would have been much greater. In 2017, he was named one of the "100 Greatest NHL Players".
Lemieux was born in Montreal to Pierrette, a stay-at-home mom, Jean-Guy Lemieux, an engineer. He and his older brothers Alain and Richard grew up in a working class family in the Ville-Émard district. Mario began practicing hockey at age three in his basement, his father created a rink on the front lawn so that the boys could practice as much as possible, according to family legend, the family sometimes packed snow onto the living room carpet so the brothers could practice indoors when it was dark. The young Lemieux was a teammate to future NHLers Marc Bergevin and J. J. Daigneault, on the same minor ice hockey team from Ville-Émard. Lemieux and Daigneault played together with RJ Donnelly and Gail Swann in the 1977 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament, with Lemieux and Swann competing in the 1978 tournament. Lemieux started his career with the Laval Voisins of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League; when he was drafted at age 15, he declared. In his last game of the regular season, Lemieux needed three goals to tie Guy Lafleur's record of 130 goals.
Although he played in the 1983 World Junior Hockey Championships, Lemieux did not play for the Canadian Juniors in 1984 because he disliked how coach Dave King treated him in the previous tournament. He did not want to break up his junior season, he finished his QMJHL career with 562 points in three seasons. Before the 1984 NHL Entry Draft, Lemieux announced, he and his agent could not negotiate a contract. Because of this, when the Penguins called his name as the first overall draft pick, he did not shake general manager Edd
Chan Palace located next to Somdet Phra Naresuan the Great Army Camp, 3rd Army Division, Wang Chan Road, Nai Mueang Sub-district, Mueang Phitsanulok District, Phitsanulok Province of Thailand, is the location of the King Naresuan the Great shrine. In the past, it was the location of Phitsanulok Pittayakhom School; the Fine Arts Department has completed the restoration of the Chan Palace Phase 1. Maha Thammaracha I is the son of the 4th king of the royal dynasty. 1890 - 1904 he ascended the throne. Is the 6th king of the Pha Ruang dynasty. Phra Maha Thammaracha I ascended the throne of Sukhothai in Phitsanulok, and reigning Phitsanulok between 1905 - 1912 For 7 years, he built the Chan Palace on a mound on the west side of the Nan River and is presumed to have been the residence of the Thai King since the Sukhothai period to Ayutthaya. When King Borommatrailokanat, the King of Ayutthaya, moved the capital to Phitsanulok in 1463, his Highness used the palace as a residence throughout believed that there were additional constructions in his reign as well From the Chan Palace was the residence of the Great Viceroy of Ayutthaya in the periods until the reign of King Mahathammaracha, allowing King Naresuan to reside there did not appear to have infection.
Which royal family went to stay at Chan Palace again. After Chan Palace was deserted and no one was interested until evidence appeared in the archives; the distance to Phitsanulok of His Royal Highness Prince Narisara Nuwattiwong inspected Phitsanulok city government in 2444 B. E. please allow Khun Son Thepban build the Chan palace layout. His Majesty King Chulalongkorn sacrificed the gods on October 17, 2444 B. E.with the remains of a palace made of bricks above the ground, 2-3 cubits, with a fragment like a throne in the Narai Ratchaniwet in Lop Buri Province. Ruined a forest in the war. In 1932, Phitsanulok Pittayakhom School moved from the area of Wat Nang Phaya to the area of Chan Palace. Therefore, the area of building construction was adjusted respectively. In 1992, the school will construct a 4-story school building on the basketball court near the Bodhi tree. While construction workers digging holes for foundations, found the old brick remains, the Fine Arts Department has registered as a historic site.
On the 26th November 1993, with an area of 128 rai, 2 ngan, 50 square wah, according to the letter of the Ministry of Education, 07/4954 for the Fine Arts Department to renovate the Chan Palace as a historical monument. The school has to find a new place. In order to prepare for the third school transfer, to move to a new location. 2005 All Phitsanulok Pittayakhom School moved from Chan Palace to Kaeng Yai Area until completion. Began to demolish all the school buildings in the Chan Palace area, and improve the landscape for the restoration of the Chan Palace. Follow the footsteps of the southern Thai monarchs in the city of Phitsanulok ISBN 9747859629
The hammer-headed bat known as hammer-headed fruit bat and big-lipped bat, is a megabat distributed in equatorial Africa. This large bat is found in riverine forests, mangroves and palm forests at elevations less than 1,800 metres; the hammer-headed bat was described as a new species in 1861 by American scientist Harrison Allen. Allen placed the species into Hypsignathus; the holotype had been collected by French-American zoologist Paul Du Chaillu in Gabon. The genus name Hypsignathus comes from Ancient Greek "húpsos" meaning "high" and "gnáthos" meaning "jaw." T. S. Palmer speculated that Allen chose the name Hypsignathus to allude to the "deeply arched mouth" of the species; the species name "monstrosus" is Latin for "having the qualities of a monster."Initially, Allen identified the hammer-headed bat as a member of the subfamily Pteropodinae of the megabats. However, in 1997, it was more recognized as a member of the subfamily Epomophorinae. A 2011 study found that Hypsignathus was the most basal member of a clade of megabats that included the following genera: Epomops, Micropteropus and Nanonycteris.
Together, these genera form the tribe Epomophorini within Epomophorinae. Some taxonomists do not recognize Epomophorinae as a valid subfamily and include its taxa within Rousettinae. In this alternate taxonomy, however, it is still placed within the tribe Epomophorini with the same other four genera; the hammer-headed bat is the largest bat in Africa, with a wingspan of 68.6 to 97 cm and a total length of 195 to 285 mm. Males, ranging from 228 to 450 g, are larger than females, which range from 218 to 377 g. Pelage is grey-brown to slaty-brown with a whitish collar of fur extending from shoulder to shoulder; the flight membranes are brown and the ears are dark brown with a tuft of white fur at the base. The face is dark brown with a few stiff whiskers around the mouth; the skull may be diagnosed by specific dental features. The second premolar and molars are markedly lobed; this feature is specific for this genus, no other African fruit bats have this characteristic. There is extreme sexual dimorphism in this species.
The male possesses an enormous head for producing loud honking calls. The enlarged rostrum and lips allow these sounds to be resonant; the larynx fills out most of the thoracic cavity. It is nearly three times larger in males than females; the male has a hairless split chin and warty rostrum with wrinkled skin around it. Females have a much more fox-like appearance, similar to most fruit bats. Hammer-headed bats are frugivores. Figs make up much of their diet, but they may include mangos and guavas. There are some complications inherent in a fruit diet such as insufficient protein intake, it is suggested that fruit bats compensate for this by possessing a proportionally longer intestine compared to insectivorous species. This enhances their ability to absorb protein, they do have rapid digestive systems allowing these bats to assimilate high amounts of fruit to ensure that adequate protein is absorbed. It is suggested that by eating a wide variety of fruits with varying protein contents, fruit bats are able to maintain an frugivorous diet.
In 1968, however, it was claimed that Hypsignathus ate tethered chickens. Fruit is picked and taken to a nearby tree where it is chewed, the juice squeezed out and the pulp discarded. Since they do not consume the pulp, these bats are not considered to be good seed distributors. Males may forage long distances to locate the highest quality food. Females rely on established feeding routes; this may reflect different metabolic requirements based on body size differences. Large bats experience difficulties with overheating during flight; the limited thermoregulatory capabilities of flying bats appears to be one factor associated with why flight activity occurs during cooler nocturnal temperatures. It has been found that hammer-headed bats are able to tolerate higher ambient temperatures during flight than other bats; this ability is associated with this bat's high thermal conductance, defined as the total heat loss less the heat loss due to evaporation divided by body temperature less the ambient temperature.
However, they are sensitive to ambient temperatures below 11 °C and a decrease in flight coordination is seen. Due to the large surface area of the wing, convective heat loss to cool air may be significant enough to chill flight muscles preventing the precise coordination essential for flight; these bats are nocturnal. They rely on camouflage to hide them from predators. Specific species of trees are not selected for roosting, however some roosts may be used for long periods of time. Roosts are 20–30 metres from the ground; the main predators of this species are nocturnal and diurnal birds of prey. However, infection by parasites is the most significant problem for the hammer-headed bat. Adults are infected with mites and the hepatoparasite, Hepatocystis carpenteri. Little is known about reproduction in hammer-headed bats. In some populations breeding is thought to take place semi-annually during the dry seasons; the timing of the dry season varies depending on the locality, but in general there are two breeding seasons, one from June to August and the other from December to February.
However, in other populations, breeding is not restricted