William C. deMille
William Churchill DeMille was an American screenwriter and film director from the silent film era through the early 1930s. He was a noted playwright prior to moving into film. Once he was established in film he specialized in adapting Broadway plays into silent films. De Mille was born in Washington, North Carolina, to Henry Churchill de Mille, an actor and playwright from North Carolina, Matilda Beatrice Samuel, a play and screenwriter, her father was a Christian whilst his mother was born to a Sephardic Jewish family in Liverpool but converted to her husband's faith. William was the elder brother of Cecil B. DeMille, who altered the capitalization of his last name when he went to Hollywood, claiming that it fit better on marquees. William received a bachelor's degree from Columbia University followed by graduate studies at the Academy of Dramatic Arts, at schools in Germany, a second stint at Columbia studying under Brander Matthews. In 1903 he married the daughter of notable economist Henry George.
Anna and William had two children, Agnes de Mille – named after a younger sister who died in childhood – who became a noted choreographer and Peggy George, who became an actress. Professionally, their life was stable. In 1905 he became successful Broadway playwright, following its development in 1904. William had nine plays he wrote or co-wrote – one of them with Cecil – produced on Broadway between 1905 and 1913, another two productions mounted in 1929 and 1936, the latter of which he produced and directed as well, his first play, Strongheart was released as a movie by his brother as Braveheart. Two of William's works, The Warrens of Virginia and The Woman were produced by the flamboyant impresario David Belasco; the former featured future film star Mary Pickford and Cecil, both struggling actors playing minor roles. He wrote a number of vaudeville sketches including In 1999, Poor Old Jim, The Squealer, The Martyrs, The Deceivers. Cecil moved to Hollywood, William followed, his directorial debut was The Only Son.
William C. deMille and Anna Angela George divorced in 1927. One of the writers of Miss Lulu Bett was Clara Beranger, whom deMille married in 1929. At about this time, he met Lorna Moon, an established New York author from Scotland, who wrote sophisticated Hollywood comedies. In 1998, Richard de Mille, who had grown up in Cecil's household, revealed in the memoir My Secret Mother, Lorna Moon that William C. deMille was his father and screenwriter Moon his biological mother. Richard had been adopted by Constance DeMille to avoid a family scandal. In addition to his filmmaking fame, William deMille was an early member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. With Douglas Fairbanks, he co-hosted the 1st Academy Awards in 1929, he hosted the 2nd Academy Awards the following year, he served as President of the Academy briefly. DeMille helped found the USC Film School in 1929, after his East Coast theatrical career failed to revive in the early 1930s, he was active on the faculty there until his death.
DeMille died on March 1955 in Playa del Rey, California. He was interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Hollywood Saga. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton. 1939. P. 319. OCLC 1353346. William C. deMille at the Internet Broadway Database William C. deMille on IMDb William deMille profile, silentgents.com William C. deMille profile, Virtual-History.com Works by William C. deMille at LibriVox
On the Level (1917 film)
On the Level is a lost 1917 American silent Western film directed by George Melford and written by Marion Fairfax and Charles Kenyon. The film stars Fannie Ward, Jack Dean, Harrison Ford, Lottie Pickford, James Cruze, Jim Mason; the film was released on September 10, 1917, by Paramount Pictures. As described in a film magazine, the only daughter of a sheep rancher, is kidnapped by Sontag, who shoots her father and drives off the sheep, she is compelled to dance nightly in Sontag's saloon. There she meets Joe Blanchard, a derelict from the east who plays the piano in order to secure enough dope to satisfy his craving. Sontag, fearing that one of his confederates has double crossed him and told about his opium smuggling operations, kills the man and places the blame on Joe. Merlin helps Joe escape, they take up a ranch where Joe overcomes his desire for drugs. Joe's mother and fiancee pay a visit and Mrs. Chapman tries to buy off Merlin and have Joe return east. Merlin returns to Sontag's dance hall, Joe follows, convinced that she no longer loves him.
Merlin is about to end her own life when Joe and Sontag arrive. In the tussle that follows, Sontag is killed and Joe realizes that Merlin loves him. Fannie Ward as Merlin Warner Jack Dean as Pete Sontag Harrison Ford as Joe Blanchard Lottie Pickford as Eleanore Duke James Cruze as Ozmun Jim Mason as Pike James Neill as Warner Edythe Chapman as Joe Blanchard's Mother Jane Wolfe as Sontag's Wife Henry Woodward as Judge Wilton Like many American films of the time, On the Level was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards; the Chicago Board of Censors required a cut of the scene of a roulette wheel, man shooting girl's father, the intertitle "A little this side of hell", all tough dance scenes, tough dancing, two views of roulette wheel, flash first dead body scene and cut two others, flash scene of dragging body across floor, body in wheel barrow, three intertitles "I'm going to town, I'd rather die with morphine than without it", "You didn't say anything to your mother about me?", "I understand", two tough dancing scenes, all scenes of selling liquor to sailor, two scenes of drinking at table in background, girl on table with arms above man's neck.
On the Level on IMDb
Old Loves and New
Old Loves and New is a 1926 American silent drama film directed by Maurice Tourneur, one of his final American films. The romance and adventure story has the virtuous Lord Carew and the good-for-nothing Lord Geradine competing for the attentions of the virtuous Marny and the good-for-nothing Lady Carew, all set in the exotic desert sands of Algeria; the setting and story are typical of the desert-romance genre novelist Edith Maude Hull invented and specialized in. This film is now lost. Lewis Stone as Gervas / Lord Carew Barbara Bedford as Marny / Lady Carew Walter Pidgeon as Clyde / Lord Geradine Katherine MacDonald as Elinor Carew / Lady Geraldine Tully Marshall as Hosein Ann Rork as Kitty Albert Conti as Dr. Chalmers Jackie Hoff as Little Boy Old Loves and New on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Turner Classic Movies page Still with Barbara Bedford at gettyimages.com
The Valley of the Giants (1919 film)
Valley of the Giants is a 1919 American silent romantic drama film directed by James Cruze and starring Wallace Reid and Grace Darmond. Based on Peter B. Kyne's popular 1918 novel of the same name, the film produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed through Paramount Pictures. Wallace Reid as Bryce Cardigan Grace Darmond as Shirley Sumner William Brunton as Buck Ogilvy Charles Ogle as Cardigan Ralph Lewis as Col. Pennington Alice Terry as Mrs. Cardigan Kay Laurell as Moira McTavish Jack Hoxie as Jules Rondeau Noah Beery as Black Minorca Guy Oliver as George Sea Otter William H. Brown as Judge Moore Richard Cummings as McTavish Virginia Foltz as Marcelle Ogden Crane as Mayor Poundstone Lillian Mason as Mrs. Poundstone The film was shot on locations in Humboldt County, California; this film was presumed lost for 90 years until 2010 when a print was returned to the United States from Russia's Gosfilmofond archive. Flash titles or Russian language intertitles are in the process of being restored back into English by the Library of Congress.
The Valley of the Giants on IMDb The Valley of the Giants at AllMovie Period advertisement of the film.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. It is the center of the Greater Richmond Region. Richmond was incorporated in 1742 and has been an independent city since 1871; as of the 2010 census, the city's population was 204,214. The Richmond Metropolitan Area has a population of 1,260,029, the third-most populous metro in the state. Richmond is located at the fall line of the James River, 44 miles west of Williamsburg, 66 miles east of Charlottesville, 100 miles east of Lynchburg and 90 miles south of Washington, D. C. Surrounded by Henrico and Chesterfield counties, the city is located at the intersections of Interstate 95 and Interstate 64, encircled by Interstate 295, Virginia State Route 150 and Virginia State Route 288. Major suburbs include Midlothian to the southwest, Chesterfield to the south, Varina to the southeast, Sandston to the east, Glen Allen to the north and west, Short Pump to the west and Mechanicsville to the northeast; the site of Richmond had been an important village of the Powhatan Confederacy, was settled by English colonists from Jamestown in 1609, in 1610–1611.
The present city of Richmond was founded in 1737. It became Dominion of Virginia in 1780, replacing Williamsburg. During the Revolutionary War period, several notable events occurred in the city, including Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775 at St. John's Church, the passage of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom written by Thomas Jefferson. During the American Civil War, Richmond served as the second and permanent capital of the Confederate States of America; the city entered the 20th century with one of the world's first successful electric streetcar systems. The Jackson Ward neighborhood is a national hub of African-American culture. Richmond's economy is driven by law and government, with federal and local governmental agencies, as well as notable legal and banking firms, located in the downtown area; the city is home to both the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, one of 13 United States courts of appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, one of 12 Federal Reserve Banks.
Dominion Energy and WestRock, Fortune 500 companies, are headquartered in the city, with others in the metropolitan area. After the first permanent English-speaking settlement was established in April 1607, at Jamestown, Captain Christopher Newport led explorers northwest up the James River, to an area, inhabited by Powhatan Native Americans; the earliest European settlement in the Central Virginia area was in 1611 at Henricus, where the Falling Creek empties into the James River. In 1619, early Virginia Company settlers struggling to establish viable moneymaking industries established the Falling Creek Ironworks. After decades of territorial conflicts with native tribes, the Falls of the James became more to white settlement in the late 1600s and early 1700s. In 1737, planter William Byrd II commissioned Major William Mayo to lay out the original town grid. Byrd named the city "Richmond" after the English town of Richmond near London, because the view of the James River was strikingly similar to the view of the River Thames from Richmond Hill in England, where he had spent time during his youth.
The settlement was laid out in April 1737, was incorporated as a town in 1742. In 1775, Patrick Henry delivered his famous "Give me Liberty or Give me Death" speech in St. John's Church in Richmond, crucial for deciding Virginia's participation in the First Continental Congress and setting the course for revolution and independence. On April 18, 1780, the state capital was moved from the colonial capital of Williamsburg to Richmond, to provide a more centralized location for Virginia's increasing westerly population, as well as to isolate the capital from British attack; the latter motive proved to be in vain, in 1781, under the command of Benedict Arnold, Richmond was burned by British troops, causing Governor Thomas Jefferson to flee as the Virginia militia, led by Sampson Mathews, defended the city. Richmond recovered from the war, by 1782 was once again a thriving city. In 1786, the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom was passed at the temporary capitol in Richmond, providing the basis for the separation of church and state, a key element in the development of the freedom of religion in the United States.
A permanent home for the new government, the Greek Revival style of the Virginia State Capitol building, was designed by Thomas Jefferson with the assistance of Charles-Louis Clérisseau, was completed in 1788. After the American Revolutionary War, Richmond emerged as an important industrial center. To facilitate the transfer of cargo from the flat-bottomed James River bateaux above the fall line to the ocean-faring ships below, an enterprising George Washington helped design the James River and Kanawha Canal from Westham east to Richmond, in the 18th century to bypass Richmond's rapids on the upper James River with the intent of providing a water route across the Appalachian Mountains to the Kanawha River flowing westward into the Ohio eventually to the Mississippi River; the legacy of the canal boatmen is represented by the figure in the center of the city flag. As a result of this and ample access to hydropower due to the falls, Richmond became home to some of the largest manufacturing facilities in the country, including iron works and flour mills, the largest facilities of their kind in The South.
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The Roaring Road
The Roaring Road is a 1919 American silent action romance film produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It is taken from the short stories by Byron Morgan; this film was so successful that it spawned a sequel, Excuse My Dust, from stories by the same author. This film is available on DVD from online sources; as described in a film magazine, "Toodles" Walden, an automobile salesman who works for a sporty old automobile distributor J. D. Ward, has racing ambitions and is in love with Ward's daughter Dorothy; the old man does not propose to give her up for five years and overreaches in an attempt to stimulate the young man with feigned complaints. They part company. Toodles assembles one complete car with the aid of his mechanic. With this car Toodles wins an important race holds up Ward for an increase in pay. There are just a few days left for a record to be broken between Los Angeles and San Francisco, after Toodles is arrested for speeding, Ward has him released as part of his plot to break this record.
Ward kidnaps his own daughter, Toodles comes to the rescue and breaks the record, wins Dorothy. Wallace Reid - Walter Thomas "Toodles" Waldron Ann Little - Dorothy Ward, the cub Theodore Roberts - J. D. Ward, the bear Guy Oliver - Tom Darby Clarence Geldart - Fred WheelerLarry Steers and Teddy Tetzlaff appear uncredited; the House That Shadows Built The Roaring Road on IMDb The Roaring Road is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Roaring Road.
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were