Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia and comprises the countries of Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines and East Timor. Maritime Southeast Asia is sometimes referred to as Island Southeast Asia, Insular Southeast Asia or Oceanic Southeast Asia; the 16th-century term "East Indies" and the 19th-century term "Malay Archipelago" are used to refer to maritime Southeast Asia. In Indonesia and Malaysia, the Old Javanese term "Nusantara" is sometimes used as a synonym for Maritime Southeast Asia; the term, has shifting boundaries. It only encompasses the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands and Western New Guinea. Stretching for several thousand kilometres, the area features a large number of islands and boasts some of the richest marine and fauna biodiversity on Earth; the main demographic difference that sets Maritime Southeast Asia apart from mainland Southeast Asia is that its population predominantly belongs to Austronesian groups. The region contains some of the world's most urbanized areas: Greater Jakarta, Metro Manila, Greater Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.
The land and sea area of Maritime Southeast Asia exceeds 2 million km2. These are more than 25,000 islands of the area; the major groupings are: Indonesia Sunda Islands Greater Sunda Islands included North Malaysia and Brunei Lesser Sunda Islands included East Timor Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia included Singapore Philippines Visayan Islands Sulu Archipelago New Guinea and surrounding islands The seven largest islands and capes are New Guinea, Sumatra and Java in Indonesia and North Malaysia. In the natural sciences, the region is sometimes known as the Maritime Continent. Geologically, the archipelago is one of the most active volcanic regions in the world. Producing many volcanoes in Java and Lesser Sunda Islands region where most volcanoes over 3,000 m situated. Tectonic uplifts produced large mountains, including the highest in Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, with a height of 4,095.2 m and Puncak Jaya on Papua, Indonesia at 4,884 m. Other high mountains in the archipelago include Puncak Mandala, Indonesia at 4,760 m and Puncak Trikora, Indonesia, at 4,750 m.
The climate throughout the archipelago is tropical, owing to its position on the equator. As of 2017, there were over 540 million people live in the region, with the most populated island being Java; the people living there are predominantly from Austronesian subgroupings and correspondingly speak western Malayo-Polynesian languages. This region of Southeast Asia shares social and cultural ties with both the peoples of mainland Southeast Asia and with other Austronesian peoples in the Pacific. Islam is the predominant religion, with Christianity being the dominant religion in the Philippines and East Timor. Buddhism and traditional Animism are practiced among large populations; the region has been referred to as part of Greater India, as seen in Coedes' Indianized States of Southeast Asia, which refers to it as "Island Southeast Asia". Historians have emphasized the maritime connectivity of the Southeast Asian region whereby it can be analyzed as a single cultural and economic unit, as has been done with the Mediterranean basin.
This region stretches from the Yangtze delta in China down to the Malay Peninsula, including the South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand and Java Sea. The region was dominated by the thalassocratic cultures of the Austronesian peoples; the first true maritime trade network in the Indian Ocean was by the Austronesian peoples of Island Southeast Asia, who built the first ocean-going ships. They established trade routes with Southern India and Sri Lanka as early as 1500 BC, ushering an exchange of material culture and cultigens. Indonesians, in particular were trading in spices with East Africa using catamaran and outrigger boats and sailing with the help of the Westerlies in the Indian Ocean; this trade network expanded to reach as far as Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, resulting in the Austronesian colonization of Madagascar by the first half of the first millennium AD. It continued up to historic times; the ancient Austronesian trade networks was used by the first Chinese trading fleets of the Song Dynasty at around 900 AD.
It led to a renewed flourishing of trade between China and Southeast Asia, now known as the Maritime Silk Road. Demand for Southeast Asian products and trade was driven by the increase in China’s population in this era, whereby it doubled from 75 to 150 million. Trade with China ceased, it was restored during the Ming Dynasty from the 14th to 16th centuries. The naval expeditions of Zheng He between 1405 and 1431 played a critical role in opening up of China to increased trade with Southeast Asian polities. Chinese trade was controlled by the Imperial Court, but the Hokkien diaspora facilitated informal trade and cultural exchange with Southeast Asia, settling among Southeast Asian polities during
Joseph Wilde is a British playwright and dramatist. In 2011, his debut play. Cuddles was staged at Ovalhouse in May 2013, directed by Rebecca Atkinson-Lord; the production was nominated for multiple Off-Westend Awards and subsequently toured the UK before transferring to 59E59 Theatres in Manhattan in 2015 where it was awarded a New York Times Critic's Pick and named as one of the best theater shows of 2015 by both the New York Times and the New York Post. In 2016, the production was nominated for two Manchester Theatre Awards for Best Production and Best Performance. Actress Carla Langley won Best Performance for her role as Eve in the production, his first radio play The Loving Ballad of Captain Bateman won the 2014 Imison Award for UK radio drama writing. Since 2013, Wilde has written for long running BBC Drama series Doctors. In May 2016 Nicole Kidman and her production company Blossom Films announced that she had optioned the rights to "Cuddles" and that Wilde would be adapting the play for screen.
One of Wilde's early plays, Last of the Pigs, was inspired by his home town's fight against a planned Tesco store. Supported by Hightide Festival, it documented the contrasting motivations of different generations - 20 somethings struggling in austerity Britain, who wanted jobs, their parents' interest in maintaining a traditional town; the play became associated with the local council's decision to block the Tesco development in 2013. Local journalists speculated Wilde's writings may have affected Tesco's sales
The 2003 Montreal Alouettes finished in first place in the East Division with a 13–5 record. For the second year in a row they defeated the Toronto Argonauts in the East Final, advancing to face Edmonton for the second Grey Cup in a row; the Eskimos got their revenge. Anthony Calvillo – Quarterback Jermaine Copeland – Slotback Uzooma Okeke – Offensive Tackle Scott Flory – Offensive Guard Bryan Chiu – Centre Anthony Calvillo – Quarterback Ben Cahoon – Slotback Jermaine Copeland – Slotback Kwame Cavil – Wide Receiver Neal Fort – Offensive Tackle Uzooma Okeke – Offensive Tackle Scott Flory – Offensive Guard Bryan Chiu – Centre Anwar Stewart – Defensive End Ed Philion – Defensive Tackle Kevin Johnson – Linebacker Tim Strickland – Linebacker Barron Miles – Defensive Back