Basketball at the 1980 Summer Olympics
Basketball at the 1980 Summer Olympics was held from July 20 to July 30 at the Olympiiski Indoor Stadium and at the CSKA Sports Palace, both located in Moscow. Due to the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics, the United States and other nations withdrew from the tournament; the 1980 Olympics marked the second time that the United States men's team did not win the gold medal in Olympic basketball. An NOC may enter up to one men's team with 12 players and up to one women's team with 12 players. Automatic qualifications were granted to the host country for both events, plus the winning team at the 1978 FIBA World Championship and the Olympic champions; the remaining spots were decided by corresponding continental qualifying tournaments for the men's competition, in a tournament held months before the Olympic Games in Varna, Bulgaria for the women's event. A Withdrew from the tournament. B Replacement teams. Men's tournament: Three round-robin groups of four teams were formed, where the top two from each one advanced to the final round, the remaining teams to the classification round.
Both the final and classification round groups consisted of another round-robin of six teams each where results between teams from the same preliminary group were carried over. The top two teams from the final round competed for the gold medal, while third and fourth places for bronze. With the exception of the first four places, the final standings were decided by the corresponding places in each group. Women's tournament: One round-robin group is formed containing all six teams, where the top two compete for the gold medal, while the third and fourth places compete for the bronze medal in an additional match; the remaining two teams finish with their group rank in the final standings. Tie-breaking criteria: Head to head results Goal average between the tied teams Goal average of the tied teams for all teams in its group The top two teams from each group advance to the final round group, while the remaining teams compete for 8th through 12th places in the classification group. Hosts Soviet Union and the world champions Yugoslavia advanced undefeated to the final round.
Meanwhile, qualification in Group C was contested between Italy and Australia, which ended up being decided by a third tiebreaker in favor of the first two teams. Results between Poland vs. Senegal, Australia vs. Sweden and Czechoslovakia vs. India were carried over from the preliminary round; the first two places in the preliminary group compete for the gold medal, while the third and fourth places compete for the bronze. The remaining teams' group ranking determines their positions in the final standings; the host nation failed to compete for the gold in spite of finishing the preliminary round undefeated, due to losses against the other two group leaders Yugoslavia and Italy, since the result from that match served as tiebreaker, giving the latter a passport to the gold medal match. The Soviet Union won the bronze against Spain. Yugoslavia earned their only gold medal in men's basketball at this Olympic Games. Results from Yugoslavia vs. Spain, Italy vs. Cuba and Soviet Union vs. Brazil were carried over from the preliminary round.
Bronze Medal Gold Medal The women's tournament was decided in a round robin group with all six teams. The first two places competed for the gold medal, while the fourth places for the bronze; the remaining teams retain their group ranks for the final standings. The host nation finished the group phase won the gold against Bulgaria. Yugoslavia would go on to win the bronze medal against Hungary. Bronze Medal Gold Medal 1980 Olympic Games: Tournament for Men, FIBA Archive. 1980 Olympic Games: Tournament for Women, FIBA Archive. Women Basketball Olympic Games Moskva 1980 – 20–30.07 todor66.com. Men Basketball Olympic Games Moscow 1980 – 20–30.07 todor66.com
The Chandler Arena is an indoor sports venue, located in the suburb of Chandler in Brisbane, Queensland. It has seating capacity for 2,700, hosts netball, indoor soccer and volleyball; the Sleeman Sports Complex, of which the Chandler Arena is a part, was purpose built for the 1982 Commonwealth Games which were staged in Brisbane. Since the centre has hosted a range of sporting events including the 1994 World Masters Games and the 2001 Goodwill Games swimming and cycling events; the Sleeman Complex, which includes the Chandler Arena, the Chandler Aquatic Centre, the Chandler Velodrome, was named after the past Brisbane Lord Mayors, Sir John Beals Chandler and Frank Sleeman. Chandler arena was the one time home of the Brisbane Bullets of the National Basketball League between 1984 and 1986 before the team moved into the 13,500 capacity, state of the art Brisbane Entertainment Centre early in the 1986 NBL season; the Bullets won their first NBL Championship at Chandler Arena defeating the Adelaide 36ers 121-95 on September 7, 1985 in the last NBL Grand Final to be played as a single game.
This turned out to be the only one of the Bullets three NBL championships, won in Brisbane and the only one won at the Chandler Arena. Chandler Arena was the home of the Queensland Firebirds in the Commonwealth Bank Trophy netball series between 1997 and 2008 before the series became the ANZ Championship and the team moved to the larger Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre
National Basketball League (New Zealand)
The National Basketball League is the pre-eminent semi-professional men's basketball league in New Zealand. Nine teams will compete in the 2019 season, with teams based in Auckland, Invercargill, Nelson, New Plymouth, Palmerston North and Wellington, as well as for the first time in league history, an Australian team based in Tasmania. Despite financial woes forcing a number of teams over the past decade to fold, the quality of play in the league continues to improve, evidenced by more New Zealand players going on to play in the Australian National Basketball League and college basketball in the United States; some have gone on further to make the NBA, such as Kirk Penney and Steven Adams. The league has a limit of three imports per team with many of the imports coming from the United States; the league only allows one naturalised New Zealand player per team. In the league's early days, Auckland and Canterbury dominated the competition. By the mid-1990s, Auckland and Nelson were the teams to beat, with New Zealand basketball legends Pero Cameron and Phill Jones dominating during this era for Auckland and Nelson, respectively.
Auckland and Waikato dominated during the 2000s, but with Auckland's departure following the 2012 season, the door was left open for Wellington and Southland to fill the void of the league's premier teams. Through the 1970s, basketball games in New Zealand were organised between neighbouring representative teams, or in annual tournaments organised as club or provincial national tournaments. Other competitions were held during Easter tournaments or in small regional leagues; the Countrywide Basketball League began in 1982 in response to a need for consistent and quality competition on a semi-professional basis, to match the structure and improvements occurring in Australia. Tall Blacks such as Stan Hill, Dave Edmonds, Glen Denham, Byron Vaetoe, Peter Pokai and Tony Smith were important cogs during the early years of the competition. However, Americans dominated the league during the 1980s. Imported players like Clyde Huntley, Angelo Hill, Frank Smith, Kerry Boagni, Willie Burton, Ronnie Joyner, Benny Anthony and Tony Brown, Kenny McFadden added a level of sophistication and style to the Kiwi basketball scene.
The big city teams such as Auckland and Wellington dominated in the early years, but when the Hutt Valley Lakers won 1991 and 1993, the star players began to spread out. The Nelson Giants won their first championship in 1994 and Auckland became the first team to win three titles in a row from 1995–97. After the Waitakere Rangers, Hutt Valley Lakers and Northland Suns left in the late 1990s, the league's level of competitiveness took a hit; the mid-1990s saw a shift in the skill level of the New Zealand players. Star players like Pero Cameron and Phill Jones began to lead their respective squads to success, as teams began to rely more on New Zealanders than before. By the early 2000s, the league implemented the one-import rule so as to limit the American domination on the league, with the formation of the New Zealand Breakers in 2003, Kiwi players found an incentive to continue playing in the NZNBL in hopes of being rewarded with an ANBL contract. Players like Pero Cameron, Phill Jones, Dillon Boucher, Lindsay Tait, Mika Vukona, Pāora Winitana and Paul Henare became household names in New Zealand and Australian basketball circles.
Auckland Pirates Auckland Stars Centrals Christchurch Cougars Harbour Heat Hutt Valley Lakers Northland Suns Otago Nuggets Ponsonby Porirua Waikato Pistons Waitemata There are two categories of players in the NZNBL: Non-Restricted Player – players eligible to play for New Zealand in FIBA competitions Restricted Player – a player, not eligible to play for New ZealandBasketball New Zealand believes that the NZNBL is much a part of the player pathway for New Zealand players, where Tall Blacks and potential Tall Blacks can play and develop as players. For that reason, it is intended that NZNBL teams have a majority of players that are able to represent New Zealand. In March 2016, Basketball New Zealand, the NZNBL, New Zealand Media and Entertainment announced that two weekly NBL games will be livestreamed free of charge on NZHerald.co.nz throughout the 2016 season. In December 2016, NZME joined forces with Basketball New Zealand and Maori Television in a new media partnership for the 2017 season.
NZME announced they would continue to build on the success of the 2016 live streaming in 2017 with at least two games a week to be livestreamed on NZHerald.co.nz, as well as all games during the Final Four weekend. In addition, Maori Television will televise free to air live coverage of a NBL game every Sunday afternoon at 3pm, for the duration of the competition, live coverage of the Final Four weekend consisting of the Semi Finals and Final. Maori Television will show delayed coverage of a second game every week on a Saturday afternoon during the season. During their time in the competition, the Auckland Stars were the benchmark of the NBL, their 9 titles was a league record until Wellington won their 10th title in 2017. Next best is Canterbury and Waikato with 4 Nelson and Southland, Hutt Valley, Hawke's Bay, Auckland Pirates. Most Valuable Player NZ Most Valuable Player Finals MVP Most Outstanding Guard Most Outstanding NZ Guard Most Outstanding Forward Most Outstanding NZ Forward/Centre Scoring Champion Rebounding Champion Assist Champion Rookie of the Year Coach of the Year All-Star Five Best Team Free Throws Australian National Basketball League Conference Basketball League – defunct se
Newcastle Falcons (basketball)
The Newcastle Falcons are a defunct basketball team that competed in Australia's National Basketball League. Based in Newcastle, New South Wales, the team played in the NBL's inaugural season in 1979 but left the league in the late 1990s after new owners based in Albury couldn't resolve the club's ongoing financial problems; the Falcons hold a special place in the history of the NBL with the club responsible for the formation of the league which saw them organise the first season in 1979. The other clubs had to pay a fee of around AU$300 to the Falcons to participate in that first season and the city of Newcastle is regarded as the birthplace of the NBL; the club's original colours were green and white, being the city's colours, but the club soon changed to black and red, to red and blue, after the Newcastle Knights' admission to the New South Wales Rugby League in 1988. All the national league clubs in Newcastle took on red and blue as their colours at some stage in their existence; the club's downfall began in the mid-1990s when problems with sponsor and sports equipment company Topper befell them and the National Soccer League's Newcastle Breakers.
With the support of new sponsor EnergyAustralia and new owners, the club couldn't get itself out of trouble, left the league following the 1998–99 NBL season. After spending its first 13 seasons playing out of the 2,200 capacity Broadmeadow Basketball Stadium, the Falcons made the move to the new, 4,658 seat Newcastle Entertainment Centre located on the other side of the Newcastle Showgrounds in 1992 where they would remain until the club folded in 1999. Although the Falcons never appeared in an NBL Grand Final, the Broadmeadow Stadium hosted the 1982 NBL Grand Final between the West Adelaide Bearcats and the Geelong Supercats. West Adelaide won the Grand Final 80–74 in front of a capacity crowd; the city of Newcastle had no NBL team until the new owners of the Canberra Cannons moved to Newcastle and established the Hunter Pirates in 2003. The Pirates in turn withdrew from the NBL is 2005, there has been no further attempt to establish the league in Newcastle since then
National Basketball League (Australia)
The National Basketball League is the pre-eminent professional men's basketball league in Australia and New Zealand. The league was founded in 1979 and is contested by nine teams. In August 1979, the inaugural season of the NBL commenced, playing in the winter season which it did so until the completion of the 1998 season, the league's twentieth season; the 1998–99 season, which began only months was the first to be played during the summer season. The shift, used by the league, was an attempt to avoid competing directly against Australia's various winter season football codes; the NBL experienced its "golden age" in the late 1980s and early 1990s, but its popularity, media attention and corporate support deteriorated and plateaued in the decade afterward. A second Melbourne club, the South Dragons, entered the league in the 2006–07 season, but was short lived, soon folding 3 years after the 2008–09 season in which they were premiers. In the 2006–07 season, the NBL became the first Australasian sporting league to field a team from Asia with the Singapore Slingers playing.
The Gold Coast Blaze joined the competition in the 2007–08 season. In 2007, Australian NBA player Andrew Bogut suggested the NBL try to adopt a model similar to the Australian Football League whereby there are the same 10 or 15 teams over a 10-year period. A turbulent period during 2008 and 2009 saw the league lose teams from Sydney, Melbourne and Singapore; the 2009–10 season earmarked as the season in which the NBL would begin its revamping, much like the old National Soccer League which became the eight team A-League. The NBL returned to free-to-air television in Australia for the first time in three years with One broadcasting 2–3 games a week; the 2010–11 season saw the return of the Sydney Kings after the club was purchased for A$20,000 on 31 July 2008. In 2013, the NBL had a de-merger from Basketball Australia. Crowds improved for the 2013–14 NBL season, recording the highest cumulative crowd attendance figures for the past five years. After numerous teams folding and a plummeting public profile property developer Larry Kestelman purchased a 51% portion of the league.
Since game attendance, TV viewership, website visitors and app downloads have been on the increase. In April 2016 the Townsville Crocodiles folded as they had become too financially unsustainable to continue; however the Cairns Taipans may play some games out of the Townsville Entertainment Centre in the future. Larry Kestelman has stated on the Aussie Hoopla podcast that no NBL club will fold again as long as he is in control of the league. Allowing for clubs to recruit the best Australian players not in the NBA became easier with the marquee rule which saw the return from Europe and the US of players such as Brad Newley, David Andersen and Andrew Bogut. In addition the Asian/Oceania born player rule, introduced for the 2016–17 season, allows for clubs to recruit players born in countries such as India and Japan who would not count as imports under NBL rules; the growth of Basketball in Asia over recent years and the overall strength and standard of Australian Basketball should ensure the sustainability of the league for many years provided Asian players continue to strive to compete in the NBL and Asian basketball fans are able to follow the league.
Current trends should see the NBL as the third highest attended basketball league in the world, after the NBA and EuroLeague. From 2016 to 2018, saw a renewed interest in the sport, with it being described as being the national basketball league's greatest period. 2016/17 set a new attendance record for the league, with the figure being matched the following year, as well as the grand final series for the 2017/18 season, being the highest attended. Since the 2009–10 NBL season, each team has played 28 games during the regular season, 14 home and 14 away; the regular season ends in late March. The top four teams at the end of the regular season advances to the Finals; the team finishing in the first and second position at the completion of the regular season receives home advantages in their best-of-three first round matchup against the team finishing in fourth and third position. The winner of each of the three matches advances to the Grand Final; the winner of Series 1 plays the winner of Series 2 in the best-of-five Grand Final series, with home advantage being awarded to the highest remaining seed.
The winner of this series is crowned as NBL champion. The National Basketball League was founded in 1979 with nine teams. Due to club expansions and relocations, many of the teams either changed or ceased to exist. There are eight teams; the teams are located in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Wollongong. The Illawarra Hawks are the oldest club in the competition, having participated in every season since 1979; the salary cap for each team is $AU1.1 million as a'soft cap' with marquee players able to be paid amounts that will exceed that amount for the team. Whilst NBL salaries are not disclosed by clubs, it is understood some players will earn in excess of $AU500,000.00 per season including endorsement deals. There has been significant support for the NBL to expand into Asia by many NBL players as well as from ex-Australian Boomers head coach Brian Goorjian, be it differently to how it was done with the now-defunct Singapore Slingers which had 14-hour round-trip flights to the Australian East Coast.
Locating a team in the city of Darwin would make an Asian-based road-trip less drawn-out, although Darwin does not have the support for a national domestic
The Adelaide 36ers known as the Sixers, are an Australian professional men's basketball team in the National Basketball League. The 36ers are the only team in the league representing the state of South Australia and are based in the state capital, Adelaide; the club was called the Adelaide City Eagles when they joined the NBL in 1982, but changed their name to the 36ers the following year. The 36ers nickname comes from the fact that the Colony of South Australia was proclaimed on 28 December 1836, they will play their home games at the Adelaide Entertainment Centre from 2019 onwards. The 36ers' tally of four championships is equal with the New Zealand Breakers, third only behind the Perth Wildcats and Melbourne United as the most by any club in the NBL's history. After the demise of the Forestville Eagles at the end of the 1981 NBL season had left the West Adelaide Bearcats as Adelaide's only representative in the NBL, the Basketball Association of South Australia formed a composite team representing all the state league teams.
This team was known as the Adelaide City Eagles when they joined the NBL in 1982. Mike Osborne was appointed as team coach, Chris Stirling was captain and the team, like West Adelaide, played out of the 3,000 seat Apollo Stadium; the Eagles performed well in their first season but missed the playoffs finishing in 7th place on the ladder with a 15–11 record. The championship was won that year by the West Adelaide Bearcats who featured future 36ers in 1982 NBL MVP Al Green, Moscow Olympian Peter Ali and veteran guard Ray Wood; the Adelaide City Eagles changed their name after the 1982 season to the Adelaide 36ers to reflect on the history of South Australia's proclamation in 1836. Mike Osborne continued as head coach; the 36ers once again missed the NBL playoffs in 1983 finishing 6th on the ladder with an 11–11 record. The 1984 NBL season saw the first time the 36ers would reach the NBL finals, finishing the regular season in 3rd place in the Western Division with a 16–7 record; the team lost their Elimination Final to the Nunawading Spectres 108–101.
Following the season, Mike Osborne was not retained as coach. With the West Adelaide Bearcats facing financial difficulties, the club pulled out of the NBL after 1984 with a number of their players joining the 36ers. From 1985 the Adelaide 36ers would be the sole South Australian team in the NBL, a situation that continues as of the 2016–17 NBL season. Former Australian Boomer and 1964 Olympic representative Ken Cole was signed as coach of the Adelaide 36ers for the 1985 NBL season. Under Cole, the 36ers became one of the league's premier teams. Import players including 6'9" centre Bill Jones, New York-born combo guard Al Green and an NBL rookie in 24-year-old Power forward from Philadelphia, Mark Davis who joined the team 5 games into the season after dominating the local league with South Adelaide, combined with local players Darryl Pearce, team captain Peter Ali, young gun Mike McKay, veteran Ray Wood to help Adelaide to a 20–6 record and second on the regular season ladder behind the Brian Kerle coached Brisbane Bullets who featured Australian Olympian Larry Sengstock, arguably the leagues best player and former West Adelaide championship player Leroy Loggins, Ronnie "The Rat" Radliff, the "Black Pearl" Cal Bruton.
The team had a bye going into the semi-final where they defeated for the Newcastle Falcons 151–103 at home in what the record semi-final win in the NBL, something Ken Cole had publicly predicted would happen. Leading 105–84 going into the last period, Cole told his team that he wanted a record score for a Semi-final and the team responded, producing a 46–19 last period to blow the Falcons away and get the record. In the last single game NBL grand final played, Adelaide were up against the Brisbane Bullets on the Bullets' home court. Going into the final period the game the Bullets' were leading 78–74 but a 42–21 last period in favour of the home team with Loggins leading the way saw Adelaide fail to win their first grand final going down 95–120. 1985 would see Al Green set a single season points per game record for the 36ers when he scored 31.0 ppg in 28 games played. Green, who Ken Cole chose to move to Point guard and leave Darryl Pearce at off guard, adjusted to his new role running the team's offense and led the team in assists for the first time averaging 5.1 per game.
His form saw him selected to his second All-NBL First Team after winning selection in 1981 while with West Adelaide. For his efforts during the season, 19-year-old guard Mike McKay was awarded the NBL's Rookie of the Year award. McKay played all 28 games, averaging 3.4 rebounds and 1.3 assists per game. 1986 would see the Adelaide 36ers win the first of their four NBL championships. 27-year-old import centre Bill Jones replaced Peter Ali as captain and 6'6" former import forward Dwayne Nelson returned to the team after a year away, while Ken Cole would win the NBL Coach of the Year award after guiding the team to a 24–2 record, 5 more wins than the second placed Canberra Cannons. The 36ers were undefeated at home during the regular season going 13–0, the first time a club had gone unbeaten at home in l
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original