Mark Elliot Zuckerberg is an American internet entrepreneur and philanthropist. He co-founded Facebook, Inc. and serves as its chairman, chief executive officer, controlling shareholder. He co-founded and is a board member of the solar sail spacecraft development project Breakthrough Starshot. Born in White Plains, New York, Zuckerberg attended Harvard University, where he launched the Facebook social networking service from his dormitory room on February 4, 2004, with college roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes. Launched to select college campuses, the site expanded and beyond colleges, reaching one billion users by 2012. Zuckerberg took the company public in May 2012 with majority shares, his net worth is estimated to be nearly $82 billion as of February 2019, increasing over the past year with Facebook stock as a whole. In 2007, at age 23, he became the world's youngest self-made billionaire; as of 2019, he is the only person under 50 in the Forbes ten richest people list, the only one under 40 in the Top 20 Billionaires list.
Since 2010, Time magazine has named Zuckerberg among the 100 wealthiest and most influential people in the world as a part of its Person of the Year award. In December 2016, Zuckerberg was ranked 10th on Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People. Zuckerberg was born on May 1984, in White Plains, New York, his parents are Karen, a psychiatrist, Edward Zuckerberg, a dentist. He and his three sisters, Randi and Arielle, were brought up in Dobbs Ferry, New York, a small Westchester County village about 21 miles north of Midtown Manhattan. Zuckerberg was raised in a Reform Jewish household, his ancestors hailed from Germany and Poland, he had a Star Wars themed bar mitzvah when he turned 13 and once "questioned things" before deciding "religion is important". At Ardsley High School, Zuckerberg excelled in classes. After two years, he transferred to the private school Phillips Exeter Academy, where he won prizes in mathematics, astronomy and classical studies. In his youth, he attended the Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth summer camp.
On his college application, Zuckerberg stated that he could read and write French, Hebrew and ancient Greek. He was captain of the fencing team. Zuckerberg began writing software in middle school, his father taught him Atari BASIC Programming in the 1990s, hired software developer David Newman to tutor him privately. Zuckerberg took a graduate course in the subject at Mercy College near his home while still in high school. In one program, since his father's dental practice was operated from their home, he built a software program he called "ZuckNet" that allowed all the computers between the house and dental office to communicate with each other, it is considered a "primitive" version of AOL's Instant Messenger, which came out the following year. According to writer Jose Antonio Vargas, "some kids played computer games. Mark created them." Zuckerberg himself recalls this period: "I had a bunch of friends who were artists. They'd come over, draw stuff, I'd build a game out of it." Vargas notes that Zuckerberg was not, however, a typical "geek-klutz", as he became captain of his prep school fencing team and earned a classics diploma.
Napster co-founder Sean Parker, a close friend, notes that Zuckerberg was "really into Greek odysseys and all that stuff", recalling how he once quoted lines from the Roman epic poem Aeneid, by Virgil, during a Facebook product conference. During Zuckerberg's high school years, he worked under the company name Intelligent Media Group to build a music player called the Synapse Media Player; the device used machine learning to learn the user's listening habits, posted to Slashdot and received a rating of 3 out of 5 from PC Magazine. Vargas noted that by the time Zuckerberg began classes at Harvard, he had achieved a "reputation as a programming prodigy", he belonged to Alpha Epsilon Pi and Kirkland House. In his sophomore year, he wrote a program that he called CourseMatch, which allowed users to make class selection decisions based on the choices of other students and to help them form study groups. A short time he created a different program he called Facemash that let students select the best-looking person from a choice of photos.
According to Arie Hasit, Zuckerberg's roommate at the time, "he built the site for fun". Hasit explains: We had books called Face Books, which included the names and pictures of everyone who lived in the student dorms. At first, he placed two pictures or pictures of two males and two females. Visitors to the site had to choose, "hotter" and according to the votes there would be a ranking; the site went up over a weekend, but by Monday morning, the college shut it down, because its popularity had overwhelmed one of Harvard's network switches and prevented students from accessing the Internet. In addition, many students complained. Zuckerberg apologized publicly, the student paper ran articles stating that his site was "completely improper."The following semester, in January 2004, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website. On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched "Thefacebook" located at thefacebook.com. Six days after the site launched, three Harvard seniors, Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, Divya Narendra, accused Zuckerberg of intentionally misleading them into believing he would help them build a social network called HarvardConnection.com, while he was instead using their ideas to build a competing product.
The three complained to The Harvard Crimson, the newspaper
Françoise Lilar, pen name Françoise Mallet-Joris, was a Belgian author. She was born in Antwerp, the daughter of the writer Suzanne Lilar and the Belgian Minister of Justice and Minister of State Albert Lilar, the sister of the 18th century art historian Marie Fredericq-Lilar. Mallet-Joris spent two years in the United States before going to Paris, where she attended the Sorbonne, she lived in Brussels, Belgium. She has been married to Robert Amadou, Alain Joxe and Jacques Delfau, has four children, Daniel Amadou, Vincent and Pauline Delfau, she is a prolific writer, a member of the Prix Femina committee from 1969 to 1971 when she was appointed to the Académie Goncourt. Mallet-Joris began her literary career early with the publication of Le rempart des Béguines in 1951, it was translated as The Illusionist. It is set in a town that resembles Mallet-Joris' native Antwerp and addresses the themes of social class and lesbianism, she followed her first work with a sequel in 1955 named La chambre rouge, in English.
In it, she continued her treatment of social class and norms in Belgium. Mallet-Joris' novels deal with social class in France and Belgium. Characters must deal with disappointment as they realize they have unrealistic expectations, she depicts social climbers and deceitful characters. In Allegra Mallet-Joris tackled the themes of feminism in France, she has written works of non-fiction, like The Uncompromising Heart: A Life of Marie Mancini, Louis XIV's First Love in 1964, she has written essays about her philosophy of life and writing in Lettre à moi-même in 1963 and La Maison de papier in 1970. Mallet-Joris won the "Librarians' Prize" in 1958 for House of Lies, the Femina Prize in 1958 for Café Céleste and the Monaco Prize in 1964 for her biography of Marie Mancini. Below is a partial listing of her books. 1951: Le rempart des Béguines 1955: La chambre rouge 1958: Cordélia.
Sheree Victoria Murphy is an English actress and television presenter, best known for her roles as Tricia Dingle in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale, Eva Strong in the Channel 4 soap opera Hollyoaks and Dakota Davies in the Australian soap opera Neighbours. In 2005, Murphy came second place in the fifth series of I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! and competed in the 2015 series of Celebrity MasterChef. In September 2016, she became the presenter of a cookery programme on BBC One called Yes Chef! Born in Stoke Newington, north London, Murphy was the middle child and only girl in a family of five children; the family lived in a council house, she was educated from aged 9 at the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts. Murphy attended the Sylvia Young Theatre School. Murphy's first part was in the musical The Rink at the Cambridge Theatre, aged 12, she didn't work professionally again until Emmerdale, working her way though school from aged 14 as a hairdressers assistant. She worked front of house in various north London theatres.
Her first TV appearance was a small but notable role as a female mugger in Only Fools and Horses 1996 Christmas episode "Heroes and Villains". She soon landed what may be her best-known role as Tricia Dingle on Emmerdale, which she played from 1998 to 2004, it was announced in late 2003 that Murphy would leave Emmerdale in December 2003, so that she could spend more time with her family and two young children, her character was duly killed off. Following a six-year career break to bring up her family, Murphy appeared in The Royal before winning the part of Eva Strong in Hollyoaks. In November and December 2005, Murphy appeared on the ITV reality show I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!, finishing second to Carol Thatcher. She was noted for being "scared of everything", for her sweet persona. Murphy presented the ITV spin-off series for series 6 with Phillip Schofield. In November 2007, she presented This Morning's coverage of the seventh series every weekday morning. In 2005 and 2006, Murphy presented ITV2's coverage of the British Soap Awards.
Murphy hosted Footballers' Cribs for MTV UK and VH1 UK, was a regular on ITV's Loose Women, returning in 2012 for a single episode to celebrate 40 years of Emmerdale and a further single episode in July 2015. In January 2007, Murphy co-hosted ITV2's Soapstar Superstar: Bonus Tracks with Mark Durden-Smith and starred as the'hidden' celebrity in a 2007 episode of the CBBC show Hider in the House. Murphy joined the presenting team for Channel 5's Cowboy Builders. During the 2010 World Cup, Murphy fronted a'World Cup Fever' campaign for Gala Bingo. On 16 June 2014, it was announced that Murphy had joined the cast of the Australian soap opera Neighbours playing an old acquaintance of Paul Robinson called Dakota Davies. In 2015, she participated in Celebrity MasterChef on BBC One. Since 2016, she has presented the daytime BBC One series Yes Chef! Murphy is married to Australian footballer Harry Kewell, they were married on 25 May 2002 in Las Vegas. They have four children together: Taylor. Sheree Murphy on IMDb