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Market Harborough

Market Harborough is a market town within the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. Harborough District has a population of 91,461 and Market Harborough is the district's administrative headquarters, it sits on the Northamptonshire-Leicestershire border. The town was at a crossroads for both road and rail. Market Harborough railway station is served by East Midlands Railway services on the Midland Main Line with direct services north to Leicester, Nottingham and Sheffield and south to London St Pancras. Rail services to Rugby and Peterborough ended in 1966. Market Harborough is located in an area, a part of the Rockingham Forest, a royal hunting forest used by the medieval monarchs starting with William I. Rockingham Road takes its name from the forest; the forest's original boundaries stretched from Market Harborough through to Stamford and included the settlements at Corby, Desborough, Rothwell and Oundle. The steeple of St Dionysius' Church rises directly from the street, it was constructed in grey stone in 1300 with the church itself a building of about 1470.

Next to the church stands the Old Grammar School, a small timber building dating from 1614. The ground floor is open, creating a covered market area and there is a single room on the first floor, it has become a symbol of the town. The nearby square is pedestrianised and surrounded by buildings of varying styles; the upper end of the High Street is wide and contains unspoiled Georgian buildings. Market Harborough has two villages within its confines: Great Bowden lies over a hill about a mile from the town centre; the three centres have coalesced through ribbon development and infill, although Great Bowden continues to retain a strong village identity. Market Harborough was founded by the Saxons between 410 and 1066. A small village, believed to have been called hæfera-beorg, meaning "oat hill". In 1086 the Domesday Book records Bowden as a Royal Manor organised in seventy-three manors; the population lived in three villages, Great Bowden and Little Bowden. The Manor of Harborough is first mentioned in 1199 and 1227 when it was called "Haverberg".

It is that Harborough was formed out of the Royal Manor with the intention of making it a place for tradesmen and a market when a new highway between Oxendon and Kibworth was established to help link Northampton and Leicester. A chapel dedicated to St Dionysius was built on the route, whilst St Mary in Arden retained Parish Church status. A market was established by 1204 and has been held on a Tuesday since 1221; this market lead to the modern name of Market Harborough. The trades people of Harborough had large tofts or farm yards at the rear of their property where goods were made and stored. Many of these yards remain but have been subdivided down their length over the years to give frontage to the High Street; the steeple of Harborough Church was started in 1300 and completed in 1320. It is a broach spire, which rests on the walls of the tower, are earlier than recessed spires which rise from behind a square tower as at Great Bowden. By 1382 the village of Arden had been abandoned. In 1470 the main part of Harborough Church was completed.

An open stream ran down the High Street. The Town Estate was created and managed by a body of Feoffees elected by the townspeople, to help manage among other things the open fields surrounding the town, the proceeds from which were used for a variety of purposes. In 1569 the town was in the news as the Privy Council debated whether a local girl Agnes Bowker had given birth to a cat. From 1570 the Town Estate owned several properties within the town. Harborough figured nationally in the English Civil War in June 1645, when it became the headquarters of the King's Army. In Harborough, the King decided to confront Parliamentary forces who were camped near Naseby but the Battle of Naseby proved a decisive victory for Parliament led by Oliver Cromwell. Harborough Chapel became a temporary prison for the captured forces. Cromwell wrote a letter from "Haverbrowe, June 14, 1645" to the Speaker of the House of Commons, William Lenthall, announcing the victory. An independent church was established in the Harborough area following the Act of Uniformity 1662 and a meeting house was built in Bowden Lane in 1694.

During the 18th century the timber mud and thatch buildings of the town were replaced with brick buildings. After roads were turnpiked and repaired Harborough became a staging point for coach travel on the road to London from the North West and the Midlands. In 1776 the Open Fields of Great Bowden were allotted to individual owners and fenced with hedges planted, followed by those of Little Bowden in 1780. In the 19th century, the increasing level of heavy goods traffic on the turnpike roads led to complaints. A plan for a canal from Leicester to join the London to Birmingham canal was mooted but it bypassed the town and a branch canal was cut from Foxton to Harborough with wharves at Gallow Hill, Great Bowden. Harborough wharf, to the north of the town, became a distribution centre for corn. A gas company was formed in 1833 to distribute gas. John Clarke and Sons of London built a factory for spinning worsted and making carpets. Other industries developed were a brickworks, wheelwright/coachworks and the British Glues and Chemicals works by the Canal at Gallow Hill.

In the 1830s a union of parishes around Marke

Edward King-Tenison

Edward King Tenison was an Irish Whig and Liberal politician and photographer. Born in 1805 at Kilronan Castle, King Tenison was the son of Lady Frances King, he was the grandson of Edward King, 1st Earl of Kingston, cousin of Robert King, 6th Earl of Kingston. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge where he achieved an MA before, in 1825, joining the army and serving as an officer of the 14th Light Dragoons until 1836. Having retired from the army, he served as a Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff for County Leitrim, County Roscommon and County Sligo, became a Lord Lieutenant for Roscommon and Sligo. In 1838, he married travel writer and artist Lady Louisa Mary Anne Anson, daughter of Thomas Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield and Louisa Catherine Philips. Together, they had two children: Florence Margaret Christine Tenison. In the 1840s, he took up photography, beginning with daguerreotypes and paper negatives, after receiving a licence granted by former Chippenham MP William Henry Fox Talbot.

Between 1850 and 1852, King Tenison and his wife travelled in Spain for their artwork where, as an early adopter of the calotype photographic process, he aroused suspicion and curiosity due to his bulky equipment and outdoor work. The work was published as Memories of Spain in 1854, while his wife's 50 lithographs appeared in Castile and Anadalucia in 1853. In 1853, he joined the Photographic Society of London, first displayed his work at the Great Industrial Exhibition in Dublin; the next year, he helped to found the Dublin Photographic Society. Further works of his were put on display in London between 1854 and 1855, encompassing photos taken using calotype and waxed paper processes in Spain and Normandy, he travelled to Algeria, before concluding his career taking photos in his home nation of Ireland. An album of his work and salt print photos of Ireland taken in 1858, is now preserved in the National Photographic Archive in Dublin, while further work is held in private collections. In 1999, one album was sold at Christie's for more than $10,000.

King Tenison first was unsuccessful. He was elected MP for Leitrim in 1847 – standing on civil and religious liberty, opposing anti-Catholic measures – but stood down at the next general election in 1852. King Tenison sought to be MP for the seat again in 1857 as well as in 1859 for Roscommon, but was both times unsuccessful, he stood at a by-election in Sligo Borough in 1860, but retired from the race after refusing to offer bribes to Liberal electors. His final attempt for parliament in 1865, at Leitrim, was unsuccessful. King Tenison died at Kilronan Castle in June 1878, while his wife died at Trieste, Italy in September 1882. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mr Edward Tenison

Veggie Victory

Veggie Victory is the first vegetarian restaurant in Nigeria. Veggie Victory was established by Hakeem Jimo in 2013, it was first located at Freedom Park, Lagos Island, is now at Dolphin Estate in Ikoyi, Lagos. VeggieVictory serves Vegan Nigerian and Vegan International cuisine: including fresh, spicy local and West African delicacies. VeggieVictory uses meat substitutes like VegChunks and mushrooms for their Veggie burgers, soy dogs and eforiro stews; the LagosVegFest is the first Vegan festival in Nigeria. The inaugural festival happened at the Freedom Park in Lagos Island in October 2014 and was part of the World Veg Fest 2014 in Accra by the International Vegetarian Union; the idea is to bring together people who dedicated their lives to a healthy and sustainable living. Around thirty booths were available for exhibitors to showcase their services. Since LagosVegFest had three more editions; the next LagosVegFest is planned for November 2019. List of vegetarian restaurants List of restaurants in Lagos Official website

Edge of the Axe

Edge of the Axe is a 1988 Spanish-American slasher film directed by José Ramón Larraz, starring Barton Faulks, Christina Marie Lane, Page Moseley, Fred Holliday. The film centers on a masked maniac murdering people in a rural mountain town in Northern California. A co-production between the United States and Spain, filming of Edge of the Axe took place in Big Bear Lake and Madrid in 1987, features a cast of both American and Spanish actors. In the rural Northern California mountain community of Paddock County, nurse Mirna Dobson is viciously murdered by a masked murderer with an axe while driving through a car wash. Meanwhile, Gerald Martin, an eccentric young man, obsessed with computers, has moved into a cabin on the property of an elderly hermit named Brock. One morning, Gerald accompanies his friend Richard, an exterminator, to investigate a putrid smell in the basement of a local tavern. There, they find the rotting corpse of Mary West, a missing female barmaid, lodged in an attic crawlspace.

Her death goes unsolved. Gerald soon meets Lillian Nebbs, the daughter of another local tavern owner, home from college; the two bond over their mutual fascination with technology. Late one night, local beautician and prostitute Rita Miller is brutally murdered while walking through town, her body is found the following morning, crushed by a train on the railroad tracks. Officer Frank McIntosh begins investigating the recent rash of killings. Meanwhile, while entering search commands on a computer Gerald gave her, Lillian finds a list of the three women who have been killed; when she asks him about it, Gerald explains that he makes lists of data for amusement. During a windstorm one night, another local woman is attacked by the killer, who has infiltrated her home for a second time, having broken in and left one of her hogs' severed heads in her bed; the woman flees to her barn, but the killer strikes her in the back with the axe before bludgeoning her to death. While boating on the lake the next day, Richard finds the severed head of a nurse from a local psychiatric hospital.

That night, Anna Bixby, a leader of Lillian's church choir, finds her dog murdered in her home. When she goes to retrieve her shotgun, the killer, hiding in the pantry, chops her fingers off before hacking her to death. Lillian confides in Gerald that she has discovered her cousin, was released from a mental hospital he was admitted to years earlier following a head injury caused when she pushed him from a swing set, she suspects. Lillian uses Gerald's computer, claiming to be researching a graduate program at the University of Portland. Gerald is puzzled. Lillian admits; that evening, Richard's middle-aged artist wife, gets drunk with local Christopher Caplin at the Nebbs' tavern after discovering she is bankrupt. She crashes her car en route home, she exits the car and rests against a tree. Upon returning to the vehicle, she finds the masked killer in Christopher's seat; the assailant kills her. The next morning, Richard arrives at Gerald's, tells him Laura never returned home. Laura and Christopher's bodies are found in the woods that evening.

At the crime scene, McIntosh finds a pin from the Nebbs' tavern, leading him and his officers to go question Lillian and her father. Meanwhile, home alone, hears strange noises downstairs. Upon investigating them, she is met by Gerald. A frightened Lillian accuses Gerald of in fact being Charlie, he responds by telling her. Additionally, he produces a list of all the victims, each of whom were either hospital employees who cared for Lillian, or women who were romantically interested in her father. Believing she is being gaslit, Lillian attempts to attack Gerald with an axe; the two fight, Lillian flees outside with Gerald pursuing her. McIntosh and his deputies arrive just as this occurs, they swiftly shoot Gerald to death. McIntosh consoles Lillian. Principal photography of Edge of the Axe occurred in Big Bear Lake, California in 1987; the cast was made up of a mixture of American and Spanish actors, with the leading performers being American. The majority of the exterior scenes were filmed in Big Bear Lake, including the opening credits sequence in which Faulks' character rides his motorcycle through town.

Some interior sequences were shot in Madrid, such as the inside of the car wash featured in the opening scene. Edge of the Axe was released in the United States on VHS through M. C. E. G. Home Video on September 15, 1989. On July 30, 2018, it was announced that Arrow Video would be releasing the film for the first time on Blu-Ray sometime in 2019; the Blu-ray was released on January 28, 2020. Film scholar Scott Aaron Stine praised the film's production values as the "best Larraz had to worth with," adding that Edge of the Axe "manages to be an engaging psycho-on-the-loose flick" despite the fact that it "degenerates into a generic slasher flick, having traded the mystery elements for the more standard stalk'n'slash routine." Luisito Joaquín González Martín from the slasher

William Beecher Scoville

William Beecher Scoville was a neurosurgeon at Hartford Hospital. Scoville established the Department of Neurosurgery at Connecticut's Hartford Hospital in 1939, he performed surgery on Henry Gustav Molaison in 1953 to relieve epilepsy that led to damage of Molaison's hippocampus and left him with a memory disorder. Scoville was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on January 13, 1906. Although he had a strong interest in automobiles throughout his life, his father pushed William toward a career in medicine. After completing his undergraduate degree at Yale, he attended and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1932. In 1941, he became board certified in neurosurgery. In 1941 he started the first neurosurgical residency training program in Connecticut. In 1953 Scoville offered Henry Gustav Molaison, the patient now known as H. M. a chance to cure Molaison's epilepsy through a pioneered experimental procedure. With the approval of the patient and his family, Scoville was to perform an experimental resection of several portions of the temporal lobes, a procedure which had performed in psychotic patients.

Scoville had a "hunch" that the hippocampus was responsible, based on this erroneous guess, removed Molaison's hippocampus - sucking it out using a medical tool which comprises a cauterizing blade and suction vacuum, while the anesthetized but conscious Molaison sat in the operating chair. The hippocampus became known to be crucial in the formation of memories -, why Molaison was rendered unable to form new memories for the rest of his life. Scoville consulted with a leading Canadian surgeon, Wilder Penfield at McGill University in Montreal, with psychologist Brenda Milner, had reported on two other patients’ memory deficits; as a result of this work Milner has become one of the most famous neuropsychologists in the world. Scoville contributed to the development of the aneurysm clip, his modification was to place a coiled spring with an axis parallel to the plane of clip closure. Over the course of his life Scoville trained a total of 63 neurosurgeons, 46 from the U. S. and 17 foreign. Scoville died in car crash on February 25, 1984.

William Scoville' s grandson Luke Dittrich wrote a book about "Patient H. M." and his grandfather

Tenby Davies

Frederick Charles Davies was a world-class Welsh athlete, better known to the sporting world as Tenby Davies, who became the half-mile world professional champion in 1909 after an enthralling race against Irishman Beauchamp Day. Frederick Charles Davies was born at South Parade in Tenby, Wales, the son of John Gwynne Davies, a stonemason and builder, Sarah Phillips. Freddy Davies went on to achieve recognition as one of the greatest runners Wales has yet produced and was regarded as one of the finest half-milers seen, winning the World 880 yds championship at Pontypridd in 1909. Fred Davies’ versatility as a world-class athlete is underlined by the fact that as well as excelling at the half-mile, he won events throughout Britain at distances from 100 yds up to a mile, he was a regular competitor in the Welsh Powderhall 130 yds handicap sprints, organised by the Pontypridd Athletic Club and held at Taff Vale Park in the town during the early part of the twentieth-century. But ‘Tenby’ is best remembered for taking on his great rival, Irishman Beauchamp R. Day of Blackpool, at Pontypridd on Monday 23 August 1909 where he decisively beat him over the half-mile distance, clocking an impressive 1 min.

57.6 seconds in the process, one of the fastest times recorded in the World for that year. In 1911 he married Agnes Emily Ferguson at the parish church of St Mary the Virgin in Tenby, in the years that followed the couple moved to Cardiff where they had three children. F. C. Davies died at his home of 9 Preswylfa Street in Canton, Glamorgan, aged only 48. Collins, John; the History of Welsh Athletics. Dragon Sports Books Ltd, Llanelli. ISBN 0-9524041-5-X