A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time. These trends are classified as secular for long time frames, primary for medium time frames, secondary for short time frames. Traders attempt to identify market trends using technical analysis, a framework which characterizes market trends as predictable price tendencies within the market when price reaches support and resistance levels, varying over time. A trend can only be determined in hindsight; the terms "bull market" and "bear market" describe upward and downward market trends and can be used to describe either the market as a whole or specific sectors and securities. The names correspond to the fact that a bull attacks by lifting its horns upward, while a bear strikes with its claws in a downward motion. A secular market trend is a long-term trend that lasts 5 to 25 years and consists of a series of primary trends. A secular bear market consists of larger bear markets. In a secular bull market the prevailing trend is upward-moving.
The United States stock market was described as being in a secular bull market from about 1983 to 2000, with brief upsets including Black Monday and the Stock market downturn of 2002 triggered by the crash of the dot-com bubble. Another example is the 2000s commodities boom. In a secular bear market, the prevailing trend is downward-moving. An example of a secular bear market occurred in gold between January 1980 to June 1999, culminating with the Brown Bottom. During this period the market gold price fell from a high of $850/oz to a low of $253/oz. A primary trend lasts for a year or more. A bull market is a period of rising prices; the start of a bull market is marked by widespread pessimism. This point is when the "crowd" is the most "bearish"; the feeling of despondency changes to hope, "optimism", euphoria, as the bull runs its course. This leads the economic cycle, for example in a full recession, or earlier. An analysis of Morningstar, Inc. stock market data from 1926 to 2014 found that a typical bull market lasted 8.5 years with an average cumulative total return of 458%, while annualized gains for bull markets range from 14.9% to 34.1%.
India's Bombay Stock Exchange Index, BSE SENSEX, had a major bull market trend for about five years from April 2003 to January 2008 as it increased from 2,900 points to 21,000 points, more than a 600% return in 5 years. Notable bull markets marked the 1925–1929, 1953–1957 and the 1993–1997 periods when the U. S. and many other stock markets rose. A bear market is a general decline in the stock market over a period of time, it includes a transition from high investor optimism to pessimism. One accepted measure of a bear market is a price decline of 20% or more over at least a two-month period. A smaller decline of 10 to 20% is considered a correction. Once a market enters correction or bear market territory, it isn't considered to have exited that territory until a new high is reached. From 1926 to 2014, the average bear market lasted 13 months with an average cumulative loss of 30%, while annualized declines for bear markets ranged from −19.7% to −47%. A bear market followed the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and erased 89% of the Dow Jones Industrial Average's market capitalization by July 1932, marking the start of the Great Depression.
After regaining nearly 50% of its losses, a longer bear market from 1937 to 1942 occurred in which the market was again cut in half. Another long-term bear market occurred from about 1973 to 1982, encompassing the 1970s energy crisis and the high unemployment of the early 1980s. Another bear market was the Stock market downturn of 2002, yet another bear market occurred between October 2007 and March 2009 as a result of the financial crisis of 2007–2008. The 2015 Chinese stock market crash was a bear market. A market top is not a dramatic event; the market has reached the highest point that it will, for some time. It is identified retrospectively, as market participants are not aware of it at the time it happens, thus prices subsequently fall, either or more rapidly. William O'Neil reported that, since the 1950s, a market top is characterized by three to five distribution days in a major stock market index occurring within a short period of time. Distribution is a decline in price with higher volume than the preceding session.
The peak of the dot-com bubble occurred on March 24, 2000. The index closed at 4,704.73. The Nasdaq peaked at 5,132.50 and the S&P 500 Index at 1525.20. The peak for the U. S. stock market before the financial crisis of 2007-2008 was on October 9, 2007. The S&P 500 Index closed at 1,565 and the Nasdaq at 2861.50. A market bottom is a trend reversal, the end of a market downturn, the beginning of an upward moving trend, it is difficult to identify a bottom before it passes. The upturn following a decline may be short-lived and prices might resume their decline; this would bring a loss for the investor who purchased stock during a misperceived or "false" market bottom. Baron Rothschild is said to have advised that the best time to buy is when there is "blood in the streets"
Eilika of Saxony was a daughter of Magnus, Duke of Saxony and a member of the Billung dynasty. Through marriage to Otto of Ballenstedt, she was countess of Ballenstedt. Eilika was the younger daughter of Magnus, Duke of Saxony and Sophia, daughter of King Béla I of Hungary. Since Eilika had no brothers, after her father's death in 1106, Eilika and her sister, Wulfhilde of Saxony, inherited his property. Eilika received property in Bernburg, Weißenfels and also in Burgwerden and Kreichau, as well as the Palatinate of Saxony. In 1130 Eilika was in conflict with the citizens of the city of Halle because of her support for Archbishop Norbert of Magdeburg. Fighting broke out, during which Conrad of Eichstadt was killed, from which Eilika only escaped with difficulty. Around 1131 Eilika wrested the advocacy of the monastery of Goseck from Louis of Thuringia, took it for herself. In 1133 Eilika expelled Abbot Bertold from Goseck for incompetency. In 1134 she introduced his successor, Abbot Penther, to the abbey with a solemn address to the monks.
In 1138 Eilika was accused of tyranny, attacked at her castle of Bernburg. Eilika married Count Otto of Ballenstedt before 1095. With Otto, Eilika had two children: Albert the Bear and Adelaide of Ballenstedt, who married Henry II, Margrave of the Nordmark. Fuhrmann, Horst. Germany in the High Middle Ages: C.1050-1200. Translated by Reuter, Timothy. Cambridge University Press. A. Thiele, Erzählende genealogische Stammtafeln zur europäischen Geschichte" Band I, Teilband 1 Deutsche Kaiser-, Königs-, Herzogs- und Grafenhäuser I H. Assing, Die frühen Askanier und ihre Frauen. L. Partenheimer, Albrecht der Bär. Gründer der Mark Brandenburg und des Fürstentums Anhalt.. Genealogie-mittelalter.de Eilika von Ballenstedt Eilika von Sachsen Deutsche Biographie
Quick Fiction was a contemporary bi-annual literary magazine published in the United States. The journal's publishing focus was on the narrative prose poem/flash fiction, they proved instrumental in providing both newer and veteran writers the opportunity to showcase their work. Many of the authors published in Quick Fiction were creating new paths in the areas of narrative prose poetry and flash fiction, the journal was facilitating that exploration. In an interview with a Gazette reporter, Adam Pieroni described the journal's artistic bent, saying they publish magical realism. Quick Fiction began in 2001 in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, as a publishing collaboration between Adam and Jennifer Pieroni. Adam was the publisher. More staff members, including Dana Burchfield, was added to the roster since the journal's inception; the headquarters of the magazine moved to Salem, Massachusetts. The magazine covered stories and narrative prose poems under 500 words. Boston's Weekly Dig, the weekly arts magazine, said Quick Fictionwas “filled with great work from writers who respect the rigid gorgeous contours of microfiction and have a great deal to say in little time.”This journal appears to be out of business.
The website is now a term paper seller. Official site
Ampelophaga rubiginosa is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It was described by Otto Vasilievich Bremer and William Grey in 1853, it is found from north-eastern Afghanistan, east around the southern margin of the Himalaya to Yunnan throughout China to the Russian Far East, the Korean Peninsula and Japan. It is found south through Thailand and Vietnam to Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia; the wingspan is 72–100 mm. There is one generation per year in north-eastern China, with adults on wing from June to August. Farther south, there may be up to three generations per year. In Shanghai, adults are on wing from February to October. In Korea, they are found from early May to early August. Larvae have been recorded feeding on Hydrangea paniculata and Saurauia. Ampelophaga rubiginosa rubiginosa Ampelophaga rubiginosa lohita Kishida & Yano, 2001 Ampelophaga rubiginosa myosotis Kitching & Cadiou, 2000
Allied Van Lines is an American moving company founded in 1928 as a cooperative non-profit organization owned by its member agents on the east coast of the United States, to help with organizing return loads and minimizing dead-heading. In 1968 it was reorganized with shares. In 1999 it merged with its larger competitor, North American Van Lines, the combined entity came under the holding company Allied Worldwide. In 2002, Allied Worldwide was renamed SIRVA. In 2018, Allied Van Lines was ranked as the second-best moving company in the list of "10 Best Coast to Coast Movers in the USA" by 9Kilo Moving On January 12, 1998, NAVL was bought out from Norfolk Southern Corporation by the private investment firm Clayton, Dubilier & Rice for more than US$200 million. On November 21, 1999, Clayton and Rice completed their acquisition of Allied Van Lines and merged it with North American Van Lines to create Allied Worldwide, although each former company maintained its own profile names. Valued at US$450 million in the merger, the Allied Worldwide combined entity became the world's largest relocation and van line logistics companyThe decade of the 2000s saw major internationalization, as the merged company reached far away from North America, beginning operations in other continents, such as Europe and South America.
On February 11, 2002 Allied Worldwide was renamed as Inc.. SIRVA, Inc. based in Westmont, Illinois, is a owned moving industry holding company which resulted from the merger of Allied Van Lines with North American Van Lines. Allied Van Lines web site Allied in Australia
The Proton Lekiu is a series of concept SUV produced by the Malaysian automobile manufacturer, Proton. It was first displayed at the 2010 Kuala Lumpur International Motor Show; the name "Lekiu" refers to a legendary warrior from Malacca called Hang Lekiu. The car is a member of the Pahlawan series of Proton's concept cars, it was with some cosmetic modifications on it. This includes a revamped front grill and rear bumpers and tail lights, a redesigned tailgate. Fresh to the car was the newly-designed alloy wheels, which featured 14 spokes, it shared the same platform as the Exora, but the suspension was raised to give the Lekiu a more offroading-oriented outlook. Proton Exora Proton Jebat Proton EMAS Proton Holdings Berhad