click links in text for more info

Markham Public Library

Markham Public Library is a library system operated by the municipal government of the City of Markham in Canada. There are eight branches in the city, serving about 250,000 residents in Markham; the libraries are managed by the Administration Centre, located at 6031 Highway 7. In 2008, the system was renamed to the singular Markham Public Library to reflect its status as one unified system, its current Chief Executive Officer is Catherine Biss. While the current library system dates back to the 1970s, there was the subscription based system popular in 19th Century Ontario, the Mechanics’ Institute, operated out of the Old Town Hall on Main Street; the Markham Public Library has 8 branches. The Markham Public Library branches are: Aaniin Library Angus Glen Library Cornell Library Markham Village Library Milliken Mills Library Thornhill Community Library Thornhill Village Library Unionville Library The Markham Village branch was to first to develop its own library classification system called the Customer Centred Classification.

Compared to the Dewey Decimal Classification or Library of Congress Classification, C3 is more modern and is supposed to be easier for library patrons to find books at the book stacks. All branches utilize the C3 cataloguing system for their non-fiction collection; the Thornhill Village branch started the migration to C3 in 2009, C3 is used by the Thornhill Community Centre branch when it re-opened in 2011. People who work, live, or attend a school in York Region may apply for a free membership. Otherwise, a $60.00 annual membership fee will apply. Like many other libraries across Ontario, the Markham Public Library system allows members to check out books and other physical and online media. Members can: Place up to 75 holds per one membership account. PA Days, Winter Breaks, March Breaks, Summer Holidays Meeting rooms for rent Study rooms of various occupancy Photocopying, scanning Maker Space at Aaniin branch with 3D printers and laser cutter, virtual reality, equipment for robotics and coding Kids Makerspace at Connell branch has toys and digital tools that are geared toward STEAM Digital Media Lab for graphic designs and editing videos and podcasts, etc Public libraries in Ontario City of Markham Official website Markham Public Libraries' photostream on Flickr


Väätsa is a small borough in Järva County, in central Estonia. It's located about 6 km west of the town of Paide, about 9 km north of Türi. Väätsa is the administrative centre of Väätsa Parish. Väätsa has a population of 704. Väätsa was first mentioned in 1564 as a village. Väätsa Manor was established under the Swedish rule in the 1630s by Magnus von Nieroth. After 1686 the manor was owned by the Baranoffs for about two centuries; the Neo-Classicist main building was built from 1796 to 1800. The manor centre and Baroque style park were developed that time. After the Estonian independence the manor was dispossessed from Johann Anton von Seydlitz in 1919. From 1925 a local school operated in the main building. In the 1970s an annexe was built for the needs of school. In 2010–2011 the manor and the park were restored; the stables are reconstructed into a guesthouse "Vana Tall". Väätsa Manor Väätsa Manor at Estonian Manors Portal Guesthouse Vana Tall

Bologna bottle

A Bologna bottle known as a Bologna phial or philosophical vial, is a glass bottle which has great external strength used in physics demonstrations and magic tricks. The exterior is strong enough that one could pound a nail into a block of wood using the bottle as a hammer, it is created by heating a glass bottle and rapidly cooling the outside whilst cooling the inside. This causes external compression and internal tension such that a scratch on the inside is sufficient to shatter the bottle; the effect is utilized in several magic effects, including the "Devil's Flask". To create the desired effect, the bottles are cooled on the outside and slow cooled on the inside during the glass-making process; this causes the outside to be hard, the inside to be soft and susceptible to damage which can release the powerful internal stresses. The glass is not annealed. Reheating the glass and allowing it to cool will remove the unique properties from the glass; because of the paradoxical nature of the glass, Bologna bottles are used as props in magic tricks, where the bottle can be shattered by rattling a small object inside it.

Mentioned in the publication of the Royal Society around 1740s, the Bologna bottle is named for where it was first discovered in Bologna, Italy. During this period, a glassblower would create a Bologna bottle by leaving the bottle in the open air instead of placing the bottle back into the furnace to cool; this produced a special phenomenon, where the bottle would remain intact when dropped from a distance onto the brick floor, but would rupture if a small piece of flint were placed inside. Although the bottle can resist a strong external force, the fragile flaws inside the bottle prevent it from being used in practical applications. List of bottle types and companies Prince Rupert's Drop A demonstration of the principle as a magic trick, using a coca-cola bottle as the vessel


Nishapur or Nishabur is a city in Khorasan Razavi Province, capital of the Nishapur County and former capital of Khorasan Province, in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains. It had an estimated population of 239,185 as of 2011 and its county 433,105. Nearby are the turquoise mines that have supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia; the city was founded in the 3rd century by Shapur I as a Sasanian satrapy capital. Nishapur became the capital of Tahirid dynasty and was reformed by Abdullah Tahir in 830, was selected as the capital of Seljuk dynasty by Tughril in 1037. From the Abbasid era to the Mongol invasion of Khwarezmia and Eastern Iran, the city evolved into a significant cultural and intellectual center within the Islamic world. Nishapur, along with Merv and Balkh were one of the four great cities of Greater Khorasan and one of the greatest cities in the middle ages, a seat of governmental power in eastern of caliphate, a dwelling place for diverse ethnic and religious groups, a trading stop on commercial routes from Transoxiana and China and Egypt.

Nishapur reached the height of its prosperity under the Samanids in the 10th century, but was destroyed and the entire population slaughtered by Mongols in 1221. This massacre, combined with subsequent earthquakes and other invasions are believed to have destroyed the pottery industry the city was known for. Nishapur was founded during the Sasanian dynasty and in the 9th century it became the capital of the Tahirid dynasty and by the 10th century was under Samanid rule; the city became an properous administrative center under the Samanids. In 1037, it was conquered by the Seljuks. Despite being sacked by the Oghuz Turks in 1153 and suffering several earthquakes, Nishapur continued as an important urban center until it was destroyed by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1221. Little archaeology has been done on this complicated site. George Curzon remarked that Nishapur had been destroyed and rebuilt more times than any other city in history, an evocative statement whether or not it is statistically true.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art undertook excavations from 1935 that were interrupted in 1940. Searching for museum-worthy trophies that they shared with the government of the Shah, the Metropolitan's publications were limited to its own Nishapur ceramics; the site of Nishapur has been ransacked for half a century since World War II, to feed the international market demand for early Islamic works of art. Shadiyakh was one of the main palaces of old Nishapur up to the 9th century AD, which became more important and populated after that; some notable people like Attar lived there. Attar's tomb is nowadays in that area; this palace was completely ruined in the 13th century. Nishapur occupies an important strategic position astride the old Silk Road that linked Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea with China. On the Silk Road, Nishapur has defined the flexible frontier between the Iranian plateau and Central Asia; the town derived its name from its reputed founder, the Sassanian king Shapur I, said to have established it in the 3rd century CE.

Nearby are the turquoise mines that supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia. It became an important town in the Khorasan region but subsequently declined in significance until a revival in its fortunes in the 9th century under the Tahirid dynasty, when the glazed ceramics of Nishapur formed an important item of trade to the west. For a time Nishapur rivaled Baghdad or Cairo: Toghrül, the first ruler of the Seljuk dynasty, made Nishapur his residence in 1037 and proclaimed himself sultan there, but it declined thereafter, as Seljuk fortunes were concentrated in the west. In the year 1000 CE, it was among the ten largest cities on earth; the city was destroyed by Mongols in 1221, after the husband of Genghis Khan's daughter was killed at Nishapur. She requested the death of every resident of the city to avenge her husband's death, over the course of 10 days Khan's troops killed, beheaded the entire population, their skulls were reputedly piled in pyramids by the Mongols. After the massacre a much smaller settlement was established just north of the ancient town, the once bustling metropolis lay underground—until a team of excavators from the Metropolitan Museum of Art arrived in the mid-20th century.

They worked at Nishapur between 1935 and 1940, returning for a final season in the winter of 1947–48. What remains of old Nishapur is a 3500-hectare "Kohandejh" area, south of the current city of Nishapur; the special Anthem of Nishapur was unveiled for the first time on April 14, 2011. US band Santana released an instrumental track entitled "Incident at Neshabur" on their 1970 LP release, Abraxas. Carlos Santana says. Yo-Yo Ma released an instrumental track entitled "Blue as the Turquoise Night of Neyshabur" as part of the Silk Road Project. About the arts in Nishapur or Old Nishapur: Nishapur during the Islamic Golden Age the 9th and 10th centuries, was one of the great centers of pottery and related arts. Most of the Ceramic artifacts discovered in Nishapur are preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Museums in Tehran and Mashhad. Ceramics produced at Nishapur showed links with Sassanid art


VXR was the branding for the high performance trim specification, used since 2004 for models in many of Vauxhall's car range in the United Kingdom. Holden has used the VXR badge for some of its high-performance cars such as the Astra VXR and Insignia VXR, for the Commodore VXR. European sourced VXR models were produced and developed by Opel Performance Center, a division of Opel; the VXR8 was developed by Holden Special Vehicles. The VXR brand is linked to VX Racing, Vauxhalls British Touring Car Championship team, the VXR versions of the cars are race track styled models, with high performance capabilities; the VX Racing name was first used in 2003 instead of Vauxhall Motorsport, taking part in the BTCC with cars prepared by Triple 8 Race Engineering. The VXR badge was first launched in the summer of 2004, at the British Motor Show, with enhanced consumer versions of the Monaro and VX220. In 2005, the VXR range included the Astra VXR and subsequently Zafira, Corsa and Meriva versions, it was launched following discussions with the Directors and several Regional Organisers of the Vauxhall Sports Car Club, at the time the official club for owners and enthusiasts of Vauxhall performance models to replace the GSi branding, used on top end high performance models.

Shortly after the introduction of the VXR brand, a dedicated website and discussion forum, VXRonline, was set up by the Directors of the Vauxhall Sports Car Club to provide technical assistance, advice and events for all owners and enthusiasts of the VXR models. Corsa VXR Launched 2015 1.6i Turbo 16v engine B16LER 205 bhp LED running lights and bi xenon headlights VXR exterior and interior styling Twin Remus exhaust 0 to 62 mph in 6.5 seconds Top speed of 143 mph 17" alloys ESP stability control system Koni dampers Traction Control Heavily bolstered Recaro bucket seats and VXR badging Intellilink audio system Onstar 5 second Torque Overboost when depressing accelerator pedalThe Corsa VXR Performance Pack adds a Drexler limited slip differential, larger Brembo brakes and track grade suspension with retuned Koni dampers. Astra GTC VXR Only available in three door 2.0 litre four cylinder turbo producing 280 bhp 19" alloys or 20" forged alloys 0 to 62 mph in 5.9 seconds Six speed manual transmission Recaro front sport seats Unique VXR gear knob, alloy pedals, still plates and flat bottom steering wheel Top speed: 155 mph Drexler limited slip differential Brembo brakes electro hydraulic power steeringInsignia VXR Available in the styles of the four door saloon, five door liftback, five door sports tourer estate.

2.8 L turbo V6 engine producing 325 PS at 5500 rpm and 435 N⋅m at 5500 rpm of torque. Six speed automatic transmission. 19" wheels 0 to 62 mph in 5.6 seconds Interior features include Recaro front sport seats, VXR gear knob, alloy pedals, still plates and flat bottom steering wheel Navi 900 satellite navigation system Top speed: 155 mph 170 mph VXR8 Bathurst S The Bathurst S version of the VXR8 became the most powerful Vauxhall to be offered, when it was launched in 2009. 6.2 litres producing 565 bhp 0 to 60 mph in 4.9 seconds Electrically adjustable leather covered sports front seats Traction Control System Six disc in dash CD player. MP3 compatible and Bluetooth, with eleven speakers including sub woofers Leather covered sports steering wheel Cruise control 21" inch hand smithed g6 twin spoke alloy wheels Aluminium VXR badged pedals Top speed of 201 mph VXR220 The VXR220 was a limited edition version of the Lotus Elise based Vauxhall VX220, with a small production run of 65 vehicles, it was powered by a four-cylinder 2.0i turbo 16v engine producing 217 bhp at 6300 rpm and 210 lb⋅ft of torque at 4800 rpm.

It could accelerate from 0-60 mph in 4.2 seconds and reach a top speed of 149 mph. The VXR220 was fitted with five spoke Speedline satin black alloy wheels with 195/50R16 Yokohama A048R LTS tyres at the front and 225/45R17 Yokohama A048R LTS tyres at the back and uprated brakes with 288 mm discs. Monaro VXR The Monaro VXR was a rebadged HSV GTO with a six-litre V8 engine producing 398 bhp at 6000 rpm and 391 lb⋅ft of torque, it could reach a top speed of 170 mph. The Monaro featured a different grille, wide lower air intake and bonnet scoops, side sills with'shark gills' and unique 19-inch alloy wheels and VXR branded brake calipers on build numbers, it was replaced by the four door VXR8 from Holden. Astra VXR The original hot hatch Astra VXR was announced in January 2005, went on sale in the summer of 2005. Based on the Vauxhall Astra Mark 5, it was fitted with a 2.0i turbo 16V engine producing 236 bhp. It could reach a top speed of 152 mph. Externally, it was different from the standard Astra with a central trapezoidal rear exhaust, 18" six spoke alloy wheels with 225/40R18 tyres and uprated suspension and VXR front fog lamps and other external styling including spoiler.

Corsa VXRLaunched mid April 2007 1.6i Turbo 16v engine A16LER Light weight body panels 189 brake horsepower Large front air inta


Listeners is an upcoming original Japanese anime television series produced by MAPPA, created by Jin, directed by Hiroaki Ando. The series is scheduled to premiere on April 2020 on the Animeism programming block. Echo Wreck Voiced by: Ayumu Murase Myū Voiced by: Rie Takahashi Niru Voiced by: Rie Kugimiya Rozu Voiced by: Kana Hanazawa Denka Voiced by: Junichi Suwabe Richie Voiced by: Yūto Uemura Ride Voiced by: Taku Yashiro Janice Voiced by: Reina Ueda Robert Voiced by: Banjō Ginga Hall Voiced by: Hiro Shimono Kim Voiced by: Atsuko Tanaka Wendy Voiced by: Yōko Honna Lisa Voiced by: Yukana Leo Marshall Voiced by: Shigeru Chiba Ein Neubauten Voiced by: Sayaka Ohara Stür Neubauten Voiced by: Yōko Hikasa Zende Neubauten Voiced by: Tomoyo Kurosawa Swell Wreck Voiced by: Rina Satō McGee Voiced by: Chō Sally Simpson Voiced by: Miyuri Shimabukuro Tommy Walker Voiced by: Yūichi Nakamura Field Marshal Ace Voiced by: Hōchū Ōtsuka Birin Valentine Voiced by: Nana Mizuki Kevin Valentine Voiced by: Kōichi Yamadera Jimi Stonefree Voiced by: Jun Fukuyama On June 8, 2019, the original anime teleivision series was announced by Jin, the creator of the Kagerou Project.

The series will be animated by MAPPA and directed by Hiroaki Ando, with Dai Satō as scriptwriter, Shinpei Kamada as character designer, L!th!um as music composer. It will premiere on April 3, 2020 on the Animeism programming block on MBS, TBS, BS-TBS. Rie Takahashi will perform the series' 12 ending theme songs. Anime official website Listeners at Anime News Network's encyclopedia