Marlee Beth Matlin is an American actress and activist. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Children of a Lesser God and to date is the only deaf performer to have won an Academy Award. Having won the award at the age of 21, she is the youngest winner in the category, her work in film and television has resulted in a Golden Globe award, with two additional nominations, four Emmy nominations. Deaf since she was 18 months old, due to illness and high fevers, she is a prominent member of the National Association of the Deaf, her longtime interpreter is Jack Jason. Matlin was born in Morton Grove, Illinois, to Libby and Donald Matlin, an automobile dealer, she lost all hearing in her right ear and 80% of the hearing in her left ear at the age of 18 months. In her autobiography I'll Scream Later, she suggests that her hearing loss may have been due to a genetically malformed cochlea, she is the only member of her family, deaf. She and her two older brothers and Marc, grew up in a Reform Jewish household.
Her family roots are in Russia. Matlin attended a synagogue for the Deaf, after studying Hebrew phonetically, was able to learn her Torah portion for her Bat Mitzvah, she was interviewed for the book Mazel Tov: Celebrities' Bar and Bat Mitzvah Memories. She performed in children's theater as early as seven years old with the Center on Deafness in Chicago, she played "Dorothy" in The Wizard of Oz, performed in Mary Poppins and Peter Pan as the small company traveled through Illinois and Indiana. At the age of thirteen, Matlin won second prize in the Chicago Center's Annual International Creative Arts Festival for an essay titled, "If I Was a Movie Star." She planned a career in criminal justice as she began attending Harper Junior College in Palatine, Illinois. Matlin attended Harper College. In her autobiography I'll Scream Later, she described two instances when she was molested: by her babysitter at age 11, by her teacher in high school. Matlin made her stage debut at the age of seven, as Dorothy in an International Center on Deafness and the Arts children's theatre of The Wizard of Oz, continued to appear with the ICODA children's theatre group throughout her childhood.
Her discovery by Henry Winkler during one of her ICODA theater performances led to her film debut in Children of a Lesser God. The film received positive reviews and Matlin's performance as Sarah Norman, a reluctant-to-speak deaf woman who falls for a hearing man, drew high praise: Richard Schickel of TIME magazine wrote, " has an unusual talent for concentrating her emotions -- and an audience's -- in her signing, but there is something more here, an ironic intelligence, a fierce but not distancing wit, that the movies, with their famous ability to photograph thought, discover in few performances." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times was impressed with Matlin, writing, "She holds her own against the powerhouse she's acting with, carrying scenes with a passion and painful fear of being rejected and hurt, what her rebellion is about," and Paul Attasanio of the Washington Post said, "The most obvious challenge of the role is to communicate without speaking, but Matlin rises to it in the same way the stars of the silent era did -- she acts with her eyes, her gestures."
Children of a Lesser God brought her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Drama and an Academy Award for Best Actress. Only 21 years old at the time, Matlin remains the youngest actress to receive the Oscar in the Best Actress category. Two years she made a guest appearance on Sesame Street with Billy Joel performing a revised version of "Just the Way You Are" with lyrics by Tony Geiss. Matlin hugged Oscar the Grouch during the song's conclusion. One year after that, Billy Joel invited her to perform in his video for "We Didn't Start the Fire". In 1989, Matlin portrayed a deaf widow in the television movie Bridge to Silence. In that role, she spoke in addition to using sign language. People magazine did not like the film, but praised Matlin's work, writing, "the beautiful moving Matlin is too good for this well-intentioned but sentimental slop." She was nominated for a Golden Globe for her work as the lead female role in the television series Reasonable Doubts. Matlin was nominated for an Emmy Award for a guest appearance in Picket Fences and became a regular on that series during its final season.
She played Carrie Buck in the 1994 television drama Against Her Will: The Carrie Buck Story, based on the 1927 United States Supreme Court case Buck v. Bell 274 U. S. 200. In that role, Matlin portrayed a hearing woman for the first time in her career, which earned her a CableACE nomination for Best Actress, she had a prominent supporting role in the drama It's My Party. Matlin had recurring roles in The West Wing, Blue's Clues. Other television appearances include Seinfeld, The Outer Limits, ER, The Practice, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, she was nominated for Primetime Emmy Awards for her guest appearances in Seinfeld, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, The Practice. In 2002, Matlin published her first novel, titled Deaf Child Crossing, loosely based on her own childhood, she wrote and published a sequel titled Nobody's Perfect, produced on stage at the John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts in partnership with VSA Arts in October 2007. In 2004, she starred in the movie What the Bleep Do We Know!?
The Tehran School of Political Science, is one of the first modern institutions of higher education in Iran at the turn of the twentieth century. Most of the nation's political elite graduated from the school; the School of Political Science was founded in 1899 by Hassan Pirnia. It was run by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it merged with the School of Law, established in 1918, to form the Faculty of Law and Political Science of the University of Tehran in 1933. Many of the school's faculty and alumni became ministers and political figures in Iran. Notable examples are: Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda, Dean of the School of Political Science, literary figure and founder of the Dehkhoda Encyclopaedia Mohammad Ali Foroughi, Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh, Prime Minister Abolqasem Nadjm, Minister and astronomer. Mirza Javad Khan Ameri, Minister, MP Higher education in Iran Academy of Gundishapur Nizamiyyah List of universities in Iran Dar al-Funun Tehran University of Medical Sciences, part of Tehran University until 1986.
Auchenharvie Colliery was a colliery located in the Auchenharvie area of Stevenston, Scotland, devastated by a pit disaster on 2 August 1895 in which nine lives were lost. John Clauchan William Clauchan This age date for William is in error: Please see record attached for ages of Glachan brothers at death 2-6 August 18951895 Death Certificate Name of Parish/District Stevenston Parish/District Number 615 Entry No 85 Surname Glauchan Mother's Name Helen Name William and Surname Glauchan Age 28 Mother's Occupation Occupation Coalminer Alive / deceased? Sex M Maiden Surname Walker Date of Death between 2 - 6 August 1895 Cause of Death Pit disaster Time of Death Place of Death Auchinharvie Colliery, Stevenston Medical Attendant Usual Residence Name of Informant C Glauchan to Deceased Marital Status Married Residence of Above Townhead St Name of Spouse Catherine Kerr Stevenston Fathers Name James Date and Place 22/8/1895 and Surname Glauchan of Registration Stevenston Father's Occupation Coalminer Registrar John Dickie Alive / deceased?
Deceased Other information Record of Corrected entries. Sept 30 1895 The Auchenharvie Mine Disaster 1895 On Friday 2 August 1895 a disaster occurred at No 4 pit in which nine lives were lost and five men were rescued after being entombed from the Friday morning until Sunday afternoon; this disaster was caused by the breaking through of water from the old workings to the east of the Capon Craig Gaw. This' Gaw' was supposed never to have been cut, it would appear, that at some former period it must have been pierced for about 3 p.m. on that day an outburst of water took place in the extreme rise of No 4. One of the sad features of the disaster was the loss it entailed on two families, one of which named GLAUCHAN lost four members while the other, named Mullen, lost two; the Deceased were:- Robert Conn aged 16 of Grange Street, Stevenston. Duncan Gallagher aged 32 of Schoolwell Street - brother -in - law to the Glauchans - left 5 children. 4 members of the Glauchan family of Townhead Street, John aged 30, WILLIAM AGE 26YRS, James aged 19, Henry aged 17.
John McGee - aged 14 Brothers James 19 and Peter 14 Mullen both of Schoolwell Street, Stevenston The miners that survived entombment were:- Charles Clark, Station Square, age 21 William Hamilton aged 22 Alexander Macadam, Old Square, Stevenston age 38 brother in law of Michael McCarroll, Ardeer Square, aged 40 Robert Park, New Street James Clauchan Henry Clauchan Duncan Gallacher James Mullen Peter Mullen Robert McConn John McGhee The event has been immortalised in the poem "The Star of Young McGhee". Auchenharvie Mining Disaster Pages