Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
The Juice Crew was a Hip Hop collective made up of Queensbridge –based artists in the mid–to–late 1980s. Founded by producer Marley Marl and radio DJ Mr. Magic, housed by Tyrone Williams' record label Cold Chillin' Records, the Juice Crew helped introduce New School artists Big Daddy Kane, Biz Markie, Roxanne Shanté and Kool G Rap; the crew produced many answer records and engaged with numerous "beefs" – with rival radio jock Kool DJ Red Alert and the South Bronx's Boogie Down Productions, as well as the "posse cut", "The Symphony". Marley Marl started his career as Mr. Magic's sidekick and DJ on the influential radio show Rapp Attack, the first hip-hop music program to be aired on a major radio station, New York's WBLS-FM; the show was influential in launching the careers of the group's various artists. The crew derived its name from Mr. Magic's alias, "Sir Juice". Magic had created an "original" Juice Crew consisting of himself, record executive Sal Abbatiello, artists Sweet Gee, DJ June Bug, Kurtis Blow.
As a record producer, Marley Marl began the Juice Crew's long tradition of answer records with their first release, 1983's "Sucker DJ's" by Marley's then-girlfriend Dimples D.. M. C.'s "Sucker M. C.'s". Although this initial effort failed to provoke a reaction of any discernible magnitude, it foreshadowed the groups' ultimate path to success. A chance encounter in 1984 between Mr. Magic, Marley Marl, manager Tyrone Williams, as well as 15-year-old rapper Roxanne Shanté, resulted in their breakout hit "Roxanne's Revenge". A scathing attack on UTFO's "Roxanne, Roxanne", the song became so popular that it not only garnered a response from the original group, but inspired dozens of imitators in a series of records known as the Roxanne Wars. In 1986, Marley produced his cousin MC Shan's second release ""The Bridge"/"Beat Biter"". "Beat Biter" included lyrics dissing local Queens superstar LL Cool J, stealing Marley's music. However, the true significance of the 12-inch release was not its headliner, but the B-side track, "The Bridge", which proved much more popular, finding not only considerable radio play but the ire of Boogie Down Productions.
BDP, an upstart rap group from the South Bronx led by rapper KRS-One, took offense to MC Shan's lyrics, their contested interpretation being that Shan was claiming Queens was the birthplace of hip hop, when in fact, it originated in the Bronx. Adding to the beef was an ongoing feud between Mr. Magic and his arch-rival Kool DJ Red Alert, who played a similar role in supporting Boogie Down Productions' budding career, involving Mr. Magic deriding their early efforts. BDP launched the first attack with "South Bronx", premiered live in concert after an MC Shan performance of "The Bridge". Shan and Marley responded with "Kill That Noise", released on MC Shan's 1987 debut Down By Law – the first full-length release from Tyrone Williams newly formed Cold Chillin' Records – calling out KRS-One's attention-grabbing methods. However, the battle was regarded as having been won by KRS-One and the BDP Crew, with the diss track "The Bridge Is Over". Nonetheless, the so-called "Bridge Wars" would be drawn out over a number of proxies.
Cold Chillin' Records soon became home to most Juice Crew artists. The Juice Crew began to expand around this time, most notably with the inclusion of two high school friends from Brooklyn: rapper Big Daddy Kane and "human beatbox" Biz Markie. Biz collaborated with Shanté for 1986's "Def Fresh Crew" and found success with his Marley-produced debut single "Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz", which introduced Juice Crew singer TJ Swan. In February 1988, Biz's album Goin' Off was released by Cold Chillin', which had just signed a five-year distribution deal with Warner Bros. Records. By the following year, Biz would become a national celebrity with the hit single "Just A Friend" reaching the US Top Ten. Big Daddy Kane went on to become not only one of the biggest selling but one of the most respected and influential rappers of his time. Kool G Rap, together with musical partner DJ Polo, was met with similar critical acclaim, albeit less commercial success; the other artists added to the Juice Crew/Cold Chillin' roster were Masta Ace and Queensbridge up-and-comers Tragedy the Intelligent Hoodlum, Craig G, Glamorous.
Craig G recorded a beatbox version. Glamorous is now Muslim, doing spoken word poetry, has become a Crisis Chaplain, her saying now is. In 1988, to showcase both his expanding crew and evolving musical productions, Marley Marl released the label–showcase In Control Volume 1; the fifth track on the album, The Symphony, with its sparse drum sample, simple piano melody and back-to-back roster of lyrical heavyweights made an impression on hip-hop and is regarded as the quintessential "posse cut". Marley Marl spent the early 1990s as a producer, including work with LL Cool J in 1990 on Mama Said Knock You Out, it would be the last year. The Juice Crew's, 1991 release In Control Volume II featured appearances from LL Cool J and Chuck D but featured little of the original crew. Cold Chillin' Records struggled in the early 1990s and less successful acts like Masta Ace were dropped. In the 1990s, The Intelligent Hoodlum, played a personal role in shaping the lyrics and imagery of Capone-N-
Eric B. & Rakim
Eric B. & Rakim are a hip hop duo formed in Long Island, New York, in 1986, composed of Eric B. and MC Rakim. AllMusic wrote that "during rap's so-called golden age in the late'80s, Eric B. & Rakim were universally recognized as the premier DJ/MC team in all of hip-hop." Tom Terrell of NPR called them "the most influential DJ/MC combo in contemporary pop music period," while the editors of About.com ranked them as No. 5 on their list of the 10 Greatest Hip-Hop Duos of All-Time. Eric Barrier was raised in the East Elmhurst section of Queens, New York, he played trumpet and drums throughout high school, switched to experimenting with turntables prior to graduation. The newly dubbed "Eric B." soon began DJing for radio station WBLS in New York City, including WBLS' promotional events around the city. Barrier wound up meeting a promoter based in Queens. Eric B. had been looking for rappers and Toney recommended he use Freddie Foxxx, a Long Island MC. Toney took Eric B. to Foxxx's home, but Foxxx was not there, so Toney suggested another option: William Griffin, a.k.a.
Rakim. Griffin had begun writing rhymes as a teenager in Wyandanch and had taken the name "Rakim" as a result of his conversion to The Nation of Gods and Earths. Eric B. borrowed records from Rakim's brother, Stevie Blass Griffin and began cutting them in the basement for Rakim, down there drinking a beer and relaxing. Said Eric B. "I took Fonda Rae's "Over Like A Fat Rat" and said'This is the bass line I'm going to use for this record.' Rakim thought it was the funniest shit in the world. I told Rakim, just like you laughing now you going to be laughing all the way to the bank and be a millionaire one day because of this record."Eric B. & Rakim came under the tutelage of Marley Marl. Stories vary over who produced their first single, 1986s "Eric B. Is President". Built on the Fonda Rea bass line sample, Eric B. told AllHipHop, "I took the records to Marley Marl's house in Queensbridge and paid Marley Marl to be the engineer. Marley got paid. That's. I brought the music. I just couldn't work the equipment because that's not what I did..."The duo recorded its debut album, Paid in Full, at Power Play Studios in New York.
The album was named in part after the Paid in Full posse, a notorious New York collective of gangsters and rappers: including the original 50 Cent, Killer Ben, Kool G Rap and Freddie Foxxx. The Paid in Full posse are featured on the back cover of the album. In 1987, 4th & B'way Records issued the album. After the success of "Eric B. is President", the album climbed into the Top Ten on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. Eric B. would admit that the album was rushed. "The reason Paid In Full is so short is. The whole album came together in a week. Listen to the lyrics on it and listen to how short they are. That's because Rakim wrote it right there and we'd been in the studio like for a whole forty-eight hours trying to get the album finished." Rakim agrees: " used to write my rhymes in the studio and go right into the booth and read them. When I hear my first album today I hear myself reading my rhymes - but I'm my worst critic. That's. I'd go into the studio, put the beat down, write the song in like an hour, go into the booth and read it from the paper..."
Marley Marl stated that his cousin MC Shan was an assistant engineer on some tracks, including the single "My Melody," though Eric B. denies this. MTV listed the album as the greatest in hip hop history:'When Paid in Full was released in 1987, Eric B. and Rakim left a mushroom cloud over the hip-hop community. The album was captivating, profound and influential. MCs like Run-DMC, Chuck D and KRS-One had been leaping on the mic shouting with energy and irreverence, but Rakim took a methodical approach to his microphone fiending, he had a slow flow, every line was blunt, mesmeric. And Eric B. had an ear for picking out loops and samples drenched with soul and turned out to be a trailblazer for producers in the coming years.' The record has sold over a million copies and the Recording Industry Association of America certified it platinum in 1995. On the heels of the albums' success, the duo signed a deal with MCA. Follow the Leader, the duo's follow-up to Paid In Full; the title track and "Lyrics of Fury" were two of Rakim's most acclaimed lyrical performances.
In 2003, comedian Chris Rock referred to Rakim's rhymes on the "... Fury" as'lyrically, the best rapping anyone's done...' Rock listed Follow the Leader as 12th on his Vibe magazine's list of the Top 25 Hip Hop Albums of All-Time. At the time, the record went unnoticed by the mainstream music industry. In 1989, the pair teamed up with Jody Watley on her single "Friends" from the album Larger Than Life; the song would reach the Top Ten on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and was one of the first notable collaborations between hip hop and dance pop. Eric B. & Rakim collaborated with other rappers. This was evident in early 1990, when KRS-One's Stop the Violence Movement put together the charity single "Self-Destruction"; the song featured numerous notable rappers. He told HalftimeOnline.net years "I don't think they hollered at me or they hollered at Eric B. and he didn't say anything to me. I was a little
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings; the word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano. The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" in this context referring to the variations in volume produced in response to a pianist's touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack; the name was created as a contrast to harpsichord, a musical instrument that doesn't allow variation in volume. The first fortepianos in the 1700s had smaller dynamic range.
An acoustic piano has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, which are strung under great tension on a heavy metal frame. Pressing one or more keys on the piano's keyboard causes a padded hammer to strike the strings; the hammer rebounds from the strings, the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air; when the key is released, a damper stops the strings' vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs, by the use of pedals at the base of the instrument; the sustain pedal enables pianists to play musical passages that would otherwise be impossible, such as sounding a 10-note chord in the lower register and while this chord is being continued with the sustain pedal, shifting both hands to the treble range to play a melody and arpeggios over the top of this sustained chord.
Unlike the pipe organ and harpsichord, two major keyboard instruments used before the piano, the piano allows gradations of volume and tone according to how forcefully a performer presses or strikes the keys. Most modern pianos have a row of 88 black and white keys, 52 white keys for the notes of the C major scale and 36 shorter black keys, which are raised above the white keys, set further back on the keyboard; this means that the piano can play 88 different pitches, going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble. The black keys are for the "accidentals". More some pianos have additional keys. Most notes have three strings, except for the bass; the strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. Although an acoustic piano has strings, it is classified as a percussion instrument rather than as a stringed instrument, because the strings are struck rather than plucked. There are two main types of piano: the upright piano.
The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music, art song, it is used in jazz and pop concerts. The upright piano, more compact, is the most popular type, as it is a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making and practice. During the 1800s, influenced by the musical trends of the Romantic music era, innovations such as the cast iron frame and aliquot stringing gave grand pianos a more powerful sound, with a longer sustain and richer tone. In the nineteenth century, a family's piano played the same role that a radio or phonograph played in the twentieth century. During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many musical works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play and hear the popular pieces of the day in their home; the piano is employed in classical, jazz and popular music for solo and ensemble performances and for composing and rehearsals. Although the piano is heavy and thus not portable and is expensive, its musical versatility, the large number of musicians and amateurs trained in playing it, its wide availability in performance venues and rehearsal spaces have made it one of the Western world's most familiar musical instruments.
With technological advances, amplified electric pianos, electronic pianos, digital pianos have been developed. The electric piano became a popular instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music and rock music; the piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments. Pipe organs have been used since Antiquity, as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches; the first string instruments with struck strings were the hammered dul
Peter O. Philips, better known by his stage name Pete Rock, is an American record producer, DJ and rapper, he rose to prominence in the early 1990s as one half of the critically acclaimed group Pete Rock & CL Smooth. After the duo went their separate ways, Rock continued with a solo career that has garnered him worldwide respect, though little in the way of mainstream success. Along with groups such as Stetsasonic, Gang Starr, A Tribe Called Quest and The Roots, Rock played a major role in the merging of elements from jazz into hip hop music, he is recognized as one of the greatest hip hop producers of all time, is mentioned alongside DJ Premier, RZA and J Dilla as one of the mainstays of 1990s East Coast hip hop production. Pete Rock is the older brother and younger cousin of rappers Grap Luva and Heavy D. Pete Rock was born in The Bronx, New York, the fourth of five children born to Jamaican immigrant parents, his family moved to New York when he was seven years old. During high school, he met his future recording partner CL Smooth.
According to Rock, his father was a part-time DJ who had an impressive record collection. Rock would accompany his father to a cricket club called Wembley in The Bronx and watch as he spun records for the guests, his first job was in his neighborhood. Pete Rock oversaw the production of Jay Stay Paid, a posthumous album by the producer J Dilla, released June 2, 2009, on Nature Sounds. Following that, Pete Rock joined Kanye West in Hawaii, who traveled there to work on the latter's fifth album, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy. In addition, he and DJ Premier have announced that they are working on a joint album together, although further details are unknown. In London he confirmed that Big Pooh & C. L. Smooth will be on his half of the VS album and he plans on dropping 5 albums in 2011 including reuniting with C. L. Smooth for a third album & drop his 4th album on Nature Sounds, his next few collaborative albums are both due for a summer release with Monumental first with Camp Lo's "80 Blocks From Tiffanys" LP.
In an April 2011 interview on Conspiracy Worldwide Radio, Pete Rock discussed his new solo work including his album with DJ Premier, as well as exploring the fact that he has had numerous beats rejected by Eminem over the years Pete Rock Uncensored Radio Interview. In an August 2011 interview, he has confirmed the completion of the Camp Lo album "80 Blocks From Tiffany's" and that he is working on production for Torae's album, Elzhi & his own solo album PeteStrumentals 2. Pete Rock announced on Twitter that PeteStrumentals 2 is indeed confirmed finished and scheduled for a 2015 release; the project was released on June 2015 on the indie label Mello Music Group. On January 2, 2019, Rock posted a trailer video on his Instagram page announcing that new works will be coming soon, including Return of the SP1200,PeteStrumentals 3, Don't Smoke Rock 2 featuring Smoke DZA, a album with rapper Skyzoo. Through the years, Rock has helped to jump-start the careers of several artists, his first project outside of Pete Rock & CL Smooth was the hardcore duo YG'z, who released an EP called Street Nigga in 1993, with four out of the six tracks produced by Rock.
His next venture, INI, was a group featuring Rock, his younger brother Grap Luva, Ras G and rapper Rob-O. They released a single, "Fakin' Jax", through Elektra Records in 1995, before their debut album, Center of Attention, was shelved by the label; the other two members continue to record solo material, albeit only sporadically. In an interview Rock elaborated on the situation: We finished the album, turned it in to Elektra and they never put it out, they only put out a single. Sylvia didn't cooperate, she didn't break bread with me when it came down to resolving that, it was all about her changing everything around. She wanted to change my whole sound; when she said, "You got ta make a beat like Puffy", I just knew. Since their split in 1995, Pete Rock's relationship with CL Smooth has been unpredictable. Although the pair united for the reflective "Da Two" from Rock's Soul Survivor album in 1998, they avoided entertaining requests for a reunion album until 2001, when they once again teamed up for "Back on Da Block" from Rock's PeteStrumentals.
In their interviews during this period, it appeared. As Rock would explain: We've been on tour, we know every producer in this business. We've influenced people people we've never met have said that we changed the face of hip-hop. So we're going to try to do some more; the pair went on a short international tour culminating in their well-received show at London's Jazz Cafe. Smooth would confirm rumors of a rift in an interview with AllHipHop.com, in which he appeared angry and frustrated with his former partner, saying "I didn’t ask him to be a superhero" and "I’m not the problem." In an interview taken in December 2006, Rock ruled out any further collaborations with Smooth but stated that he holds no grudges against his former partner. He confirmed that he will be recording a third album with C. L. Smooth. Pete Rock builds his beats from samples, the majority of which are taken from obscure R&B, jazz records. Early on in his career he would sample drum breaks such as Black Heat's "Zimba Ku"
Paid in Full (Eric B. & Rakim song)
"Paid in Full" is a 1988 song by American hip hop duo Eric B. & Rakim. Written and produced by group members Eric Barrier and Rakim Allah, the song was released as the fifth single from the duo's debut studio album Paid in Full. "Paid in Full" became one of the group's most successful singles, owing to a popular remix of the song by English dance music duo Coldcut. In 1985, Eric B. launched a search for a rapper to complement his turntable work at the WBLS radio station in New York City. Rakim responded to his search, the two began to record tracks together in the home studio of one of Rakim's close friends, Marley Marl. After Def Jam Recordings founder Russell Simmons heard the duo's debut single "Eric B. Is President", he signed them to Island Records and began recording their debut studio album in early 1987, alternating between Marley Marl's home studio and Manhattan's Power Play Studios; the resulting album, Paid in Full, was released in July 1987. English dance music duo Coldcut were commissioned to produce a remix of the song to be included on the "Paid in Full" single, with the result being given the subtitle "Seven Minutes of Madness".
When "Paid in Full" was released as the album's fifth and final single, it became a hit in American clubs. It experienced much more commercial success overseas, thanks to the Coldcut remix. "Seven Minutes of Madness" became one of the first commercially successful remixes, becoming a top fifteen hit in countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Coldcut were paid 700 pounds for their remix work. Despite its success, Eric B. dismissed the remix as "girly disco music". Along with the track, "Move the Crowd", "Paid in Full" peaked at #3 on the US Hot Dance Club Play chart. Like much of the duo's input, "Paid in Full" – produced by Eric B. & Rakim themselves – utilizes several sampled elements. To construct the song's drum track, Eric B. looped a portion from "Ashley's Roachclip", a 1974 song by funk group The Soul Searchers. The bassline was sampled from "Don't Look Any Further" by singers Dennis Siedah Garrett. Towards the end of the track, Eric B. repeatedly scratches the line "This stuff is fresh!" from "Change the Beat", a much-sampled record by hip hop pioneer Fab 5 Freddy.
Coldcut's remix of "Paid in Full" has been described as a selective remix – one which adds or subtracts material from the original composition. Coldcut incorporated several new elements in producing their remix, including the addition of various vocal samples; the most prominent of these samples was the voice of Israeli singer Ofra Haza, taken from her recording of "Im Nin'alu". Jonathan More of Coldcut had played the Haza record in clubs and found that when he lowered its pitch, it synced with the "Ashley's Roachclip" drum sample; the success of the remix helped thrust Haza into the public eye. "Im Nin'alu" was remixed and released as a single in its own right, sales of Haza's 1984 album Yemenite Songs increased dramatically. Haza only took issue to the fact. Another notable element of the Coldcut remix is its opening vocal sample, "This is a journey into sound!" – the voice of British actor Geoffrey Sumner. "Now wait a minute, you better talk to my mother" comes from Humphrey Bogart and the 1946 classic film The Big Sleep.
The lines "Pump up the volume" and "Dance to the record" are sampled from Eric B. & Rakim's own song "I Know You Got Soul" from Paid in Full. Other sample sources present in the remix include an anonymous James Brown, Don Pardo, the Peech Boys and the Salsoul Orchestra; the song is believed to be the first hip hop record. "Paid in Full" received acclaim from music critics, who complimented the song's lyrics and production. Rolling Stone magazine named "Paid in Full" the tenth greatest hip hop song of all time. Rakim's wordplay was praised and comparisons were drawn to American jazz musician John Coltrane: "His incandescent thought-bubble rap – a minute long – is all iced flow and sly beat-dodging, a good-vs.-evil meditation that calmly frames thug life inside real-life economics and a novelist's eye for detail." VH1 placed the song at number 24 on their list of the 100 Greatest Hip Hop Songs. The Coldcut remix has been acclaimed, with its utilization of samples – that of "Im Nin'alu" – being complimented.
Dorian Lynskey of The Guardian named it a "benchmark remix" and placed it in his top ten list of remixes. Chuck Eddy of Spin called the remix Coldcut's "greatest moment". Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Mama Said Knock You Out
Mama Said Knock You Out is the fourth studio album by American rapper LL Cool J. It was produced by Marley Marl and recorded at his "House of Hits" home studio in Chestnut Ridge and at Chung King House of Metal in New York City. After the disappointing reception of LL Cool's 1989 album Walking with a Panther, Mama Said Knock You Out was released by Def Jam Recordings in 1990 to commercial and critical success. Mama Said Knock You Out was released on August 1990, by Def Jam Recordings, it was promoted with five singles, four of which became hits: "The Boomin' System," "Around the Way Girl," the title track, "6 Minutes of Pleasure." The album was certified double platinum in the United States. According to Yahoo! Music's Frank Meyer, Mama Said Knock You Out "seemed to set the world on fire in 1990", helped by its hit title track and LL Cool J's "sweaty performance" on MTV Unplugged; the title song reached number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was certified gold by the RIAA. LL Cool J won Best Rap Solo Performance at the Grammy Awards of 1992.
In The New York Times, Jon Pareles wrote that Mama Said Knock You Out reestablished LL Cool J as "the most articulate of the homeboys", sounding "tougher and funnier" rapping about "crass materialism" and "simple pleasures". In Mark Cooper's review for Q, he wrote, "This 22-year-old veteran has lost neither his eye for everyday detail nor his sheer relish for words." Select magazine's Richard Cook said, "LL's stack of samples add the icing to a cake, all dark, remorseless rhythm, a lo-fi drum beat shadowed by a crude bass rumble. It could be Jamaican dub they're making here, if it weren't for LL's slipper lip." Mama Said Knock You Out was voted the ninth best record of 1990 in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published by The Village Voice. The album was included in Hip Hop Connection's a rundown of rap's greatest albums. "The LP's title track proved to be the single of the year and LL's best record since'I'm Bad'," HHC said, "while'Eat'Em Up L Chill' and'To Da Break Of Dawn' was the sound of Cool J getting his own back – and in style."
In 1998, it was listed in The Source's 100 Best Rap Albums. In 2005, comedian Chris Rock listed it as the sixth greatest hip-hop album in a guest article for Rolling Stone; the single version of the track "Jingling Baby" was remixed by Marley Marl. Japan bonus track"Mama Said Knock You Out The Boomin' System is censored on all editions of the album; the 12" single has the uncensored version. Credits are adapted from AllMusic. James Baynard – trumpet Flex – background vocals David Kennedy – engineer Darren Lighty – background vocals, programming LL Cool J – producer, vocals Marley Marl – engineer, producer Eric Williams – background vocals Mama Said Knock You Out at Discogs