Marooning is the intentional act of abandoning someone in an uninhabited area, such as a desert island. The word first appears in writing in 1709, is derived from the term maroon, a word for a fugitive slave, which could be a corruption of Spanish cimarrón, meaning a household animal who has run "wild"; the practice was a penalty for captains at the hands of a crew in cases of mutiny. A marooned man was set on a deserted island no more than a sand bar at low tide, he would be given some food, a container of water, a loaded pistol so he could commit suicide if he desired. The outcome of marooning was fatal, but William Greenaway and some men loyal to him survived being marooned, as did pirate captain Edward England; the chief practitioners of marooning were 17th and 18th century pirates, to such a degree that they were referred to as "marooners". The pirate articles of captains Bartholomew Roberts and John Phillips specify marooning as a punishment for cheating one's fellow pirates or other offenses.
In this context, to be marooned is euphemistically to be "made governor of an island". During the late-18th century in the American South, "marooning" took on a humorous additional meaning describing an extended camping-out picnic over a period of several days; as a result of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1714, Sombrero island passed into the hands of the British. Captain Warwick Lake of Recruit marooned an impressed seaman, Robert Jeffrey, there on 13 December 1807; as it turned out, Jeffrey survived. A passing American vessel, the schooner Adams from Marblehead, had rescued him. A court-martial dismissed Lake from the Royal Navy. A Dutch sailor, Leendert Hasenbosch, was marooned on the deserted Ascension Island in 1725 as a punishment for sodomy, he is believed to have died there of thirst that year. In 1726 his tent and diary were discovered by passing British sailors, his diary was translated and published in London; the most famous literary reference to marooning occurs in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island in which Ben Gunn is left marooned on the island for three years.
A famous real-life marooning, only for punishment, was leaving the sailor Alexander Selkirk on Juan Fernández Island off the coast of Chile, in the Pacific Ocean. Selkirk, a sailor with the Dampier expedition, was worried about the unseaworthy condition of his ship, the Cinque Ports, had argued with the captain until he left him ashore on the island where they had stopped for water and food supplies; the Cinque Ports sank with the loss of most of her crew. Selkirk was not rescued until four years by Woodes Rogers. Selkirk's travails provided the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe. Today, one of the islands on the Chilean coast is named Alejandro Selkirk Island and another one Robinson Crusoe Island. In 2012, Ed Stafford marooned himself on an uninhabited island off Fiji as an experiment for 60 days, he took with him water, or survival equipment of any kind. What he did take were cameras to film the ordeal for Discovery Channel. Stafford completed the task and documents the psychological repercussions in his book Naked and Marooned.
Castaway Exile Walking the plank
Zona Isključenja is a Bosnian rock band, formed by group of friends in Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Zona Isključenja was formed in 1995, although the members of the default lineup, drummer Jasmin Bešlija, keyboardist Dženan Hadžović and bass guitarist Senko Borovac, were active under the name "Paradox"; the origin of the name came from UN resolution on Goražde during the Bosnian War as town was declared as the exclusion zone for the artillery weapons by the UN Security Council. At the beginning, the band was focused on rock ballads, playing at the various festivals of demo bands, they released their first album "Vakat je..." in 2006, eleven years after the band's foundation thus the symbolic title. They released two music videos from this album for the songs "Ljubav" and "Lijepa moja"; the second album 13. Soba was released in 2008 with another two promo music videos for the songs "Boje jeseni" and "Grad". After the second album, the band fully disappeared from the Bosnian music scene and returned with the new guitarist in 2012.
Year after they released the returning single "Moj Svijet" announcing that the band is back and working on new material, The third album Trenutak, godina was released on 16 December 2016, under the same label as before Hayat Production along with the music video for the acoustic version of the song "Vila". Senko Borovac - bass guitar Admir Hurem - vocals Jasmin Bešlija - drums Dženan Hadžović - keyboards Omar Softić - guitar Nihad "Kruger" Gluščić - guitar Sanjin Šabanović - rhythm guitar Vakat je... 13. Soba Trenutak, godina discogs zona iskljuchenja Hayat Production Hayat.ba - Zona Iskljuchenja: Trenutak, godina Vakat je 13. Soba
Take Back Your Government!: A Practical Handbook for the Private Citizen Who Wants Democracy to Work was an early work by Robert A. Heinlein, it was published in 1992 after his death in 1988. Entitled How to Be a Politician, the book was written in 1946 but never found a publisher due to excess candor. Like so many of Heinlein's works, he wrote. In this case, he based the work on his experience in California politics in the 1930s his efforts on behalf of Upton Sinclair's End Poverty in California movement and Sinclair's attempt to become the Democratic nominee for governor of California in 1934; the book contains annotations by Jerry Pournelle, who had little time to finish, polish, or fact-check, because the publishers demanded the work be available during Ross Perot's campaign for president. A new edition was published in 2012, with an introduction by Heinlein biographer William H. Patterson, Jr. August, 1992, Baen Books, paperback, 304pp, ISBN 0-671-72157-7 January, 2012, Phoenix Pick, trade paperback, 246pp, ISBN 978-1-61242-061-5 Take Back Your Government title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Take Back Your Government at Open Library