Uruguayan cuisine is a fusion of cuisines from several European countries from Mediterranean foods from Spain, Italy and France. Other influences on the cuisine resulted from immigration from countries such as Germany and Britain; the food is similar to Argentine cuisine. Uruguayan gastronomy is a result of immigration, rather than local Amerindian cuisine, because the new colonies did not trust the native Charrúa people. Spanish influences are abundant: desserts like churros, ensaimadas yoo, alfajores were all brought from Spain. There are all kinds of stews known as guisos or estofados and fabada. All of the guisos and traditional pucheros are of Spanish origin. Uruguayan preparations of fish, such as dried salt cod and octopus, originate from the Basque and Galician regions, Portugal. Due to its strong Italian tradition, all of the famous Italian pasta dishes are present in Uruguay including ravioli, tortellini and the traditional gnocchi. Although the pasta can be served with many sauces, there is one special sauce, created by Uruguayans.
Caruso sauce is a pasta sauce made from double cream, onions and mushrooms. It is popular with sorrentinos and agnolotti. Additionally, there is Germanic influence in Uruguayan cuisine as well in sweet dishes; the pastries known as bizcochos are Germanic in origin: croissants, known as medialunas, are the most popular of these, can be found in two varieties: butter- and lard-based. German in origin are the Berlinese known as bolas de fraile, the rolls called piononos; the facturas were re-christened with local names given the difficult German phonology, Uruguayanized by the addition of a dulce de leche filling. Dishes like chucrut have made it into mainstream Uruguayan dishes; the base of the country's diet is meat and animal products: beef but chicken, lamb and sometimes fish. The preferred cooking methods for meats and vegetables are still boiling and roasting, although modernization has popularized frying. Meanwhile and fruit are served fried and sometimes baked, a new modern style. Bushmeat comes from carpinchos.
Regional fruits like butia and pitanga are used for flavoring caña, along with quinotos and nísperos. Although Uruguay has exuberant flora and fauna, with the exception of yerba mate, the rest of it is still unused. Uruguayan food always comes with fresh bread. Mate is the national drink; the dried leaves and twigs of the yerba mate plant are placed in a small cup. Hot water is poured into a gourd just below the boiling point, to avoid burning the herb and spoiling the flavor; the drink is sipped through a metal or reed straw, known as a bombilla. Wine is a popular drink. Other spirits consumed in Uruguay are caña, lemon-infused grappa, grappamiel. Grappamiel is popular in rural areas, is consumed in the cold autumn and winter mornings to warm up the body. Popular sweets are membrillo quince jam and dulce de leche, made from carmelized milk. A sweet paste, dulce de leche, is used to fill cookies, pancakes and alfajores; the alfajores are shortbread cookies sandwiched together with a fruit paste. Dulce de leche is used in flan con dulce de leche.
Asado: both the tradition of grilling beef over coals, the dish, tira de asado. Chivito: a sandwich containing steak, cheese, tomato and mayonnaise. Choripán: a popular Uruguayan fast food - A grilled chorizo and a crusty bread such as a baguette served with chimichurri sauce. Empanada: a small pie or turnover, most filled with meat, such as ham and cheese. Empanada Gallega: a fish pie, with sauce and bell peppers. Brought by immigrants from Galicia. Fainá: a mix of chickpea flour, salt and olive oil called "farinata", cooked like a pizza on a flat tray. Brought by immigrants from Liguria. Pancho: a typical Uruguayan hot dog - a bun called "pan de Vienna" filled with a "hot dog" with mustard, mayonnaise or salsa golf on top. Gnocchi are traditionally eaten on the 29th day of each month; this was the day before payday. Gnocchi made a hearty meal. On these occasions, some people leave a banknote under the plate to attract prosperity. Húngara: similar to the Frankfurter, but spicy. Milanesa: a thin breaded cutlet steak.
There is a great variety, such as Milanesa Napolitana, Milanesa Rellena, Suprema Maryland. Lehmeyun: an Armenian dish, brought by Armenian immigrants. Pascualina: a Swiss chard pie, puff pastry crust on bottom and top, filled with seasoned Swiss chard and eggs. Pascualina is a reference to Pascua. Pastel de carne: in English: meat pie. Chopped meat, mashed potatoes, green peppers and eggs. Russian salad: potatoes, carrots and mayonnaise. Pizza, has been wholly included in Uruguayan cuisine, in its Uruguayan form more resembles an Italian calzone than it does its Italian ancestor. Typical Uruguayan pizzas include pizza rellena, pizza por metro, pizza a la parrilla. While Urugua
Hassan El Glaoui was a Moroccan figurative painter best known for his depictions of fantasia horsemen. El Glaoui was born in Marrakesh, Morocco, on December 29, 1924, to the last Pasha of Marrakesh, Thami El Glaoui; the artist credited British Prime Minister Winston Churchill with convincing his powerful father to let him pursue painting as a career after a 1943 meeting when the Pasha sought and received Churchill's opinion of his son's paintings. The son was the scion to a 300-year-old dynasty over the Berbers, but went into exile following his father's death, with which his family's wealth was confiscated and Hassan El Glaoui himself jailed, he moved to a suburb of Paris upon his release, where he lived with his French wife in a small two-room apartment. Beginning in the early 1950s, El Glaoui trained in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Souverbie and Émilie Charmy, he returned to Morocco after 15 years, in 1965. His first show was held under a tent in Morocco, his paintings follow the Moroccan figurative tradition, his main subjects are military horses and their riders.
He rose to prominence in the 1980s with his modernist figurative paintings of fantasia horsemen and landscapes. The artist was exhibited in Europe and the United States, among other places, his work auctioned by Sotheby's, he held solo shows in Paris, New York, London and Casablanca, his works are collected in the Royal Palace Collection in Fez and the Parliament Collection in Rabat. In exile in New York, he retained his polite demeanor. El Glaoui's works were appreciated by Moroccan Kings Hassan II and Mohamed VI. A painting by El Glaoui sold for €42,000 through Christie's auction house in 2007. In early 2012, El Glaoui's work was exhibited alongside Churchill's Moroccan paintings of Marrakech, as proposed by El Glaoui's daughter and curated by Daniel Robbins at the London Leighton House Museum; the 2014 Marrakesh Biennale showed the pairing. His children are in the fine arts industry. Touria El Glaoui started the contemporary African art fair 1:54, Ghizlan El Glaoui paints in a mosaic style. El Glaoui died on June 21, 2018 in Rabat, aged 93.
Sasportas, Valérie. "Les artistes marocains, rois du marché". Le Figaro. Retrieved June 24, 2018. Quill, Kate. "A friendship forged in Moroccan art". The National. Archived from the original on January 2, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2017. Official website
Catastrophe or catastrophic comes from the Greek κατά = down. It may refer to: Disaster The Asia Minor Catastrophe, a Greek name for the 1923 Greek defeat at the Greco-Turkish War and the population exchange between Greece and Turkey after the defeat The Chernobyl Catastrophe, a name of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster Blue sky catastrophe, a type of bifurcation of a periodic orbit, where the orbit vanishes into the blue sky Catastrophic failure, complete failure of a system from which recovery is impossible Climatic catastrophe, forced transition of climate system to a new climate state at a rate, more rapid than the rate of change of the external forcing Cosmic catastrophe, thought experiment about what would happen if the sun were to disappear Ecological catastrophe, a disaster to the natural environment due to human activity Error catastrophe, extinction of an organism as a result of excessive mutations Impending climatic catastrophe, conjectured runaway climate change resulting from a rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system Infrared catastrophe or infrared divergence is a situation in particle physics in which a particular integral diverges Iron catastrophe, runaway melting of early earth's interior as a result of potential energy release from sinking iron and nickel melted by heat of radioactive decay Late Bronze Age collapse Malthusian catastrophe, prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production Mitotic catastrophe, an event in which a cell is destroyed during mitosis The Nakba, the 1948 expulsion of Palestinians from their homes Nedelin catastrophe or Nedelin disaster, launch pad accident at Baikonur test range of Baikonur Cosmodrome Oxygen catastrophe, the biologically induced appearance of dioxygen in Earth's atmosphere Runaway climate change or Climatic catastrophe, hypothesized runaway global warming when a tipping point is exceeded Toba catastrophe hypothesis, hypothesis that the Toba supervolcanic eruption caused a global volcanic winter and 1,000-year-long cooling episode Ultraviolet catastrophe, the prediction by classical physics that a black body will emit radiation at infinite power Vacuum catastrophe, the discrepancy between theoretical and measured vacuum energy density in cosmology Catastrophe, the main antagonist in The Secret Files of the Spy Dogs Catastrophe, a 2009 non-fiction book by Dick Morris and Eileen McGann Catastrophe, the climax and resolution of a plot in ancient Greek drama and poetry Catastrophe, a 1982 short play by Samuel Beckett Catastrophe: Risk and Response, a 2004 non-fiction book by Richard Posner Catastrophic, a band featuring Trevor Peres Catastrophe, a five-part science series on Channel 4, presented by Tony Robinson Catastrophe, a 2015 sitcom starring Sharon Horgan and Rob Delaney Catastrophe theory, a theory by the French mathematician René Thom and the object of its study Cape Catastrophe Catastrophisation Catastrophism Katastrophe
The Long Hot Summer is a 1985 American made-for-television romantic drama film starring Don Johnson. It is a remake of the 1958 film of the same name. Drifter Ben Quick arrives in a small Mississippi town and Will Varner, a family patriarch, sees Ben as a better choice to inherit the family business than his only son, Jody. Will tries to push his daughter Noel into marriage. Noel is reluctant to court Ben and Jody senses that Ben threatens his position. Don Johnson as Ben Quick Jason Robards as Will Varner Judith Ivey as Noel Varner Cybill Shepherd as Eula Varner Ava Gardner as Minnie Littlejohn William Russ as Jody Varner Wings Hauser as Wilson Mahood Alexandra Johnson as Agnes Stewart Stephen Davies as Alan Stewart Charlotte Stanton as Mrs. Stewart Albert Hall as Armistead Howlett William Forsythe as Isaac James Gammon as Billy Quick Rance Howard as Wilk The Long Hot Summer on IMDb
The Pontiac Torpedo was a full-sized car produced by Pontiac from the 1940 through the 1948 model year. When released, it was the biggest Pontiac, used an 8-cylinder engine, it had more standard features than other Pontiacs. Although the Torpedo name was exclusive to the highest line of Pontiacs in 1940, in 1941 the name was applied to all Pontiacs in three separate lines; the Custom Torpedoes were now top of the line name, while the DeLuxe Torpedo became the base line, the Streamline Torpedo became the middle line of Pontiacs. All Torpedo models could be had with either a 6-cylinder or 8-cylinder engine beginning in 1941. From 1942 to 1948 the Torpedo name designated only the base line of Pontiacs; the Torpedo name disappeared from the Pontiac lineup in 1949. It was replaced by the Pontiac Chieftain. In 1940, Pontiac introduced the Torpedo on the General Motors C-body. Along with Oldsmobile, Pontiac had the distinction of having all three of GM's mainstream platforms this year, but this would last only one more year.
The new C-body that the 1940 Pontiac Torpedo shared with Cadillac Series 62, Buick Roadmaster and Super, the Oldsmobile Series 90 featured cutting-edge "torpedo" styling. Shoulder and hip room was over 5 in wider, running boards were eliminated and the exterior was streamlined and 2–3 in lower; when combined with a column-mounted shift lever the cars offered true six passenger comfort. These changes had been influenced by the Cadillac Sixty Special; the 1940 Torpedo had larger windows and wider seats than other Pontiacs and rear "ventiplanes" on 4-door sedans and long gracefully streamlined rear decks. Concealed hinges were used on all doors; the doors were extra wide. The hood ornament had a plastic Indian head mounted in a metal base. Front end sheet metal looked like that on other Pontiacs. Eight-cylinder badges were used rear; the door locks had weather sealed keyholes. Gas filler tubes were enclosed under "flip-up" lids on the left rear fenders; the window openings were trimmed with bright metal moldings.
It was only available with the Inline 8-cylinder engine and either as a 4-passenger 2-door Sedan or a 5-passenger 4-door Sedan. A heater, cigarette lighter, six-tube radios, an electric clock, a trunk light were all optional. In 1941 the A-body and B-body were redesigned with lower, wider runningboard-less bodies Consequently, Pontiac renamed its entire line-up "Torpedo", with models ranging from the low-end A-bodied Deluxe Torpedo, the mid-level B-bodied Streamliner Torpedo, the high-end C-bodied Custom Torpedo. All models came with either eight-cylinder engines. A wide grille with horizontal bars was used on the A-bodied Deluxe Torpedo; the parking lights were built into the grille. Headlights were recessed into the new, wider fenders. Speed-line ribbing was molded into the sides of rear fenders. Deluxe Sixes were in Series 25. Deluxe Eights were in Series 27; the sixes had shorter hood ornaments, a "6" badge on Pontiac lettering on the side. The eights had larger hood ornaments, an "8" badge on the hood and Pontiac Deluxe lettering on the side.
Deluxe Torpedoes had notchback styling. Five body styles were available: a 3-passenger 2-door Business Coupe, a 5-passenger 2-door Sedan Coupe, a 5-passenger 2-door Sedan, a 5-passenger 2-door convertible and a 5-passenger 4-door Sedan; the 5-passenger 4-door Metropolitan Sedan was added in the middle of the model year. It had 4-window styling with rear ventiplanes similar to the 4-door Custom Torpedo Sedan instead of the 6-window styling found on the regular 4-door Deluxe Torpedo Sedan; the convertible had a power top. Sleek fastback styling characterized the B-bodied Streamliner Torpedo; the roofline swept from the windshield to the rear bumper in one smooth curve. The front end sheet metal was the same as on the Deluxe Torpedo and trim difference between sixes and eights were the same. Streamliner Sixes were in Series 26. Streamliner Eights were in Series 28. Beige corded wool cloth upholstery. There was a Super Streamliner Torpedo subseries. Supers had the same body styling and trim but featured two-tone worsted wool cloth upholstery with pin stripes.
They added sponge rubber seat cushions, electric clocks, deluxe flexible steering wheels and divan type seats with folding center armrests. Two bodystyles were available: a 5-passenger 2-door Sedan Coupe and a 5-passenger 4-door Sedan; the C-bodied Custom Torpedo had a notchback sedan and coupe as the previous year but new was a 4-door 8-passenger wood bodied station wagon in standard or Deluxe trim. Styling was similar to the Deluxe and Streamliner Torpedoes as were the variations between the sixes and the eights. Custom Sixes were in Series 24. Custom Eights were in Series 29. Station wagon bodies were built by Ionia; the Ionia bodies had a more rounded rear end treatment. Standard station wagons had imitation leather upholstery while Deluxe types had genuine leather cushions. 1941 was the last year Pontiac offered a model with the GM C-body until the big "Clamshell tailgate" Pontiac Safari and Grand Safari station wagons of 1971-76. The only way to get an 8-cylinder engine on the GM A body from 1941 to 1948 was to buy an Oldsmobile Special 68 or a Pontiac Deluxe Torpedo Eight.
In a sense these were the first muscle cars. For 1942, the Torpedo name was assigned to the A-bodied Pontiac while the Streamliner became the B-bodied Pontiac; the grille got horizontal bars. Most Torpedoes continued to have the notchback styling found on the Deluxe Torpedoes; however a new body style