Marquis Deon Grissom is an American former professional baseball center fielder. He played in Major League Baseball for the Montreal Expos, Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians, Milwaukee Brewers, Los Angeles Dodgers, San Francisco Giants between 1989 and 2005. Grissom was born in Atlanta, the second-youngest of sixteen children of Marion and Julia Grissom. Grissom was one of fifteen children, he grew up in Red Oak, Georgia in a house which his father built from scratch while working on the assembly line at a Ford plant. Grissom could not afford to play organized baseball in early childhood; when Grissom was 8 or 10 years old, he struck a police officer's Cadillac with a rock thrown from a great distance. The officer, impressed by the throw, agreed not to charge Grissom if the latter would join his youth baseball team. Grissom attended Lakeshore High School in College Park, just south of Atlanta, he was offered college scholarships in baseball and track and field. Grissom was drafted out of high school by the Cincinnati Reds and offered a $17,000 signing bonus but was convinced by his parents and high school coach to instead play college baseball.
Grissom played baseball at Florida A&M University, in 1988, the Montreal Expos selected him with the 76th overall pick in the June draft, as part of that draft's third round. He had been considered a prospect as both a pitcher and an outfielder, but the Expos decided to have him abandon the mound and work as a position player, he made his professional debut with the Jamestown Expos of the New York–Penn League that fall and advanced through the system, first appearing in the majors on August 22, 1989. He showed steady improvement for the next few seasons developing into a star as Montreal's leadoff hitter and center fielder, he led the National League in stolen bases in 1991 and 1992, was a member of the NL All-Star team in 1993 and 1994, won four consecutive Gold Gloves, the first coming in 1993. Against the Los Angeles Dodgers on July 28, 1991, Grissom caught Chris Gwynn's fly ball for the final out of Dennis Martínez's perfect game; the Expos enjoyed success on the field, but a strike ended the 1994 season before the playoffs, after baseball resumed the team was forced to trade many of their stars for financial reasons.
In April 1995, the Expos traded Grissom to the Atlanta Braves, in exchange for pitcher Esteban Yan and outfielders Roberto Kelly and Tony Tarasco. The Braves were just beginning a run of dominance in the NL East, in his first season in Atlanta, they won the World Series with Marquis securing the final out by catching a fly ball by Carlos Baerga, they returned to the fall classic the next season, but failed to defend their title against the New York Yankees. Teams' financial motivations continued to affect the course of Grissom's career, in March 1997, he was involved in a blockbuster trade with the Cleveland Indians. Hoping to save money, committed to long-term contracts, Atlanta traded Grissom and two-time All-Star David Justice to the Indians, receiving in return three-time All-Star Kenny Lofton and setup man Alan Embree; the deal worked out well for Cleveland, as the team went all the way to the World Series losing to the Florida Marlins in seven games. Grissom performed exceptionally well in that postseason, winning the MVP award in the ALCS, completing a 15-game World Series consecutive game hitting streak spanning 3 World Series, the 2nd longest of all time next to Hank Bauer of the New York Yankees.
That offseason, the Indians re-signed Lofton as a free agent, subsequently trading Grissom and pitcher Jeff Juden to the Milwaukee Brewers for pitchers Ben McDonald, Ron Villone, Mike Fetters. Grissom's production declined as he spent three seasons with the struggling club, a trade in the spring of 2001 made him a Los Angeles Dodger, sending Devon White to the Brewers in return. Grissom continued to struggle that year, but he enjoyed a strong bounce-back season as a part-time player in 2002. On September 16, 2002, the Dodgers had a crucial game against the San Francisco Giants. In the top of the 9th inning, he robbed Rich Aurilia of a potential game-tying home run to protect the 7–6 victory; the Giants went on to make the playoffs and the Dodgers did not. As a free agent he subsequently attracted the attention of the San Francisco Giants, who had just been defeated in the World Series. San Francisco signed Grissom, he enjoyed two more productive seasons as their starting center fielder; the Giants were successful as well, winning the NL West in 2003 and missing the wild card by one game in 2004.
Marquis won the 2003 Willie Mac Award for his leadership. Grissom's production dipped again in 2005, in a season of struggles by the Giants, he was released. On January 3, 2006, the Chicago Cubs signed him to a minor league contract and invited him to spring training as a non-roster player. On March 28, 2006, Grissom retired after a 17-year career, he told The Atlanta Journal-Constitution that knew it was time for him to retire when he began spending more time preparing for games than playing in the games themselves. In 2011, Grissom received four votes in the Baseball Hall of Fame balloting. Following his retirement, Grissom became a youth baseball coach. Grissom was hired to become the Washington Nationals first base coach for the 2009 season on October 24, 2008. In November 2009, he was replaced on the coaching staff by Dan Radison; as of 2015, Grissom lived with Sharron, in Fayetteville and Sandy Springs, Georgia. He had five kids, Micah, D'monte, Marquis, Jr. and Gabriella. During his playing career, Grissom bought houses for his par
Antti Oskari Tokoi, known by his middle name, was a Finnish socialist who served as a leader of the Social Democratic Party of Finland. During the short-lived Revolution of 1918, Tokoi participated as a leading figure in the revolutionary government. Tokoi emigrated to the United States of America, where he served as the long-time editor of Raivaaja, the newspaper of the Finnish Socialist Federation. Oskari Tokoi was born as Antti Oskari Hirvi in Yliviirre parish, Kannus in the Central Ostrobothnia region of Finland on May 15, 1873; the family adopted the surname "Tokoi," the name of a farm purchased by his paternal grandfather, in accordance with common local practice in this period. His father, was a farmer and horse-trader. With the economic situation grim, Tokoi's uncle emigrated to the United States in 1878, inspiring Tokoi's father to follow him in 1881, his father had been one of the few literate people in the area and saw the benefit of reading, so Oskari was enrolled to attend grammar school as a boarder in a neighboring village at the time his father departed for America.
Tokoi would be a star pupil at the school, but his parents refused permission for him to attend school after the first four years were completed and literacy attained. Oskari's father returned to Finland in January 1887; as his brother, Oskari's uncle, had taken over the family farm, Oskari's father resumed his career as a horse-trader, with mixed success. The interlude proved to be a short one, however, as his father died of an internal ailment at the age of 33, just three months after his return. Tokoi spent the next four years working as a farm laborer for others and for his uncle, with whom he clashed on a personal level. After injuring another boy in a fight, resulting in medical costs, the relationship between Tokoi and his uncle further deteriorated and by mutual consent in January 1891 the 17-year old Oskari quit the family farm to emigrate to America; the next phase of his life had arrived. Following a difficult winter journey across the sea beginning in January 1891, Tokoi arrived in the United States and made his way to the coal mines of the Western state of Wyoming, in which his father had worked before him.
Tokoi worked in a series of coal and hard metal mines in Wyoming and the Dakota Territory, joining the radical Western Federation of Miners in connection with his employment. Loss of employment in the mines forced him to travel the Midwest in search of work, however. Tokoi returned to Finland in 1900, where he worked as a merchant. Tokoi became politically active in 1901, participating in the popular movement against the Russification of Finland, his activity led him to be elected as chairman of the workers' association of Kannus in 1905. In 1907 Tokoi was elected to the parliament as a representative of the Social Democrats. From 1912 to 1917 he was the chairman of Finnish Trade Union Federation. In 1913 Tokoi was elected as the speaker of the Eduskunta, in 1917 as the head of the Senate of Finland. On 1 March 1918, a treaty between the socialist governments of Russia and Finland was signed in St Petersburg; the Treaty was signed by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin from the Russian side and by Council of Peoples Representatives of Finland Edvard Gylling and Oskari Tokoi.
During the Finnish Civil War Tokoi sided with the Reds and worked as the "commissar in charge of provisions" in the Finnish People’s Delegation. After the war, fearing punishment from the victorious Whites, he fled to Russia. During 1919 and 1920, he worked as a political advisor to the Murmansk Legion, organized by the British against Finnish nationalists who were preparing military expeditions into British controlled parts of Russia; this effort was condemned by the Bolsheviks and Tokoi had to flee again. Tokoi traveled first from there to Canada, where he remained one year. On November 21, 1921, Tokoi returned again to the United States via Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan on his passport issued in England, he made his way to the Finnish-American colony at Fitchburg, where he was incarcerated as a suspected anarchist. Held for forced repatriation to Finland, the deportation warrant was cancelled by the Department of Labor in April 1922, thereby allowing Tokoi to remain in America. Upon his release, Tokoi became an editor at the Finnish language newspaper Raivaaja.
During the Winter War of 1939-1940, Tokoi was an active public voice for the cause of Finland. In 1944, the Finnish Parliament passed the so-called Lex Tokoi, by which Tokoi was exonerated of all charges related to the Finnish Civil War. After World War II he organized help for Finland among the Finnish-Americans, he visited Finland several times in 1949, 1953, 1957 and 1958. In 1957 he attended the 50th anniversary of the Eduskunta. Oskari Tokoi died on April 4, 1963, thus independent Finland's first head of government is buried in the Forest Hill Cemetery, in Fitchburg, MA. Finland's President Kekkonen visited Forest Hill Cemetery in July 1970, pausing at the grave of the late Oskari Tokoi, first Prime Minister of Finland. Member of Parliament of Finland—1907 to 1918 Speaker of the Parliament of Finland—1913 Chairman of the Senate of Finland—1917 Tokoinranta, a quay in Helsinki, is named after him; the Oskari Tokoi Memorial is located in the Finnish Center at Saima Park in Fitchburg, MA Tokoi was honored with a Wäinö Aaltonen sculpture at Social Democratic Party headquarters in Helsinki.
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his birth, Oskari Tokoi was honored with a memorial in Kannus, Finland. Sisu: "Even Through a Stone Wall: The Autobiography of the First Premier of Finland. New York: Robert Speller & S
The Church History Library in downtown Salt Lake City, Utah houses materials chronicling the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The building opened to the public on June 22, 2009. A new archives building was planned in 1960, as an 11-story home for the offices and libraries of the Church Historian and Recorder and the Genealogical Society of Utah; the need for such large facilities diminished due to advances in modern document preservation, as well as with the 1963 completion of the Granite Mountain Records Vault, which had vast storage for genealogical materials. Following the completion of the Church Office Building in 1972, the Church's Historical Department resided in the four floors of the east wing. In April 2005, plans were announced to construct a new Church History Library to be completed in late 2007; the site was a Temple Square parking lot, was the same site as in the 1960 plan, northeast of the intersection of Main and North Temple. This new facility houses the church's historical archives.
The building was dedicated on June 20, 2009 and opened to the public on June 22 with extended hours, improved technology, assistance staff and additional educational and training programs. The Church History Library preserves materials related to the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, from the 1820s in upstate New York, to the current day, with more than 14 million members around the world; the historical materials of the LDS Church contain rich information about both Mormon history and the development of the western United States. These collections include: 270,000 books, magazines, manuals 500,000 historic photographs, maps 23,000 audio and video recordings 120,000 local histories for LDS Church units 150,000 journals, diaries and manuscripts 20,000 rolls of microfilm 3.5 million patriarchal blessings for LDS Church members The new 230,000-square-foot building provides temperature and air quality control for the Church’s historical collections. Materials are stored in two types of archival storage rooms.
The 10 main storage rooms are kept at 55 °F with 35 percent relative humidity. There are two special rooms that will be kept at minus four degrees Fahrenheit for color motion picture films and records of special significance; the building has areas for conservation, collections development, research. The Church’s conservation efforts involve 300 to 500 books and documents and 3,000 to 4,000 audiovisual recordings every year. Collections development staff acquire and catalog 500 to 700 new collections annually, including 6,000 publications. Other staff members housed in the new building will be responsible for publications, historic sites, web content. In 2005, the Church History Library applied to be certified through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system, the national standard for the design and operation of environmentally friendly buildings. After construction, the project will be eligible for certification. All research facilities opened to the public on June 22; some resources are available online, including the Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database.
This database is the most complete listing of LDS pioneer emigrants and companies who traveled to Utah from 1847 through 1868. In September 2010 the Church History Library began posting some of their digital collections online in partnership with the Internet Archive; the library is working on getting many of their pre-1923 collections digitized and available to a worldwide audience on the Internet Archive and through Brigham Young University's digital collections. Church History Library Church History Library LDS Church History Department LDS Church History resources Online Archive
Alice is the first independent EP by the Sisters of Mercy, released on 12" vinyl in March 1983 by Merciful Release, the band's own label. After one week of pre-production at Andrew Eldritch's flat in Leeds, four tracks were recorded over two weekends with producer John Ashton of the Psychedelic Furs at Kenny Giles's studio in Bridlington: "Alice", "Floorshow", Stooges cover "1969" and the unreleased "Good Things"; the same four songs had been recorded for a BBC radio session in August 1982. "Alice" and "Floorshow" were released as the band's third 7" single on 21 November 1982. With two additional tracks, "1969" and the new recording "Phantom", it was re-released in March 1983 as a 12" EP. Ashton financed a US release of the 12" EP on Island Park, New York label Brain Eater Records; the EP was never released as a stand-alone CD, but was included on the Some Girls Wander by Mistake collection. Andrew Eldritch – vocals Craig Adams – bass guitar Ben Gunn – guitar Gary Marx – guitar Doktor Avalanche – drums Andrew Eldritch: “My attitude to'Alice' has changed over the years.
I wrote it in ten minutes about pills and tranks when I used to care about watching people I know get dragged down by that. Now I don't care.” Gary Marx: “Ben joined us last year. The first single that we did with him was'Alice', like our break in a small way, as it got us into the indie charts The Psychedelic Furs put up all the costs so it was no skin off our noses. What happened was, Andy went to see the Furs a long time ago and gave them our first tape, which they liked and gave to various people, including their manager. So we've had a lot of advice from them. John Ashton, the Furs' guitarist, produced'Alice', the reason why it was so good. With a bit of luck he might help us with the next one.” “The guitar sound was my old £85 Shergold in the early days, something I’d borrowed off Jon Langford or other friends of the family, or one of Andrew’s guitars We’d made ‘Alice’ with John Ashton producing who did a brilliant job, rather than invite him to work with us again Andrew believed he’d learnt everything he could from John and took sole responsibility for ‘Anaconda’.”
Les Mills: “I arranged for them to record with John as I felt it would benefit both parties, as the Sisters' previous recorded work had been dire and John wanted to get into production.”
The Vela incident known as the South Atlantic Flash, was an unidentified double flash of light detected by an American Vela Hotel satellite on 22 September 1979 near the Prince Edward Islands in the Indian Ocean. The cause of the flash remains unknown, some information about the event remains classified. While it has been suggested that the signal could have been caused by a meteoroid hitting the satellite, the previous 41 double flashes detected by the Vela satellites were caused by nuclear weapons tests. Today, most independent researchers believe that the 1979 flash was caused by a nuclear explosion — an undeclared nuclear test carried out by South Africa and Israel; the "double flash" was detected on 22 September 1979, at 00:53 UTC, by the American Vela satellite OPS 6911, which carried various sensors designed to detect nuclear explosions that contravened the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. In addition to being able to detect gamma rays, X-rays, neutrons, the satellite contained two silicon solid-state bhangmeter sensors that could detect the dual light flashes associated with an atmospheric nuclear explosion: the initial brief, intense flash, followed by a second, longer flash.
The satellite reported a double flash, which could be characteristic of an atmospheric nuclear explosion of two to three kilotons, in the Indian Ocean between the Crozet Islands and the Prince Edward Islands at 47°S 40°E. Other systems data, such as Sound Surveillance System and Missile Impact Location System that were established by the United States and NATO to detect Soviet submarines and the locations where used missile test warheads splashed down were searched in an effort to gain more knowledge on the possibility of a nuclear detonation in the region; these data were found not to have enough substantial evidence of a detonation of a nuclear weapon. United States Air Force surveillance aircraft flew 25 sorties over that area of the Indian Ocean from 22 September to 29 October 1979 to carry out atmospheric sampling. Studies of wind patterns confirmed that fall-out from an explosion in the southern Indian Ocean could have been carried from there to southwestern Australia, it was reported that low levels of iodine-131 were detected in sheep in the southeastern Australian States of Victoria and Tasmania soon after the event.
Sheep in New Zealand showed no such trace. The Arecibo ionospheric observatory and radio telescope in Puerto Rico detected an anomalous ionospheric wave during the morning of 22 September 1979, which moved from the southeast to the northwest, an event that had not been observed previously. After the event was made public, the United States Department of Defense clarified that it was either a bomb blast or a combination of natural phenomena, such as lightning, a meteor, or a glint from the Sun; the initial assessment by the United States National Security Council, with technical support by the Naval Research Laboratory in October 1979 was that the American intelligence community had "high confidence" that the event was a low-yield nuclear explosion, although no radioactive debris had been detected, there were "no corroborating seismic or hydro-acoustic data". A NSC report revised this position to "inconclusive" about whether a nuclear test had occurred; that same report concluded that if a nuclear test had been carried out, responsibility should be ascribed to the Republic of South Africa.
The Carter Administration asked the Office of Science and Technology Policy to convene a panel of instrumentation experts to re-examine the Vela Hotel 6911 data, to attempt to determine whether the optical flash detected came from a nuclear test. The outcome was important to Carter, as his presidency and 1980 re-election campaign prominently featured the themes of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament; the SALT II treaty had been signed three months earlier, was pending ratification by the United States Senate, Israel and Egypt had signed the Camp David Accords six months earlier. An independent panel of scientific and engineering experts was commissioned by Frank Press, the Science Advisor to president Carter and the chairman of the OSTP, to evaluate the evidence and determine the likelihood that the event was a nuclear detonation; the chairman of this science panel itself was Dr. Jack Ruina of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the former director of the U. S. Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Reporting in the summer of 1980, the panel noted that there were some key differences in the detected optical signature from that of an actual nuclear explosion in the ratio of intensities measured by the two detectors on the satellite. The now-declassified report contains details of the measurements made by the Vela Hotel satellite; the explosion was picked up by a pair of sensors on only one of the several Vela satellites. The Vela satellites had detected 41 atmospheric tests—by countries such as France and the People's Republic of China—each of, subsequently confirmed by other means, including testing for radioactive fallout; the absence of any such corroboration of a nuclear origin for the Vela incident suggested that the "double flash" signal was a spurious "zoo" signal of unknown origin caused by the impact of a micrometeoroid. Such "zoo" signals which mimicked nuclear explosions had been received several times earlier, their report noted that the flash data contained "many of the features of signals from observed n
The 1884 election was the first Presidential campaign in which Grover Cleveland participated and the first of two nonconsecutive terms that he won. This election pitted Grover Cleveland against James G. Blaine and the campaign for this election centered on corruption, civil service reforms, scandals. In this election, Cleveland portrayed himself as the clean and honest candidate in contrast to the corrupt James G. Blaine. In the years leading up to 1884, the Republican Party was divided into two factions—the Stalwarts and the Reformers. In 1884, Reformer James G. Blaine was able to defeat incumbent Stalwart U. S. President Chester A. Arthur's attempt at renomination. In Arthur's place, Blaine himself was nominated as the Republican Party candidate for President in 1884. Meanwhile, U. S. Senator and former general John A. Logan was selected as Blaine's running mate after Robert Todd Lincoln withdrew his name from consideration.1876 Democratic candidate and former New York Governor Samuel J. Tilden was the 1884 front-runner for the Democrats.
Due to his poor health, Tilden withdrew his name from consideration for the 1884 Democratic nomination. After Tilden's withdrawal, then-current New York Governor and former Buffalo Mayor Grover Cleveland emerged as the front-runner for the Democrats; as Governor, Cleveland was notable for implementing civil service reform in New York as well as for preserving Niagara Falls as a state park. In addition, Cleveland's position on the tariff issue was unclear—thus allowing him to appeal to both high tariff supporters and low tariff supporters. Plus, the fact that he was from a swing state further strengthened Cleveland's appeal among Democrats. Cleveland won a lot of support for cutting off the patronage of the corrupt New York City political machine known as Tammany Hall while he was New York Governor. On the first ballot at the 1884 Democratic National Convention, Cleveland won 392 delegates to 170 delegates for his closest rival, Delaware U. S. Senator Thomas F. Bayard. Afterwards, Cleveland's campaign managers worked behind the scenes to prevent opponents of Cleveland's from consolidating around any single candidate.
This strategy was successful as Cleveland won the nomination with 683 delegates at the second ballot. For Vice President, Indiana U. S. Senator Thomas A. Hendricks was chosen. During the campaign, Hendricks would serve as an attack dog for Cleveland and hammer the Republican ticket and Republican Party for their record and character. Running on a platform of honesty and reform, Cleveland was helped by the fact that many reformist Republicans—known as Mugwumps—were uncomfortable with their candidate; the Mugwumps disliked Blaine's corruption, his imperialist foreign policy as President Garfield's Secretary of State, his opposition to civil service reform and other reforms. While a revelation by the Buffalo Evening Telegraph on July 21, 1884 about Cleveland fathering a child out of wedlock threatened to hurt Cleveland's campaign, Cleveland was able to take control and handle this issue by telling the truth. Cleveland pointed out that, while he didn't think that this child was his, he took responsibility for this child due to him being the only bachelor among his friends.
Cleveland pointed out that he put the child up for adoption once Mrs. Halpin's alcoholism threatened this child's welfare; this clarification, Cleveland's apparent honesty, the fact that Cleveland stood his ground allowed him to recover from this scandal. Maria Halpin herself and Charles Lachman questioned the veracity of Cleveland's side of this story. In spite of Blaine's conversion in support of civil service reform, the Mugwumps were unconvinced and continued to support Cleveland. Meanwhile, two events hurt Blaine's campaign in its final days. Firstly, Catholic Irish-Americans voters were alienated from Blaine when Blaine supporter and clergyman Samuel Burchard portrayed the Democrats as the party of "Rum and Rebellion." Secondly, Blaine attended a dinner at a New York restaurant called Delmonico's, filled with wealthy people. Due to the close vote in New York, it was several days before the results of this election became known. Cleveland won New York state by 0.10% --and with it the decisive votes in the Electoral College—while winning the national popular vote by less than 0.30%.
Cleveland was helped in New York state by the support of the reformist-minded Mugwumps as well as by the fact that Prohibitionist nominee John St. John took some votes in New York from Blaine. After the election, Blaine attributed his loss in New York to the bad weather as well as to Samuel Burchard's gaffe. Overall, 1884 was the first time in 28 years—specifically since before the American Civil War—that the Democrats won an election for the U. S. Presidency. Grover Cleveland 1888 presidential campaign Grover Cleveland 1892 presidential campaign