click links in text for more info

Marquis de Condorcet

Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet, known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher and mathematician. His ideas, including support for a liberal economy and equal public instruction, constitutional government, equal rights for women and people of all races, have been said to embody the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment and Enlightenment rationalism, he died in prison after a period of flight from French Revolutionary authorities. Condorcet was born in Ribemont, descended from the ancient family of Caritat, who took their title from the town of Condorcet in Dauphiné, of which they were long-time residents. Fatherless at a young age, he was raised by his devoutly religious mother, he was educated at the Jesuit College in Reims and at the Collège de Navarre in Paris, where he showed his intellectual ability and gained his first public distinctions in mathematics. When he was sixteen, his analytical abilities gained the praise of Jean le Rond d'Alembert and Alexis Clairaut.

From 1765 to 1774, he focused on science. In 1765, he published his first work on mathematics, entitled Essai sur le calcul intégral, well received, launching his career as a mathematician, he went on to publish more papers, on 25 February 1769, he was elected to the Académie royale des Sciences. In 1772, he published another paper on integral calculus. Soon after, he met Jacques Turgot, a French economist, the two became friends. Turgot became an administrator under King Louis XV in 1772 and Controller-General of Finance under Louis XVI in 1774. Condorcet worked with Benjamin Franklin, he soon became an honorary member of many foreign academies and philosophic societies, including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and in Prussia and Russia. His political ideas, many in congruity with Turgot's, were criticized in the English-speaking world, most notably by John Adams who wrote two of his principal works of political philosophy to oppose Turgot's and Condorcet's unicameral legislature and radical democracy.

In 1774, Condorcet was appointed inspector general of the Paris mint by Turgot. From this point on, Condorcet shifted his focus from the purely mathematical to philosophy and political matters. In the following years, he took up the defense of human rights in general, of women's and Blacks' rights in particular, he supported the ideals embodied by the newly formed United States, proposed projects of political and economic reforms intended to transform France. In 1776, Turgot was dismissed as Controller General. Condorcet submitted his resignation as Inspector General of the Monnaie, but the request was refused, he continued serving in this post until 1791. Condorcet wrote Vie de M. Turgot, a biography which spoke fondly of Turgot and advocated Turgot's economic theories. Condorcet continued to receive prestigious appointments: in 1777, he became Permanent Secretary of the Académie des Sciences, holding the post until the abolition of the Académie in 1793. In 1785, Condorcet published his Essay on the Application of Analysis to the Probability of Majority Decisions, one of his most important works.

This work described several now famous results, including Condorcet's jury theorem, which states that if each member of a voting group is more than not to make a correct decision, the probability that the highest vote of the group is the correct decision increases as the number of members of the group increases, Condorcet's paradox, which shows that majority preferences can become intransitive with three or more options – it is possible for a certain electorate to express a preference for A over B, a preference for B over C, a preference for C over A, all from the same set of ballots. The paper outlines a generic Condorcet method, designed to simulate pair-wise elections between all candidates in an election, he disagreed with the alternative method of aggregating preferences put forth by Jean-Charles de Borda. Condorcet was one of the first to systematically apply mathematics in the social sciences. In 1781, Condorcet wrote Reflections on Negro Slavery, in which he denounced slavery. In 1786, Condorcet worked on ideas for the differential and integral calculus, giving a new treatment of infinitesimals – a work, never published.

In 1789, he published Vie de Voltaire. In 1791, along with Sophie de Grouchy, Thomas Paine, Etienne Dumont, Jacques-Pierre Brissot, Achilles Duchastellet published a brief journal titled Le Républicain, its main goal being the promotion of republicanism and the rejection of constitutional monarchy; the journal's theme was that any sort of monarchy is a threat to freedom no matter, leading and that liberty is freedom from domination. In 1795, Condorcet had a book published called Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, it dealt with theoretical thought on perfecting the human mind and analyzing intellectual history based on social arithmetic. Thomas Malthus wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population in response to Condorcet's views on the "perfectibility of society." Condorcet took a leading role when the French Revolution swept France in 1789, hoping for a rationalist reconstruction of society, championed many liberal causes. As a result, in 179

Center for the Study of Los Angeles

The Thomas and Dorothy Leavey Center for the Study of Los Angeles is a non-profit, non-partisan education and research institute at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California. The Center for the Study of LA was founded in 1996 by Loyola Marymount University Political Science and Chicana/o studies professor Dr. Fernando Guerra with a grant from the Thomas and Dorothy Leavey Foundation. Guerra is the director of the Center. CSLA conducts public opinion polls, focusing on public policy and community interests in the city of Los Angeles, its research covers voter interests, race relations, urban outcomes. The Thomas and Dorothy Leavey Center for the Study of Los Angeles Research Collection covers various aspects of the Los Angeles region; the collection contains numerous materials and documents unique to Los Angeles, including: The Sacramento Legislative Seminar is a longstanding program in Loyola Marymount University’s Political Science Department. The program is offered, but not limited, to students enrolled in the Politics of California course held during the spring semester.

The purpose of the Sacramento Seminar is to provide undergraduate students from various California institutions with hands-on exposure to California's political system. During the seminar, students participate in panel discussions which are held in the California State Capitol, where they engage in political discourse with prominent government officials, lobbyists and scholars from across the state; the panel discussions give students the opportunity to ask these distinguished guests questions pertaining to a variety of topics. Throughout the seminar, students are encouraged to introduce themselves and meet with public officials and staff to seek personal career advice; the Center plays a significant role in organizing and coordinating the Sacramento Seminar for both the students and professors who attend annually. The Undergraduate Research Symposium invites undergraduate students formally to present displays of faculty-mentored research and other creative activity in all academic areas; the Center's undergraduate student researchers are encouraged to participate in the Undergraduate Research Symposium and receive extensive faculty mentorship and staff support with their project and presentation.

Recent projects have featured research pertaining to Los Angeles redistricting and CSLA's Los Angeles Riots Anniversary surveys and exit polls. For over a decade, the Center for the Study of Los Angeles has planned and moderated the Urban Lecture Series and more the Fall Lecture Series; the Lecture Series engage top government officials and community leaders in debate. The conversations are held at Loyola Marymount University on selected Tuesdays throughout the spring and fall semesters. Both series are televised and broadcast on public access television. Following the 2000 and 2004 Presidential elections, discrepancies in exit poll results were proven to be the product of poor sampling techniques and inaccurate results. In order to mitigate the controversies surrounding exit poll methodology, the Center assembled a team of researchers who implemented a sampling technique known as the "racially stratified homogenous precinct approach" to sample voters in the city of Los Angeles. Research conducted at the Center has shown that the city of Los Angeles is racially segregated, thus voters are more voting in racially homogenous precincts.

The key component to the stratified approach is the selection of racially and ethnically homogenous precincts throughout the city of Los Angeles. The Center has conducted exit polls for the 2005 mayoral election, 2008 presidential election, 2010 gubernatorial election. In observance of the Los Angeles riots and disturbances of 1992, CSLA sponsors cross-sectional phone surveys of Los Angeles residents to study their overall perceived attitudes and concerns towards the city of Los Angeles; the CSLA Riots Anniversary Survey is conducted every 5th anniversary marking the L. A. riots and disturbances of 1992. The Riots Anniversary Survey provides data on LA residents' perceptions of race/ethnic relations, the Los Angeles Police Department, local government and neighborhood relations, the likelihood for future riots to occur, the overall direction of Los Angeles, Los Angeles resident quality of life; the Center for the Study of Los Angeles Official Website

2017 ASEAN Para Games

The 2017 ASEAN Para Games known as the 9th ASEAN Para Games, was a Southeast Asian disabled multi-sport event held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 17 days after the 2017 Southeast Asian Games from 17 to 23 September 2017. This was the third time Malaysia host the ASEAN Para Games and its first time since 2009. Malaysia hosted the inaugural games in 2001. Around 1452 athletes participated at the event, it was opened by the Prime Minister of Najib Razak at the Bukit Jalil National Stadium. The final medal tally was led by Indonesia, followed by host Malaysia and Thailand, while East Timor won its first ASEAN Para Games gold medals; as per ASEAN Para Games traditions, the games are held after every Southeast Asian Games and the host country of the Southeast Asian Games is the host of the ASEAN Para Games. Like the Southeast Asian Games, each country is assigned a year to host but may choose to do so or not. In July 2012, the SEAGF meeting in Myanmar confirmed that Malaysia would host the Southeast Asian Games in 2017, should there be no other country willing to bid for the host job.

Olympic Council of Malaysia secretary general Sieh Kok Chi, who attended the meeting, said that Myanmar would host the Games in 2013, followed by Singapore in 2015. It should be Brunei's turn but it wanted to host the 2019 Games instead of the 2017 edition. Malaysia is willing to be the host for the 2017 Games; this means the hosting rights of the ASEAN Para Games automatically goes to Malaysia, which will host the games two weeks after the end of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games. On 12 May 2016, a meeting was held between Olympic Council of Malaysia and the Paralympic Council of Malaysia to discuss the possibilities of organising the 2017 Southeast Asian Games and the 2017 ASEAN Para Games and the merger of the two games; the same topic was discussed at the Asean Para Sports Federation Board of Governors meeting on 7 June 2016. By 14 July, the proposal has been rejected by SEA Games Federation Council, with 9 member countries have opposed the proposal while only two agreed, citing the reason for the rejection was due to the tradition and culture that has long been maintained by SEAGF.

Hence, the date of the 2017 ASEAN Para Games was set from 17 to 23 September 2017. The Malaysia SEA Games Organising Committee is the governing body for the 2017 ASEAN Para Games, it was formed in 2015 to oversee the staging of the event. The 2017 ASEAN Para Games was held around the Klang Valley area, consists of Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan. All the existing venues in Bukit Jalil National Sports Complex were upgraded while the velodrome, costed MYR 80 million was built in Nilai, Negeri Sembilan to host track cycling events and was completed on late March 2017 and opened on 26 May 2017, they were equipped with disabled-friendly facilities prior to the games. More than RM1.6 billion has been allocated by the host country to turn the National Sports Complex in Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, its surrounding areas into a Sports City. The first phase of the work will get the Bukit Jalil National Stadium ready to host the 2017 Southeast Asia Games and the 9th ASEAN Para Games. A games village was not built.

Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw officials housed in 6 hotels in the area. Besides being physically near to the Sports City, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the nation and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses; the 9th ASEAN Para Games had 17 venues for the games. 14 in Kuala Lumpur and 1 each in Selangor and Negeri Sembilan respectively. Prasarana became one of the 2017 ASEAN Para Games sponsors as “Official Public Transport Service Provider” on 9 May 2017 during the SEA Games 100-days countdown celebration; the company provided 60 buses for the participating athletes throughout the games and cars for technical officers and guests. The organisers estimated that about 20,000 volunteers are needed to host the SEA games and the ASEAN Para Games, they were tasked with a variety of duties, such as scorekeeping, crowd control, promotions. Volunteer recruitment began on 14 November 2015, the same date as the launch party of the games logo and mascot until July 2017, in which 50,000 people have signed up as volunteers.

The Games Volunteer Program was held at the National University of Malaysia in Bangi in four phases from February to June. On 19 July 2017, of the 50,000 online applicants, 13,000 people were selected to be the games volunteer. 9,000 people were chosen to be the volunteer of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games, whereas another 4,000 people were chosen to be the volunteer of the 2017 ASEAN Para Games. On 4 July 2017, it was announced that no paid tickets are required for the ASEAN Para Games events and the entry to the games' venues is free. During the closing ceremony of the 2015 ASEAN Para Games, the ASEAN Para Sports Federation Flag was formally handed over to Malaysia from Singapore; this was followed by a dance section highlighting Malaysia as the next venue. On 14 November 2015, a launch party was held at the Suria KLCC to launch the logo and the volunteer recruitment programme. On 19 August 2016, a series of festivities, dubbed the "Wau Factor" were held at the National Sports Council Centre in Setiawangsa, to mark the one-year countdown to the games.

From 2 March to 20 May 2017 Malaysia SEA Games organising committee organised a school tour programme dubbed the KL2017@Schools programme at 33 selected schools across Peninsular Malaysia to instill awareness about the games amongst the school students. On 9 May 2017, Malays

Glen Ridge station

Glen Ridge is a New Jersey Transit station at the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue and Ridgewood Avenue in Glen Ridge, Essex County, New Jersey along the Montclair-Boonton Line. Service through Glen Ridge comes from Hoboken Terminal and New York Penn Station and goes through to one of four termini, Bay Street, Montclair State University and Hackettstown; the station depot is on-grade level with Ridgewood Avenue, with the platform and tracks below street-level. Railroad service through Glen Ridge began in 1860 with the construction of a platform on the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad at Prospect Street known as Ridgewood; the tracks were built eight years prior and no service in the area began until a nearby flag stop opened for a private entrepreneur in 1857. The railroad built a new wooden station at Ridgewood Avenue in 1872, replacing that in 1887; the platforms at Glen Ridge, along with the stations at Bloomfield and Watsessing Avenue stations along the Montclair Branch were all built in 1912 during a grade separation program by the Delaware and Western Railroad.

The Glen Ridge station, like the Watsessing Avenue station, was set below street level. It is a contributing property to the Glen Ridge Historic District and the Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource. Glen Ridge the site of the train station scene in the 2003 film Mona Lisa Smile that starred Julia Roberts and in the film Far From Heaven. Glen Ridge's low-level side platforms are not accessible. Benson Street station National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, New Jersey Station House from Google Maps Street View

SarĂ² libera

Sarò libera is the second solo album by Italian singer Emma Marrone, published on September 20, 2011 by Universal. The album is preceded by the eponymous single "Sarò Libera", released September 2, 2011 and subsequently certified Gold disc; the album reached the highest position as the #43 Switzerland in the Swiss Music Charts, remaining there for eight weeks, came straight to Number 1 in Italy, with the two versions. After Marrones participation in the Sanremo Music Festival 2012, on February 15, 2012 a new edition of the album was published, called Sanremo Edition, with a dual version of "Non è l'inferno", a song that won the festival, a cover of "Nel blu dipinto di blu"; the single "Non è l'inferno", certified disc multiplatinum, debuted straight to 1st place in Italy while Switzerland reaches the 19th position. The fourth single, "Cercavo amore", was certified Platinum disc; the fifth single from the album was "Maledetto quel giorno", the soundtrack of the campaign Hyundai i20 Sound Edition.

On November 11, the website of Il Corriere della Sera released a preview of the music video of the song, not as a single statement, "Non sono solo te", included in Sarò libera, of which Emma is both producer and Screenwriter. The album Sarò libera was certified double platinum by the Federation of the Italian Music Industry. "Tra passione e lacrime" "Sarò libera" "Senza averti mai" "Non sono solo te" "Ti capita mai" "Dove finisce la notte" "Acqua e ghiaccio" "Maledetto quel giorno" "Cercavo amore" "Da quando mi hai lasciato tu" "Un attimo" "Protagonista" "Scusa se vado via" "Non è l'inferno" "Nel blu dipinto di blu" "Tra passione e lacrime" "Sarò libera" "Senza averti mai" "Non sono solo te" "Ti capita mai" "Dove finisce la notte" "Acqua e ghiaccio" "Maledetto quel giorno" "Cercavo amore" "Da quando mi hai lasciato tu" "Un attimo" "Protagonista" "Scusa se vado via" "Non è l'inferno", with Alessandra Amoroso From July 10, 2012 Emma Marrone was on tour with the Sarò libera Tour. A single date abroad was in London on 8 at Koko Club.

Sarò libera Tour sold more than 160,000 tickets and sold out in every concert. The track list, the scenery and the arrangements of the songs between Tour summer and winter have been modified. In the Tour winter, as well as most rock and impetuous shown in Tour summer, the singer said he wanted to show the most intimate. Since the beginning of Tour winter brought the singer of songs played with their guitar and created some videos of story. Intro voice Emma ”Tra passione e lacrime” ”Ti capita mai” ”Resta ancora un po'” ”Colori” ”Purché tua” ”Sarò libera” ”Con le nuvole” ”L'amore che ho” ”Davvero” ”Io son per te l'amore” ”Acqua e ghiaccio” ”Nel blu dipinto di blu” ”Medley: Cullami”/Da quando mi hai lasciato tu/Dove finisce la notte ”Protagonista” ”Arida” ”Dalle vene” ”Maledetto quel giorno” ”Non è l'inferno” ”Calore” ”Arriverà” ”Scusa se vado via” ”Cercavo amore”Setlist Tour winterVideo presentation ”Davvero” ”Maledetto quel giorno” ”Ti capita mai” ”Acqua e ghiaccio” ”Senza averti mai” ”Con le nuvole” ”Nel blu dipinto di blu” ”America” ”Cercavo amore” ”L'amore che ho” ”Tra passione e lacrime” ”Non sono solo te” ”Sembra strano” ”Dalle vene” ”Cullami” ”Resta ancora un po'” ”Arriverà” ”Sarò libera” ”Io son per te l'amore” ”Non è l'inferno” ”Calore” ”Cercavo amore” bis Flavio Pasquetto: electric and acoustic guitars Simone De Filippis: electric and acoustic guitars Luca Cirillo: keyboard Daniele Formica: drums Pietro Casadei: electric bass Arianna Mereu: vocalist Elena Floris: violinist Claudia Della Gatta: cello

Hanako Games

Hanako Games is an independent video game development company founded by Georgina Bensley that develops PC games involving female protagonists centered on fantasy- and anime-inspired style. Games on the site include Fatal Hearts, Cute Knight, Summer Session, Science Girls; the website provides free demos for all of the games along with downloadable wallpapers. Hanako Games is an affiliate of Tycoon Games and sakevisual. In 2015, Hanako Games started to publish visual novel games that were not written by them, release them under the name Hanabira; the first game Sword Daughter was released on January 5, 2015. The story was a gamebook of the Dragontales series by Rhondi A. Vilott Salsitz and was first published in the 1980s. In 2016, the game A Littly Lily Princess was released under the label of Hanabira, it is visual novel game with raising sim elements and based on the novel A Little Princess by Frances Hodgson Burnett. Founder Georgina Bensley released a text adventure game in 2000 under the name Papillon.

In 2005, Bensley released Cute Knight. While not Hanako Games's first release, it was their first to be redistributed by other companies. In 2007, Hanako Games was awarded the top prize at Innovate 2007, sponsored by the Casual Games Association. Black Closet was named as a finalist for the Excellence in Narrative category for the 2016 Independent Games Festival; as Hanako Gamesas Hanabira Official website Hanako Games at The Visual Novel Database Interview with Hanako Games Another Interview Interview with Erin Bell