Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade, was a French nobleman, revolutionary politician, philosopher and serial rapist, famous for his libertine sexuality. His works include novels, short stories, plays and political tracts. In his lifetime some of these were published under his own name while others, which Sade denied having written, appeared anonymously. Sade is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence, suffering and blasphemy against Christianity, he became infamous for his numerous sexual crimes and abuse against young men and children. He claimed to be a proponent of absolute freedom, unrestrained by religion or law; the words sadism and sadist are derived from his name. Sade was incarcerated in various prisons and an insane asylum for about 32 years of his life: 11 years in Paris, a month in the Conciergerie, two years in a fortress, a year in Madelonnettes Convent, three years in Bicêtre Asylum, a year in Sainte-Pélagie Prison, 12 years in the Charenton Asylum.
During the French Revolution, he was an elected delegate to the National Convention. Many of his works were written in prison. There continues to be a fascination in popular culture. Prolific French intellectuals such as Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault published studies of him. On the other hand the French hedonist philosopher Michel Onfray has attacked this cult, writing that "It is intellectually bizarre to make Sade a hero." There have been numerous film adaptions of his work, the most notable being Pasolini's Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom, an adaptation of his infamous book, The 120 Days of Sodom. De Sade was born on 2 June 1740, in the Hôtel de Condé, Paris, to Jean Baptiste François Joseph, Count de Sade and Marie Eléonore de Maillé de Carman, distant cousin and Lady-in-waiting to the Princess of Condé, he was his parents' only surviving child. He was educated by the Abbé de Sade. In Sade's youth, his father abandoned the family, he was raised by servants who indulged "his every whim," which led to his becoming "known as a rebellious and spoiled child with an ever-growing temper."Later in his childhood, Sade was sent to the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, a Jesuit college, for four years.
While at the school, he was tutored by a priest. In life, at one of Sade's trials the Abbé testified, saying that Sade had a "passionate temperament which made him eager in the pursuit of pleasure" but had a "good heart." At the Lycée Louis-le-Grand, he was subjected to "severe corporal punishment," including "flagellation," and he "spent the rest of his adult life obsessed with the violent act." At age 14, Sade began attending an elite military academy. After 20 months of training, on 14 December 1755, at age 15, Sade was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant, becoming a soldier. After 13 months as a sub-lieutenant, he was commissioned to the rank of cornet in the Brigade de S. André of the Comte de Provence's Carbine Regiment, he became Colonel of a Dragoon regiment and fought in the Seven Years' War. In 1763, on returning from war, he courted a rich magistrate's daughter, but her father rejected his suitorship and instead arranged a marriage with his elder daughter, Renée-Pélagie de Montreuil. In 1766, he had a private theatre built in the Château de Lacoste, in Provence.
In January 1767, his father died. The men of the Sade family alternated between using the marquis and comte titles, his grandfather, Gaspard François de Sade, was the first to use marquis. The Sade family were noblesse d'épée, claiming at the time the oldest, Frank-descended nobility, so assuming a noble title without a King's grant, was customarily de rigueur. Alternating title usage indicates. At Court, precedence was by royal favor, not title. There is father-and-son correspondence. For many years, Sade's descendants regarded his work as a scandal to be suppressed; this did not change until the mid-twentieth century, when the Comte Xavier de Sade reclaimed the marquis title, long fallen into disuse, on his visiting cards, took an interest in his ancestor's writings. At that time, the "divine marquis" of legend was so unmentionable in his own family that Xavier de Sade only learned of him in the late 1940s when approached by a journalist, he subsequently discovered a store of Sade's papers in the family château at Condé-en-Brie, worked with scholars for decades to enable their publication.
His youngest son, the Marquis Thibault de Sade, has continued the collaboration. The family have claimed a trademark on the name; the family sold the Château de Condé in 1983. As well as the manuscripts they retain, others are held in libraries. Many, were lost in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A substantial number were destroyed after Sade's death at the instigation of his son, Donatien-Claude-Armand. Sade lived a scandalous libertine existence and procured young prostitutes as well as employees of both sexes in his castle in Lacoste, he was accused of blasphemy, a serious offense. His behavior included an affair with
Hadwen Carlton Fuller was a United States Representative from New York. He was born on August 1895, in West Monroe, Oswego County, New York, he attended Central Square High School. He worked as a bank clerk, was assistant cashier of the First National Bank of Central Square from 1912 to 1918. During the First World War he served in the United States Army, he was organizer of the Parish Oil Co. Inc. in 1926, serving as president since 1937, was Chairman of the Oswego County Republican Committee in 1942. Fuller was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1943, he was elected as a Republican to the 78th United States Congress, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Francis D. Culkin, he was re-elected to the 79th and 80th United States Congresses, holding office from November 2, 1943 to January 3, 1949. He was a delegate to the 1948 Republican National Convention. Afterwards he resumed his former business pursuits, he died on January 1990, in Parish, New York. United States Congress. "Hadwen C. Fuller".
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Melanie Walters is a Welsh actress who has worked in television. She is best known for playing Gwen West in the BBC sitcom Stacey. Walters was raised in the Mumbles, near Swansea, her father died when she was young, leaving her mother to raise four children under four years old. In 1973, aged 11, she took over her brother's paper round, covering Mumbles Head every day, an experience she described at length on BBC Radio 4 in January 2012; when she was 14 she qualified as a lifeguard. Walters has worked in television, but is best known for playing Gwen West in the BBC sitcom Gavin & Stacey, she was one of eight celebrities chosen to participate in an intense week learning Welsh in an eco-friendly chic campsite in Pembrokeshire in the series cariad@iaith:love4language shown on S4C in July 2011. Walters made a guest appearance in Casualty as Carrie on 3 February 2018. In December 2011 she appeared in the pantomime Cinderella at the Riverfront Arts Centre in Newport. Burn Burn Burn – as Shelle High Tide – Bethan, Long Arm Films Production Resistance – Helen Roberts Submarine – Judie Bevan Tan ar y Comin – Mrs. Evans Blue Remembered Hills – Angela Cinderella – Fairy Godmother Walters lives with her son in the Mumbles, where she runs a business teaching Pilates.
Melanie Walters on IMDb