Marshal of Italy

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Marshal of Italy
Rank insignia of maresciallo d'Italia of the Italian Army (1940).png
Marshal of Italy sleeve rank insignia (1933-1945)
Rank insignia of maresciallo d'Italia of the Italian Army (1945-1947).png
Marshal of Italy sleeve rank insignia (1945-1947)
Country  Kingdom of Italy
Rank Five-star
Formation 4 November 1924
Abolished 18 January 1947
Next higher rank First Marshal of the Empire

Marshal of Italy (Italian: Maresciallo d'Italia) was a rank in the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito). Originally created in 1924 by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini for the purpose of honoring Generals Luigi Cadorna and Armando Diaz, the rank was granted to several other general officers from 1926 to 1943. The rank was the highest in the Italian Army prior to the creation of the rank of First Marshal of the Empire in 1938. The rank of Marshal of Italy was abolished in 1946 with the creation of the Republic of Italy. The equivalent Royal Navy (Regia Marina) rank was Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio), while the equivalent Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) rank was Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), all of them abolished for the Armed Forces of the Republic of Italy.[1]

Lists of the Marshals of Italy[edit]

Marshals of Italy and equivalent Ranks
Name and style Armed Forces Branch Image Born Died Date of promotion
Luigi Cadorna  Royal Italian Army Luigi Cadorna 1850 1928 1924-04-114 November 1924
Armando Diaz  Royal Italian Army Luigi Cadorna 1861 1928 1924-04-114 November 1924
Paolo Thaon di Revel  Royal Italian Navy Paolo Thaon di Revel 1859 1948 1924-04-114 November 1924
HRH The Duke of Aosta  Royal Italian Army The Duke of Aosta 1869 1931 1926-06-2525 June 1926
Pietro Badoglio  Royal Italian Army Pietro Badoglio 1871 1956 1926-06-2525 June 1926
Enrico Caviglia  Royal Italian Army Enrico Caviglia 1862 1945 1926-06-2525 June 1926
Gaetano Giardino  Royal Italian Army Gaetano Giardino 1864 1935 1926-06-2525 June 1926
Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi  Royal Italian Army Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi 1856 1941 1926-06-2525 June 1926
Italo Balbo  Royal Italian Air Force Italo Balbo 1896 1940 1933-08-1313 August 1933
Emilio De Bono  Royal Italian Army Emilio De Bono 1866 1944 1935-11-1616 November 1935
Rodolfo Graziani  Royal Italian Army Rodolfo Graziani 1882 1955 1936-05-099 May 1936
Ugo Cavallero  Royal Italian Army Ugo Cavallero 1880 1943 1942-07-011 July 1942
Ettore Bastico  Royal Italian Army Ettore Bastico 1876 1972 1942-08-1212 August 1942
HRH The Prince of Piedmont  Royal Italian Army The Prince of Piedmont 1904 1983 1942-10-2929 October 1942
Giovanni Messe  Royal Italian Army Giovanni Messe 1883 1968 1943-05-1212 May 1943

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine. of the Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) home site - www.esercito.difesa.it.