click links in text for more info

Marshall County, Minnesota

Marshall County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,439, its county seat is Warren. Marshall County was the location of a claimed UFO incident in the Val Johnson incident; the Minnesota legislature created the county on February 25, 1879, with territory partitioned from the southern half of Kittson County, with Warren as the county seat. It was named for William Rainey Marshall, who served as Minnesota governor from 1866 to 1870. Marshall County lies on Minnesota's border with North Dakota; the Snake River rises in Polk County and flows north through the western part of the county to its confluence with the Red. The Tamarac River rises in Marshall County and flows west through the county's northern area to its confluence with the Red; the Middle River rises in Marshall County and flows west through the southern part of the county, discharging into the Snake just upstream of the Snake/Red confluence. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages devoted to agriculture where possible.

The terrain slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near the midpoint of its east border, at 1,194' ASL. The county has a total area of 1,813 square miles, of which 1,775 square miles is land and 38 square miles is water. Marshall is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties. Stephen Municipal Airport - northeast of Stephen Thief Lake Webster Creek Pool As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 10,155 people, 4,101 households and 2,837 families in the county; the population density was 5.72/sqmi. There were 4,791 housing units at an average density of 2.70/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 97.22% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 1.62% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 2.93 % of the population were Latino of any race. 43.2 % were of 9.6 % Swedish ancestry. There were 4,101 households of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families.

28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01. The county population contained 25.40% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.10 males. The median household income was $34,804, the median family income was $41,908. Males had a median income of $30,051 versus $20,600 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,317. About 6.90% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over. Mud Lake Marshall County has voted Republican in presidential elections since 2000, except in 2008 when Barack Obama carried the county by less than one percentage point.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Marshall County, Minnesota Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge

Similar fact evidence

In the law of evidence, similar fact evidence establishes the conditions under which factual evidence of past misconduct of accused can be admitted at trial for the purpose of inferring that the accused committed the misconduct at issue. In Canada, the rule is established in R. v. Handy, 164 CCC 481, 2 SCR 908: Evidence of prior bad acts by the accused will be admissible if the prosecution satisfies the judge on a balance of probabilities that, in the context of the particular case, the probative value of the evidence in relation to a specific issue outweighs its potential prejudice and thereby justifies its reception. Questions arise as to how the Court will measure the elements of this rule: i) What constitutes a prior act of misconduct? Any past misdeed, does not have to proven as a conviction.ii) Why does the Court speak of evidence in relation to a'specific issue'? Good measure of probity, what other issue beyond disposition or propensity evidence.iii) How is probative value determined?

Nature of similarity between details, distinctive features and circumstances of past act and current offence Proximity in time between past act and current offense Number of occurrences of the similar acts Any intervening event Any other factor tending to support or rebut the unity of past act and conduct in question The 2001 trial of Roy Whiting may have influenced the decision to change the law in England and Wales. These changes were brought into force by the'Bad Character' provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. Although preceding these changes, Rosemary West's 1995 trial has been cited as an example where similar fact evidence was crucial to the prosecution case. Similar fact evidence can be used if the original "misconduct" could not be prosecuted due to duress or the offender's youth. In a case of a Devon family imprisoned in 1998, one of the defendants appealed his conviction for raping his sister at the age of 16, suggesting it was unlikely that she would not complain or seek help.

It was held that the evidence that his father had coerced him into sexual acts with his other sisters as a child was similar fact evidence and, in addition to the systematic long-term sexual activity and abuse within the family, sufficient to explain why he felt that he could get away with abusing her and knew she could not rely on her family for protection. In New Zealand, the rules regarding similar fact evidence are codified by section 43 of the Evidence Act 2006. Under Scots law, this is covered by the well-established use of the Moorov Doctrine. Under Rule 404 of the United States Federal Rules of Evidence, evidence of a person's character or character trait is not admissible to prove that on a particular occasion the person acted in accordance with the character or trait. Additionally, evidence of a crime, wrong, or other act is not admissible to prove a person's character in order to show that on a particular occasion the person acted in accordance with the character; this evidence may be admissible for another purpose, such as proving motive, intent, plan, identity, absence of mistake, or lack of accident.

Doctrine of chances Supreme Court Of Canada Case: R. v. Hardy R v M & others, Court of Appeal from Plymouth Crown Court

Aleksandr Nedovyesov

Aleksandr Nedovyesov known as Oleksandr Nedovyesov, is a professional tennis player of Kazakhstan. He represented Ukraine until December 2013, he competes on the ATP Challenger Tour, both in singles and doubles. He reached his highest ATP singles ranking of World No. 72 in April 2014 and his highest ATP doubles ranking of No. 115 in February 2014. Aleksandr made his first appearance in the main draw of a Major at the Australian Open, where he lost to Tomáš Berdych in straight sets. At the French Open, he recorded his first victory at a Grand Slam event with victory over Somdev Devvarman, he again met Berdych in the second round, this time winning a set before losing in four. Aleksandr Nedovyesov at the Association of Tennis Professionals Aleksandr Nedovyesov at the International Tennis Federation

Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali al-Barbahari

Al-Ḥasan ibn ʻAlī al-Barbahārī was a Muslim theologian from Iraq. He was a scholar and jurist who played an important role in the Sunni struggle against the S̲h̲īʿa missionaries and opposed the progress of Mu'tazilism in the Abbasid Caliphate during the 10th–11th centuries, his books are peppered with stinging remarks that place the Shias, Qadaris, Mu'tazilis and Ash'aris in an negative light. He was responsible for a number of invasive pogroms and instances of sectarian violence in 10th-century Baghdad. Princeton University scholar of Islamic history Michael Cook has described al-Barbahari as a manifest demagogue. Al-Barbahari was born in Baghdad and learned from the students of Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Although al-Barbahari was an adherent of the Hanbalite school of jurisprudence, his contributions to the field were negligible. In addition, al-Barbahari championed them. Al-Barbahari had several known students, including the famed scholar Ibn Battah, his status as an authority within the Hanbali school was not universal, al-Barbahari and his students were in conflict with Abu Bakr al-Khallal considered to be the sole preserver and codifier of the school.

While al-Barbahari contributed little to jurisprudence, he was well known as a polemicist. His book Sharh as-Sunnah was written to educate the Hanbalites in methods to identify heretics. Al-Barbahari was the leader of a number of violent, invasive pogroms during the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad due to sectarian views, his audience was strong in the Hanbalite quarter of the city. He was influential among the urban lower classes, exploited popular grievances to foment what turned into mob violence against religious minorities and supposed sinners. Under the influence of al-Barbahari and popular pressure of his followers, the Caliphs Al-Muqtadir and Al-Qahir enforced Hanbalism as the state creed, executing al-Barbahari's enemies and burying renowned Muslim historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, considered a heretic by al-Barbahari as well as most Hanbalites at the time, in secret due to fears of mob violence were a funeral to be held at the public graveyard; the efforts of al-Barbahari and the Baghdad Hanbalites were put to an end in 935 by the new Caliph Ar-Radi.

Al-Barbahari had ordered mobs to break into any homes suspected of containing wine or musical instruments and organized groups of men to interrogate couples in public streets to ensure conservative conduct in public. The mobs looted shops, not all selling illegal contraband, physically attacked female entertainers. Ar-Radi ended the favored status of the Hanbalites. Islamic scholars Notable Hanbali Scholars


Muggy-Doo is a funny-animal character created by Hal Seeger. Muggy-Doo started out as the feline star of a 1953 comic from Stanhall Publishing entitled Muggy-Doo, Boy Cat, he was a screwball character who bought and sold junk for a living, who always wore a loose-fitting yellow T-shirt, the front of which had writing that kept changing to fit his situation. The comic included stories starring other characters, such as Elmer the Elk, Orry the Orangutan, the porcine Stuffy Derma. Featured was a fez-wearing hound named Osh, who acted as a foil for Muggy but appeared in solo stories; the title lasted only four issues, but at least two of them were reprinted in 1963 by I. W. Publications, under their “Super Comics” label. In 1963, Muggy-Doo appeared in the theatrically released animated cartoon Boy Pest with Osh, in which Muggy tried to make money by getting Osh onto a television show. In 1965, the character was changed considerably—he was now a “boy fox” instead of a cat, more con artist than screwball—and appeared in six cartoons as part of The Milton the Monster Show: Big Cartoon Database entries: Boy Pest With Osh at The Big Cartoon DataBase Muggy-Doo, Boy Fox cartoon list Excerpt from Boy Pest with Osh, on YouTube

Honor in Vengeance II

Honor in Vengeance II is a 3D space shooter by American developer MichaelArts. It was released for Xbox Live Indie Games on August 5, 2011; the game follows the story of a Martian pilot named Leo Lucas, tasked with finding the remnants of a recon team that vanished near Earth. Michael Hicks, the lead developer and founder of MichaelArts, developed Honor in Vengeance II in an secretive matter. Known for documenting the progress of his games via web diaries, he announced at the MichaelArts Forums that he would not be documenting the development process for personal reasons. No other information was publicly known about the game until a trailer was featured in June, 2011 on the popular media website GameTrailers. An official release date for August 5, 2011 was announced in the first week of August. Hicks, who developed Honor in Vengeance II when he was 18, stated that he spent "thousands upon thousands" of hours working on the game and that considerable planning had gone into the series' storyline.

He went on to cite Star Wars: Rogue Squadron as a "huge influence" on the Honor in Vengeance series. The game's development team consisted of a small group of individuals that Hicks met through the internet. Honor in Vengeance II is based around a Martian pilot named Leo Lucas, sent to discover what happened to a Martian recon team that mysteriously vanished near Earth. Lucas learns that his brother, was among them. Honor in Vengeance II received favorable reviews and was praised for fixing a number of technical issues with the first installment and for its innovative style. Jonathan Lester of Dealspwn praised the game's enemy armadas and voice acting, he summarized saying "Honor In Vengeance II brings the fleets and brings it home. 80 Microsoft Points is an unbelievable bargain for what it has to offer." Tristan Rendo of Clearance Bin Review featured Honor in Vengeance II on the site's XBLIG Spotlight column and awarded the game a 7.5/10, he praised the game's focus on story and commented that "while Honor in Vengeance is a far cry from stunning, it is the best 3D game I’ve played on the service so far.

There’s honor in this purchase."Not all reviews were as positive, blogger David Cooper criticized the enemy AI, gave the game a 2.5/5, noting that "it is exciting to see something like this exist on the indie game scene on the Xbox 360, as it implies innovation and thinking outside the typical indie games offered, but the execution is somewhat sloppy."