Grand Forks County, North Dakota
Grand Forks County is a county in the U. S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 66,861, making it the third-most populous county in North Dakota, its county seat and largest community is Grand Forks. Using territory annexed from Pembina County, the Dakota Territory legislature created Grand Forks County on January 4, 1873, its governing structure was not established at that time, nor was the territory attached to another county for administrative and judicial purposes. The government was organized on March 2, 1875; the county's boundaries were altered in 1875, 1881, 1883. It has retained its present boundary since 1883. Grand Forks County is included in ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Grand Forks County lies on the east side of North Dakota, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota. The Red River flows northward along the county's east border, on its way to Lake Winnipeg and Hudson Bay; the Forest River flows northerly across the upper western part of the county.
The terrain of Grand Forks County consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture except around urban areas. The terrain slopes to the east; the county has a total area of 1,440 square miles, of which 1,436 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is water. The University of North Dakota has established a Field Biology Station on Forest River, at the county's north border. In 2013 it partnered with ND Game & Fish Department to establish a 160-acre wildlife management area at the station, to monitor whitetail deer activity in the forest; the field station is tasked with identifying plants endemic to the area. 498 plants have been collected at Wildlife Management Area. Fordville Dam Larimore Dam Smith Lakes As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 66,109 people, 25,435 households, 15,617 families in the county; the population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 27,373 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.00% White, 1.37% Black or African American, 2.31% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, 1.57% from two or more races.
2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.6 % were of Norwegian, 5.5 % Irish ancestry. There were 25,435 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.6% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The county population contained 23.8% under the age of 18, 19.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,785, the median income for a family was $46,620. Males had a median income of $30,079 versus $21,426 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,868.
About 8.0% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 66,861 people, 27,417 households, 15,215 families in the county; the population density was 46.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,344 housing units at an average density of 20.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.3% white, 2.5% American Indian, 2.0% black or African American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.1% were German, 33.8% were Norwegian, 9.5% were Irish, 5.8% were Polish, 5.3% were English, 2.9% were American. Of the 27,417 households, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.5% were non-families, 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 29.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,242 and the median income for a family was $65,804. Males had a median income of $40,622 versus $31,633 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,276. About 8.2% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over. Grand Forks AFB Grand Forks County voters vote Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand Forks County, North Dakota
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Minnesota's 7th congressional district
Minnesota's 7th congressional district covers all of the western side of Minnesota except for the far south, in the 1st district. It is by far the state's largest district, has a rural character. Cities in the district include Moorhead, Fergus Falls and Willmar; the district has leaned Republican. It has been represented since 1991 by Collin Peterson, a member of the DFL, he is rated 26% conservative by the American Conservative Union for 2017 and 57% progressive by a liberal group. It is the second most Republican leaning district in the country to be represented by a Democrat after Utah's 4th congressional district. Election results from presidential races: Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts "Minnesota Secretary of State". Minnesota's 7th Congressional District Republicans
Marshall is a city in Lyon County, United States. The population was 13,680 at the 2010 census. Marshall is a regional center in southwest Minnesota, the county seat of Lyon County. Marshall is the headquarters of the Schwan Food Company and the home of Southwest Minnesota State University. Marshall is the site of Exelon Wind's Marshall Wind Project. Marshall was platted in 1872. Lake Marshall Township had been established in the area two years earlier, included a post office and several farms. Before that, the site was used as a campground for groups of Dakota, who hunted and traveled throughout the region. After much discussion, James J. Manton decided on Marshall in honor of Governor William R. Marshall; the town grew rapidly. In 1873, the first newspaper was published by the Prairie Schooner. Biglari noted in the October 1873, newspaper, "Nine months ago the first house was erected. Now there are 79 permanent buildings constructed, this number will be increased by others planned." Marshall became an incorporated village in 1876, a city on February 20, 1901.
In April, 1874, the local paper estimated the population of Marshall at 300, by 1900 the population was 2,088. Holy Redeemer Catholic Church was built in 1884; the Weiner Memorial Hospital was built in 1950. During the 1950s, Marvin Schwan transformed his dairy into an ice cream home delivery service, which grew into the Schwan Food Company; the flooding of the Redwood River had been a problem in Marshall. The city experienced a series of floods in the 1950s. Diversion canals were constructed between 1961 and 1963, though occasional flooding still occurs, notably in 1993. Another project in 1997 removed 107,000 cubic meters of sediment from the diversion channel; the diversion channel and Redwood River underwent major upstream and downstream improvements, which were completed in December 2000. During both the spring and fall of 2010, the Marshall area experienced unseasonably high amounts of moisture, yet the Redwood River remained within its banks through town. Southwest Minnesota State University was founded in 1963 and opened its doors in 1967.
Most of the campus was constructed between 1967 and 1973. Marshall is at latitude 44.47N and longitude -95.78W, with an elevation of 354 meters above sea level. The city is 150 km northeast of South Dakota and 238 km southwest of Minneapolis, it is in the Central Standard time zone and has been assigned the ZIP code of 56258. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.08 square miles, of which 10.07 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. It is located in a predominantly rural and agricultural area, an expanse of northern tallgrass prairie; the flood plain of the Redwood River begins in Marshall. U. S. Highway 59 and Minnesota State Highways 19, 23, 68 are four of the main routes in the city. Greyhound Bus Lines provides intercity service; the Southwest Minnesota Regional Airport-Marshall/Ryan Field is a municipal airport. The 2,200-meter runway can handle commercial airliners. Marshall is not served by scheduled air service, but charter flights are available.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,680 people, 5,394 households, 2,992 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,744 housing units at an average density of 570.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 4.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 3.6% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population. There were 5,394 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.5% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 29.7 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,735 people, 4,914 households, 2,914 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,537.0 people per square mile. There were 5,182 housing units at an average density of 625.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.35% White, 2.79% Black or African American, 0.35% American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.52% Asian, 0.03% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.93% of the population. There were 4,914 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 19.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females a
William Rainey Marshall
Willian Rainey Marshall was an American politician. He was the fifth Governor of Minnesota from January 8, 1866 to January 9, 1870 and was a member of the Republican party, he served as an officer in the 7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. He was born in Missouri. Marshall first settled in Wisconsin, where he mined for lead and surveyed land, he was elected to served in the Wisconsin State Assembly in the 1st Wisconsin Legislature in 1848 as a Democrat, but his seat was contested by Joseph Bowron, because his home in St. Croix Falls was on the west side of the new state line. In 1849 he crossed the St. Croix River to settle in St. Paul, soon home of his fledgling hardware business, he served a term in the first Minnesota territorial legislature, his reputation grew when he served as chairman of the convention that founded the state's Republican Party. The one-time banker, dairy farmer, stock-raiser, newspaper publisher volunteered to fight in both the Civil War and the Dakota War of 1862.
He enlisted as a private in the 8th Minnesota and was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 7th Minnesota on August 28, 1862. He fought in many of the battles of the Dakota War being promoted to colonel of his regiment on November 6, 1863. Marshall and his regiment were transferred to Andrew Jackson Smith's command in Missouri and took part in the pursuit of Sterling Price. Smith's command was attached to George H. Thomas' army outside Nashville; when Colonel Sylvester G. Hill was killed the first day of the battle of Nashville, Colonel Marshall took command of Hill's brigade and led it throughout the rest of the battle, he continued in brigade command when transferred to Mobile, Alabama to take part in the Battle of Fort Blakeley. Colonel Marshall was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers, dated March 13, 1865. Marshall won the 1867 gubernatorial elections; as governor, he urged passage of a black suffrage amendment. After defeating it twice, the legislature adopted the amendment and inspired Marshall to declare that the "free young state of Minnesota" is "now altogether free."
During William Marshall's administration, his adoptive state experienced a post-Civil-War surge of growth and development: its population doubled to 350,000, its railroad mileage quadrupled, its commercial endeavors flourished. After leaving office, Marshall remained active in both the private and public sectors as an attorney, as a railroad and land commissioner, he was a partner in a law firm with Jude Kerr and Robertson Howard while residing in St. Paul, but subsequent commercial ventures faltered, as did his health, he died there two years later. Marshall County and the city of Marshall, Minnesota were named after him, he is listed as one of the few politicians to be an adherent of Swedenborgianism. Biographical information and his gubernatorial records are available for research use at the Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesota Legislators Past & Present