SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

KAMR-TV

KAMR-TV, virtual channel 4, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Amarillo, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, which operates Fox affiliate KCIT and low-powered MyNetworkTV affiliate KCPN-LP under joint sales and shared services agreements with owner Mission Broadcasting; the three stations share studios on Southeast 11th Avenue and South Fillmore Street in downtown Amarillo. On cable, KAMR is available on Suddenlink Communications channel 5 in Amarillo, on channel 4 on other cable systems in outlying areas of the market. On September 5, 1951, the Plains Radio Broadcasting Company – a subsidiary of Globe News Publishing Co. then-publisher of the Amarillo Globe-News and owner of radio station KGNC – filed an application with the Federal Communications Commission to obtain a license and construction permit to operate a commercial television station on VHF channel 4. The FCC awarded the license and permit for channel 4 to Plains Radio Broadcasting on October 8, 1953.

The station first signed on the air on March 18, 1953. KGNC-TV was the first television station to sign on in the Amarillo market, debuting two weeks before KFDA-TV signed on as the market's CBS affiliate on April 4. Channel 4 has been an NBC television affiliate since its debut, inheriting those rights through KGNC radio's longtime relationship with the progenitor NBC Red Network, affiliated with that station since January 1937; the operations of KGNC-TV were located at a facility on North Polk Street and Northeast 24th Avenue in northeastern Amarillo, which it shared with KGNC radio. DuMont shut down in 1955, amid various issues that arose from its relations with Paramount that hamstrung it from expansion. On October 8, 1966, the Globe News Publishing Company announced that it would sell KGNC-TV and its sister radio properties to Topeka, Kansas-based Stauffer Communications for $5.6 million. The Whittenburg family retained ownership of the Globe-News. In October 1973, Stauffer announced it would sell KGNC-TV to Cannan Communications – a locally based company managed under the direction of Darrell A. Cannan, Sr. and Darrell A. Cannan, Jr. – for $2.5 million.

In order to comply with an FCC rule in effect at the time that prohibited separately owned radio and television stations in the same market from sharing the same base call letters, as Stauffer was allowed to keep the KGNC call letters for its new radio properties, the station's call letters were changed to KAMR-TV on November 5 of that year. During the late 1980s, KAMR-TV had experienced a gradual ratings downturn in both local news and, to a lesser extent, in total-day viewership. Troubling for KAMR was the fact that its ratings decline occurred at a timeframe when NBC's ratings were otherwise strong, thanks to its prime time programming. Not helping matters was that NBC held partial broadcast rights to the NFL's American Football Conference, which included rights to Super Bowls following the 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997 seasons; each of these telecasts featured an NFC or AFC team of interest to significant cohorts of KAMR's viewing area. Meanwhile, KFDA's ratings continued to improve despite CBS losing its NFL telecast rights after the 1993 season.

On January 5, 1999, Boston-based Quorum Broadcasting announced that it would purchase KAMR-TV from Cannan Communications as part of a $64-million, three-station deal. The following day, Ohio-based Mission Broadcasting announced that it would acquire KCIT and KCPN-LP from Wichita Falls-based Wicks Broadcast Group for $13 million. Quorum took over the operations of KCIT and KCPN on June 1, 1999, under joint sales and shared services agreements with Mission, under which KAMR would handle news production, engineering and certain other services as well as handling advertising sales for the two stations. Although KAMR was the senior partner in the deal, it subsequently vacated its longtime studio facility on North Polk Street, relocated its operations seven miles south to KCIT/KCPN's facility on South Fillmore Street

Omaha kinship

Omaha kinship is the system of terms and relationships used to define family in Omaha tribal culture. Identified by Lewis Henry Morgan in his 1871 work Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family, the Omaha system is one of the six major kinship systems which he identified internationally. In function, the system is similar to the Crow system. But, whereas Crow groups are matrilineal, Omaha descent groups are characteristically patrilineal. In this system, relatives are sorted according to their gender. Ego's father and his brothers are merged and addressed by a single term, a similar pattern is seen for Ego's mother and her sisters. Like most other kinship systems, Omaha kinship distinguishes between Cross cousins. While Parallel cousins are merged by term and addressed the same as Ego's siblings, Cross cousins are differentiated by generational divisions. On the maternal side, Cross cousins are raised a generation, while those on the paternal side are lowered a generation; the system is similar to that of Iroquois kinship.

It uses Bifurcate merging. In addition, Iroquois kinship is a matrilineal system; the system is named for the Omaha, a Native American tribe located on the Northern Plains in present-day Nebraska. The Omaha system has been found among some indigenous groups of Mexico, the Mapuche people of Chile and Argentina, the Dani tribe of West Papua, the Igbo of Nigeria. Family Kinship and descent Anthropology List of anthropologists William Haviland, Cultural Anthropology, Wadsworth Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0-534-27479-X The nature of kinship