Martha of Bethany is a biblical figure described in the Gospels of Luke and John. Together with her siblings Lazarus and Mary of Bethany, she is described as living in the village of Bethany near Jerusalem, she was witness to Jesus resurrecting her brother, Lazarus. The name Martha is a Latin transliteration of the Koine Greek Μάρθα, itself a translation of the Aramaic מַרְתָּא Martâ, "The mistress" or "the lady", from מרה "mistress", feminine of מר "master"; the Aramaic form occurs in a Nabatean inscription found at Puteoli, now in the Naples Museum. In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus visits the home of two sisters named Martha; the two sisters are contrasted: Martha was "cumbered about many things" while Jesus was their guest, while Mary had chosen "the better part", that of listening to the master's discourse. The name of their village is not recorded, nor is there any mention of whether Jesus was near Jerusalem. Biblical commentator Heinrich Meyer notes that "Jesus cannot yet be in Bethany, where Martha and Mary dwelt ".
But the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges claims that it was "undoubtedly Bethany". As Jesus and his disciples were on their way, he came to a village where a woman named Martha opened her home to him, she had a sister called Mary. But Martha was distracted by all the preparations, she came to him and asked, "Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell her to help me!" "Martha, Martha," the Lord answered, "you are worried and upset about many things, but only one thing is needed. Mary has chosen what is better, it will not be taken away from her."– In the Gospel of John and Mary appear in connection with two incidents: the raising from the dead of their brother Lazarus and the anointing of Jesus in Bethany. In the account of the raising of Lazarus, Jesus meets with the sisters in turn: Martha followed by Mary. Martha goes to meet Jesus as he arrives, while Mary waits until she is called; as one commentator notes, "Martha, the more aggressive sister, went to meet Jesus, while quiet and contemplative Mary stayed home.
This portrayal of the sisters agrees with that found in Luke 10:38–42." In speaking with Jesus, both sisters lament that he did not arrive in time to prevent their brother's death: "Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died". But where Jesus' response to Mary is more emotional, his response to Martha is one of teaching calling her to hope and faith: When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary stayed at home. "Lord", Martha said to Jesus, "if you had been here, my brother would not have died. But I know that now God will give you whatever you ask." Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again." Martha answered, "I know he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day." Jesus said to her, "I am the life. He who believes in me will live though he dies. Do you believe this?" "Yes, Lord", she told him, "I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, to come into the world."– As the narrative continues, Martha calls her sister Mary to see Jesus.
Jesus has Mary bring him to Lazarus' tomb where he commands the stone to be removed from its entrance. Martha here objects, "But, Lord, by this time there is a bad odor, for he has been there four days", to which Jesus replies, "Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?". They take away the stone and Jesus prays and calls Lazarus forth alive from the tomb. Martha appears again in John 12:1–8, where she serves at a meal held in Jesus' honor at which her brother is a guest; the narrator only mentions that the meal takes place in Bethany, while the parallel accounts in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark specify that it takes place at the home of one Simon the Leper. As the Catholic Encyclopedia notes, "We are justified in arguing that, since Matthew and Mark place the scene in the house of Simon, St. John must be understood to say the same, it is at this meal. In medieval Western Christianity, Martha's sister Mary was equated with Mary Magdalene; this identification led to additional information being attributed to Martha as well: Mary and Lazarus are represented by St. John as living at Bethania, but St. Luke would seem to imply that they were, at least at one time, living in Galilee.
The words of St. John seem to imply a change of residence for the family, it is possible, that St. Luke has displaced the incident referred to in Chapter 10; the likeness between the pictures of Martha presented by Luke and John is remarkable. The familiar intercourse between the Saviour of the world and the humble family which St. Luke depicts is dwelt on by St. John when he tells us that "Jesus loved Martha, her sister Mary, Lazarus". Again the picture of Martha's anxiety accords with the picture of her, "busy about much serving", but St. John has given us a glimpse of the other and deeper side of her character when he depicts her growing faith in
Sam Hamill was an American poet and the co-founder of Copper Canyon Press along with Bill O’Daly and Tree Swenson. He initiated the Poets Against War movement in response to the Iraq War. Hamill was awarded the Stanley Lindberg Lifetime Achievement Award for Editing and the Washington Poets Association Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1996, Hamill edited The Gift of Tongues: Twenty-Five Years of Poetry From Copper Canyon Press. Hamill's introduction includes an in-depth personal history about Copper Canyon's path, its commitment to publishing poetry and how the press strives to divide its publication list between younger emerging poets, major works by established poets, poetry in translation. Hamill's most recent book, Habitation: Collected Poems, presents some of Hamill's best poems spanning a career of over 40 years. Facing Snow: Visions of Tu Fu Crossing the Yellow River: Three Hundred T'ang Poems Destination Zero: Poems 1970–1995; the Gift of Tongues: Twenty-Five Years of Poetry from Copper Canyon Press Almost Paradise: New and Selected Poems and Translations.
Measured by Stone. Habitation: Collected Poems In Anthology Ghost Fishing: An Eco-Justice Poetry Anthology Seeds of Fire: Contemporary Poetry from the Other U. S. A; the Progressive. Copper Canyon Press website, Sam Hamill: A poet's commitments, Suzhou Review, 哈米尔：梦里东方，文化寻根 苏州日报（Suzhou Daily）
RAF Crosby-on-Eden was a former Royal Air Force station located 5.8 miles north east of Carlisle, Cumbria and 3 miles west of Brampton, Cumbria. It is nowadays Carlisle Lake District Airport. In the early 1930s, Cumbria County Council opened Kingstown Municipal Airport, at the time outside the borough boundaries which became the RAF Kingstown and is now Kingstown or Kingmoor Industrial estate. With the outbreak of war in 1939, RAF Kingstown's runway was too small for bombers, so the Royal Air Force developed a new airstrip at Crosby-on-Eden; the new facility came into operation in February 1941 for training operations, designating the station RAF Crosby-on-Eden. The airfield was under the command of RAF Fighter Command housing No. 59 Operational Training Unit RAF which provided day training for Hawker Hurricane pilots. The station was handed over to RAF Coastal Command, hosting 17 OTU during August 1942 for training long-range fighter crews on Bristol Beaufort and Bristol Beaufighter conversion squadrons, as well as air firing and night flying.
In August 1944 the station came under the command of RAF Transport Command with Douglas Dakotas of 109 OTU. 109 OTU was renamed 1383 Conversion Unit RAF, on 1 August 1945 disbanding at Crosby-on-Eden on 6 August 1946. Crosby-on-Eden had little post war use and was closed in 1947 with the airfield returning to Carlisle City Council to continue as a municipal airport as what is now named Carlisle Lake District Airport with ownership passing to the Stobart Group. List of former Royal Air Force stations
The tight end is a position in American football, arena football, Canadian football, on the offense. The tight end is seen as a hybrid position with the characteristics and roles of both an offensive lineman and a wide receiver. Like offensive linemen, they are lined up on the offensive line and are large enough to be effective blockers. On the other hand, unlike offensive linemen, they are eligible receivers adept enough to warrant a defense's attention when running pass patterns; because of the hybrid nature of the position, the tight end's role in any given offense depends on the tactical preferences and philosophy of the head coach. In some systems, the tight end will act as a sixth offensive lineman going out for passes. Other systems use the tight end as a receiver taking advantage of the tight end's size to create mismatches in the defensive secondary. Many coaches will have one tight end who specializes in blocking on running plays while using a tight end with better pass-catching skills in obvious passing situations.
Offensive formations may have as many as three tight ends at one time. The advent of the tight end position is tied to the decline of the one-platoon system during the 1940s and'50s. A rule limited substitutions. Players had to be adept at playing on both sides of the ball, with most offensive linemen doubling as defensive linemen or linebackers, receivers doubling as defensive backs. At that time, the receivers were known as either ends or flankers, with the end lining up wide at the line of scrimmage and the flanker positioned behind the line on the opposite side of the field; as the transition from starters going "both ways" to dedicated offensive and defensive squads took place, players who did not fit the mold of the traditional positions began to fill niches. Those who were good pass catchers and blockers but mediocre on defense were no longer liabilities. Many were too big to be receivers yet too small for offensive linemen. Innovative coaches such as Paul Brown of the Cleveland Browns saw the potential of having a larger receiver lined up inside, developing blocking techniques and passing schemes that used the unique attributes of the tight end position.
Greater use of the tight end as a receiver started in the 1960s with the emergence of stars Mike Ditka and John Mackey. Until most teams relied on the tight end's blocking as a sixth offensive lineman using them as receivers. In addition to superb blocking, Ditka offered great hands receiving and rugged running after a completion. Over a 12-year career, he caught 427 passes for over 43 touchdowns. Mackey brought speed, with six of his nine touchdown catches in one season being breakaways over 50 yards. Starting in 1980 the Air Coryell offense debuted tight end Kellen Winslow running wide receiver-type routes. Tight ends prior to Winslow were blockers lined up next to an offensive tackle and given short to medium drag routes. Winslow was put in motion to avoid being jammed at the line, lined up wide, or in the slot against a smaller cornerback. Former Chargers assistant coach Al Saunders said Winslow was "a wide receiver in an offensive lineman's body." Back defenses would cover Winslow with either a strong safety or a linebacker, as zone defenses were not as popular.
Strong safeties in those times favored run defense over coverage speed. Providing another defender to help the strong safety opened up other holes. Winslow would line up unpredictably in any formation from a three point blocking stance to a two point receiver's stance, to being in motion like a flanker or offensive back. Head coach Jon Gruden referred to such multi-dimensional tight ends as "jokers", calling Winslow the first in the NFL. Patriots head coach Bill Belichick notes that the pass-catching tight ends that get paid the most are "all direct descendants of Kellen Winslow", there are fewer tight ends now that can block on the line. In the 1990s, Shannon Sharpe's athletic prowess as a route-runner helped change the way tight ends were used by teams. Double-covered as a receiver, he became the first tight end in NFL history with over 10,000 career receiving yards. Tony Gonzalez and Antonio Gates, who both played basketball in college, pushed the position toward near wide receiver speed and power forward basketball skills.
At 6' 6" Rob Gronkowski brought height, setting single-season tight end records in 2011 with 17 touchdowns—breaking Gates' and Vernon Davis' record of 13—and 1,327 receiving yards, surpassing Winslow's record of 1,290. Jimmy Graham that season passed Winslow with 1,310 yards. Six of the NFL's 15 players with the most receptions that year were tight ends, the most in NFL history. Previous seasons had at most one or two ranked in the top. In the Arena Football League the tight end serves as the 3rd offensive lineman. Although they are eligible receivers they go out for passes and are only used for screen passes when they do. However, in Canadian football, tight ends are, in general, no longer used professionally in the CFL, but is still used at the college level in U Sports. Tony Gabriel is a former great tight end in Canadian football. There remain some tight ends in use at university level football, he was drafted by the CFL's Saskatchewan Roughriders in 2017, but instead signed with the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers as an undrafted free agent that same year.
The Porsche 907 was a sportscar racing prototype built by Porsche in 1967 and 1968. The 907 was introduced at the 1967 24 Hours of Le Mans; as suggested by Ferdinand Piëch, the position of the driver was moved from the traditional left to the right as this gives advantages on the predominant clockwise race tracks. With a new longtail body, the 907s reached 302 km/h on the straight though they used the reliable 220 hp Porsche 910 2000cc 6-cyl rather than the more powerful 8-cyl. Vented brake disks were used as standard from now; the best Porsche 907 finished 5th, beaten only by Ferrari with their much bigger engines. As the record-breaking performances of the 7.0L V8-powered Ford had triggered rumors about a future rule change, Porsche started to prepare themselves in summer of 1967. The 907 was equipped with the 270 hp 2200cc Type 771/1 8-cyl, modified for the rules of the new 3 litre prototype category, announced in late 1967 to come in effect in 1968. An engine with the full 3000cc would have to be developed first, though, to be introduced in the future Porsche 908.
From 1968, the big V8 and V12 prototypes of Ford and Ferrari were banned, Porsche hoped to secure the World Sportscar Championship and maybe an overall win at Le Mans as the competition at Ford and Alfa Romeo was not prepared with suitable 3000cc prototypes yet, either. Ferrari sat out the whole of 1968 as a protest against the rule change. Apart from the former 2000cc-class rivals Alfa Romeo T33/2 and Renault-powered Alpine, 5000cc sportscars were permitted to enter if at least 50 of them had been built; this loophole was intended to fill the grid with cars dating from 1965, like Ford GT40 and Lola T70. Porsche was serious. Unlike during the rather modest earlier years, four cars were entered in the 1968 24 Hours of Daytona, supported by 20 mechanics and engineers; the drivers wore cooling vests developed by NASA as the oil-cooler and the hot oil pipes caused heat in the closed cockpit. After the #53 car of Gerhard Mitter had a big crash caused by tyre failure in the banking, his teammate Rolf Stommelen supported the #54 driven by Vic Elford/Jochen Neerpasch.
When the #52 car of the longtime leaders Jo Siffert/Hans Herrmann dropped to second due to a technical problem, these two drove on the #54 car in case theirs broke down. Due to this, five pilots won the race, two of them scored second; the #51 Jo Schlesser/Joe Buzzetta car completed the 1-2-3 side-by-side parade finish that the Ferrari prototypes had shown a year earlier at the banked finish line. The three Alfa Romeo T33/2's were beaten by a Ford Mustang; the 1968 12 Hours of Sebring saw a 1-2 finish for the Porsche 907, with the Jo Siffert/Hans Herrmann car winning and the Vic Elford/Jochen Neerpasch car finishing 2nd. The Gerhard Mitter/Rolf Stommelen and Ludovico Scarfiotti/Joe Buzzetta cars were victims of engine failures. Daytona & Sebring marked the first back-to-back major outright wins for the company, French journalist Bernard Cahier wrote, "it's hard to imagine that anyone could beat Porsche to the championship this year." Their championship hopes in Sportscars and F1 would be changed soon, though.
The next race was the BOAC 500 at Brands Hatch, on April 7, 1968. That fateful day, Jim Clark was supposed to drive one of the new Ford F3L P68 prototypes with the Cosworth DFV engine, entered by Alan Mann Racing. Clark instead was driving a Formula 2 at Hockenheimring to show the new sponsorship logos for Team Lotus, was killed. Jo Siffert/Hans Herrmann were fastest in qualifying ahead of Bruce McLaren/Mike Spence in the new Ford, but none finished, it was the updated John Wyer-entered Ford GT40 of Jacky Ickx/Brian Redman which won ahead of the remaining two Porsche 907's after being only 5th on the grid. In races on faster tracks like the 1000km Monza, these modified old Ford GT40's entered by JWA Gulf Racing Team proved to be an unexpectedly strong force; the loophole for these 5-liter sportscars was opened if at least 50 were built, to let the many existing Lola T70's take part, too. For 1969, the minimum number was lowered to 25. At the twisty Targa Florio, the only entered GT40 finished last, but the Alfa Romeo T33/2 were strong.
In lap 1, Vic Elford had lost 18 minutes due to a tyre failure. Supported by veteran Umberto Maglioli, he showed a fantastic race in the 907, reminiscent of Juan Manuel Fangio's legendary 1957 German Grand Prix, beating the old lap record by one minute and winning by 3 minutes. Hans Herrmann & Jochen Neerpasch came in 4th among four Alfas. In the Porsche advertising poster celebrating the win, only an exhausted yet smiling Elford was shown, not the cars as usual; the 1000km Nürburgring was won with the new Porsche 908 with its 3000cc engine, but it still was unreliable. The underpowered 2200cc 907 with less than half the Ford's displacement continued as Porsche's best entry in the 1000km Spa, Watkins Glen 6 Hours and 500km Zeltweg, losing to the Ford GT40's; this set up the stage for a showdown at la Sarthe, as due to political unrest in France, the 1968 24 Hours of Le Mans had been postponed from its traditional mid-June date to the end of September. Porsche could not take advantage of the additional time to improve the 908 nor read the French rule book properly.
For the first time, Porsche were the fastest in qualifying and the early stages of the race, but troubles with the 908's alternator caused delays and disqualifications as the new Porsche staff had misinterpreted the repair rules. For the third time in a row, a V8-powered Ford won the 24h classic. A Porsche 907LH came in second in front of the sole surviving 908. In addition, Ford had taken the World Sportscar Championship, too. At that t
Herrick District Library is a public library system serving the residents of Holland and the surrounding townships. In 2008-2009, over the course of 583,000 visits, library cardholders checked out 1.2 million items. Although Holland Township obtained its first library in 1847, it was not until 1867, when Holland became a city, that the Holland Public Library established its own collection; the library was housed first on the second floor of the old City Hall on 8th Street moved to the second floor of the Model Drug Store on 8th Street, in 1911 moved to the new City Hall on 12th Street, where it remained until 1960, when the city built the Herrick Public Library. In 1953, Hazel Hayes, Holland's first professional librarian, was hired. Recognizing the city's need for funding for a new library, she wrote a letter to Ray Herrick, the owner of Tecumseh Products and from the Holland area, asking if he was interested in helping the library obtain a new building. Months he anonymously donated $300,000 to build a public library for the city of Holland.
Following his gift, other groups donated funds, in 1960, the newly built Herrick Public Library opened its doors on River Ave. between 12th and 13th Streets. Holland's mayor at the time, Robert Visscher, rejoiced at the opening of the new library, saying, "Never in the history of the community has anything so wonderful happened to the city of Holland…There is nothing we need as much as a new library."In 1971, in order to expand its service area, Herrick District Library joined the Lakeland Library Federation, which became the Lakeland Library Cooperative in 1977, allowing library patrons access to a larger collection. Since its opening in 1960, the Herrick Library's service area has grown from 25,000 to over 102,000 people, this would not be possible if not for the 1999 library expansion. Prior to the renovation, Herrick Library faced numerous space challenges and could not adequately serve its patrons. Library consultant Anders Dahlgren reported that Herrick was 42 percent lower than the national average in terms of the number of volumes held and that 60 percent more space was needed just to house the number of collections at that time.
Spatially, the library was insufficient. Staff members were overcrowded in offices, auditorium space was insufficient and event space was limited and there were no conference rooms at all. In addition, Herrick was forced to remove many videos, books and reference materials to make room for newer materials, most patrons waited in check out lines for 10 minutes or more, the number of patrons in the library eliminated the library's ability to offer a quiet reading environment; the expansion came after a long-awaited millage referendum and the switch from Herrick's status as a public library to a district library. The switch meant that the control of the library shifted from the City of Holland to an area wide board, allowing for a more reasonable form of funding. In December 1996, the District Library Planning Committee endorsed a "resolution of intent" to fund a library district, unanimously supported. In 1997, focus was placed on receiving a millage referendum that sought $11.5 million in funding.
On May 6, 1997, the City of Holland as well as surrounding Townships voted to approve 1.5 mills for a period of 20 years to support the establishment and operation of the Herrick District Library. The renovation began on January 4, 1998 and took 18 months with the reopening occurring on June 11, 1999; the new building has been increased in size by 48,144 square feet, or 200 percent over the original building, leaving a total square footage of 72,291, was designed by Frye, Fillan & Molinaro Architects Ltd. In addition to the new Herrick District Library, the North Side Branch, located on Riley St. was completed in early 2000, giving Herrick an additional 5,200 square feet. In 2016, voters overwhelmingly approved a renewal of the library's operating millage; the millage will allow for many improvements, including expansion at the North Branch and additional hours at each location. The library checks out more than 1 million physical and digital items each year