Daviess County, Indiana
Daviess County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 31,648; the county seat is Washington. About 15% of the county's population is Amish of Swiss origin, as of 2017. Daviess County was founded in 1818, it was named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, U. S. District Attorney for Kentucky, killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811; the settlement of the county began along the White River that afforded farmers a convenient means to transport their crops for sale. The county was heavily forested in the northeast leading to a thriving timber industry during the first half of the 1800s. Daviess County shares its namesake with another nearby Daviess County of Kentucky. Both Counties are in the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky Tri-State Area. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 436.87 square miles, of which 429.49 square miles is land and 7.39 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in Washington have ranged from a low of 23 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −19 °F was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1930.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.69 inches in February to 5.52 inches in May. I-69 US 50 US 150 US 231 SR 57 SR 58 SR 257 SR 358 SR 558 SR 645 Greene County Martin County Dubois County Pike County Knox County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 31,648 people, 11,329 households, 8,116 families residing in the county; the population density was 73.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,471 housing units at an average density of 29.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.0% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.4% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 10.8% were American, 10.6% were English. Of the 11,329 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.4% were non-families, 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 35.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $53,769. Males had a median income of $36,405 versus $29,652 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,254. About 7.6% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. The Amish community in Daviess County established in 1868, had a total population of 4,855 people in 2017 or 14.6% of the county's population, stretching along the eastern side of the county from Alfordsville, to Cannelburg and Montgomery to Odon. Washington Raglesville The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code; the county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county.
Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms, they are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes; the executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. The county maintains a small claims court; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county; each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief, manages cemetery care, performs farm assessment, among other duties. The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board; the trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms. Daviess County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district. National Register of Historic Places listings in Daviess County, Indiana
Loogootee is a city in Perry Township, Martin County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 2,714 at the 2017 census. Hoosiers from the area pronounce the name of the town. Several etymologies of the place name have been proposed. One would make it an Anglicization of the French name Le Gaultier. However, the most explanation is that Loogootee is a compound word honoring both Thomas Lowe, engineer of the first train through the town. However, the latter origin does not explain the presence of an identically named unincorporated village in Lone Grove Township, Fayette County, Illinois. Since Loogootee, Illinois, is due west of Loogootee, there is a possibility that pioneers named their town in Illinois after the town they came from in Indiana. Loogootee was established in 1853 when it was certain that a new railroad line would be extended to that point; the post office at Loogootee has been in operation since 1857. Loogootee is located at 38°40′35″N 86°54′53″W. According to the 2017 census, Loogootee has a total area of 1.574 square miles, of which 1.57 square miles is land and 0.004 square miles is water.
The city is located in the 8th District of Indiana and served by U. S. Representative Larry Bucshon. Loogootee has a humid continental climate Summers are hot and humid, winters are cool to cold. Average temperatures range from 19 degrees Fahrenheit to 68 °F. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature was 104 °F in 1954. The average coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was −23 °F in 1994. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May; as of the census of 2017, there were 2,714 people, 1,206 households, 709 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,752.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,324 housing units at an average density of 843.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city is 98% White.8% Hispanic.6% Two or More Races.3% Asian.2% American Indian.1% Black. There were 1,206 households of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.2% were non-families.
37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,741 people, 1,226 households, 712 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,750.5 people per square mile. There were 1,337 housing units at an average density of 853.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.05% White, 0.04% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.04% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population. There were 1,226 households out of which 67.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 83.4% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.9% were non-families.
10.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 4.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 35.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,492, the median income for a family was $37,625. Males had a median income of $30,660 versus $21,490 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,321. About 13.1% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. Loogootee has three schools in its district: Loogootee Elementary, Loogootee Middle School, Loogootee High School; the mascot is a lion. The school colors are old gold.
The school song is "Washington and Lee Swing". Loogootee has a proud tradition of high school basketball, it is the home of the winningest high school basketball coach in state history, Jack Butcher, who had a career record of 806-250. Butcher led Loogootee basketball to two state finals appearances under the single-class state tournament. Loogootee's latest boys' basketball sectional title was in 2012, which began a run that ended with Loogootee High School's first state championship in any sport. Loogootee boasts rivalries with North Daviess and Barr-Reeve; the Lions own the all-time series against both schools, the rivalry with Barr-Reeve has been considered the state's best high school rivalry by several media outlets. The boys' basketball program has had an impressive winning record for many years. In the past fifty years, only three seasons have finished with below.500 records. Loogootee's boys' tennis program has gained notoriety after winning twelve straight sectional titles under the guidance of Coach Rick Graves.
Additionally, the girls' tennis prog
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Newport is a home rule-class city at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking rivers in Campbell County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 15,273 at the 2010 census, it was one of four county seats of Campbell County. Newport is part of the Cincinnati Metropolitan Area. Newport was settled c. 1791 by James Taylor Jr. on land purchased by his father James Sr. from George Muse, who received it as a grant. Taylor's brother, Hubbard Taylor, had been mapping the land twenty years prior, it was not named for its position on the river but for Christopher Newport, the commander of the first ship to reach Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Newport was established as a town on December 14, 1795, incorporated as a city on February 24, 1834. In 1803, the Ft. Washington military post was moved from Cincinnati to become the Newport Barracks. A bridge first connected Newport to Covington in 1853, the first bridge spanning the Ohio River to Cincinnati, the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, opened in 1866.
Newport experienced large German immigration in the 1880-90s. By 1900, Newport was the third largest city in Kentucky, after Covington and Louisville, although Newport and Covington were rightly considered satellites of Cincinnati. Prohibition under the Volstead Act of 1919 resulted in a widespread illegal sale of alcohol. Many gangsters began to smuggle alcohol into the city to supply businesses. Speakeasies and corruption became a norm in Newport. Newport's worst natural disaster occurred in 1937. A flood wall was completed in 1948, remains a significant part of Newport's landscape. Newport once had the reputation of "Sin City" due to its upscale gambling casinos on Monmouth street. Monmouth had many men's stores, nice restaurants, ice cream parlors. Investigations for racketeering pushed out the casinos, which were replaced by peep shows and adult strip clubs. Many of the old businesses disappeared when parking became difficult on Monmouth Street and the commercial district opened on the hill of south Newport.
A garage at 938 John Street manufacturing illegal fireworks exploded without warning in 1981, leaving severe damage up to a six-block radius. In the 1980s and 1990s, Newport made plans to develop its riverfront and core to focus on "family friendly" tourism, instead of the "Sin City" tourism of the past. In May 1999 the $40-million Newport Aquarium opened, the historic Posey Flats apartments were leveled in favor of the Newport on the Levee entertainment complex, which opened the following year. In 1997 plans were announced; the tower's main selling point was that building it would be financed by private money, as opposed to taxpayer money. The tower was expected to be completed by 2003, but investors pulled out and no construction was done. Today the site for the tower is a parking lot next to the World Peace Bell. Today, Newport is becoming the entertainment community of the fast-growing Northern Kentucky area while its neighboring cities--Bellevue and Covington—become the business centers.
Newport is a county seat of Campbell County, was a county seat from 1797 until 1823, again from 1824 until 1840. In the 19th century, the overwhelming majority of the population lived in Newport and the surrounding cities. Many citizens did not like traveling south to Alexandria to conduct county business, as southern Campbell County was undeveloped. In 1883, Newport lobbied the state legislature for an exception to state law, which both required that a county seat be located in the center of the county, that certain county business only be conducted at the county seat. Frankfort passed a special law, creating the Newport Court House District, within that district, the Newport Courthouse Commission which functioned as a special taxing district, so that an additional courthouse could be built, business could take place in Newport, in addition to Alexandria. In 2008, the Kentucky General Assembly removed the taxing authority from the Courthouse Commission, but left the District and Commission intact.
In 2009, a court ruled that Alexandria is the only county seat, Newport is not a county seat. On November 24, 2010, the Kentucky Court of Appeals disagreed, granted Newport equal status as a county seat. On August 25, 2011, the Supreme Court of Kentucky denied review of the appellate decision. Newport is located at 39°5′19″N 84°29′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles, of which 2.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Newport is located within the Bluegrass region found in the Upland South of the United States of America. Newport is commonly referred to as being located in the Midwest. Either description of Upland South or Midwest is acceptable, as Newport is located at the boundary between those regions. Newport is located within a transition zone and is proximal to the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States; as of the census of 2010, there were 15,273 people, 6,194 households, 3,273 families residing in the city.
The population density was 6,267.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,828 housing units at an average density of 2,878.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.3% White, 7.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, less than 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population. There were 6,194 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Crane is a town in Perry Township, Martin County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 184 at the 2010 census; the community is adjacent to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division. Crane was known as Burns City Ammunition Depot, under the latter name was founded in 1940. In 1943, the community was renamed Crane, in honor of William M. Crane, first chief of the Navy Bureau of Ordnance. Crane is located at 38°53′34″N 86°54′5″W; the town is situated in western Martin County, adjacent to the Martin-Daviess county line. The Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division occupies the areas east of Crane. Indiana State Road 558 passes through the southern part of Crane, connecting the town with U. S. Route 231 to the west. Interstate 69 passes just north of Crane. According to the 2010 census, Crane has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2010, there were 184 people, 80 households, 43 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 109 housing units at an average density of 908.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 96.7% White and 3.3% Asian. There were 80 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 46.3% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age in the town was 39.4 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 203 people, 89 households, 54 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,705.4 people per square mile. There were 112 housing units at an average density of 940.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.04% White, 0.49% Asian, 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.
There were 89 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.3% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 2.0% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, the median income for a family was $45,625. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $27,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,853. About 9.6% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.0% of those sixty five or over.
I-69 US 231 SR 45 SR 58 SR 558 SR 645 Media related to Crane, Indiana at Wikimedia Commons