Interstate 87 (North Carolina)
Interstate 87 is a completed Interstate Highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Serving eastern Wake County, between Raleigh and Wendell, it is planned to continue northeast through Rocky Mount and Elizabeth City, ending in Norfolk, Virginia, it is not contiguous with Interstate 87 in New York. It is the shortest designated primary interstate highway at 12.9 miles. I-87 is a six-lane interstate highway that connects I-40, in Raleigh, to Rolesville Road, in Wendell; the speed limit for majority of the route is 70 miles per hour. The southern terminus is at the interchange of I-40 and I-440 in Southeast Raleigh, at I-40 exit 301/I-440 exit 16. I-87 north follows I-440 west for 2 miles before exiting the Beltline at exit 14 to follow the US 64/US 264 freeway, known locally as the Knightdale Bypass. Following the Bypass south of Knightdale, I-87 has interchanges with two local roads before meeting the current eastern terminus of I-540. Two more local roads follow before the I-87 designation ends at a complex interchange with US 64 Bus./Knightdale Boulevard/Wendell Boulevard and Rolesville Road.
Though decommissioned, a portion of this freeway was designated I-495. As of March 2019, I-495 has not been removed from existing signage, but I-87, on separate sign assemblies, has been added near existing signs. Beyond Rolesville Road, the remainder of the US 64 freeway is designated as Future I-87, as it is not at Interstate standards. Additionally, the rest of the route to the Virginia border beyond Williamston, North Carolina is not built as a freeway, it would involve upgrading or building new roads parallel to existing US highways, including US 13, US 17 and US 158; some of these upgrades are part of the DOT 10-year plan released in 2017, with upgrading of highways around Elizabeth City given a start date of 2023. The state of Virginia has no timetable to construct the northern portion of I-87 from the Virginia state line to Norfolk. A portion of I-87 named I-495, was first designated as an Interstate Highway on February 20, 2013, when the North Carolina Department of Transportation submitted a request to AASHTO in order to establish Interstate 495 as a new auxiliary route of I-95.
The proposed 44.99-mile route would begin at I-440/US 64/US 64 Business in Raleigh and would end at I-95, in Rocky Mount concurrent with US 64. On March 15, 2013, AASHTO received a modified request from NCDOT requesting the establishment of I-495 from I-440 to I-540 and Future I-495 from I-540 to I-95, it was approved, though needed an additional approval from FHWA. On December 12, 2013, the proposed section was approved by the FHWA and was added to the interstate highway system; the freeway section, the part, to be signed I-495 and continuing east to US 64 Business, was completed in 2006. From I-440 to Rolesville Road, the freeway was built to interstate standards. East of Rolesville Road, the freeway was built in sections, since 1975; this older section of freeway will be upgraded to interstate standards. Long-term plans by the Raleigh-Durham area's Regional Transportation Alliance called for extension of the interstate east of I-95 toward Elizabeth City northeastward to the Interstate 64/Interstate 464 interchange in the Norfolk-Virginia Beach metropolitan area.
The NCDOT proposed the Interstate 44 designation for the Raleigh–Norfolk High Priority Corridor consisting of portions of the I-495 and US 64 in North Carolina and US 17 in North Carolina and Virginia. The route would connect two of the largest US metro areas lacking an Interstate connection: the Research Triangle area around Raleigh and the Hampton Roads metro area around Norfolk. In November 2012, NCDOT requested the addition of the corridor to the Interstate Highway System through administrative options with the Federal Highway Administration as I-44. Congressman G. K. Butterfield introduced legislation in June 2014 to add the corridor to the Interstate Highway System through Congressional authority. An NCDOT policy paper said they were "seeking language in the reauthorization of surface transportation programs legislation to enhance the description of the Raleigh–Norfolk Corridor to include the route via Rocky Mount–Elizabeth City for clarity, to designate the entire route from Raleigh to Norfolk as a future part of the Interstate system as I-44 or I-50."
Had the I-44 designation been approved, it would have been discontinuous with the current I-44, which runs between Wichita Falls, St. Louis, Missouri. On December 14, 2015, the proposed corridor was designated as a future interstate with the passage of the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act. Soon, several other route numbers were discussed and the RTA set their preference on two more-likely candidates: Interstate 56 if an east-west designation were chosen, or Interstate 89 if a north-south designation were chosen. I-56 is not in use, while I-89 exists in New Hampshire, far north of this corridor. For the upcoming AASHTO Special Committee on U. S. Route Numbering, NCDOT proposed I-89 for this route. On May 25, 2016, AASHTO instead approved I-87 as the number for the highway; the new I-87 would be non-contiguous with the route with the same number in New York Sta
Halifax County, North Carolina
Halifax County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,691, its county seat is Halifax. Halifax County is part of the Roanoke Rapids, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Rocky Mount-Wilson-Roanoke Rapids, NC Combined Statistical Area. Halifax County is located in North Carolina's Coastal Plain region; the geography and history of the county were shaped by the Roanoke River, which forms its northern boundary. According to Preservation North Carolina, “Halifax County, designated in 1759, is one of the oldest counties in North Carolina with a rich history dating back to the earliest days of European settlement of North America. Over the years, Halifax County has provided North Carolina with more leaders – governors, generals – than any other county in the state.” The area was home to Tuscarora Indians and it was settled in the early 18th century by English colonists migrating south from Virginia and from New Jersey. The town of Halifax developed along the banks of the Roanoke River and established itself as the trading center for goods passing from settlement to settlement.
The Roanoke River played a major role in the county’s development, so much so that Halifax County was considered as a potential capital of North Carolina. It remained a prosperous county until the railroads usurped the river as the major form of transportation. After Halifax County separated from Edgecombe County, the town of Halifax became the county seat. All territory within the boundaries of Edgecombe County north of Fishing Creek and Rainbow Banks on the Roanoke River was designated as Halifax County on January 1, 1759; the current Halifax County towns include Enfield, Littleton, Roanoke Rapids, Scotland Neck and Weldon. Besides having 40 sites on the National Register of Historic Places, Halilfax County is historically significant because of two events preceding the American Revolution. John Lord Carteret, the second Earl Granville, inherited a one-eighth share of Carolina territory granted to Sir George Carteret by the British Crown; the second Earl Granville administered the district from across the Atlantic, but there was little oversight and the land agents he put in charge of granting land, collecting rent and surveying for settlers – Edward Moseley, Francis Corbin and Thomas Child – were accused of malfeasance by settlers and landowners.
On January 24, 1759, a group of men from Halifax and Edgecombe counties rode to Francis Corbin’s house in Edenton and seized him during the night. The men were upset because Corbin had extorted money from them when collecting rents for Lord Granville who controlled the land on which they lived. Corbin was taken to Enfield, along with a co-conspirator Thomas Bodley – and the men were kept in jail for four days – until they agreed to acknowledge the corruption and set records straight. Enfield was the seat of the judicial district, including Northampton and Edgecombe County, before Halifax became the county seat. Although Corbin was relieved of his duties by Lord Granville, a few months a court accused the Halifax and Edgecombe men of kidnapping; the kidnappers were imprisoned in the Enfield jail and a second “riot” erupted on May 14, 1759 when a mob broke into the jail and freed the men who had kidnapped Corbin and Bodley. Distrust of the British Crown and the rule of royal governors continued to foment unrest in eastern North Carolina until the colony became the first of its peers to recommend American independence.
On April 12, 1776, the North Carolina Provincial Congress met in Halifax and passed a resolution known as the Halifax Resolves. The first resolution of its kind, the document instructed North Carolina's delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to vote for independence from Great Britain; the date of the Halifax Resolves is commemorated on the state's flag. Each year April 12 is celebrated as Halifax Day, with individuals in period costumes demonstrating colonial-era activities and craftsmanship. Visitors to the town of Halifax can go on a self-guided walking tour of the town, which includes restored and furnished buildings, including statesman William R. Davie's ca.1783 house, the ca.1820 Royal White Hart Masonic Lodge #2, the Carpenter Gothic-style St. Mark's Episcopal Church of ca.1855, Judge Walter Clark's Italianate-style brick law office of ca.1872, the Romanesque Revival-style Clerk's Office of the 1880s adjacent to the courthouse on North King Street, the 1880s Gothic Revival-style Church of the Immaculate Conception, the 1909 Halifax County Courthouse.
Visitors can go to the museum at the Visitor Center and watch a 13 minute film, Halifax: Hub of the Roanoke. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles, of which 724 square miles is land and 7.1 square miles is water. Some of Halifax County’s natural attractions include Medoc Mountain State Park, Lake Gaston, Roanoke Rapids Lake. Sylvan Bird Park in Scotland Neck is home to the world’s largest collection of waterfowl. According to a North Carolina Deer Hunting 2016 -2017 study, Halifax County had the most number of harvested whitetail deer; the Lakeland Arts Center, the Canal Arts Center, the Roanoke Valley Players theater group are a few of the county's cultural institutions. With 328 seats and an 11-piece orchestra pit, Lakeland Th
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Alexander Martin was the fourth and seventh Governor of the U. S. state of North Carolina from 1782 to 1784 and from 1789 to 1792. Born in Hunterdon County in the Province of New Jersey in 1740, to James Hugh Martin and Jane Hunter of Ireland, Governor Alexander Martin was a North Carolinian politician and delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention. Aside from his role in the Constitutional Convention, Martin witnessed several significant chapters in colonial and early U. S. history, including the Regulator Rebellion, the Revolutionary War, the North Carolina ratification debates. Martin held bachelor's and master's degrees from the College of New Jersey, making him one of the most erudite delegates to the Constitutional Convention. After graduating from Princeton, Martin moved to North Carolina. There he worked first as a merchant and as an attorney; as his legal career took shape, the Regulator Rebellion began. On September 24, 1770, a bevy of angry Regulators took over the Hillsboro Court.
When their demonstration spilled onto the streets of Hillsboro, several lawyers, including Martin, serving as a justice of the peace, were whipped and beaten. By 1774, Martin had become judge of the Salisbury district; when the American Revolution began, he commisioned as a lieutenant colonel under Colonel Robert Howe and was promoted to colonel over the 2nd North Carolina Regiment when Colonel Howe was promoted to Brigadier General. The regiment was part of the North Carolina State troops and joined George Washington's Continental Army on November 28, 1775. In October 1777, at the Battle of Germantown, thick fog caused Martin and the soldiers under his command to mistake British troops for Continental soldiers. After this debacle, Martin faced a court-martial for cowardice. Though not convicted, Martin resigned from the army due to stress and poor health on November 22, 1777. In 1778, while still recuperating from his military service, Martin was elected to the North Carolina Senate, his tenure in the Senate was eventful: he served as president of the Senate's Board of War and in 1781 became acting governor of North Carolina when the sitting governor, Thomas Burke, was kidnapped by Tories.
In 1782, the General Assembly elected Martin governor of North Carolina. While the cessation of hostilities had eliminated the gravest threat to North Carolina, the end of the Revolution posed many challenges, the most pressing of, the question of how to treat Tory and Loyalist property. Martin resisted popular pressure to confiscate and redistribute this property, instead advocating its return to all except for North Carolina's more infamous Tories. After Martin's gubernatorial term ended, he returned to the General Assembly, where he soon became speaker of the Senate. In 1787, the General Assembly elected him delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, where the difficulties of the U. S. government under the Articles of Confederation would be weighed. Martin arrived in Philadelphia before the start of the convention and stayed until late August, a few weeks before the convention's close, he played little public role in the debates there, he was not appointed to any of the convention's committees.
He seconded several minor motions. Because Martin left the Federal Convention early, he did not sign the Constitution. In 1788, Martin sought election to the Hillsborough Constitutional Convention, where North Carolina would consider ratifying the Constitution. A proponent of the Federal Constitution, Martin was helpless in the face of a wave of Anti-Federalist sentiment in North Carolina. Delegates were selected county by county, Martin, who lived in the predominantly Anti-Federalist Guilford County, ran at a disadvantage, his opponent in the election – the Anti-Federalist Presbyterian minister David Caldwell – won a seat, as did four of his congregation. Martin was the only delegate to the Federal Convention who sought election to a state convention and lost. Martin's failure in Guilford County did not reflect any loss of popularity in the General Assembly, he was again elected governor in 1789 and held the office until 1792, when he reached the office's term limit. During his second gubernatorial tenure, a permanent seat of North Carolina government, named Raleigh, was founded in Wake County.
Moreover, Martin effected the establishment of the University of North Carolina in 1789. After Martin left the governor's seat, he joined the U. S. Senate, his legislative record in the 1790s indicates. Though he had supported the ratification of the Federal Constitution and had always run for election as a Federalist, he voted against the Federalists in the 1790s, his convictions appear to have become more Federalist in the midst of the XYZ affair, he voted for all of the Alien and Sedition Acts. In 1799, having lost the support of North Carolina Federalists, was voted out of the Senate, he returned to the North Carolina General Assembly in 1804, in 1805 again became Speaker of the North Carolina Senate. He died in 1807. Charles Beard, An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States David F. Burg, A World History of Tax Rebellions Carol Berkin, A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution Purcell, L. Edward. Who Was Who in the American Revolution. New York: Facts on File, 1993.
ISBN 0-8160-2107-4. Charles D. Rodenbough, Governor Alexander Martin Charles D. Rodenbough, "Martin, Alexander," in Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, ed. Charles S. Powell Sobel, Robe
Martin County Courthouse (North Carolina)
Martin County Courthouse is a historic courthouse building located at Williamston, Martin County, North Carolina. It was built in 1885, is two-story, eclectic building with Italianate and Late Victorian style design elements, it has a three-story, central square tower. At the rear of the courthouse are two- and three-story jail additions, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. It is located in the Williamston Commercial Historic District
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website