click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mary Black

Mary Black is an Irish folk singer. She is well known as an interpreter of both traditional folk and modern material which has made her a major recording artist in her native Ireland. Mary Black was born into a musical family on Charlemont Street in Dublin and had four siblings, she was educated at Rathmines. Her father was a fiddler, who came from Rathlin Island off the coast of Northern Ireland, her mother a singer, her brothers had their own musical group called The Black Brothers and her younger sister Frances would go on to achieve great success as a singer in the 90s. From this musical background, Mary began singing traditional Irish songs at the age of eight; as she grew older, she began to perform with her siblings in small clubs around Dublin. Black joined a small folk band in 1975 called General Humbert, with whom she toured Europe and released two albums, in 1975 and 1978. In 1982 she developed a professional relationship with musician/producer Declan Sinnott and recorded her first solo album, Mary Black.

The album performed well in the Irish charts and it went gold. In 1983 it was honoured by the Irish Independent and it is still referred to as one of the best Irish albums of the 1980s. Black ventured into the traditional Irish music band De Dannan and toured with them around Europe and in the US; the album she recorded, won the Irish Album of the Year award. During her time with De Dannan, Black continued with her solo career with albums such as Collected and Without the Fanfare; these recordings took Black into a more modern musical direction. Along with the success of these releases, IRMA named her Entertainer of the Year in 1986 and Best Female Artist in 1987 and 1988. For much of her early solo career, Sinnott acted as her producer and musical director; this partnership lasted until 1995. Black departed from De Dannan in 1986 and 1987 saw the release of her first multi-platinum Irish album, By the Time it Gets Dark. However, her popularity reached new heights with the release of the ground-breaking album, No Frontiers, in August 1989.

It rocketed to the top of the Irish album charts, achieved triple-platinum status. Mary's popularity grew in the United States, due to widespread radio exposure. Following the success of No Frontiers in the United States, the extensive airplay received by the lead track "Columbus", Black became a hit NAC recording artist. In spring 1991, she embarked on an American tour, her 1991 release, Babes in the Wood, entered the Irish charts at No.1 once again and remained there for six weeks. Her single "The Thorn Upon the Rose" reached No.8 on the Japanese singles chart after it was used in a national railroad television advert. Babes in the Wood performed well in the US and it was voted one of the top 10 albums of the year in the United Kingdom by Today newspaper; the album release brought about a sell-out tour and her first concert at the Royal Albert Hall in January, 1992, broadcast on Channel 4 a year later. She was once again named Best Female Artist by the IRMA. Mary was featured on the cover of Billboard magazine in a story hailing her as "a firm favorite to join the heavy-hitting ranks of such Irish artists as Enya, Sinéad O'Connor and Clannad's Máire Brennan in the international marketplace".

Her next album The Holy Ground once again reached the top of the Irish album chart. She toured the US during October/November 1993, in support of the album; the next project saw Mary join forces with six Irish female artists to record the compilation album, A Woman's Heart. Other artists here included her sister Frances Black, Eleanor McEvoy, Dolores Keane, Sharon Shannon and Maura O'Connell, its good sales success spawned another album, A Woman's Heart 2. Black recorded two duets with American folk singer Joan Baez in the spring of 1995, for Baez's album Ring Them Bells. A greatest hits album of Mary's work, Looking Back, was released and she went touring in the US, Germany and Scandinavia, to support the release. Black released three more albums in the 1990s, Circus and Speaking with the Angel, she was named "Best Female Artist" in 1994 and 1996 for the fifth time. Black released her first live album in Mary Black Live, she released her only studio album of the 2000s decade, Full Tide. Although it was successful, she has kept a low musical profile in the last few years.

In 2008, Black released a compilation album called "Twenty Five Years - Twenty Five Songs" celebrating her career in the music business. It contains 4 remixed tracks remastered songs and 2 brand new recordings. In 2008, Black was invited to sing a duet on Christie Hennessy's posthumous album "The Two Of Us" called "If You Were To Fall", she made a guest appearance on Liam Clancy's album "The Wheels Of Life" on the track "Talk To Me Of Mendocino". In 2009 she is featured on one track of Steve Martin's album The Crow: New Songs for the 5-String Banjo. In 2011, she released, she has sang a duet live with Irish pop band Westlife entitled "Walking in the Air". A 2014-15 "Last Call" tour with her daughter Róisín O is billed as Black's final international tour although she intends to continue singing after this, her autobiography Down the Crooked Road was published in October 2014. In 2017, Black released a remastered version of her 1987 album, "By The Time It Gets Dark", to celebrate its 30th anniversary.

The remastered album contains remixed and digitally remastered versions of the album's tracks, a brand new song recorded for the re-issue called "Wounded Heart" and a rare b-side called "Copper Kettle". In the year

Visa policy of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Visitors to Saint Kitts and Nevis must obtain a visa unless they come from one of the 104 visa exempt countries. Cruise ship passengers can visit Saint Nevis for up to 24 hours without a visa. Freedom of movementCitizens of the following countries and territories can visit Saint Kitts and Nevis as tourists without a visa for up to 3 months: 1 — up to 6 months for BOTC passport holders of Montserrat, 3 months for other classes of British nationality. 2 — up to 6 months. 3 — up to 1 month. 4 — up to 27 days. Additionally, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs does not name the following countries on the list of countries that need visas to travel to Saint Kitts and Nevis: Holders of diplomatic or official passports issued to nationals of Haiti and holders of normal passports travelling on business do not require a visa for Saint Kitts and Nevis for up to 6 months. Visa exemption agreements for all passports were signed with San Marino on 1 February 2019, Togo on 24 March 2019, Albania on 14 May 2019, Georgia on 15 July 2019, Marshall Islands on 29 October 2019 and they are not yet ratified.

Visitors from countries that require a visa for Saint Kitts and Nevis can apply for an eVisa online. With a printed approval they are issued a visa on arrival by an Immigration Officer for a fee of USD 100; the maximum length of stay is 30 days. Visa requirements for Saint Kitts and Nevis citizens

Zhou Cheng

Zhou Cheng is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Zhou Cheng first appears in The Immortal Iron Fist #17 and was created by Duane Swierczynski and Travel Foreman. Zhou Cheng has been killing previous Iron Fists for seventy-five years, he was under the mind control of Ch'i-Lin and attempted to capture and kill Danny Rand's ancestor Orson Randall and steal his heart. His reason for this was, he attacks Danny on his thirty-third birthday, but is stopped by the combined effort of Luke Cage, Misty Knight and Colleen Wing. He attacked the Thunder Dojo to lure Danny out, but Danny brought the Immortal Weapons to aid him. Zhou was able to sense Danny's chi, but was unable to detect the Immortal Weapons which foiled his plans, it is revealed that he had been secretly taking over Rand Corp. alongside Danny's secretary Nadine, Zhou's girlfriend. They attempted to poison Danny through his tea. Zhou disregards Nadine after she reveals that she is pregnant and proceeds to fight Danny to the death.

Danny defeats and kills Zhou when he decides to not use his chi, Zhou was only able to defeat Danny by sensing his chi energy and anticipating his move set. Zhou Cheng appears in Iron Fist played by Lewis Tan, who had auditioned for the title role. Zhou Cheng appears in the episode "The Blessing of Many Fractures" as "the sworn defender of the Hand" under Wilson Fisk's former ally Madame Gao, guarding one of her facilities in China. Rather than being possessed by Ch'i-Lin, he was trained separately by him and taught to consume large amounts of alcohol to "tame inner dragon." Due to this he fights using drunken fist style which proves to be effective against Danny Rand. Cheng gets tossed through the entrance to the facility where Danny proceeds to punch him brutally before being stopped by Colleen Wing and Claire Temple

Megas doux

The megas doux was one of the highest positions in the hierarchy of the Byzantine Empire, denoting the commander-in-chief of the Byzantine navy. It is sometimes given in English by the half-Latinizations megaduke or megadux; the Greek word δούξ is the Hellenized form of the Latin term dux, meaning commander. The office was created by Alexios I Komnenos, who reformed the derelict Byzantine navy and amalgamated the remnants of its various provincial squadrons into a unified force under the megas doux; the Emperor's brother-in-law John Doukas is considered to have been the first to hold the title, being raised to it in 1092, when he was tasked with suppressing the Turkish emir Tzachas. There is however a document dated to December 1085, where a monk Niketas signs as supervisor of the estates of an unnamed megas doux; the office of "doux of the fleet", with similar responsibilities and hence a precursor of the office of megas doux, is mentioned at the time, being given c. 1086 to Manuel Boutoumites and in 1090 to Constantine Dalassenos.

John Doukas, the first known megas doux, led campaigns on both land and sea and was responsible for the re-establishment of firm Byzantine control over the Aegean and the islands of Crete and Cyprus in the years 1092–93 and over western Anatolia in 1097. From this time the megas doux was given overall control of the provinces of Hellas, the Peloponnese and Crete, which chiefly provided the manpower and resources for the fleet. However, since the megas doux was one of the Empire's senior officials, involved with the central government and various military campaigns, de factο governance of these provinces rested with the provinces' praitōr and various local leaders. During the 12th century, the post of megas doux was dominated by the Kontostephanos family. With the virtual disappearance of the Byzantine fleet after the Fourth Crusade, the title was retained as an honorific in the Empire of Nicaea. Michael VIII Palaiologos assumed the title when he became regent for John IV Laskaris, before being raised to senior co-emperor.

It was used by the Latin Empire, where, in c. 1207, the Latin emperor awarded the island of Lemnos and the hereditary title of megadux to the Venetian Filocalo Navigajoso. His descendants inherited the title and the rule of Lemnos until evicted by the Byzantines in 1278. After the Byzantine recovery of Constantinople in 1261, the title reverted to its old function as commander-in-chief of the navy, remained a high rank for the remainder of the empire, its holder ranking sixth after the emperor, between the prōtovestiarios and the prōtostratōr; as such, it was sometimes conferred upon foreigners in imperial service, the most notable among these being the Italian Licario, who recovered many Aegean islands for Emperor Michael VIII, Roger de Flor, head of the Catalan Company. The mid-14th century Book of Offices of Pseudo-Kodinos lists the insignia of the megas doux as a golden-red skiadion hat decorated with embroideries in the klapoton style, without veil. Alternatively, a domed skaranikon hat could be worn, again in red and gold and decorated with golden wire, with a portrait of the emperor standing in front, another of him enthroned in the rear.

The megas doux wore a rich silk tunic, the kabbadion, could choose the fabric himself "from those that are in use". His staff of office featured carved knobs in gold, bordered with silver braid. Pseudo-Kodinos records that, while the other warships flew "the usual imperial flag" of the cross and the firesteels, the flagship of the megas doux flew an image of the emperor on horseback, his subordinate officials were the megas droungarios tou stolou, the amēralios, the prōtokomēs, the junior droungarioi, the junior komētes. The Serbian Empire, established in 1346 by Tsar Stefan Dushan, adopted various Byzantine titles, among them that of megas doux, which became the "grand voivode", albeit without any naval connotations. Holders of the office included senior noblemen such as Jovan Oliver. In the 1490 Valencian epic romance Tirant lo Blanc, the valiant knight Tirant the White from Brittany travels to Constantinople and becomes a Byzantine megadux; this story has no basis in actual history, though it may reflect the above-mentioned cases of the office being conferred upon foreigners.

Angold, Michael. The Byzantine Empire, 1025–1204: A Political History. Second Edition. Longman. ISBN 0-582-29468-1. Bartusis, Mark C.. The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society 1204–1453. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1620-2. Geanakoplos, Deno John. Emperor Michael Palaeologus and the West, 1258–1282: A Study in Byzantine-Latin Relations. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 1011763434. Guilland, Rodolphe. "Le Drongaire de la flotte, le Grand drongaire de la flotte, le Duc de la flotte, le Mégaduc". Recherches sur les institutions byzantines, Tome I. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. Pp. 535–562. Kazhdan, Alexander, ed.. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8. Nicol, Donald M.. Byzantium and Venice: A Study in Diplomatic and Cultural Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-34157-4. Nicol, Donald M.. The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453. C

Moufang set

In mathematics, a Moufang set is a particular kind of combinatorial system named after Ruth Moufang. A Moufang set is a pair where X is a set and x ∈ X is a family of subgroups of the symmetric group Σ X indexed by the elements of X; the system satisfies the conditions U y fixes y and is transitive on X ∖. Let K be a field and X the projective line P1 over K. Let Ux be the stabiliser of each point x in the group PSL2; the Moufang set determines K up to isomorphism or anti-isomorphism: an application of Hua's identity. A quadratic Jordan division algebra gives rise to a Moufang set structure. If U is the quadratic map on the unital algebra J, let τ denote the permutation of the additive group defined by x ↦ − x − 1 = − U x − 1. Τ defines a Mounfang set structure on J. The Hua maps ha of the Moufang structure are just the quadratic Ua. note that the link is more natural in terms of J-structures. De Medts, Tom. "Identities in Moufang sets". Transactions of the American Mathematical Society. 360: 5831–5852.

Doi:10.1090/S0002-9947-08-04414-0. Zbl 1179.20030. De Medts, Tom. "A course on Moufang sets". Innovations in Incidence Geometry. 9: 79–122. Doi:10.2140/iig.2009.9.79. Zbl 1233.20028. De Medts, Tom. "Moufang sets and Jordan division algebras". Mathematische Annalen. 335: 415–433. Doi:10.1007/s00208-006-0761-8. Zbl 1163.17031. Segev, Yoav. "Proper Moufang sets with abelian root groups are special". Journal of the American Mathematical Society. 22: 889–908. Bibcode:2009JAMS...22..889S. Doi:10.1090/S0894-0347-09-00631-6. MR 2505304. Zbl 1248.20031. Tits, Jacques. "Twin buildings and groups of Kac–Moody type". In Liebeck, Martin W.. Groups and Geometry. London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series. 165. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 249–286. ISBN 978-0-521-40685-7. ISSN 0076-0552. Zbl 0851.22023

Shelbourne Hotel

The Shelbourne Hotel is a famous hotel situated in a landmark building on the north side of St Stephen's Green, in Dublin, Ireland. Operated by Marriott International, the hotel has 265 rooms in total and reopened in March 2007 after undergoing an eighteen-month refurbishment. John McCurdy designed the hotel and the studio of M. M. Barbezat of Paris cast the four external statues, two Nubian Princesses and their shackled slave girls; the Shelbourne Hotel was founded in 1824 by Martin Burke, a native of Tipperary, when he acquired three adjoining townhouses overlooking Dublin's St Stephen's Green - Europe's largest garden square. Burke named his grand new hotel The Shelbourne, after William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne. William Makepeace Thackeray was an early guest, staying in 1842 and including a piece about the Shelbourne in The Irish Sketch-Book. In the early 1900s, Alois Hitler, Jr. the elder half-brother of Adolf Hitler, worked in the hotel while in Dublin. During the 1916 Easter Rising the hotel was occupied by 40 British troops under Captain Andrews.

Their objective was to counter the Irish Citizen Army and Volunteer forces commanded by Michael Mallin. In 1922, the Irish Constitution was drafted in room 112, now known as The Constitution Room. In November and December 2018, the UEFA used the hotel as a venue to draw clubs and countries in several tournaments. St Stephen's GreenThe hotel has been the subject of two histories, the first by Elizabeth Bowen and the second'The Shelbourne and Its People' by Michael O'Sullivan Blackwater Press Dublin 1999. James Joyce's Ulysses includes a reference to the hotel. Official Website