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Sponsa Christi

Sponsa Christi is the Latin term for "Spouse of Christ"Sponsa Christi is an Apostolic Constitution issued by Pope Pius XII on the Feast of the Presentation, November 21, 1950. It addresses their mystical engagement with Christ; the first part of the constitution deals with the historical development of the vocation of virginity and the development of monastic women's monasteries from the congregations of consecrated virgins of the early church, in particular the contemplative life. Pius XII. describes the characteristics of the consecrated life of women and explains: "Because of their consecration by the diocesan Bishop, they acquire a special bond with the Church, to which they devote their service if they remain in the world. Alone or in community they represent a special eschatological image of the heavenly bride and the future life, when the church will live the love of her bridegroom Christ in abundance. For sacred virgins the service of the liturgy is essential; the Word of God and the liturgy are the sources from which the consecrated virgins are to draw, to know the will of God and to bind themselves to him in freedom and in love.

In the same part, the Pope sets out the provisions governing nuns' examinations. With this constitution fixed rules for religious communities are established, furthermore, a guideline is given to the consecrated virgins living in the world. Pope Pius cited Sponsa Christi in the March 25, 1954 encyclical Sacra Virginitas as showing the importance of the office consecrated men and women fulfill in the Church; the second part specifies the statutes valid according to canon law: Article I. §§ 1-3 Establishment of religious orders for women Article II. §§ 1-3 Special Forms of Monastic Religious Life Article III. §§ 1-3 Affiliation and virgin consecration Article IV. §§ 1-5 Big and small papal examinations Article V. §§ 1-4 Commitment to the public celebration of the Liturgy of the Hours in chorus Article VI. §§ 1-3 Hierarchy and Order in Women's Monasteries Article VII. §§ 1-3 Authorization procedure by the Holy See Article VIII. §§ 1-3 Monastic work for the maintenance of the monasteries Article IX.

Final provisions and exhortatio for strict compliance with these regulationsBy the June 29, 2016 Apostolic Constitution Vultum Dei quaerere Pope Francis repealed the Statuta generalia Monialium. Sponsa Christi


Pez is the brand name of an Austrian candy and associated manual candy dispensers. The candy is a pressed, straight-edged, curved-corner block 15 mm long, 8 mm wide, 5 mm high, with Pez dispensers holding 12 candy pieces. Pez was invented in Austria and exported worldwide; the all-uppercase spelling of the logo echoes the trademark's style on the packaging and the dispensers, with the logo drawn in perspective and giving the appearance that the letters are built out of 44 brick-like Pez mints. Despite the widespread recognition and popularity of the Pez dispenser, the company considers itself to be a candy company, over 3 billion bricks are consumed each year in the U. S. alone. Pez dispensers are part of popular culture in many nations, an example being'Soul Candy' in Japanese manga series Bleach; because of the large number of dispenser designs over the years, they are collected by enthusiasts. PEZ was first marketed as a compressed peppermint sweet in Vienna, Austria, in 1927 by Eduard Haas III.

The name PEZ is an abbreviation of PfeffErminZ. The original product was a round peppermint lozenge called PEZ drops. Over time, a new manufacturing process evolved and the hard pressed brick shape known today was created; the product packaging evolved from wrapped rolls to a small tin to hold the mints, similar to the modern Altoids tins. The first PEZ mint dispensers, known as "regulars," were similar in shape to a cigarette lighter, dispensed an adult breath mint marketed as an alternative to tobacco, they were invented by Oscar Uxa. Haas Food Manufacturing Corporation of Vienna was the first to sell PEZ products. World War II slowed production. In 1945, manufacturers promoted the Pez Box Regular. In 1952 Eduard Haas introduced his product to the United States, Curtis Allina headed Pez's U. S. business. In 1955, the Pez company marketed them for children. Santa Claus and Mickey Mouse were among the first character dispensers. Since 1950, over 1500 Pez dispensers, including the original character dispensers, have been created.

Pez vending machines were used in Germany and Austria. The first German machines were introduced around 1954 and were produced by DWM and GWS, both of Berlin, Germany. Machines were introduced in Switzerland and in Austria, in October 1956. Seipel & Co. and Theodor Braun. In 1973, Pez built a factory in Orange, Connecticut, U. S. In 1983, Scott McWhinnie became the president of the Pez company, he retired in 2003. Joe Vittoria became president of the company in 2004. Around 2005 the size of the original factory was doubled and the Pez dispenser line was expanded. In the mid-1990s peppermints were reintroduced with remakes of the'regulars'. In early 2006 the family of the original founder of the company bought back 32.5% of the stock from investment company PGH for €18M. They now own 67.5% of the company. The headquarters are in Austria; the Pez mints are produced in Traun and Orange, Connecticut, U. S. while the dispensers are produced in China. In 2011, a PEZ Visitor Center was opened in Orange, CT with over 4,000 square feet dedicated to all things PEZ.

Pez, Inc. has applied for and received patents related to the Pez dispensers, molds the patent number onto the stem of the design. The patent number can not be reliably used to determine. Collectors refer to the first two digits of a patent number as a shorthand for a given patent number. For example, the 5.9 patent was granted in 1999, but didn't first appear on a Pez item until 2002. By 2007, 4.9 patented items were still appearing on store shelves. Dispensers can be found with several non-US patents, such as the German "DBP 818.829", the Mexican "Patent Nr 141,242". Pez dispenser stems will also be embossed with several injection mold codes. Some, like those found on the bottom of the dispenser feet, will tell which mold position the specific piece came from. One found on the side of the stem indicates the country of origin; the IMC code 4 is followed by a superscripted second number which identifies the specific facility in Austria. Early Pez dispensers did not have character heads on them, they were what is known now as "regulars".

A regular dispenser is just a rectangular box with a contoured flip top for dispensing the candy. Toy character head dispensers were introduced in 1955, after the candy was introduced in the United States. There are over 550 unique dispenser heads with thousands of variations. In the 1970s, three historical figures were created: Betsy Ross, Daniel Boone, Paul Revere, which were released as part of the Bicentennial series; these dispenser heads were not made to look like the people they represented, but instead used generic faces with different accessories. Star Wars Pez dispensers have been amongst the most popular collectibles since they were introduced in the 1990s; the company had a general rule against creating likenesses of real people, but in 2006 a limited-edition series of three Pez dispensers were made with likenesses of members of the Teutul family from Orange County Choppers. The NASCAR-themed dispensers are based on the helmets of famous drivers, rather than their actual resemblance.

In 2007, a limited edition Elvis set was released featuring three dispensers from different periods in Presley's life. In 2008, the first Star Trek dispensers were released in a gift set with the seven original series crew and the Starship Enterprise. A second Star Trek gift set, based on

Tjyongoui Yi

Tjyongoui Yi known as Yi Wi-jong, was a Korean diplomat and military officer. His name in Russian is Vladimir Sergeyevich Li, his father Yi Beom-Jin was a politician. Yi Wi-Jong took part in World War I as a 2nd lieutenant of Imperial Russian Army and served on Eastern Front. Post-WWI, Yi fought in the Red Army during the Russian Civil War. Yi was born in 1884. In 1907 he, Yi Tjoune, Sangsul Yi were delegated by Emperor Gojong to attend the Second Hague Peace Conference at The Hague. At that time, he was proficient in seven languages. However, they were barred from joining the conference due to the Imperial Japan's objections as the supreme Asian power of the time. However, with the assistance of the Journalists Association, Yi was able to present speech in English to 150 journalists at The Hague concerning Japan's invasions of Korea and its void legality. Tjyongoui Yi buried Yi Tjoune at The Hague and went to the United States with Sangsul Yi, from there to Vladivostok and Saint Petersburg. In 1911, after his father killed himself, he became a military officer of the Imperial Russian Army and participated in World War I.

After the outbreak of the October Revolution and signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Yi joined the Bolsheviks and fought in the Red Army during the Russian Civil War. In the process, he cut off all communication with his erstwhile aristocratic wife and his family members, he fought in battle around Irkutsk against Alexander Kolchak's White Army. After the war, he served as an apparatchik in Krasnoyarsk and Chita until 1924. Not much is known of Yi's life after 1924, his father Yi Beom-Jin was diplomat. He married a Russian noble, Elizabeta Noelke, in 1906; the couple had three daughters. Their descendants still live in Russia. Greater Korean Empire Koryo-Saram

Charles E. Wolverton

Charles Edwin Wolverton was an American state and federal judge in the state of Oregon. He was the 18th Chief Justice on the Oregon Supreme Court, he served as the chief twice during his eleven years on Oregon's highest court, followed by 21 years as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon. Charles Wolverton was born on May 16, 1851, in Des Moines County, Iowa, to John Wolverton and his wife the former Mary Jane Nealy. In 1853, the family immigrated to the Oregon Territory. There Charles received an education at Christian College in Monmouth, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1871; the following year he earned an Artium Baccalaureus degree from the same school. Wolverton returned east and earned a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Kentucky College of Law in 1874. Following law school, Charles returned to Oregon where he began private practice in Albany, Oregon from 1874 until 1894. During this time he was the attorney for the Linn County School Board from 1878 to 1881.

While in private practice Wolverton married Clara Ellen Price in 1878, a marriage from which there would be no children. In 1894, Wolverton was elected to the Oregon Supreme Court to replace William Paine Lord, he won re-election for a second six-year term in 1900. During his time on the court he served as chief justice twice from 1898 to 1900 and again in 1905 until he resigned on December 4, 1905, to accept a federal judicial post. Thomas G. Hailey was appointed by Oregon Governor George Earle Chamberlain to finish Wolverton's term. While on the court he received an honorary law degree from Willamette University College of Law in 1900. Wolverton received a recess appointment from President Theodore Roosevelt on November 20, 1905, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Oregon vacated by Judge Charles B. Bellinger, he was nominated to the same position by President Roosevelt on December 5, 1905. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 10, 1906, received his commission the same day.

His service terminated on September 1926, due to his death in Gearhart, Oregon. After each stint as chief justice on the Oregon court Wolverton was followed by Robert S. Bean. Bean would join Wolverton on the federal court in 1909 when Congress added an additional judgeship to the Oregon district. Sketch of Wolverton Robert Sharp Bean at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Works by or about Charles E. Wolverton at Internet Archive

The BCN Connection

The BCN Connection is the debut album by Spanish band The Pinker Tones, released in 2004 on the UK indie label Outstanding Records. Before the album's release in the UK, it was released in Spain under the title, Pink Connection on the Spanish indie label, Wah Wah Records, in 2003, it includes two remixes, one by Konishi Yasuharu of Pizzicato Five and one by Ursula 1000, plus the video to "Mais Pourquois?" by Phila. The album was released in Japan via Rambling Records under the name Mission Pink in 2004, it included an additional remix, "Pinker Party", remixed by The Pinker Tones & DJ Niño, plus the bonus tracks "La Fiesta", "La Persecución" and "Conduciendo". "A Message by his Holiness the Maharishi Pihnkhy" " Viva la Juventud" " Mais Pourquois?" " Introducing Mr. Furia & Professor Manso" " One of them" " Advanced Night Repair" " Pinker Party" " Mario's Jingle" " For the Righteous" " Travel Club" " One of Them · Readymade Jazz Exercise" " Mais Pourquois? · Le Swinging Mix" " Pinker Party · Dry pinkertini Mix" " Fly me to Brazil" The BCN Connection at AllMusic.

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