Pacific Motorway (Brisbane–Brunswick Heads)
The Pacific Motorway is a motorway in Australia between Brisbane and Brunswick Heads, New South Wales, through the New South Wales–Queensland border at Tweed Heads. The motorway starts at Coronation Drive at Milton in Brisbane, The Brisbane city section of the motorway is referred to by its former name, the Riverside Expressway; the motorway is about 150 kilometres long, features eight traffic lanes with a 110 km/h speed limit between the M6 Logan Motorway and Smith Street Motorway and six or four lanes at 100 km/h on other sections. The motorway passes through the major tourist region of the Gold Coast, the destination for most of the vehicular traffic from Brisbane. More than A$2 billion was spent on the motorway between 1990 and 1998, including widening the road and safety measures; the motorway passes Gold Coast attractions such as Warner Bros. Movie World, Wet'n'Wild Water World, Dreamworld, which are among the most popular theme parks in Australia. Since 2008 the motorway connects with the Tweed Heads bypass in New South Wales.
There are plans to progressively widen the four lane section from Nerang to Tugun to six lanes. The first section of this upgrade was completed in May 2012. Planning is ongoing for the remaining section of the upgrade; the highest point of the motorway is 92 metres AHD on a cutting 130 km south of Brisbane. The first section, opened in Brisbane in November 1972, was known as the Southeast Freeway, it included the Riverside Expressway, designed to alleviate traffic congestion in central Brisbane. The Southeast Freeway was connected to the Pacific Highway at Springwood in 1985; the Southeast Freeway was designated as the F3, but this nomenclature was removed in 1994. On 15 April 1996 it was announced that the Pacific Highway between the intersection with the Logan Motorway and Nerang would be upgraded to motorway standard. From the Albert River at Beenleigh to Coombabah Creek at Gaven, about 28 km, the road surface is portland cement concrete; the upgraded road was opened to the public in October 2000.
In March 2006, the Queensland Government released planning for substantial changes to the section between Springwood and Daisy Hill at the entrances and exits along the section to deal with substantial traffic problems on surrounding streets and traffic backups onto the motorway. The planned upgrade led to some popular protest by people whose homes would be resumed for the project. Construction of the upgrade commenced in November 2009 and was completed in November 2012; the Tugun Bypass was completed in 2008. It has four lanes. Widening from four lanes to six lanes is planned for 2025. Below is an overview of: 1960 - Gaven Way. New road connecting Pacific Highway to Nerang forming the first stage of the Gold Coast bypass route, opened to traffic on 10 December 1960. 1961 - Gold Coast Highway interchange. Grade-separated interchange at Gaven Way. 1965 - Beenleigh bypass. First carriageway of the Beenleigh bypass opened to traffic in December 1965, followed by the second carriageway in December 1966.
1971 - Coomera River bridge duplication. Second bridge across Coomera River opened by Minister for Main Roads Ron Camm on 3 June 1971, completing four lanes between Brisbane and Helensvale. 1973 - Alice Street to Juliette Street. First stage of the South-East Freeway, including the Captain Cook Bridge opened to traffic on 7 March 1973. 1976 - Riverside Expressway. New expressway between Hale Street and Alice Street constructed on bridges opened on 22 July 1976. 1976 - Nerang to Reedy Creek. Reconstructed and realigned highway along the former rail reserve completed in December 1976. 1977 - Juliette Street to Marshall Road. Second stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Juliette Street and Marshall Road on 27 July 1977. 1979 - Nerang bypass. 2.5 km two-lane bypass of Nerang opened by Minister for Main Roads Russ Hinze on 6 April 1979. 1980 - Marshall Road to Klumpp Road. Third stage of the South-East Freeway between Marshall Road and Klumpp Road opened on 21 October 1980. 1982 - Klumpp Road to Logan Road.
Fourth stage of the South-East Freeway opened between Klumpp Road and Logan Road by Queensland Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen on 13 August 1982. 1985 - Reedy Creek to Tugun Extension. Two-lane bypass of West Burleigh opened to traffic in three stages. 1985 - Helensvale to Nerang duplication. Four-lane duplication works completed between Gold Coast Highway and Nerang River in June 1985. 1985 - Tweed Heads bypass. Two-lane bypass opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 18 July 1985 at a total cost of A$3.6m. 1985 - Logan Road to Compton Road. Fifth and final stage of the South-East Freeway opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 22 November 1985. 1986 - Logan River bridge duplication. New concrete bridge across Logan River, duplicating the 1968 bridge opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 16 July 1986. 1987 - Mudgeeraba Interchange. Half-diamond interchange at Mudgeeraba Road opened by Minister for Main Roads and Racing Russ Hinze on 21 August 1987.
1987 - Coomera Interchange. Interchange opened by Deputy Premier and Minister for Main Roads Bill Gunn on 10 December 1987. 1988 - Worongary Interchange. Half-diamond interchange opened by Dep
Elizabeth Street, Brisbane
Elizabeth Street in Brisbane, Australia is a major street in the centre of the city. The street was established at the beginning of settlement in Brisbane as a penal colony. Most of the street is fronted by low-level retail outlets, with an increase in mixed use skyscrapers being constructed. Major shopping arcades on Elizabeth Street include The Myer Centre, Marcarthur Central and the Elizabeth Arcade; the Brisbane Hilton hotel has it main entrance on Elizabeth Street. The offices at Central Plaza Two have their entrance at the easterly end or downtown part of the street. There is good pedestrian access around the street, such as pathways near the General Post Office and access to the Queen Street bus station via the Myer Centre; the street runs parallel to and south of the city's central mall in Queen Street. To ease congestion in the Brisbane central business district traffic direction is one-way from west to east. At the top of the street nearest the Brisbane River is William Street and exit ramps from the Riverside Expressway.
Between this intersection and George Street is the Queens Gardens, a small open park. Adjacent to this is the Treasury Building and the Conrad Treasury Casino, open 24 hours a day. Elizabeth Street was one of various Brisbane locations used in the filming of the 2015 motion picture San Andreas; the street was used to represent downtown San Francisco after a major earthquake struck the city, with over 300 extras participating in the shooting of the scene. Elizabeth Street has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 171 Elizabeth Street: Heckelmanns Building 179 Elizabeth Street: Tara House 249 Elizabeth Street: Old St Stephens Church 259-269 Elizabeth Street: St Stephens Catholic Cathedral 283 Elizabeth Street: Telecommunications House Sections of Albert St, George St, William St, North Quay, Queen's Wharf Rd: Early Streets of Brisbane 144 George Street: Queens Gardens 167 Albert Street: Perry House 171 George Street: Family Services Building 179 - 191 George Street: Hunters Buildings, a L-shaped building which fronts both George and Elizabeth Streets Riverside Expressway William Street George Street Albert Street Edward Street Creek Street Eagle Street Adelaide Street Ann Street Charlotte Street Mary Street Margaret Street Media related to Elizabeth Street, Brisbane at Wikimedia Commons
Queensland Club is a heritage-listed club house at 19 George Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was built from 1882 to 1888 by J Smith & Sons, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992. The Queensland Club building was constructed between 1882-84; the club was established in December 1859 following the apparent success of the North Australian Club in Ipswich, coinciding with the establishment of Queensland as a separate colony. Adopting the British tradition of private clubs for influential members of the community, it provided a recreational venue and accommodation for men of common interests and socio-economic backgrounds. Members were pastoralists and business and professional men; the club met in small premises in Mary Street. As membership increased, a larger venue was required and in 1881 the club purchased three allotments on the corner of George and Alice Streets, known as Hodgsons Corner. FDG Stanley, a member of the club, was appointed architect.
The proximity to the seat of government made it an appropriate locale for the new club premises. Stanley's plans were modified by the members and approved in March 1882; the contractor was J Smith and Sons and the contract sum was £14,150. The building was opened in June 1884 and contained 41 members' bedrooms, eight bathrooms, a clubroom, dining room, billiard room, smoking room, visitors room and the necessary kitchens, servants rooms and toilets, providing a "home away from home" for society's male elite. In September 1888 the club purchased the adjoining site in Alice Street for £4,000, stables, laundry and a bottle house were erected. Three years these buildings were demolished and a bowling green established; the green remained unused and in 1900, it was converted to a tennis court. In 1985 a fire caused damage to the club premises and changes to the room layout of the upper floor bedrooms were carried out in conjunction with the repair work. Minor renovations were undertaken during 1990-91.
The Queensland Club, located on the corner of Alice and George Streets diagonally opposite Parliament House, is a three-storey rendered brick building incorporating Italianate elements. The building is a broad'H'-shape in plan form, with its long elevation to Alice Street and one side to George Street; the main entry is in the central part of the building beneath a deep porch. There are verandahs on two levels across the front and down the side of each wing; these are supported by Tuscan columns on the ground floor and slender Corinthian cast iron columns on the first floor. The balustrades on both levels are of decorative cast ironwork. At the end of each wing is a projecting bay window on the ground and first floor level with open balustrade above. Quoins punctuate the corners of the building and there are banded piers on either side of the entry. Above the third level the building has an open parapet and large ornate urns at the corner of each wing. A classical pediment topped by a finial is located above the entry.
The main entry has a large semi-circular fan-light. On the ground floor the windows are double hung sashes and on the first floor French-lights; the grounds contain tennis court. The spacious entrance hall has a staircase with cast iron balustrading; the ground floor contains a dining room in the northern wing. The joinery is of cedar with restrained plasterwork original; the upper floors contain guest rooms. Both street frontages are fenced with a low rendered masonry retaining wall with square piers and cast iron balustrade infill; the Alice Street main entrance features an ogee shaped cast iron arch with a central light fitting and swing gates. A section of the George Street carpark is bounded by a wire fence and a large fig tree is located in the Alice and George Street corner garden. Queensland Club was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria; the place is important in demonstrating the pattern of Queensland's history. The Queensland Club is important in demonstrating the pattern of Queensland's history as an example of the transposition of a British, class oriented gentlemen's club, to Brisbane Society.
The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. The building demonstrates the principal characteristics of a nineteenth century purpose built, exclusive men's club based on British tradition; the place is important because of its aesthetic significance. The Queensland Club exhibits particular aesthetic characteristics valued by the community through its contribution to the streetscape at Alice and George Streets, to Parliament House and the Botanic Gardens; the place has a special association with the life or work of a particular person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland's history. The Queensland Club is significant for its special association with the work of architect FDG Stanley, a member of the Queensland Club; this Wikipedia article was based on "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence. The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence.
Bell, Joshua Peter.
Australian United Steam Navigation Company
The Australian United Steam Navigation Company was an Australian shipping company from 1887 to 1961. It was formed by the merger of the Australasian Steam Navigation Company and the Queensland Steam Shipping Company and their fleets in 1887. One of their former shipping offices, Naldham House, at 193 Mary Street, Queensland is listed in the Queensland Heritage Register; the ships operated by the company included Bingera, which operated the mail service between Brisbane and Townsville. She was scrapped in 1926 and abandoned on Bishop Island at the mouth of the Brisbane River. Swiggum, S. N. Co"; the Ships List. Archived from the original on 21 November 2011
Vision Brisbane was a planned 283-metre skyscraper in Brisbane, Australia. The design was 72 storeys high, would have become Brisbane's tallest, Queensland's second tallest, Australia's third tallest building if completed; the design was scrapped and replaced by two new buildings, known by the name 111+222. Vision was planned to be a mixed-use tower with two levels of retail/entertainment space, 13 floors of commercial, 376 residential apartments over 53 floors and a two-storey observation deck on levels 60 and 61 at 205 metres. Designed by the Buchan Group and developed by Austcorp, Vision's estimated value on completion was predicted to be A$900 million. Vision's Plaza will provide a mid-block link between Margaret Street. A total of 7,390 square metres of lettable retail space was to be located within the main tower according to development application lodged with the city council; the public plaza was to include several commissioned works of art. The 376 apartments within the residential component were going to consist of 96 four-bedroom, 108 three-bedroom, 52 two-bedroom and 120 single-bedroom units.
The commercial space totaled 37,431 square metres, comprising the first 13 levels of the main tower and the associated commercial wing extending towards Mary Street. A seven-level basement car park was included in the project, it was planned that these facilities will be used as a temporary car park while the rest of the building is under construction. The development was approved in early December 2006, on-site construction of the tower commenced in September 2007; the development was due for completion in late 2009 to early 2010. Due to funding issues, the 2008 global financial crisis, the completion of the tower has been put on hold, it is expected that the car park will not be completed until the owners decide whether or not to proceed with the building in its current form, or to begin building in stages as part of the original design. Brisbane city Vision Tower project; the site has been bought by Bilbergia. Following the January 2011 flood in Brisbane, the abandoned seven level hole filled with floodwater, prompting the Brisbane City Council to make inspections.
On May 18 two new 297-metre & 160-metre skyscrapers were proposed for the site by the Bilbergia Group and were approved in November 2011. In November 2014, one of the buildings apart of the 111+222 development–the Brisbane Skytower–was approved for construction. List of tallest buildings in Brisbane Vision Brisbane official website Vision Brisbane on SkyscraperPage.com Vision on Emporis.com Construction progress photo gallery
William Allan (Queensland politician)
William Allan was a pastoralist and politician in Queensland, Australia. He was a Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly and a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council. William Allan owned a pastoral property Braeside located about 12 kilometres NNW of Dalveen and 21 kilometres SW of Warwick, he grazed cattle and sheep. He had an active breeding program to create a flock of black Merino sheep, he obtained twice the price for black wool than for white and this compensated for the lower yield of fleece from the black Merino sheep. On 1 November 1881, the member for Darling Downs, resigned. William Allan was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly at the resulting by-election on 29 November 1881, he held the seat until the 1883 election). He did not contest the 1883 election as he was returning to the United Kingdom for a holiday for the benefit of his health. On 22 August 1887, the member for Darling Downs, died. Allan won the resulting by-election on 6 September 1887, he held Darling Downs until 5 May 1888.
At the 1888 elections, there had been an electoral redistribution, abolishing the electorate of Darling Downs, so Allan contested the new electorate of Cunningham and was elected on 19 May 1888. He held Cunningham until 21 March 1896, which he did not contest citing health and business considerations. On 11 March 1897 he was appointed for life to the Queensland Legislative Council, he served on the Council until his death on 19 October 1901. One of Allan's political ambitions was to create a railway line from Ipswich to Warwick and beyond to St George and Thargomindah and across to the South Australian border to facilitate trade with South Australia, bypassing New South Wales, he envisaged. However, this trainway line was never built and it was Toowoomba that became the railway hub on the Darling Downs. William Allan had a long history of suffering from asthma and bronchitis which were aggravated by an attack of influenza in September 1901, causing him to take a month's leave of absence from the Queensland Legislative Council to restore his health.
He travelled to Sydney hoping it would improve his health, but on arrival his condition worsened and his wife was summoned by telegram. She arrived to be with him when he died on Saturday 19 October 1901 at the Hotel Metropole in Sydney, his funeral was held on Monday 21 September 1901 at St Stephen's Presbyterian Church in Macquarie Street, after which he was buried in the Waverley Cemetery. When the Queensland Legislative Council met on Tuesday 22 October, William Allan's death was announced and, following by a series of heartfelt eulogies by fellow Council members, the Council was adjourned to mark their deep sorrow at his passing, his Braeside Homestead is now listed on the Queensland Heritage Register. Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1878–1883.