The Worst Witch (1998 TV series)
The Worst Witch is a British-Canadian ITV television series about a group of young witches at a school for magic. The series stars Georgina Sherrington and Felicity Jones, is based on The Worst Witch books by Jill Murphy, it aired for a total of 40 episodes spread over three series between 1998 and 2001, before being followed by Weirdsister College. Most episodes revolved following the adventures of Mildred and her friends; the series was followed by The New Worst Witch, which ran for two series and chronicled the experiences of Mildred's younger cousin Hettie as she attended the school. On 2 November 2014, it was announced that a new series was in development with the BBC; the series stars Georgina Sherrington and Felicity Jones, was broadcast from 1998 to 2001 on ITV, on HBO. The series stars veteran British actress Una Stubbs as the eccentric chanting teacher, Miss Bat. Felicity Jones was replaced by Katy Allen after the first series, it was explained away as a magical makeover. New characters were added, such as Frank Blossom, Miss Crotchet, the music teacher in the third series who replaced Miss Bat and two students from ethnic minorities – Ruby Cherrytree and Jadu Wali.
New recurring characters included Merlin Langstaff, a wizard apprentice who befriended Mildred, his two mean-spirited acquaintances – Barry "Baz" Dragonsbane and Gary "Gaz" Grailquest, Frank Blossom's nephew who wanted to be a wizard, Mrs. Cosie, the nervous owner of the nearby tearoom and Mistress Hecketty Broomhead, the evil school inspector who became a brief headmistress; as a character who appears more than once is Egbert Hellibore, chief wizard and headmaster of Camelot Castle, where Merlin, Charlie and Gaz live. The first series dramatised The Worst Witch and The Worst Witch Strikes Again, the second series dramatised A Bad Spell For The Worst Witch and The Worst Witch All At Sea. Both of these two series contained original stories; the third and final series continued with purely original material. Mildred Hubble – Mildred is the protagonist of the Worst Witch series, she is a clumsy, bungling young witch-in-training, who never seems to get anything right at Miss Cackle's Academy for Witches.
She is tall, with long, straggly dark plaits, never ties her bootlaces. Mildred does not come from a witch family like most of the other girls, but earns a scholarship at Cackle's Academy through a first-class piece of creative writing which impresses Miss Cackle. Mildred is kind-hearted and well-meaning and tries hard, but she is adventurous and impulsive, which gets her into trouble with her teachers, most notably the fearsome Miss Hardbroom. Creating havoc wherever she goes, mixing up spells and potions, Mildred is a walking disaster area destroying the potion lab and on the brink of bringing utter peril upon the school. However, as she has a knack of saving the teachers, the pupils and sometimes the whole academy from destruction, she always escapes getting expelled. Although her Mathematics and Science skills leave much to be desired, Mildred is tenacious and channels her creative energy into her quest to become an accomplished witch. Mildred has an ongoing feud with Ethel Hallow, which lasts throughout the entire Worst Witch series and into the Weirdsister episodes.
After five years at Cackle's Academy, Mildred goes on to university, training at Weirdsister College in Cambridge, a place she gained through her artistic skills. At Weirdsister, she seems to improve her skills, is shocked to discover that Ethel Hallow is her roommate, though the two become friends. Mildred is seen in the first episode of The New Worst Witch, now an accomplished and successful witch despite her struggles at school, escorting her younger cousin Henrietta "Hettie" Hubble on her first day at Cackle's Academy. Ethel Hallow – Ethel is Mildred Hubble's acid-tongued rival, she is a "straight-A" student, comes from a prominent and historic witch family, gives the impression of being a model student to her classmates. She is spoiled and vindictive. Ethel takes pleasure in taunting Mildred about her inability to train her cat, to ride a broomstick, Mildred responds by turning Ethel into a pig. From on Mildred and Ethel resent one another and Ethel vows to get Mildred expelled, though she does not succeed.
Ethel has many talents, among them pouting, bossing people around and insinuating herself into important people's graces. As she is one of "THE" Hallows and her father is the chair of the board of governors, she regards herself as superior to all the other pupils at Cackle’s. Ethel and her only friend, Drusilla Paddock, are shown to be allies rather than true friends, sticking together because nobody else likes them. However, in the episode "The Unfairground", they end their friendship because Drusilla agrees with Mildred and her friends' attempts to stand up to the teachers. In contrast to her personality, Ethel is an attractive young girl who matures into a beautiful and popular teenager at Weirdsister College. In her second year at Cackle's, she altered her appearance via a magical makeover to hide the fact she is the sister of winy Sybil Hallow, but the result turned out so well she decided to keep it for the remainder of her time at Cackle’s; when she came to Weirdsister College, Ethel felt as though it was safe to chang
Down to Earth (2000 TV series)
Down to Earth was a BBC One television series first broadcast in 2000 about a couple who start a new life on a Devon farm. The early episodes of the series were based on a series of books written by Faith Addis about their real-life move from London to Devon; the music in the series was composed by Sheridan Tongue and Tony Hadley, had the song "After All this Time" as its opening and closing credits in series 2 and 3. The first series starred Pauline Quirke as Faith Addis, a teacher, Warren Clarke as her long-suffering husband Brian, as they encountered various misfortunes and difficulties in adjusting to their new rural lifestyle, which isn't helped by their uncooperative children's attitude to moving to a new location; the series was light in tone, although took a tragic turn following Brian's death in a road accident in series three. In 2003 the Addis family leave the farm for good, they are replaced by the Brewer family. Matt Brewer is Brian's cousin, he leaves the big city with his young new wife Frankie and his three children from his first marriage to move to Devon to take over the farm.
Two years the Brewer family moved back to the city and were replaced by Jackie, Tony Murphy, their wayward daughter Emma, who owned the local pub. The final series was broadcast in 2005. Pauline Quirke – Faith Addis Warren Clarke – Brian Addis Toby Ross-Bryant – Marcus Addis Ellie Beaven – Sarah Addis Alexandra Stone – Molly Addis Katy Reeves – Celeste Addis Pat Keen – Addy Addis Ian Kelsey – Matt Brewer Angela Griffin – Frankie Brewer Ram John Holder – Wilson Steadman Elizabeth Bennett – Daphne Brewer Inga Brooksby – Becky Brewer Charlotte Redpath – Lucy Brewer Thomas Byrne – Sam Brewer Denise Welch – Jackie Murphy Zara Dawson – Emma Murphy Liam Hess – Jake Smith Shelley Conn – Kerry Jamil Ricky Tomlinson -Tony Murphy Jason West – Adam / Mose The show was broadcast in an hour format, with each show averaging 48 minutes; the first series featured 6 episodes, the 2nd, 3rd & 4th had 8 episodes, the final season 10. So far only series 1 has been released on DVD, by Acorn Media UK. Forever Green Down To Earth Homepage Down to Earth at the Internet Movie Database
EastEnders is a British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland, broadcast on BBC One since 1985. Set in Albert Square in the East End of London in the fictional Borough of Walford, the programme follows the stories of local residents and their families as they go about their daily lives. There were two 30-minute episodes per week increasing to three, but since 2001 episodes have been broadcast every weekday apart from Wednesdays. Within eight months of the show's launch, it reached the number-one spot in BARB's TV ratings and has remained among the top-rated TV programmes in Britain. In 2013, the average audience share for an episode was around 30 per cent. Today, EastEnders remains a significant programme in terms of the BBC's success and audience share, in the history of British television drama, tackling many dilemmas that are considered to be controversial and taboo issues in British culture and social life unseen on United Kingdom mainstream television; as of May 2016, EastEnders has won nine BAFTA Awards and the Inside Soap Award for Best Soap for 14 years running, as well as twelve National Television Awards for Most Popular Serial Drama and 11 awards for Best Soap at the British Soap Awards.
It has won 13 TV Quick and TV Choice Awards for Best Soap, six TRIC Awards for Soap of The Year, four Royal Television Society Awards for Best Continuing Drama and has been inducted into the Rose d'Or Hall of Fame. In March 1983, under two years before EastEnders' first episode was broadcast, the show was a vague idea in the mind of a handful of BBC executives, who decided that what BBC1 needed was a popular bi-weekly drama series that would attract the kind of mass audiences that ITV was getting with Coronation Street; the first people to whom David Reid head of series and serials, turned were Julia Smith and Tony Holland, a well established producer/script editor team who had first worked together on Z-Cars. The outline that Reid presented was vague: two episodes a week, 52 weeks a year. After the concept was put to them on 14 March 1983, Smith and Holland went about putting their ideas down on paper. Granada Television gave Smith unrestricted access to the Coronation Street production for a month so that she could get a sense how a continuing drama was produced.
There was anxiety at first that the viewing public would not accept a new soap set in the south of England, though research commissioned by lead figures in the BBC revealed that southerners would accept a northern soap, northerners would accept a southern soap and those from the Midlands, as Julia Smith herself pointed out, did not mind where it was set as long as it was somewhere else. This was the beginning of a close and continuing association between EastEnders and audience research, though commonplace today, was something of a revolution in practice; the show's creators were both Londoners, but when they researched Victorian squares, they found massive changes in areas they thought they knew well. However, delving further into the East End of London, they found what they had been searching for: a real East End spirit—an inward looking quality, a distrust of strangers and authority figures, a sense of territory and community that the creators summed up as "Hurt one of us and you hurt us all".
When developing EastEnders, both Smith and Holland looked at influential models like Coronation Street, but they found that it offered a rather outdated and nostalgic view of working-class life. Only after EastEnders began, featured the characters of Tony Carpenter and Kelvin Carpenter, did Coronation Street start to feature black characters, for example, they came to the conclusion that Coronation Street had grown old with its audience, that EastEnders would have to attract a younger, more extensive audience, ensuring that it had the longevity to retain it for many years thereafter. They looked at Brookside but found there was a lack of central meeting points for the characters, making it difficult for the writers to intertwine different storylines, so EastEnders was set in Albert Square. A previous UK soap set in an East End market was ATV's Market in Honey Lane between 1967 and 1969; however this show, which graduated from one showing a week to two in three separate series was different in style and approach to EastEnders.
The British Film Institute described Market In Honey Lane thus: "It was not an earth-shaking programme, not pioneering in any revolutionary ideas in technique and production, but proposed itself to the casual viewer as a mildly pleasant affair." EastEnders, while featuring an East End street market, would be different in its approach and impact. The target launch date was January 1985. Smith and Holland had eleven months in which to write and shoot the whole thing. However, in February 1984, they did not have a title or a place to film. Both Smith and Holland were unhappy about the January 1985 launch date, favouring November or September 1984 when seasonal audiences would be higher, but the BBC stayed firm, Smith and Holland had to concede that, with the massive task of getting the Elstree Studios operational, January was the most realistic date. However, this was to be changed to February; the project had a number of working titles—Square Dance, Round the Square, Round the Houses, London Pride and East 8.
It was the latter. However, the show was renamed after many casting agents mistakenly thought the show was to be called Estate, the fictional postcode E20 was created, instead of using
The Jury (TV serial)
The Jury is a British television serial broadcast in 2002. The series was the first to be allowed to film inside the historic Old Bailey courthouse; the killing of a 15-year-old-boy rocks the nation, as a Sikh classmate of the boy is charged with the murder. The trial, engulfed in protests and media speculation, brings together 12 jurors who find themselves having to make a decision that the entire country is waiting for; the jurors include: a young man who has left the seminary to search for his lost love. The victim, John Maher, was stabbed twenty-eight times on his way to school one morning, his classmate, Duvinder Singh, is accused. Episode 1Prosecutor Gerald Lewis gives his version of events; the Maher family threaten Singh when he arrives in court, they decide to influence the jurors. Rose and Johnnie flirt, Jeremy discovers that the friend who conned him is a juror on another trial, Charles searches for Isobel his lost love, Peter - against his instincts - tells his in-laws all about the case.
Episode 2Singh is abused by a prison warden. Episode 3Len sees her with Johnny. Episode 4Peter decides against telling the Judge he was threatened, since he is so enjoying the trial. Episode 5Jeremy takes the stock. Episode 6Johnny slips back into drinking. After the verdict is read, Peter's father-in-law tells him that there is a part of the river that he found out was never searched and the evidence could still be there. Peter refuses to listen. Johnny and Rose admit that they need more time before they can start a relationship; as the Singh family leave the country, John Maher's father goes to the airport with a gun to kill him but instead kills himself. Jeremy pulls out of the stock at the last minute. Peter, beginning to fear his father-in-law was right, goes to the river to try to find the evidence but cannot. Six months the jurors reunite for Elsie's funeral at which Charles, now a priest, reads the last rites. Johnny and Rose agree to get together. Peter says goodbye to them with a pained look on his face, now uncertain as to whether Duvinder Singh was guilty or innocent.
The second series is unconnected with the first, was broadcast in 2011. It concerns the retrial of Alan Lane, convicted five years earlier of the murder of three women whom he'd met through an Interne
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Judge John Deed
Judge John Deed is a British legal drama television series produced by the BBC in association with One-Eyed Dog for BBC One. It was created by G. F. Newman and stars Martin Shaw as Mr Justice Deed, a High Court judge who tries to seek real justice in the cases before him, it stars Jenny Seagrove as the barrister Jo Mills QC the object of Deed's desire. A pilot episode was broadcast on 9 January 2001, followed by the first full series on 26 November 2001; the sixth and last series concluded on 18 January 2007. The programme went on an indefinite break after Shaw became involved in another television programme, he and Seagrove expressed a wish for the format of the series to change before they filmed new episodes. By 2009, the series had been cancelled; the factual accuracy of the series is criticised by legal professionals and journalists. The romanticised vision of the court system created by Newman caused a judge to issue a warning to a jury not to let the series influence their view of trials—referring to an episode where Deed flouts rules when called up for jury service.
A complaint was made by a viewer about one episode claiming biased and incorrect information about the MMR vaccine, leading the BBC to unilaterally ban repeats of it in its original form. All six series have been released on DVD in the UK. Sir John Deed is a appointed High Court judge who seeks justice in the cases before him, while at the same time trying to rekindle an old romance with former pupil Jo Mills QC, who appears in his court. Deed is described by creator and writer G. F. Newman as a character who "speaks out against all the petty rules and bureaucracy that frustrates us all but that most of us don't speak out against"; because of Deed's unorthodox actions, he is hampered in his pursuit of justice by several more conventional-minded characters, including his ex-wife, barrister Georgina "George" Channing QC. Other recurring characters include Deed's rebellious, animal rights activist daughter Charlie, a law student but progresses to the courts. Rita "Coop" was involved in many scenes of the show and was shown in Judge John Deed advertisements.
The first three series of the programme have a self-contained structure, with a trial reaching its conclusion by the end of an episode. In years, the series added a serialised format, with stories running over a number of episodes and a greater focus on the personal lives of characters other than Deed, with the main case concluding in each episode. Newman devised his new series to highlight what he believed to be an out-of-touch judiciary and show "solutions". Newman wrote the series intending to give the audience an exploration of the law without patronising them or getting caught up in an explanation of legal proceedings. A full series was commissioned; the series has been credited with renewing the "cop genre" by moving the story from a "maverick detective" to a high court judge, though as a comparison to Newman's previous work, a Guardian writer called it "rather soft" and doubted, from seeing the pilot, whether it would provoke questions in the House of Commons like Law and Order did, while the show went on to provoke much hostility from many groups which it portrayed as corrupt or negligent.
Sets were constructed on the soundstages at Bushey, Hertfordshire for the courtroom, Deed's chambers and the main characters' houses. Exterior court scenes were filmed at the Crown Court in Aylesbury. Location filming was done at West Herts College for scenes in "My Daughter, Right or Wrong" and at various locations, including The Hague City Hall, for "War Crimes"; the robes worn by Deed in the sixth series were authentic ones from Stanley Ley, a specialist legal outfitters, cost £7,600. Theme music was composed for the series by Debbie Wiseman; the music, entitled "Judge John Deed", was performed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and is described as a "stunning march-like theme that echoed throughout each of the programmes supplying pageantry to the Judge's sometimes-nefarious activities". It was released commercially on Wiseman's compilation album, Something Here, as a single piece on online music retailers. From 2005 to 2007, television promotions for the series have been accompanied by the piano hook from "Sinnerman" by Nina Simone.
29 episodes were produced. All episodes were written and produced, occasionally
Heartbeat (UK TV series)
Heartbeat is a British police drama series set in 1960s North Riding of Yorkshire based on the "Constable" series of novels written by ex-policeman Peter N Walker, under the pseudonym Nicholas Rhea, broadcast on ITV in 18 series between 1992 and 2010. It was made on location. Heartbeat first aired on Friday 10 April 1992; the 372nd and final episode aired on Sunday 12 September 2010. Heartbeat proved popular from the beginning, when early series drew over 10 million viewers. In 2001, Heartbeat came sixth in the UK TV ratings list with a peak audience of 13.82 million, it was sixth again in 2003, with 12.8 million viewers. In autumn 2008, typical viewing figures were around 6 million per episode. Conceived as a vehicle for Nick Berry, on whom early series centred, the show has seen many characters come and go over the years. Derek Fowlds and William Simons were the only main-cast actors who remained with the show over its entire 18-series run. Heartbeat is set in the 1960s. Although the specific timeframe is vague, various episodes appear to correspond to events between 1964 and 1969.
For the series transmitted between 1992 and 1999, the setting corresponded with the date 30 years before. After 1999 the series was "frozen" in 1969; the series revolves around the work of a group of police officers in the fictional town of Ashfordly and the village of Aidensfield in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The series was based on the'"Constable"' books written by former policeman Peter Walker, under the pen-name Nicholas Rhea; the title Heartbeat was chosen to represent "the bobby's beat and the medical connotations of the word'heart'". The show was a starring vehicle for ex-EastEnders actor Nick Berry, cast as PC Nick Rowan, the Aidensfield policeman newly arrived from London with his wife Kate, a doctor. Berry sings Heartbeat's theme song — the Buddy Holly song of the same name. Berry's recording reached number 2 on the UK singles chart in 1992. In series, the role of the village policeman continued to be central to the storyline but the main cast were listed in alphabetical order in the opening credits, reflecting the show's evolution into an ensemble drama.
In the 2005 series no fewer than twelve regular actors had their names and faces included in the opening credits— at the time a record for any British series. In series 18 this had increased to thirteen; the record has since been broken by Holby City, which during the stages of its 2009–10 series had sixteen regular actors appearing and listed in the opening credits. The show features political storylines, though occasional references to the counterculture movement are made during some episodes. Sixties pop music is prominent; some 1970s records appear anachronistically, such as the Hollies' 1974 song "The Air That I Breathe", Led Zeppelin's "Black Dog" or Pink Floyd's 1971 instrumental "One of These Days." The series 17 finale "You Never Can Tell" is accompanied by the Flying Pickets' 1983 song "Only You", an episode which featured a guest appearance by the band's lead singer Brian Hibbard. Although its storylines involved serious crime and human tragedy series of Heartbeat dealt with these themes in a cosy and comfortable manner compared to more modern TV police dramas, much of the grittiness and social realism of the early series disappeared, though "Another Little Piece Of My Heart" was preceded by a viewer discretion warning for "containing scenes of domestic violence".
The first series dealt with the experiences of a young married couple, PC Nick Rowan and Doctor Kate Rowan, arriving in a small North Riding village after living in London. Both faced initial suspicion from the villagers, but over the course of the series came to be accepted as part of the community; the stories focused entirely on the experiences of the two main characters. The build-up to the wedding of Sandra and Alan, two youngsters from the village, provided a running thread through the first series; however and Alan were never seen, or mentioned, after the first series. Once the characters had settled in, subsequent series focused more on criminal and medical storylines, with a greater role for the other policemen at the Ashfordly station, who had appeared in the first series but only as quite minor supporting characters. Various new characters were introduced along the way, such as Gina Ward, who would become landlady of the Aidensfield Arms village pub, Bernie Scripps and proprietor of the Aidensfield Garage, David Stockwell, hired hand and taxi/lorry driver.
During the filming of series 4 Niamh Cusack, who played Nick's wife, became pregnant with her first and only child. In attempts to keep her to continue with the series the show's producers offered to write a new child character into the Rowan's storyline. Before filming for series 5 began Cusack decided that the prospect of motherhood meant it was time for her to leave the cast of Heartbeat and hence her character was "killed off" in 1995. After Kate's death from leukaemia, Nick Rowan gained teacher Jo Weston; the two married and emigrated to Canada, the central role of local Aidensfield bobby subsequently changed hands several times—as did the role of Aidensfield doctor. These and numerous other change