Western Maryland Delegation
If you have information that can be referenced with a citation, feel free to help! The Western Maryland Delegation refers to the members of the Maryland House of Delegates who reside in or represent legislative districts that include parts of Garrett, Washington, Frederick or Carroll counties in the state of Maryland, United States of America. Three delegates are elected from each district, though some districts are divided into sub-districts. Current members of the Maryland State Senate "General Assembly: Delegations". Maryland Manual Online. Maryland State Archives. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-08. "General Assembly: Delegations". Maryland Manual Online. Maryland State Archives. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-08. Maryland General Assembly
Maryland Republican Party
The Maryland Republican Party is the branch of the United States Republican Party located in the state of Maryland, headquartered in Annapolis. Andrew P. Harris, 1st District Larry Hogan, Governor of Maryland Boyd Rutherford, Lieutenant Governor of Maryland Senate Minority Leader: J. B. Jennings House Minority Leader: Nic Kipke As of 2018, the Maryland GOP controls the majority of the state's county and municipal governments, it holds 16 excluding Baltimore City. It has a majority of County Executives in the State; the Republican Party is the minority party in both houses of the Maryland General Assembly. In the House of Delegates, the Republicans control 50 seats to the Democrats' 91. In the Maryland State Senate, the Republicans control 14 seats to the Democrats' 33; the Republican Party enjoys widespread support from Western Maryland and the Eastern Shore, both of which are rural. In other areas of the state such as populated Montgomery County, Prince George's County, the City of Baltimore, Republicans are a minority.
The majority of voters in the state of Maryland live in urban metropolitan areas such as Baltimore and are affiliated with the Democratic Party. In 2003, Michael Steele became the first African American elected to statewide office in the state of Maryland, when he was elected Lieutenant Governor. Prior to this, Steele served as the Chairman of the Maryland Republican Party. In 2009, Michael S. Steele was elected chair of the Republican National Committee, the first African American to hold that position. Important historical members of the Maryland Republican Party have included former Governor and Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, the second vice president to resign the office, former Senator Charles Mathias; the Washington Post characterized the party as "close to broke" as of January 2009, with $703.10 on hand and $57,000 in loans and bills. The Maryland Election Board ruled in 2009 that the Maryland GOP must return $77,500 to a campaign account of Steele's for party legal expenses that he had paid.
In November 2011 the Baltimore Sun reported that the Maryland Republican party owed over $100,000 to vendors that stemmed from the 2010 election cycle. The picture changed after a Republican, Larry Hogan, was elected as governor in November 2014. According to the Washington Post, "Hogan raised nearly $1.4 million in the two months after the election" and the state party raised another $1 million. Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. was the first Republican governor of Maryland since the 1960s, serving as governor from 2003 to 2007. He was defeated in the 2010 election by Democratic candidate Martin O'Malley. Ehrlich's wife, Kendel Ehrlich, is a notable state Republican who hosts, along with her husband, a conservative talk radio show on WBAL 1090-AM in Baltimore. Andy Harris was one of the few bright spots for Maryland Republicans in the 2010 election as he won a congressional seat back from the Democrats. Nicholaus R. Kipke became the House Minority Leader in 2013, by unseating Anthony J. O'Donnell. Larry Hogan is current governor, he defeated Democratic candidate Anthony G. Brown in November 2014.
Boyd Rutherford was Hogan's running mate and is the current Lt. Governor of Maryland. In 2018, Larry Hogan won re-election as Governor against Ben Jealous; this makes him the first two-term Republican governor of Maryland since Theodore Roosevelt McKeldin. Maryland Republican Party Maryland Young Republicans Maryland Federation of College Republicans
Nicholaus R. Kipke is a Republican member of the Maryland House of Delegates as of 2007 and is the Minority Leader in the House of Delegates, he is a Delegate representing Maryland District 31 including all of Pasadena, Brooklyn Park, parts of Glen Burnie, Severna Park and Millersville. Kipke is a businessman and works as a Territory Manager for Reps and Associates, Inc. a manufacturers' representative firm headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia. Kipke serves on the Health and Government Operations Committee and on two health related subcommittees and Minority Disparities. In 2009 he was appointed Ranking Member of this committee by Minority Leader, Del. Tony O'Donnell, his appointment came after veteran legislator and retired pharmacist, Delegate Elliott stepped aside. Elliott urged the minority leader to select Kipke as his replacement. Kipke was elected Minority Leader in 2013. Passed legislation in 2010 to allow dental hygienists to work independently, within their scope of practice, in long-term care facilities and nursing homes.
Authored legislation that created the Maryland Commission on Autism in 2009. Passed legislation in 2009 that required a preference for environment-friendly cleaning products in public schools. Co-sponsored legislation in 2009 to require that American flags purchased by the State of Maryland be made in the United States. Passed legislation in 2009 that repealed the Maryland Soda Fountain/Dispenser Tax, on the books since 1926. Sponsored and passed the Fallen Soldier Privacy Protection Act of 2008. Sponsored and passed a major pharmaceutical reform measure in 2008 to improve transparency and reduce the cost of prescription drugs. Co-sponsored legislation in 2008 that prohibits the sale of children's items that contain lead paint. Co-sponsored legislation in 2008 to require all state expenditures be posted online for public scrutiny. Voted against in-state tuition for illegal immigrants in 2007 Voted for the ban on panhandling in Anne Arundel County that took effect on October 1, 2007 Voted for Martin O'Malley's budget in 2007 but against it in 2008, 2009 and 2010.
2006 Race for Maryland House of Delegates – 31st DistrictVoters to choose three: Steve Schuh Donald H. Dwyer, Jr. Kipke Page on Maryland General Assembly Website Kipke Official Website
Maryland General Assembly
The Maryland General Assembly is the state legislature of the U. S. state of Maryland that convenes within the State House in Annapolis. It is a bicameral body: the upper chamber, the Maryland State Senate, has 47 representatives and the lower chamber, the Maryland House of Delegates, has 141 representatives. Members of both houses serve four-year terms; each house elects its own officers, judges the qualifications and election of its own members, establishes rules for the conduct of its business, may punish or expel its own members. The General Assembly meets each year for 90 days to act on more than 2,300 bills including the state's annual budget, which it must pass before adjourning sine die; the General Assembly's 438th session convened on January 10, 2018. The forerunner of the Maryland General Assembly was the colonial institution, an assembly of free Marylanders, which bore the same name. Maryland's foundational charter created a state ruled by Lord Baltimore; as ruler, Lord Baltimore owned directly all of the land granted in the charter, possessed absolute authority over his domain.
However, as elsewhere in English North America, English political institutions were re-created in the colonies, the Maryland General Assembly fulfilled much the same function as the House of Commons of England. An act was passed providing that: from henceforth and for everyone being of the council of the Province and any other gentleman of able judgement summoned by writ shall and may have his voice and place in every General Assembly... together with two or more able and sufficient men for the hundred as the said freedmen or the major part of them... shall think good. In addition, the Lord Proprietor could summon any delegates. In some ways the General Assembly was an improvement upon the institutions of the mother country. In 1639, noting that Parliament had not been summoned in England for a decade, the free men of Maryland passed an act to the effect that "assemblies were to be called once in every three years at the least", ensuring that their voices would be heard. During the American Revolution the colonial Assembly ceased to exist, was replaced by its modern successor.
Each senator or delegate must be a U. S. citizen and a resident of Maryland for at least one year preceding his or her election. A prospective legislator must have resided in the legislative district the candidate seeks to represent for the six months prior to election. A senator must be at least twenty-five years of age at the time of election and a delegate at least twenty-one. Military officers other than members of the reserves are not eligible for election to the General Assembly; each term lasts four years. However, members of the General Assembly are not term-limited. If a vacancy occurs in either house through death, resignation, or disqualification, the Governor of Maryland appoints a replacement whose name is submitted by the State Central Committee of the same political party as the legislator whose seat is to be filled; the current pattern for distribution of seats began with the legislative apportionment plan of 1972 and has been revised every ten years thereafter according to the results of the decennial U.
S. Census. A Constitutional amendment, the plan created 47 legislative districts, many of which cross county boundaries to delineate districts equal in population; each legislative district elects three delegates. In most districts, the three delegates are elected at large from the whole district via block voting. However, in some more sparsely populated areas of the state, the districts are divided into subdistricts for the election of delegates: either into three one-delegate subdistricts or one two-delegate subdistrict and one one-delegate subdistrict; the Senate is led by a President and the House by a Speaker whose respective duties and prerogatives enable them to influence the legislative process significantly. The President and the Speaker appoint the members of most committees and name their chairs and vice-chairs, except in the case of the Joint Committee on Investigation whose members elect their own officers; the President and Speaker preside over the daily sessions of their respective chambers, maintaining decorum and deciding points of order.
As legislation is introduced, they assign it to a standing committee for consideration and a public hearing. The president pro tempore appoints majority and minority whips and leaders. A bill is a proposal to repeal, or add to existing state law. A House Bill is one introduced in the House of Delegates. Bills are designated in the order of introduction in each house. For example, HB 16 refers to the sixteenth bill introduced in the House of Delegates; the numbering starts afresh each session. The names of the sponsor, the legislator who introduced the bill, becomes part of the title. Bills listed as "The Speaker", "The President", "Minority Leader", or "Committee Chair" are bills proposed by the Governor and his agencies and are not proposals of the Speaker of the House, the President of the Senate, the Minority Leader, or the respective Committee Chair, they are listed with the official title of a legislator rather than the Governor due to requirements in the Maryland Constitution. The legislative procedure, is divided into distinct stages: Drafting.
The procedure begins when a Delegate decides to author a bill. A legislator sends the idea for the bill to the Department of Legislative Services' bill drafting division, where it is drafted into bill form. The
Anne Arundel County, Maryland
Anne Arundel County notated as AA or A. A. County, is a county located in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 537,656, a population increase of just under 10% since 2000, its county seat is Annapolis, the capital of the state. The county is named for Lady Anne Arundell, a member of the ancient family of Arundells in Cornwall and the wife of Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore and first Lord Proprietor of the colony Province of Maryland. Anne Arundel County is included in the Baltimore–Columbia–Towson metropolitan statistical area, included in the Washington–Baltimore–Arlington combined statistical area; the County was named for Lady Anne Arundell, the daughter of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, members of the ancient family of Arundells in Cornwall, England. She married Cecilius Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, the first Lord Proprietor of the colony, Province of Maryland, in an arranged marriage contract in 1627 or 1628. Anne Arundel County was part of St. Mary's County, the province's first erected county in the southern portion of the Province of Maryland which had first been settled by the arriving settlers in 1634.
In 1650, the year after Lady Ann Arundell's death, the County separated from St. Mary's and "erected" into its own jurisdiction and became the 3rd of the 23 Maryland counties, it was composed of the hundreds of Town Neck, Middle Neck, Broad Neck, South River, West River and Herring Creek. Between 1654 and 1658, the County was known as "Providence" by many of its early settlers. On March 25, 1655, during the English Civil War, in Europe, the Battle of the Severn, the first naval colonial battle fought in America was fought in Anne Arundel County on the Severn River between Puritan forces supporting the Commonwealth of England and forces loyal to the Lord Proprietor, Cecilius Calvert; the Commonwealth forces under William Fuller were victorious. In 1692, the Church of England known as the Anglican Church, became the established church of the Province of Maryland through an Act of the General Assembly. Ten counties had been established in the colony, those counties were divided into 30 parishes, with vestrymen appointed within each.
Ann Arrundell County was divided into four parishes: Herring Creek, South River, Middle Neck and Broad Neck. Between 1694 and 1695, the provincial capital of Maryland was moved from St. Mary's City along the northern shore of the Potomac River across from the southern colonial border with the Province of Virginia in St. Mary's County farther north along the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay, midway in the colony to Annapolis in Anne Arundel County. Prior to the move, Annapolis was known as "Providence". During the American Revolutionary War, citizens of Anne Arundel County supported the Continental Army by providing troops for three regiments; the 3rd Maryland Regiment, the 4th Maryland Regiment, the 6th Maryland Regiment were recruited in the county. During the War of 1812, the one of the original six heavy frigates of the reestablished United States Navy, "U. S. S. Constitution" sailed from Annapolis prior to its victorious engagement with the "H. M. S. Guerriere" of the British Royal Navy. On May 22, 1830, the inaugural horse-drawn train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad travelled the 13 miles of the newly completed track from Mount Clare Station in southwestern Baltimore City to Ellicott Mills in the Western or Howard District of Anne Arundel County.
This was the first regular railroad passenger service in the United States. In 1831, land west of the railroad was considered the Howard District of Anne Arundel County. In 1851, The Howard District was broken off to form Howard County, now the 21st county in Maryland; the County has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 588 square miles, of which 415 square miles is land and 173 square miles is water. Anne Arundel County is located to the south of the city of Baltimore. Most of the county's borders are defined by water. To the east lies the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay, numerous tidal tributaries of the Bay indent the shoreline, the various rivers, streams, inlets forming prominent peninsulas known as "necks"; the largest of these tributaries include, the Magothy River, Severn River, South River, the West River. Further south, the upper Patuxent River forms the border of Anne Arundel with Prince George's County to the west.
Deep Run forms part of the northwestern border with Howard County, Lyons Creek forms part of the southern border with Calvert County. The Patapsco River to the north is the border with Baltimore County, but the communities and areas of Brooklyn and Curtis Bay neighborhoods, lying south of the Patapsco River were annexed from Anne Arundel County to Baltimore City in the third major annexation of January 1919. Anne Arundel County included all of the land between the Patuxent River and the Patapsco River upstream to their headwaters on Parr's Ridge; the northwestern section of this long tract became Howard County, with the border between th
Talmadge Branch is an American politician who represents the 45th legislative district in the Maryland House of Delegates. Branch has been in office since 1995 and is the House majority whip. Delegate Branch is a former chairman of the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland and founder of the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland's foundation. Branch was born in Northampton County, North Carolina on January 30, 1956, he attended Northern High School in Baltimore and Essex Community College where he got his A. A. in 1978. By 1980 Branch had earned his B. A. in liberal studies from Salisbury State College. Branch has been a member of House of Delegates since January 11, 1995, he served on the House Appropriations Committee and was its vice-chairman from 2003 to 2007. He serves on the Ways and Means committee, he is a member of the Legislative Policy Committee, the Special Joint Committee on Pensions, the Task Force to Study the State's Retiree Health Insurance Liabilities, the Rules and Executive Nominations Committee, the Spending Affordability Committee, the Joint Commission on the Maryland Port Administration and he is the House Chair of the Joint Committee on Welfare Reform.
2006 Race for Maryland House of Delegates – 45th DistrictVoters to choose three: Co-sponsored HB 860. Signed by the Governor on May 16, 2013, the new law approved 1.1 billion dollars to construct new schools in Baltimore City. Voted for the Clean Indoor Air Act of 2007 voted for the Healthy Air Act in 2006 primary sponsor-Baltimore City - Illegal Dumping - Surveillance Systems 2006 voted for slots in 2005 primary sponsor- Child Support Enforcement Privatization Pilot Program 2003 voted against electric deregulation in 1999 voted for income tax reduction in 1998 voted for the Tax Reform Act of 2007 voted in favor of Slots in the 2007 Special session 2010 Most Influential Maryland Legislators