The Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation is a federally recognized American Indian tribe in the state of Connecticut. They are descended from the Pequot people, an Algonquian-language tribe that dominated the southern New England coastal areas, they own and operate Foxwoods Resort Casino within their reservation in Ledyard, Connecticut; as of 2018, Foxwoods Resort Casino is one of the largest casinos in the world in terms of square footage, casino floor size, number of slot machines, it was one of the most economically successful in the United States until 2007, but it became in debt by 2012 due to its expansion and changing conditions. The tribe was federally recognized in 1983 through the Mashantucket Pequot Land Claims Settlement Act; the federal land claims suit was brought by the tribe against the State of Connecticut and the Federal government, charging that the tribe had been illegally deprived of its land through state actions that were not ratified by the Senate. As part of the settlement of this suit, Congress gave federal recognition to the tribe, in addition to approving financial compensation so that the tribe could repurchase lost land.
Tribal membership is based on proven lineal descent of 11 Pequot families whose ancestors were listed in the 1900 US Census. The Mashantucket Pequot tribe is one of two federally recognized tribes in Connecticut, the other being the Mohegan Indian Tribe; the Mashantucket Pequot Indian Reservation is located in Ledyard, Connecticut in southeastern Connecticut's New London County near the Thames River. It is held in trust for the tribe by the Bureau of Indian Affairs; the Tribe has about 3.47 acres of off-reservation land in the town of Preston, Connecticut. The Mashantucket Pequot population was recorded at 320 in the 1990 census. By 2005, tribal membership had increased to 785; as a federally recognized tribe, the Mashantucket Pequots have the authority to determine their membership criteria. The tribe requires its members to be of proven lineal descent from 11 Mashantucket Pequot ancestors listed in the U. S. census of 1900 and 1910. In 1996, the tribe closed enrollment, with the exception of children born to enrolled tribal members.
The 2000 census showed a resident population of 325 persons living on reservation land, 227 of whom identified themselves as American Indian, while others identify themselves as having more than one ethnicity, including non-Pequot spouses. Since that time, the tribe expanded reservation housing, members continue to relocate to the reservation as housing becomes available; as of 2018, the Mashantucket Pequot Elders Council officers are: Chair—Gary Carter, Sr. Vice-Chair— Marjorie Colebut-Jackson Secretary/Treasurer-Anthony SebastianThe seven members of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Council are: Chair—Rodney A. Butler Vice-Chair—Crystal Whipple Secretary—Matthew Pearson Treasurer—Jean Swift Councilor—Daniel Menihan Councilor—Merrill Reels Councilor—Latoya CluffThe current administration's seven-member council has stated that the tribe's priorities are protecting tribal sovereignty, focusing on the educational and physical well-being of members, working to leverage the tribe's financial and economic strengths through partnership initiatives, both locally and abroad.
Mashantucket Pequot's most recent efforts include investment in Connecticut. Development of the Lake of Isles golf course has proven to be a positive addition to the town's tax base. Council members are elected by popular vote of the tribal membership to staggered terms. There are 500 eligible voting members of the tribe, which numbered 1086 in 2018. Tribal Members must be at least 18 years old and in good standing with the tribe to be eligible to vote. Richard Arthur Hayward, 1975 to 1998. Kenneth M. Reels, 1998 to 2003. Michael Thomas, 2003 to 2009. Rodney Butler, 2010 to present; the Mashantucket Pequots have operated one of the largest resort casinos in the world since 1992. The University of Connecticut analyzed the Foxwoods casino's effects on the Connecticut economy, their report stated that it had a positive economic impact on the neighboring towns of Ledyard and North Stonington, as well as the state of Connecticut, which has received more than $4 billion in slot revenue; the Mashantucket Pequots are descendants of the historic Pequot tribe, an Algonquian-speaking people who dominated the coastal area from the Niantic River of Connecticut east to the Pawcatuck River which forms a border with Rhode Island, south to Long Island Sound.
A second descendant group is the Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation, not recognized by the Federal government. During the colonial years, colonists recorded inter-tribal warfare, shifts in boundaries, changes in power among the tribes. Scholars believe that the Pequots migrated from the upper Hudson River Valley into central and eastern Connecticut around 1500. William Hubbard wrote Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New-England in 1667 to explore the ferocity with which the Pequot tribe had attacked the colonists, he described them as invaders from "the interior of the continent" who "by force seized upon one of the places near the sea, became a Terror to all their Neighbors." Contemporary scholars suggest that archaeological and documentary evidence show that the Pequots were indigenous for centuries in the Connecticut Valley before the arrival of settlers. By the time that Plymouth Colony and the Massachusetts Bay colony were being established, the Pequots had established military dominance among Indian tribes in central and eastern Connecticut.
They numbered some 16,000 in the most densely inhabited portion of southern New England. The smallpox epidemic of 1616–19 killed 90-percent of the Indians on the eastern coast of New England, but it failed
"Bossa Nova Baby" is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller and recorded on January 22, 1963, at Radio Recorders in Hollywood, CA by Elvis Presley as part of the soundtrack of the 1963 motion picture Fun in Acapulco. The song reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart and number 20 on the Billboard R&B Singles chart in 1963, it reached number 13 in the UK charts. It was first recorded and released by Tippie and the Clovers in 1962. Interviewed in 2015, Stoller said: "I like the original version of "Bossa Nova Baby" done by Tippie & the Clovers better than Elvis' version. It's got a Latin feel and it had certain elements of bossa nova; the Clovers' version was much cooler than Elvis' version, in the film Fun In Acapulco." Duffett, Mark. Counting Down Elvis: His 100 Finest Songs. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-44-224805-2. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Sub Focus is the self-titled debut album by British drum and bass producer Sub Focus. It was released on 12 October 2009 through RAM Records; the album features drum and bass tracks, however there are tracks showcasing dubstep, house and trance music elements. "Rock It / Follow the Light" managed to break into the top 40 of the UK Singles Chart. Two singles, "Could This Be Real" and "Splash", both fell just below, peaking at number 41; the album charted at number 51 on the UK Albums Chart. Chris Power of the BBC said that Sub Focus "has the ability to create dancefloor-consuming monsters....but while it's possible to admire his sound's power there are times when it's not matched by songcraft.... What remains to be seen is whether he can convert his jackdaw versatility – house and dubstep all get a look-in here – into a coherent style of his own. Right now that's much a work in progress." All tracks are written by Nick Douwma. Notes "World of Hurt" features uncredited vocals by Takura "Follow the Light" features uncredited vocals by TC "Could This Be Real" features uncredited vocals by Stamina MCSample credits "Let the Story Begin" features an excerpt from the track "Spiral" by Vangelis "Last Jungle" contains elements of "Neither One of Us" by Gladys Knight & the Pips "Timewarp" contains a sample from Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home Alternate versions An extended version of "Timewarp" is available on the Timewarp / Join the Dots single.
Alternate versions of "Rock It" and "Follow the Light" are available on the Rock It / Follow the Light single. Two remixes of "Could This Be Real", one by dubstep musician Joker and a drum and bass remix by Sub Focus himself, can be found on the Could This Be Real EP; the single version of "Splash" is different from the album version: it features vocals from Coco Sumner. An extended mix of the instrumental version of "Splash" and a VIP mix of "Timewarp" can be found alongside the Splash EP and on the 12" vinyl single Splash / Timewarp VIP. Dubstep musician Rusko produced a remix of "Splash", available on the Splash EP and the 12" vinyl single Splash / Coming Closer VIP on release in 2010; as the release title suggests, a VIP mix of "Coming Closer" features. "Follow the Light", "Deep Space" and "Rock It" were all featured on the video game Gran Turismo 5
Badab Soort is a natural site in Mazandaran Province in northern Iran, 95 kilometres south of the city of Sari, 7 kilometres west of Orost village. It comprises a range of stepped travertine terrace formations that have been created over thousands of years as flowing water from two mineral hot springs cooled and deposited carbonate minerals on the mountainside. Badab is a Persian compound of Bād "gas" + āb "water", translating to "gassed water", referring to the springs' waters being carbonated mineral waters. Soort is an old name for a Persian word meaning intensity. Badab Soort's springs are two distinct mineral springs with different natural characteristics, located at 1,840 metres above sea level; the first spring contains salty water that gathers in a small natural pool. The second spring has a sour taste and is predominately orange due to the large iron oxide sediments at its outlet. Badab Soort's terraces are made of travertine, a sedimentary rock deposited by flowing water from the two distinct mineral springs.
When the water, supersaturated with calcium carbonate and iron carbonate, reaches the surface, carbon dioxide degases from it, mineral carbonates are deposited. The depositing continues until the carbon dioxide in the water balances the carbon dioxide in the air. Iron carbonate and calcium carbonate are deposited by the water as soft jellies, but they harden into travertine; as a result, over the course of thousands of years the water from these two springs emanating from the mountain range have combined and resulted in a number of orange-, red- and yellow-colored pools shaped as a formed staircase. The surrounding vegetation to the north consists of pine forests while to the east it consists of short trees and shrubs. Mammoth Hot Springs in the USA Pamukkale in Turkey Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area in China Wikimapia Samaee Gallery Badab Soort pictures by Bamdadan Short video of Badab-e Surt on YouTube
Sometimes a Great Notion is Ken Kesey's second novel, published in 1964. While One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is more famous, many critics consider Sometimes a Great Notion Kesey's magnum opus; the story involves an Oregon family of gyppo loggers who cut and procure trees for a local mill in opposition to striking, unionized workers. Kesey took the title from the song "Goodnight, Irene", popularized by Lead Belly; the story centers on the Stamper family, a hard-headed logging clan in the fictional town of Wakonda, Oregon, in the early 1960s. The union loggers in the town of Wakonda go on strike in demand of the same pay for shorter hours in response to the decreasing need for labor; the Stamper family, however and operates a small family company without unions and decides to continue work as well as supply the regionally owned mill with all the timber the laborers would have supplied had the strike not occurred. This decision, the surrounding details of the decision, are explored in this multilayered historical background and relationship study in its examination of the members of the Stamper Family: Henry Stamper, the old and conservative and half-crazed patriarch whose motto "Never Give a Inch!" has defined the nature of the family and its dynamic with the town.
The family house itself manifests the physical stubbornness of the Stamper family. In The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Tom Wolfe who had traveled with Kesey and his companions on the bus Furthur, noted that initial reviews of the book varied widely. Commenting in the Saturday Review in a 1964 piece entitled, "Beatnik in Lumberjack Country", critic Granville Hicks wrote: "In his first novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Ken Kesey demonstrated that he was a forceful and ambitious writer. All of these qualities are exhibited, in higher degree, in Sometimes a Great Notion. Here he has told a fascinating story in a fascinating way." In the Saturday Review, John Barkham had written: "A novelist of unusual talent and imagination... a huge, turbulent tale..." In Wolfe's old paper, the New York Herald Tribune, Maurice Dolbier wrote: "In the fiction wilderness, this is a towering redwood." In his introduction to the Penguin edition, Charles Bowden called it "one of the few essential books written by an American in the last half century."
In 1997, a panel of Northwest writers voted it number one in a list of "12 Essential Northwest Works". One critic described it as, "...what may well be the quintessential Northwest novel". Wolfe and others compared it to William Faulkner's Absalom, Absalom! in both form and content. Wolfe noted, however that Time characterized it as "a big novel—but that it was overwritten and had failed." In 1970, the novel was adapted into a film, marketed under the name Never Give An Inch. The film was directed by Paul Newman, it was nominated for two Oscars. A stage adaptation and directed by Aaron Posner, premiered in Portland, Oregon, at Portland Center Stage on April 4, 2008. Sources Bowden, Charles. Kesey, Ken. Sometimes a Great Notion Penguin. ISBN 0-14-303986-5 Wolfe, Tom; the Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Farrar and Giroux. ISBN 0-312-42759-X