Mashhad, Israel

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Mashhad
  • מַשְׁהַד
  • مشهد
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Mašhad
 • Also spelled Meshhed (official)
Mashhed (unofficial)
Mashhad, 2014
Mashhad, 2014
Mashhad is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Mashhad
Mashhad
Coordinates: 32°44′16″N 35°19′32″E / 32.73778°N 35.32556°E / 32.73778; 35.32556Coordinates: 32°44′16″N 35°19′32″E / 32.73778°N 35.32556°E / 32.73778; 35.32556
Grid position 180/238 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1960)
Area
 • Total 7,286 dunams (7.286 km2 or 2.813 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 8,091
Name meaning "The shrine or place of martyrdom"[2]

Mashhad (Hebrew: מַשְׁהַד‬, Arabic: مشهد‎, Mash-hed transliteration, grave of a holy man) is an Arab town located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) northeast of Nazareth in Israel's Northern District. In 2017 it had a population of 8,091,[1] most of whom were Muslims.[3]

History[edit]

Remains from the Early Bronze Age, Persian, Roman and Byzantine eras have been found.[4]

Traces of ancient ruins have been found.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the Ottoman tax registers under the name of Mashad Yunis, as being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Tabariyya under the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 31 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 20% on agricultural products, which included wheat and barley, fruit trees, vegetable and fruit garden, orchard, as well as on goats and/or beehives; a total of 865 Akçe. All of the revenue went to a waqf.[6][7]

A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as El Mecheb.[8]

In 1838 it was noted as a Muslim village in the Nazareth district.[9][10]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he estimated had at most 300 inhabitants.[11] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Meshed as "A small village, built of stone, surrounding the traditional tomb of Jonah -a low building surmounted by two white- washed domes. It contains about 300 Moslems, and is situated on the top of a hill, without gardens. The water supply is from cisterns."[12]

A population list from about 1887 showed that el Meshed had about 450 inhabitants; all Muslims.[13]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Mashad had a total population of 356, all Muslim,[14] which had increased in the 1931 census to 487; 486 Muslims and 1 Christian, in a total of 111 houses.[15]

In 1945 the population was 660, all Muslims,[16] with 11,067 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[17] Of this, 378 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 4,663 for cereals,[18] while 24 dunams were built-up land.[19]

1948, and after[edit]

Mashhad became a local council in 1960.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 131
  3. ^ Mashhed (Israel): Description Gutterman, Dov. FOTW.
  4. ^ Porat, 2006, Tel Gat Hefer
  5. ^ "This place is probably the Gittah-Hepher or (Gath ha Hepher of (Joshua 19:13), and (2 Kings 14:25). Jerome says that the prophet Jonah was buried at Gath, about two miles from Sepphoris. Benjamin of Tudela, says that the prophet's tomb was on a hill near Sepphoris. Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 413
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 188
  7. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied from the Safad-district was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  8. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 132
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 209
  11. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 165 ff
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 363.
  13. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 182
  14. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  15. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 74
  16. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 8
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 62
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 109
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 159

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]