Massachusetts's 8th congressional district

Massachusetts's 8th congressional district is located in eastern Massachusetts, including part of Boston. It is represented by Democrat Stephen Lynch. For one congressional term it served as the home district of the District of Maine; the district boundaries were changed as of the elections of 2012 due to redistricting after the 2010 census, with the old 8th district being shifted to the new 7th district. The new 8th district comprises many of the communities of the old 9th district, as well as some easternmost Norfolk County communities and northernmost Plymouth County communities of the old 10th district; this district has the distinction of being the only one represented by someone who had served as president of the United States, as John Quincy Adams held this office from 1843 until his death in 1848. In Bristol County: Precincts 1 and 2 in Raynham. In Norfolk County: Avon, Canton, Dedham, Milton:Precincts 2–4, 6–9, Quincy, Stoughton, Walpole and Weymouth. In Plymouth County: Abington, Brockton, East Bridgewater, Hull, West Bridgewater, Whitman.

In Suffolk County: Boston, Ward 3: Precincts 1–6. As of January 2019, there are two living former members of the House; the most recent representative to die was Tip O'Neill on January 5, 1994. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Map of Massachusetts's 8th Congressional District, via Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth 2004 election results 2006 election results

Ferhat Pehlivan

Ferhat Pehlivan is a Turkish amateur boxer competing in the light-flyweight division. The 1.68 m tall boxer at 49 kg was a member of the Karnet S. K. in Akçaabat, Trabzon before he transferred to Fenerbahçe Boxing. He is coached by Altar Kalkışım, he is a student at the Atatürk University in Erzurum. He won the bronze medal at the 2008 European Amateur Championships held in Liverpool, United Kingdom. Pehlivan qualified for participation at the 2012 Summer Olympics. At the 2012 Summer Olympics he won two fights before being defeated by David Ayrapetyan. At the 2013 Mediterranean Games held in Mersin, Turkey, he won the silver medal. 2007 National Championships in Bursa, Turkey - Gold2008 37th European Amateur Championships in Liverpool, United Kingdom - Bronze 3rd World University Boxing Championship on September 21–28, 2008 in Kazan, Russia - Bronze2009 16th Mediterranean Games in Pescara, Italy - Bronze2010 4th World University Boxing Championship on October 4–10, 2010 in Ulan Bator, Mongolia - Bronze2011 Silk Road Tournament on March 9–13, 2011 in Baku, Azerbaijan - Gold Felix Stam Tournament in Warsaw, Poland - Gold

My Cousin Vinny

My Cousin Vinny is a 1992 American comedy film directed by Jonathan Lynn, from a screenplay written by Dale Launer. The film stars Joe Pesci, Ralph Macchio, Marisa Tomei, Mitchell Whitfield, Lane Smith, Bruce McGill, Fred Gwynne in his final film appearance; the film was distributed by 20th Century Fox and released on March 13, 1992. The film deals with two young New Yorkers traveling through rural Alabama who are arrested and put on trial for a murder they did not commit and the comical attempts of a cousin, Vincent Gambini, a lawyer who had only passed the bar exam after several unsuccessful attempts, to defend them. Much of the humor comes from the fish-out-of-water interaction between the brash Italian-American New Yorkers and the more reserved Southern townspeople. A critical and financial success, Pesci and Tomei all received praise for their performances, Tomei won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress; the film has been lauded by attorneys for its accurate depiction of court procedure and trial strategy.

Driving through Alabama in their metallic, mint-green 1964 Buick Skylark convertible, Bill Gambini and Stan Rothenstein, college students from New York who just got scholarships to UCLA, shop at a Sac-O-Suds convenience store and accidentally shoplift a tin of tuna. After they leave, the store clerk is robbed and killed, Bill and Stan are arrested for the murder. Due to circumstantial evidence and a confession to the shoplifting, misconstrued as one to the shooting, Bill is charged with first-degree murder, Stan as an accessory. Bill's mother reminds. Vincent LaGuardia "Vinny" Gambini travels there, accompanied by Mona Lisa Vito. Although he is willing to take the case, Vinny is a personal injury lawyer from Brooklyn, newly admitted to the bar, with no trial experience. Vinny manages to fool the trial judge, Chamberlain Haller, about being experienced enough for the case, his ignorance of basic courtroom procedures, dress code, his abrasive attitude cause the judge to hold him in contempt. Much to his clients' consternation, Vinny does not cross-examine any of the witnesses in the preliminary hearing.

Except for lack of a murder weapon, it appears that the district attorney, Jim Trotter III, has a strong case that will lead to convictions. After Vinny's poor showing at the hearing, Stan fires him and uses the public defender, John Gibbons, nearly convinces Bill to do the same. However, in questioning the first witness, the public defender ends up bolstering the prosecution's case, due to being nervous and stuttering incessantly. Despite his missteps, Vinny shows that he is able to make up for his inexperience with an aggressive and perceptive questioning style. Vinny discredits the testimony of the first witness, Bill and Stan's faith is restored. Stan fires the public defender and re-hires Vinny, who proceeds to utterly discredit the testimony of the next two witnesses in cross-examination. On the trial's third day, Trotter produces a surprise witness, FBI analyst George Wilbur. Vinny objects to the witness as Mr. Trotter failed to inform him properly ahead of time, but his argument is overruled.

Mr. Wilbur testifies that the pattern and chemical analysis of the tire marks left at the crime scene are identical to the tires on Bill's Buick. Judge Haller orders a lunch recess after the direct examination of Mr. Wilbur. Vinny asks for a full day's continuance to properly prepare for cross-examination, but Judge Haller denies the request. With only the lunch recess to prepare and unable to come up with a strong line of questioning, Vinny lashes out at Lisa. However, Vinny realizes that one of Lisa's photos holds the key to the case: the flat and tire marks going over the curb reveal that Bill's car could not have been used for the getaway. After requesting a records search from the local sheriff, Vinny drags an angry Lisa into court to testify as an expert witness, as she has an encyclopedic knowledge of cars. During Vinny's questioning, Lisa testifies that only a car with an independent rear suspension and positraction could have made the tire marks, which rules out Bill's 1964 Buick Skylark.

However, one model of car with these features is the similar-looking metallic, mint-green 1963 Pontiac Tempest. Vinny recalls George Wilbur, who confirms this. Vinny recalls the local sheriff, who testifies that two men who fit Bill and Stan's descriptions were just arrested in Georgia for driving a stolen green Pontiac Tempest, were in possession of a gun of the same caliber as that, used to kill the clerk. Trotter moves to dismiss all charges; the judge congratulates Vinny and, as they drive away and Lisa bicker about their wedding plans. My Cousin Vinny was released in the United States on March 13, 1992. With a budget of $11 million, My Cousin Vinny was more successful than anticipated, grossing $52,929,168 domestically and $11,159,384 internationally, bringing its overall worldwide total to $64,088,552; the film received positive reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a rating of 86%, based on 56 reviews; the site's consensus reads, "The deft comic interplay between Joe Pesci and Marisa Tomei helps to elevate My Cousin Vinny's predictable script, the result is a sharp, hilarious courtroom comedy."

On Metacritic the film has a score of 68 out of 100 based on reviews from 23 critics. Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film a grade of "A-" on an A+ to F scale. Roger Ebert of The Chicago-Sun Times gave My Cousin Vinny a mixed 2.5 stars out of a possible 4. He declared that despite Macchio's co-star billing the actor was given little to do, the film seemed adrift until "lightning strikes" with the final courtr