Acton is a town in Middlesex County, United States twenty-one miles west-northwest of Boston along Route 2 west of Concord and about ten miles southwest of Lowell. The population was 21,929 at the 2010 census, it is bordered by Westford and Littleton to the north and Carlisle to the east, Stow and Sudbury to the south and Boxborough to the west. Acton became an incorporated town in 1735; the town employs the Open Town Meeting form of government with a Town Manager and an elected, five-member Board of Selectmen. Acton was named the 11th Best Place To Live among small towns in the country by Money Magazine in 2015, the 16th best in 2009 and in 2011; the local high school, Acton-Boxborough Regional High School, was named a Blue Ribbon School by the U. S. Department of Education in 2009. In 2012, U. S. News & World Report ranked Acton-Boxborough #3 among open enrollment high schools and #7 overall for STEM education in the United States. Acton is located at 42°29′N 71°27′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.3 square miles, of which 20.0 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles, or 1.53 percent, is water.
All of Acton is forested, except for where it has been cleared for residential or agricultural use. Some forested areas have been put aside for special use by corporations; the current geography of Acton was created when the last wave of glaciers retreated ten thousand years ago. Acton has nine drumlins -- hills. In addition, Wills Hole and Grassy Pond are kettle ponds which were formed in depressions in the till formed by large blocks of ice. Acton has two primary stream systems: the Nashoba Brook system including the incoming streams Butter Brook, Wills Hole Brook and Conant Brook and the Fort Pond Brook system including the incoming streams Guggins Brook, Inch Brook, Grassy Pond Brook, Pratt's Brook and Coles Brook. Both stream systems empty into the Assabet River, which passes through the town at its southern corner. Nagog Pond in the north, forms Acton's border with the Town of Littleton and provides drinking water to the Town of Concord. A small artificial pond is at NARA Park in North Acton.
While Acton Center has been the civic center of the town since the revolution, the four other village centers earned their nomenclature from the names of their corresponding railroad station. Acton Center is the civic center of the town and is the site of the town hall, the main public library, a children's playground, an obelisk monument commemorating Acton deaths in "the Concord Fight" of the Revolutionary War, a fire station, the Acton Congregational Church, a 64-acre arboretum and conservation area, the former post office; the modern post office and the police station are each located about one-half mile away in opposite directions along Main Street. Otherwise, Acton Center is a residential area. West Acton is an important commercial area of town, consisting of several commercial developments centered along Route 111, it developed in response to the growth of the Fitchburg Railroad in the 19th century. South Acton used to be the most industrialized area of the town of Acton. In the 18th century, this area held many mills and other small industrial developments that used water power generated by Fort Pond Brook.
The area includes the oldest home still standing in Acton. The Faulkner Homestead was owned by the Faulkner family who owned and ran a mill across the street. Jones Tavern is another still-standing revolutionary-era structure in South Acton, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the South Acton is the only rail station on the Fitchburg line still active in Acton. East Acton was a small commercial area that grew up around the East Acton train station in the 19th century. With the advent of the automobile, the demise of this branch of the railroad, East Acton became a residential area with a commercial base, situated along the Route 2A corridor. North Acton has had major growth in the period since 1975–80. With the growth of the Route 2A/119 corridor, North Acton has developed many commercial complexes and condominium buildings; the Nathaniel Allen Recreation Area contains a small swimming pond, an open-air auditorium, playing fields, paved walking trail. North Acton includes the Village of Nagog Woods, a housing development accessible from Route 2A/119, large enough to merit its own postal code 01718.
The current Master Plan for the town encourages development in the village centers in an attempt to prevent further sprawl and preserve open space in the rest of the town. According to the 2010 census, there were 21,924 residents, a 7.84% increase from 2000 and 5,958 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,080.5 per square mile. There were 8,530 total housing units, 96% of which were occupied, at an average density of 384.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 77.3% White, 18.6% Asian, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.2% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Of the 8,187 occupied households, 42.7% had children under the age of eighteen living with them, 63.5% were husband-wife married couples living together. 23.0 % of all households were occupied by individuals 65 years of older living alone. The age distribution of the population was 29.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 8.4% 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females
Phillipston is a town in Worcester County, United States. The population was 1,682 at the 2010 census. Phillipston was first settled in 1751, incorporated as the town of Gerry on October 20, 1786, after separating from Templeton, it was named after Elbridge Gerry. The town's name was changed from Gerry to Phillipston on February 5, 1814, after lieutenant governor William Phillips, Jr. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles, of which 24.3 square miles is land and 0.4 square miles, or 1.54%, is water. Phillipston is bordered by Petersham to the southwest, Athol to the northwest, Royalston to the north, Templeton to the east, Hubbardston to the southeast, a small portion of Barre to the south; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,621 people, 580 households, 443 families residing in the town. The population density was 66.8 people per square mile. There were 739 housing units at an average density of 30.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.72% White, 0.37% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 1.42% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 580 households of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.19. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $46,845, the median income for a family was $52,011. Males had a median income of $39,231 versus $25,625 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,706. About 3.8% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.
"The Phillips Free Public Library of Phillipston was founded in 1860." In fiscal year 2008, the town of Phillipston spent 1.08% of its budget on its public library—some $17 per person. Town of Phillipston
Ayer is a town in Middlesex County, United States. Part of Groton, it was incorporated February 14, 1871, became a major commercial railroad junction; the town was home to Camp Stevens, a training camp for Massachusetts volunteers during the American Civil War. Fort Devens was established by the federal government to train New England soldiers for World War I. Fort Devens is a major influence on the area, although it is smaller than when it was first closed in the mid-1990s; the town's population was 7,427 at the 2010 census. For geographic and demographic information on specific parts of the town of Ayer, please see the articles on Ayer and Devens, Massachusetts. Ayer was inhabited by the Nashaway, a Nipmuc people that inhabited the lands along the Nashua River and its tributaries. A small settlement was located along the banks of the Nonacoicus Brook, located in the western part of the town; the name of the Nashaway village, its people and the brook, pronounced by locals as /ˈnɒ nə ˌkɔɪ ʃəs/, was recorded in early English sources as'Nonajcoyjicus,"Nonocoyecos,"Nonacoiacus' and'Nonaicoics.'
According to the personal manuscripts of Justice Samuel Sewall, best known for his controversial role in the Salem witch trials, he was told sometime in 1698 by Hanah, wife of Sachem Ahaton of the Ponkapoag Massachusett tribe, that the name was Nunnacoquis and signified'an Indian earthen pot' although refers to a'small dry earthen pot.' The name was a reference to a series of small mounds along the banks of the Nonacoicus Brook. Little archaeological evidence has been found of settlement in the region, most lost to centuries of cultivation and development, although a handful of stone tools or evidence of habitation have been found along the shores of the Nashua River, Nonacoicus Brook, Sandy Pond and Long Pond as well as a rock shelter on Snake Hill. Although some have been dated to the Early Woodland Period, the majority of findings are from the Late Woodland and Early Contact Period. In addition, portions of Main Street and Sandy Pond Road are believed to follow the vast network of trails used by Native peoples for trade and communication.
The Nashaway cultivated corn and squash, but depended on foraging for fruits, nuts and seeds to supplement their diets. Seasonally, camps were set up in hunting areas, but the most important gatherings were the annual spawning migrations of Atlantic salmon, American shad, blueback herring and sea lamprey that once swam up the Nashua River from the sea via the Merrimack River; the arrival of English settlers in the seventeenth century disrupted things. Virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, influenza, scarlet fever and measles ravaged Native communities due to their lack of immunity to Old World diseases; the influx of English settlers led to competition for land and resources and efforts to subjugate and assimilate the Native peoples. The Nashaway were visited by the missionary John Eliot, who had translated the Bible in the Massachusett language, understood throughout New England as a second language, began teaching Indians to read and write and train as missionaries and teachers. Land was set aside for the Indians for the Praying town of Nashoba in what is now neighboring Littleton, Massachusetts which attracted many of the Nashaway families in the surrounding areas.
Nashoba was one of fourteen communities in the colony established for the Indian converts, where they came to meld English and traditional ways. By 1675, the peace between the English settlers and the Native Americans was broken with the uprising of the Wampanoag sachem Metacomet; the Praying Indians, the inhabitants of the Praying towns such as Nashoba, were rounded up by English colonial militias and sent to Deer Island where most froze or starved to death. Although heavy losses were inflicted on both sides, the English won and executed a vast number of Indians or sold them to slavery in the West Indies. Many left the region and chose to seek safety with the Abenaki and the French colonists in what is now Canada. Nashoba remained in Indian hands until 1736, the Native Americans began to congregate into a smaller number of communities. Three state-recognized tribes of Nipmuc, descended from the remnant communities that survived the epidemics and King Philip's War include the Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck of Webster, the Hassanamisco Nipmuc of Grafton and the Natick Massachusett-Nipmuc, a Massachusett people of partial Nipmuc ancestry.
The town of Groton, which included Ayer as well as several other towns in the region, was settled by English colonists as early as 1655. The first settlement in the portion of Groton that would become Ayer was in 1667, when a mill was constructed to serve a small hamlet that had developed around the Nonacoicus Brook; the community came to be known as South Groton, or with the arrival of the railroad, Groton Junction. This area was partitioned and incorporated as the town of Ayer in 1871; the town was named Ayer in honor of Dr. James Cook Ayer, a prominent resident of Lowell and one of the wealthiest pharmaceutical manufacturers of his day. Dr. Ayer provided the funding for the construction of the Town Hall; the town's growth was influenced by a period of rapid development of railroad transportation. Though only 9.5 square miles in area, the town became a major junction for both east-west and north-south rail lines, developed into an important commercial center oriented towards the rail industry.
Known as Groton Junction and Ayer Junction, the int
Franklin County, Massachusetts
Franklin County is a nongovernmental county located in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,372, which makes it the least-populous county on the Massachusetts mainland, the third-least populous county in the state, its traditional county seat and most populous city is Greenfield. Its largest town by area is New Salem. Franklin County comprises the Greenfield Town, MA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Springfield-Greenfield Town, MA Combined Statistical Area. Franklin County was created on 24 June 1811 from the northern third of Hampshire County, it was named for Benjamin Franklin. Franklin County's government was abolished by the state government at the county's request. Like several other Massachusetts counties, Franklin County exists today only as a geographic region and has no county government; the Franklin County Commission voted itself out of existence, all former state-mandated county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1997. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region.
Counties in Massachusetts and New England are weak governmental structures. The primary subdivision of the Commonwealth is the municipal township. Communities are permitted to form regional compacts for sharing services; the municipalities of Franklin County have formed the Franklin Regional Council of Governments. The regional council provides various services on a regional basis, a majority of the county's towns are members of the Franklin County Solid Waste Management District, which provides municipal waste disposal and recycling services to its members. Public transportation throughout the county and in the North Quabbin area of northwestern Worcester County is provided by the Franklin Regional Transit Authority. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,000 square miles, of which 699 square miles is land, 25 square miles and is water. Central and southern Franklin County is dominated by the northern end of the Pioneer Valley, with steep hills rising on either side of the Connecticut River.
The high point of Franklin County is 2,841 feet, located in the town of Monroe. The climate in Franklin County is cool temperate; the area is somewhat maritime, with high year-round precipitation. Summers are warm and humid with frequent evening storms, winters are cool to cold with frequent snow and subfreezing temperatures. Windham County, Vermont Cheshire County, New Hampshire Worcester County Hampshire County Berkshire County Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Paul C. Jones Working Forest around Brushy Mountain, ShutesburyVarious Department of Conservation & Recreation properties; as of the census of 2000, there were 71,535 people, 29,466 households, 18,416 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile. There were 31,939 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.40% White, 0.89% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.04% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, 1.61% from two or more races.
1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of English, 12.2% Irish, 12.0% Polish, 10.2% French, 7.0% French Canadian, 6.7% German, 6.1% Italian and 6.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. Most of those claiming to be of "American" ancestry are of English descent, but have family, in the country for so long, in many cases since the early seventeenth century that they choose to identify as "American". 94.5 % spoke 1.8 % Spanish as their first language. There were 29,466 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.5% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,768, the median income for a family was $50,915. Males had a median income of $36,350 versus $27,228 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,672. About 6.5% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 71,372 people, 30,462 households, 18,317 families residing in the county; the population density was 102.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 33,758 housing units at an average density of 48.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.2% white, 1.3% Asian, 1.1% black, 0.3% American Indian, 1.0% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 30,462 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.9% were non-families, 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size
Worcester County, Massachusetts
Worcester County is a county located in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 798,552, making it the second-most populous county in Massachusetts while being the largest in area; the estimated population as of July 1, 2017 is 826,116. The largest city and traditional county seat is the city of Worcester. Worcester County is included in the Worcester, MA-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Worcester County was formed from the eastern portion of colonial Hampshire County, the western portion of the original Middlesex County and the extreme western portion of the original Suffolk County; when the government of Worcester County was established on April 2, 1731, Worcester was chosen as its shire town. From that date until the dissolution of the county government, it was the only county seat; because of the size of the county, there were fifteen attempts over 140 years to split the county into two counties, but without success.
Lancaster was proposed as the seat of the northern county. As a concession, in August 1884 the Worcester County Registry of Deeds was split in two, with the Worcester Northern registry placed in Fitchburg. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,579 square miles, of which 1,511 square miles is land and 68 square miles is water, it is the largest county in Massachusetts by area. The county is larger geographically than the entire state of Rhode Island including Rhode Island's water ocean limit boundaries; the county constitutes Central Massachusetts, separating the Greater Springfield area from the Greater Boston area. It stretches from the northern to the southern border of the state; the geographic center of Massachusetts is in Rutland. Worcester County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states, they are the only two counties to touch both the northern and southern state lines. Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge In 1990 Worcester County had a population of 709,705.
As of the census of 2000, there were 750,963 people, 283,927 households, 192,502 families residing in the county. The population density was 496 people per square mile. There were 298,159 housing units at an average density of 197 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.61% White, 2.73% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.93% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races. 6.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.9% were of Irish, 12.3% Italian, 11.7% French, 8.0% French Canadian, 8.0% English, 5.6% Polish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.1 % spoke 6.1 % Spanish and 1.9 % French as their first language. There were 283,927 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,874, the median income for a family was $58,394. Males had a median income of $42,261 versus $30,516 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,983. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 798,552 people, 303,080 households, 202,602 families residing in the county; the population density was 528.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 326,788 housing units at an average density of 216.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.6% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 22.2% were Irish, 15.1% were French as well as 6.7% French Canadians, 14.4% were Italian, 11.7% were English, 7.0% were Polish, 6.9% were German, 3.2% were American. Of the 303,080 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 39.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $64,152 and the median income for a family was $79,121. Males had a median income of $56,880 versus $42,223 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,557.
About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective of the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Worcester County is one of 8 of the 14 Ma
Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Suffolk County is a county in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the United States. As of 2016, the population was 784,230 making it the fourth-most populous county in Massachusetts; the traditional county seat is the state capital and the largest city in Massachusetts. The county government was abolished in late 1999, so Suffolk County today functions only as an administrative subdivision of state government and a set of communities grouped together for some statistical purposes. Suffolk County constitutes the core of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area; the county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four shires". Suffolk contained Boston, Dorchester, Braintree and Hingham; the county was named after Suffolk, which means "southern folk."In 1731, the extreme western portions of Suffolk County, which included Uxbridge, were split off to become part of Worcester County.
In 1793, most of the original Suffolk County except for Boston, Chelsea and Hull split off and became Norfolk County. Hingham and Hull would leave Suffolk County and join Plymouth County in 1803. Revere was set off from Chelsea and incorporated in 1846 and Winthrop was set off from Revere and incorporated in 1852. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Boston annexed several adjacent cities and towns including Hyde Park, West Roxbury, Dorchester from Norfolk County and Charlestown and Brighton from Middlesex County, resulting in an enlargement of Suffolk County. Like an increasing number of Massachusetts counties, Suffolk County exists today only as a historical geographic region, has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1999; the sheriff, district attorney, some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, executives or commissioners.
Prior to the abolition of county government, the authority of the Suffolk County Commission had for many years been exercised by the Boston City Council though three communities in the county are not part of the city. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. Politically speaking, Suffolk County supports the Democratic Party overwhelmingly. No Republican presidential candidate has won there since Calvin Coolidge in 1924. In 2012 Barack Obama received 77.4% of the vote, compared to 20.8% for Mitt Romney. In the 2014 gubernatorial election, Martha Coakley carried the county by a 32.4% margin, while losing the election statewide by 48.4 to 46.5%. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 120 square miles, of which 58 square miles is land and 62 square miles is water, it is the second-smallest county in smallest by total area. Essex County Norfolk County Middlesex County Suffolk County has no land border with Plymouth County to its southeast, but the two counties share a water boundary in the middle of Massachusetts Bay.
Boston African American National Historic Site Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Boston National Historical Park I‑90 / Mass Pike I‑93 US 1 US 20 Route 1A Route 9 Route 16 Route 28 Route 30 Route 60 Route 99 Route 107 Route 145 Route 203 Of the 292,767 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.1% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 52.0% were non-families, 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 31.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,597 and the median income for a family was $58,127. Males had a median income of $48,887 versus $43,658 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,720. About 15.7% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the largest ancestry groups in Suffolk County, Massachusetts are: Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
Boston Chelsea Revere Winthrop Registry of Deeds USS Suffolk County National Register of Historic Places listings in Suffolk County, Massachusetts Suffolk County Sheriff's Department Suffolk County District Attorney Suffolk County Registry of Deeds Walling & Gray. 1871 Map of Boston, Suffolk and Nearby Towns Pages 48-49 from the 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. National Register of Historic Places listing for Suffolk Co. Massachusetts Map of cities and towns of Massachusetts
Littleton is a town in Middlesex County, United States. The population was 8,924 at the 2010 census. For geographic and demographic information on the neighborhood of Littleton Common, please see the article Littleton Common, Massachusetts. Littleton was first settled by Anglo-European settlers in 1686 and was incorporated by act of the Massachusetts General Court on November 2, 1715, it was part of the Puritan and Congregational culture and religion of New England. The town was the site of the sixth Praying Indian village established by John; the term "Praying Indian" referred to Native Americans, converted to Christianity. Daniel Gookin, in his Historical Collections of the Indians in New England, chapter vii. says: Nashobah is the sixth praying Indian town. This village is situated, in a manner, in the centre, between Chelmsford, Lancaster and Concord, it lieth from Boston about twenty-five miles west north west. The inhabitants are about ten families, about fifty souls. At the time of King Philip's War between the English and Native Americans, the General Court ordered the Indians at Nashoba to be interned in Concord.
A short while some Concord residents who were hostile to the Nashoba solicited some militia to remove them to Deer Island. Around this time, fourteen armed men of Chelmsford went to the outlying camp at Wameset and opened fire on the unsuspecting Nashoba, wounding five women and children, killing outright a boy twelve years old, the only son of John Tahattawan. For much of the war, the English colonists rounded up the Praying Indians and sent them to Deer Island; when increasing numbers of Massachusetts Bay officers began using Praying Indians as scouts in the war, the sentiment of the white settlers turned. In May, 1676, the Massachusetts General Court ordered that Praying Indians be removed from Deer Island. Still, many died of disease. Upon their release, most survivors sold their land to white settlers. In his book, An Historical Sketch Town of Littleton, Herbert Joseph Harwood wrote: It is said that the name Littleton was given as a compliment to Hon. George Lyttleton, M. P. one of the commissioners of the treasury, that in acknowledgment he sent from England a church-bell as a present to the town but on account of the error in spelling by substituting "i " for "y," the present was withheld by the person having it in charge, who gave the excuse that no such town as Lyttleton could be found, sold the bell."
The minutemen and militia of Littleton marched and fought at Concord and the Battle Road on April 19, 1775. The militia company and the minutemen squads mustered at Liberty Square located on the southwest side of town on the Boxborough line, they marched from there through what is now Boxborough Depot and over Littleton Rd/Boxborough Rd to Newtown Road, up over Fort Pond Hill and along Newtown Rd to Acton Center. From there they marched the Isaac Davis Trail to Old North Bridge; some writing suggests. According to local lore, the town had a contingent of Loyalists who remained after the revolution and thwarted attempts to rename King Street as Main, Washington, or Adams streets; this has been the source of ribbing from neighboring towns. Author John Hanson Mitchell wrote a book titled Ceremonial Time, which details a history of fifteen thousand years over one square mile located within the town; the arrival of Digital Equipment Corporation in the 1970s connected the town to other businesses in the Boston-area high-tech corridor.
Digital built a large facility on King Street near the Common, as well as offices on Porter Road and Foster Street. In 2007, IBM purchased the King Street facility from Hewlett-Packard and announced this would become its main New England location. Due to the Yankee character of the town, it was notably dry during Prohibition; the Rowse family, which owned New England Apple Products, were known for their integrity and honesty, expressed by their refusal to do business with bootleggers in a state where Prohibition was overwhelmingly unpopular. Although Prohibition was repealed in 1930, Littleton did not permit the sale of alcohol again until 1960, in just two locations, the Johnson's store at the Depot and the Nashoba Package store at Donelan's shopping center. Only in the late 1980s, with the building of DEC's King Street facility, was a bar allowed to open in town. For years residents could go to establishments just over the town line that served alcohol, in the surrounding Acton, Groton and Boxborough.
Littleton has remained a predominantly Yankee town, with the bulk of the population belonging to the Congregational Church of Littleton, The First Baptist Church, First Church Unitarian churches. In the post-World War II era, Roman Catholic immigrants from Ireland, Quebec and Italy moved into Middlesex County and Littleton; the Roman Catholic parish of St. Anne's was established in 1947; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints established a chapel in 1979. In 1956, the Church of Christ was built on Harwood Avenue, it disbanded in 1985 due to the closing of a resultant dwindling membership. Many of the early families are represented by descendants in the town to the present day: Blanchar