Massacre of Glencoe

The Massacre of Glencoe took place in Glen Coe in the Highlands of Scotland on 13 February 1692, following the Jacobite uprising of 1689–92. An estimated 30 members and associates of Clan MacDonald of Glencoe were killed by government forces billeted with them, on the grounds they had not been prompt in pledging allegiance to the new monarchs, William III of England and II of Scotland and Mary II. In March 1689, James II of England and VII of Scotland landed in Ireland in an attempt to regain his throne and John Graham, Viscount Dundee, recruited a small force of Highlanders for a supporting campaign in Scotland. Despite victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July, Dundee was killed, organised Jacobite military resistance ended with defeats at the Battle of Dunkeld in August 1689 and Cromdale in May 1690; the continuing need to police. A peaceful Scotland was important since links between Irish and Scottish branches of the MacDonalds, as well as Scottish and Ulster Presbyterians, meant unrest in one country spilled into the other.

The Glencoe MacDonalds were one of three Lochaber clans with a reputation for lawlessness, the others being the MacGregors and the Keppoch MacDonalds. Levies from these clans served in the Independent Companies used to suppress the Conventicles in 1678–80, took part in the devastating Atholl raid that followed Argyll's Rising in 1685, they combined against their Maclean landlords in the August 1688 Battle of Maol Ruadh, putting them in the unusual position of being considered outlaws by both the previous Jacobite administration and the new Williamite one. After Killiecrankie, the Scottish government held a series of meetings with the Jacobite chiefs, offering terms that varied based on events in Ireland and Scotland. In March 1690, the Secretary of State, Lord Stair, offered a total of £12,000 for swearing allegiance to William, they agreed to do so in the June 1691 Declaration of Achallader, the Earl of Breadalbane signing for the government. On 26 August, a Royal Proclamation offered a pardon to anyone taking the Oath prior to 1 January 1692, with severe reprisals for those who did not.

Two days secret articles appeared, cancelling the agreement in the event of a Jacobite invasion and signed by all the attendees, including Breadalbane. Breadalbane claimed these were manufactured by the MacDonald chief. Enforcement became a key concern. In early October, the chiefs asked James for permission to take the Oath unless he could mount an invasion before the deadline, a condition they knew to be impossible, his approval was sent on 12 December and was received by Glengarry on the 23rd, but was not shared until the 28th. It is suggested delays were caused by intrigue between Catholic Jacobites, led by Glengarry, the Protestant majority; as a result, MacIain of Glencoe only left for Fort William on 30 December to take the Oath from the governor, Lieutenant Colonel John Hill. Since he was not authorised to accept it, Hill sent MacIain to Inverary with a letter for the local magistrate, Sir Colin Campbell confirming his arrival before the deadline. Sir Colin administered the Oath on 6 January, after.

Glengarry did not swear until 4 February, with others doing so by proxy, but only MacIain was excluded from the indemnity issued by the Scottish Privy Council. Stair's letter of 2 December to Breadalbane shows the intention of making an example was taken well before the deadline for the Oath but as a much bigger operation. Leave the McLeans to Argyll... In January, he wrote three letters in quick succession to Sir Thomas Livingstone, military commander in Scotland. Kippoch and Glenco are safe; the last on 11 January states. Parliament passed a Decree of Forfeiture in 1690, depriving Glengarry of his lands, but he continued to hold Invergarry Castle, whose garrison included the senior Jacobite officers Alexander Cannon and Thomas Buchan; this suggests the Episcopalian Glencoe MacDonalds only replaced the Catholic Glengarry as the target on 11 January. Glengarry's house being reduced.'After two years of negotiations, Stair was under pressure to ensure the deal stuck, while Argyll was competing for political influence with his kinsman Breadalbane, who found it expedient to concur with the plan.

Glengarry was pardoned and his lands returned, while maintaining his reputation at the Jacobite court by being the last to swear and ensuring Cannon and Buchan received safe conduct to France in March 1692. In summary, the Glencoe MacDonalds were a small clan with powerful enemies. In late January 1692, two companies or 120 men from the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot arrived in Glencoe from Invergarry, their commander was Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, a local landowner whose niece was married to one of MacIain's sons. Campbell carried orders for'free quarter', an established alternative to paying taxes in what was a non-cash society; the Glencoe MacDonalds themselves were billeted on the Campbells when serving with the Highland levies used to police Arg

Shawn Hill

Shawn Richard Hill is a Canadian former professional baseball pitcher. He has played in Major League Baseball for the Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals, San Diego Padres and Toronto Blue Jays, he was part of Team Canada at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Hill played high-school baseball at Bishop Reding Catholic Secondary School in Milton, Canada. Hill was drafted by the San Diego Padres in the 33rd round, 1,012nd overall, of the 1999 Major League Baseball draft, but did not sign, he was drafted the next year by the Montreal Expos in 165th overall. In 82 minor league games, Hill has a 32–24 record, he has a 3.16 earned run average in five minor league seasons, not including 2010. In 14 minor league at-bats, Hill has four hits, one double, two home runs, seven runs batted in and four runs. Hill participated in the 2003 All-Star Futures Game. Hill made his major-league debut on June 2004 against the Philadelphia Phillies. Hill went 2​2⁄3 innings, giving up seven hits, four walks, eight earned runs in a 17–7 loss.

On July 4, 2004, Hill was the winning pitcher in what was the final game between two Canadian Major League Baseball teams, as the Expos defeated the Toronto Blue Jays, 6–4. The game was played at Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where 21 of Montreal's home games were played in 2004, his final start of 2004 came on July 9, in which he pitched 1​1⁄3 innings, giving up seven hits and seven earned runs in an 11–0 loss against the Pittsburgh Pirates. Overall, Hill finished the season with a 1–2 record and an ERA of 16.00. Hill missed all of 2005 with Tommy John surgery, was on Canada's provisional roster for the 2006 World Baseball Classic, but he did not play. Hill returned to make a start for the Washington Nationals on May 27, 2006, against the Los Angeles Dodgers, he pitched seven innings, allowing one earned run and five hits, striking out three batters and walking two. Hill made his last start of 2006 following an injury which cut short his season. In 2007, Hill started the season as the number two pitcher for the Nationals, but emerged as the team's ace early on.

In his first seven starts, he lasted six innings or more six times, allowed two earned runs or less six times. On May 11, he threw five no-hit innings took himself out because of elbow soreness, ending up on the 15-day disabled list, he returned on August 14 in a start against the Phillies. He pitched six innings of one-hit ball, while walking only one. Hill's 2008 season was cut short due to injury, he was placed on the disabled list twice for arm problems before his season was ended on June 25, 2008. Hill underwent arthroscopic surgery to remove bone spurs on his right elbow in September 2008. During the 2008 offseason, he went to an arbitration hearing with the Nationals. Washington paid him $775,000 in 2009, instead of the $500,000. On March 18, 2009, Shawn Hill was released by the Washington Nationals. Hill signed a minor league contract with the San Diego Padres on March 23, 2009. Hill managed to pitch in just 3 starts for the Padres. On June 24, 2009, Hill had his second Tommy John surgery.

On October 8, he was released by the Padres. On January 22, 2010, Hill signed a minor league contract with the Toronto Blue Jays, with an invitation to spring training. Hill spent most of his 2010 season in the minor leagues with the Blue Jays organization, pitched well at all stops, the last of, the Las Vegas 51s, the Jays' Triple-A team. Hill posted a 1.61 ERA in 11 minor league starts in 2010. On September 6, 2010, Hill was called up to the Toronto Blue Jays, he started on September 9 against the Texas Rangers, in his first major league action in more than 26 months. Hill lasted 5​1⁄3 innings, allowed three earned runs, was given the loss in a 4–2 game. Hill finished the season compiling a 1–2 record in four starts with a 2.61 ERA and 14 strikeouts in 20​2⁄3 innings pitched. On November 15, 2010, Hill was released by the Blue Jays. On January 29, 2011, Hill signed a minor league contract with the Florida Marlins with an invitation to Spring training. Hill went on to pitch in just 4 games in Spring training before being released.

He did not pitch for any organization in 2011 following his release. On June 18, 2012, the Blue Jays signed Shawn Hill to a minor league contract. On October 4, he was outrighted to the Blue Jays' Triple-A affiliate Buffalo Bisons. Hill elected free agency rather than reporting to the Bisons. On November 12, 2012, Hill signed a minor league deal with the Detroit Tigers. Hill spent the whole season in the minors, he recorded a record of 4-14 with a 5.51 ERA in 150.1 innings. On March 21, Hill signed with the York Revolution. According to Matt Eddy of Baseball America, Hill signed with the Blue Jays on March 24, he started the season with the Double-A New Hampshire Fisher Cats. He was called up to the Triple-A Buffalo Bisons on May 7, returned to New Hampshire on June 7. On June 11, 2014, the Blue Jays traded Hill to the Chicago White Sox, he was assigned to the Triple A Charlotte Knights, he was released by the Knights on August 10. In an effort to bolster their minor league rotation with the Triple-A Toledo Mud Hens, Detroit signed Hill to a minor league deal on August 12, 2014.

Hill signed with the York Revolution of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball for the 2015 season. He became a free agent after the 2015 season. Hill is a sinker/slider pitcher, when healthy posts groundball rates of over 50%, he is married to the former Ashley Jenne of Florida. He and his wife reside in Florida in the off-season, he and Ashley have a son. List of Major League Baseball players from Canada


Hoch-Ybrig is a skiing and hiking area in Canton of Schwyz in Switzerland. Hoch-Ybrig is dominated by the mountain range Forstberg - Druesberg - Twäriberg; these mountains form a boundary between Hoch-Ybrig on one side and Muotathal valley and Canton of Glarus on the other side. A cablecar leads from Weglosen to Seebli at the feet of Roggenstock. From Seebli, there are cablecar connections to Sternen; the following table displays the operating hours since the 1968/1969 season. Global warming is having its effect on the area: though operating in recent duration stays stable, in the last decade the amount of actual snow has declined heavily. For instance in the 2015/2016 season only after 15th of January the full area was operational when there was enough snow on all the pistes. in 2016 during 12 and 13 November about 90 centimeters of snow fell, but due to mild temperatures all of it disappeared again in about a week and thus operation could not commence. The site has 16 snow canons and 3 lances with which they can keep a few slopes open if there is little snow.

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