The Sega Master System is a third-generation 8-bit home video game console manufactured by Sega. It was a remodeled export version of the Sega Mark III, the third iteration of the SG-1000 series of consoles, released in Japan in 1985 and featured enhanced graphical capabilities over its predecessors; the Master System launched in North America in 1986, followed by Europe in 1987, Brazil in 1989. A Japanese version of the Master System was launched in 1987, which features a few enhancements over the export models: a built-in FM audio chip, a rapid-fire switch, a dedicated port for the 3D glasses. A cost-reduced model known as the Master System II was released in 1990 in North Europe; the original Master System models use both cartridges and a credit card-sized format known as Sega Cards. Accessories for the consoles include a light gun and 3D glasses that work with a range of specially designed games; the Master System II redesign removed the card slot, turning it into a cartridge-only system and is incompatible with the 3D glasses.
The Master System was released in competition with the Nintendo Entertainment System. Its library is smaller and with fewer well-reviewed games than the NES, due in part to Nintendo licensing policies requiring platform exclusivity. Though the Master System had newer, improved hardware, it failed to overturn Nintendo's significant market share advantage in Japan and North America. However, it attained more success in Europe and Brazil. Master System sales estimates are between 13 million units, excluding recent Brazil sales. Retrospective criticism has recognized its role in the development of the Sega Genesis, a number of well-received games in PAL regions, but is critical of its limited library in the NTSC regions, which were dominated by Nintendo's NES; as of 2015, the Master System was still in production in Brazil by Tectoy, making it the world's longest-lived console. In the early 1980s, Sega Enterprises, Inc. a subsidiary of the American conglomerate Gulf and Western, was one of the largest arcade game manufacturers active in the United States, with company revenues of $214 million by mid-1982.
A downturn in the arcade business starting in 1982 negatively impacted the company, leading Gulf and Western to sell the North American manufacturing and licensing of its arcade games to Bally Manufacturing. The company retained its Japanese subsidiary, Sega Enterprises, Ltd. as well as Sega's North American research and development division. With its arcade business in decline, Sega Enterprises, Ltd. president Hayao Nakayama advocated that the company leverage its hardware expertise to move into the home console market in Japan, in its infancy at the time. Nakayama received permission to proceed; the first model to be developed was the SC-3000, a computer with a built-in keyboard, but when Sega learned of Nintendo's plans to release a games-only console, they began developing the SG-1000 alongside the SC-3000. The SG-1000 was first released in Japan on July 15, 1983, at a price of JP¥15,000, it was launched on the same day. Shortly after the launch of the SG-1000, Gulf and Western began to divest itself of its non-core businesses after the death of company founder, Charles Bluhdorn, so Nakayama and former Sega CEO David Rosen arranged a management buyout of the Japanese subsidiary in 1984 with financial backing from CSK Corporation, a prominent Japanese software company.
Nakayama was installed as CEO of the new Sega Enterprises, Ltd. Following the buyout, Sega released another console, the SG-1000 II, for ¥15,000, it features a few hardware tweaks from the original model, including detachable controllers. The SG-1000 II did not sell well, leading to Sega's decision to continue work on the video game hardware used for the system; this resulted in the release of the Sega Mark III in Japan in 1985. Engineered by the same internal Sega team that had created the SG-1000, the Mark III is a redesigned iteration of the previous console; the CPUs in the SG-1000 and SG-1000 II are Zilog Z80As running at 3.58 MHz, while the Mark III, SC-3000—a computer version of the SG-1000—and Master System feature a Z80A running at 4 MHz. The Mark III and Master System have a slot for Sega Card software without any need for the Card Catcher add-on that the SC-3000 and previous SG-1000 consoles required. According to Edge, lessons from the SG-1000's lack of commercial success were used in the hardware redesign of the Mark III, the console was designed to be more powerful than the stock Famicom.
For the console's North America release, Sega restyled and rebranded the Mark III under the name "Master System", similar to Nintendo's own reworking of the Famicom into the Nintendo Entertainment System. The "Master System" name is one of several proposals Sega's American employees considered, was chosen by throwing darts against a whiteboard, although plans to release a cheaper console referred to as the "Base System" influenced the decision. Sega Enterprises Chairman Isao Okawa endorsed the name after being told it was a reference to the competitive nature of both the video game industry and martial arts, in which only one competitor can be the "Master"; the futuristic final design for the Master System was intended to appeal to Western tastes. The Sega Mark III was released in Japan in October 1985 at a price of ¥15,000. Though featuring technically more powerful hardware than its chief competition, the Famicom, the Mark III did not prove to be successful at its launch. Difficulties arose from Nintendo's licensing practices with third-party developers at the time, whereby Nintendo required that
White Material is a 2009 French drama film directed by Claire Denis and co-written with Marie NDiaye. The film stars Isabelle Huppert as Maria Vial, a struggling French coffee producer in an unnamed French speaking African country, who decides to stay at her coffee plantation in spite of an erupting civil war; the film was well received, earning high ratings and appearing in several movie critics' top lists for 2010. White Material was voted the 97th greatest film since 2000 in an international critics' poll conducted by BBC, in 2017 the film was named the fifteenth "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in The New York Times. Maria Vial is a white French farmer who runs a failing coffee plantation in an unnamed African country in the present day. Maria and Andre have a lazy, mentally unstable son, while Andre has another half-African son, Jose. Civil war has broken out and rebel soldiers, many of them child soldiers, are advancing on the area; the French military, while pulling out, makes one final plea for Maria to leave, but unyielding in her desire to protect her family's home, she ignores the warnings.
Meanwhile, a rebel DJ on the radio urges the rebels on and advocates attacks on emblems of colonialism. Maria's workers flee for fear of the upcoming conflict. Maria stubbornly refuses to abandon the plantation and its harvest, which will be ready in five days. Risking her life and unable to find Andre, she drives to a village to hire men to finish harvesting the coffee. On the way, she is forced to pay off bandits. After hiring the workers, she collects Andre's other son, Jose. Jose is an upbeat boy of about 12, we learn that his mother is Andre's father's young housekeeper. Meanwhile, we see Andre in town meeting with Cherif. Cherif, seeing that Andre is desperate, takes advantage of the situation and offers to purchase the plantation for the cancellation of Andre's debts. Cherif requires Andre to get his father to sign over the coffee plantation to him. Having returned to the plantation, Maria searches out her son Manuel and finds him in bed after midday. Trying to rouse him, she laments his scolds that he is without purpose.
Manuel rises, after a swim, is intrigued by a noise in the house. He follows it to two young rebels, they run, in spite of his lack of shoes, Manuel follows them far from the home. They corner him; the rebel children threaten him, cut his hair, retreat to the bush, firing shots from a revolver. Maria and some workers converge on Manuel and are shocked to find him stripped and standing naked in the field; the fact that the oldest rebel boy stuck his spear down Manuel's pants, as well as his state of shock, the dirt on his hands and knees, his over-reaction, suggest he may have been raped off camera. Maria heads back to the house. Manuel traumatized and out of his mind, abandons the tractor and goes to his grandfather's home. There the tattooed Manuel reacts to his assault by shaving his head, stealing his grandfather's shotgun, attacking Jose's mother, disappearing on his mother's motorbike. Despite Andre's continued pleas that they should flee, Maria remains steadfast in her efforts to bring in the coffee crop.
She feeds him. As night falls the workers bed down and Maria falls asleep dreaming of an earlier evening where we see her discussing Manuel with Cherif in what appears to be a romantic situation fueled by marijuana. Cherif warns her, she attempts to start work again. However, the radio issues reports that the Boxer is being harbored by the "foreigners" and that loyal citizens should oppose them, her workers, hearing this, demand to be paid immediately. Upon threat, Maria opens the safe to find that the money is all gone taken by Andre to secure passage out of the country; the workers demand to be driven back to the village. Maria starts driving them back. Before they can reach the village they are stopped by a band of young rebels who appear to be wearing her clothing and jewelry; the rebels demand the truck and, when a worker protests that they are just poor villagers, the rebels shoot him and drive off leaving Maria by the roadside. Maria discovers they have killed the doctor and his assistant.
Driving the truck down the road the rebels are pursued by Manuel, who tells them that he knows where the Boxer is and leads them back to the plantation. He is mad as he assists the rebels to loot his own family's food store; the rebels and Manuel gorge themselves on the food and ingest the many pharmaceutical products that they have stolen. All pass out in and around the house. Government troops retake control of the area, they slip onto the plantation grounds in front of Andre's father, who calls out no warning to anyone inside. We see the troops move from room to room, slitting the throats of the child rebels who are passed out from the orgy of food and medication. Government troops lock the gun-toting Manuel in one of the farm buildings and burn him to death. Andre is shown dead on the floor of the house holding the family passports. In the town Maria is overwrought, she is seeking a way back to the house when Cherif gives her a ride. At the plantation Maria finds Manuel's charred body. Andre's father is shown walking around the barn.
Maria clubs Andre's father to death with a machete seeing him at least part
Neelu Kohli is an Indian television actress. She has done many roles in many Indian television series, like Piya Ka Ghar Pyaara Lage, Na Bole Tum Na Maine Kuch Kaha, Madhubala – Ek Ishq Ek Junoon and Shastri Sisters. Mere Angne Mein as Sharmili Sinha Shastri Sisters as Minty Sareen Madhubala - Ek Ishq Ek Junoon as Dadi Na Bole Tum Na Maine Kuch Kaha as Indu Bhatnagar Aahat Season 3 as Durga Love U Zindagi as Parmeet Kaur Piya Ka Ghar Pyaara Lage Geet - Hui Sabse Parayi as Rupinder Handa Bhabhi as Nanda Jukka Chabra Kaali – Ek Agnipariksha as Babli Khushiyan Jamai Raja As Anupama Khanna Naamkarann as Harleen Khanna Choti Sarrdaarni as Vidita Bajwa Manmarziyaan Love Exchange Black Home Gori Tere Pyaar Mein Housefull 2 Jaana Pehchana Patiala House Break Ke Baad Hum Tum Aur Ghost Aiyyo Paaji! Sat Sri Akal Yeh Mera India MP3: Mera Pehla Pehla Pyaar Khanna & Iyer Agnipankh Run Style Tere Liye Tapish Dil Kya Kare Plus Minus Neelu Kohli on IMDb
2-Nitrocinnamaldehyde, ortho-nitrocinnamaldehyde or o-nitrocinnamaldehyde is an organic aromatic compound containing a nitro group ortho- to the 1-position of cinnamaldehyde. 2-Nitrocinnamaldehyde can be synthesized by dissolving cinnamaldehyde to a solution of acetic anhydride in acetic acid, adding a stoichiometric amount of concentrated nitric acid at 0–5 °C. Yields are around 36-46% of theoretical. Nitration of cinnamaldehyde via acidification of a nitrate salt with H2SO4 yields the ortho-nitro compound, however it yields some of the para-nitro compound, undesired. 2-Nitrocinnamaldehyde can be prepared by reacting 2-nitrobenzaldehyde with acetaldehyde in a condensation reaction. 2-Nitrocinnamaldehyde can be oxidized to 2-nitrocinnamic acid which can be used in the Baeyer-Emmerling indole synthesis to produce indole and substituted indoles
Génova is a municipality in the southern part of the department of Quindío, Colombia. It is located 52 km south of the departmental capital Armenia In 2005 Génova had an estimated population of 12,600, of which 7,100 live in the main urban zone. Génova was founded by Segundo Henao Patiño, who had founded Calarcá in 1886. During the Thousand Day War, Henao was told by mule drivers arriving from Antioquia and Tolima that the government war ministry was executing liberal guerrillas, with or without trial. In order to hide from these potential reprisals, he organized a group of liberals from Calarcá to explore the mountains to the south; the expedition, headed by Henao, included the families Patiño, Ospina, Aria, Aguilar, González and Giraldo. The group planted out land along the Azul rivers. There were several settlers living in the region, near the Gris River. Henao was well known throughout the region for his role in the foundation of Calarcá, all of the settlers enthusiastically supported him when he announced his intention to form a new town.
He was placed in charge of designing the street plans. Henao chose a site on the land of Luis Ossa; the official foundation took place on October 12, 1903. Génova became a corregimiento of Calarcá in 1906, was included in the municipality of Pijao when this was created in 1927. In 1937 it became a separate municipality, with Fución Londoño the first mayor. Luis Garavito, serial killer Loaiza Piedrahita, Los corredores del tiempo: Guía turística por la historia del Quindío. ISBN 958-33-7088-6. Book in Spanish on the history of the municipalities of Quindío until the foundation of the department in 1966; the local history is placed in the context of wider events in Colombia
No Earthly Connection is a studio album by English keyboardist Rick Wakeman, released in April 1976 on A&M Records. After touring worldwide in late 1975 in support of his previous studio album The Myths and Legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, Wakeman retreated to Herouville, France to record a new studio album with his rock band, the English Rock Ensemble, he based its material on a part fictional and non-fictional autobiographical account of music that incorporates historical and science-fiction themes. No Earthly Connection peaked at number 9 on the UK Albums Chart and number 67 on the US Billboard 200, its front cover features a distorted image of Wakeman, corrected with a mirror sheet supplied with the album. Wakeman supported No Earthly Connection with a world tour that ended in August 1976, after which he disbanded his group for four years. In November 2016, the album was remastered and released on CD and vinyl with a live recording from the 1976 tour. In December 1975, the 26-year-old Wakeman finished his three-month tour of North America and Brazil in following the release of his recent studio album The Myths and Legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table and the soundtrack album Lisztomania.
After a brief rest period, he relocated to Herouville, France in January 1976 to record a new studio album No Earthly Connection with his rock band, The English Rock Ensemble. His previous two albums, Journey to the Centre of the Earth and King Arthur, were concept albums that featured a symphony orchestra and choir that were costly to produce; when it came to recording No Earthly Connection, management at A&M Records insisted to Wakeman that an album with an orchestra and choir was no longer an option. For his 1975 tour, Wakeman had added two brass players to now six-piece band, Martyn Shields on trumpet and Reg Brooks on trombone. Guitarist Jeffrey Crampton was replaced by John Dunsterville. During a stop in Miami, Florida on the 1975 tour, a time when material for the album was being prepared, Wakeman claimed he saw a UFO in the night sky at his beach house and alerted bassist Roger Newell as a witness, he resisted to inform others at first as he thought they would disbelieve him, despite the incident attracting local news coverage on the following day.
Wakeman used the incident to write musical themes that entered his mind as he thought of it, much of, put down during flights on the 1975 tour. Wakeman wrote some passages in the airplane toilet. Wakeman ended up writing a considerable amount of music during the making of the album as he was determined to record everything that came to mind, but had to throw out sixty percent of the material, he revealed that he wrote it without playing any of it back to listen. Wakeman said he could not explain half of the album, gave the album its title because of his inability to explain it. Biographer Dan Wooding believe the album is Wakeman's "own personal journey into the unknown". Wakeman recalled the difficulty in getting A&M to understand and support No Earthly Connection due to the length of "Music Reincarnate" which occupied the entire first side and finish on part of the second; the label suggested to have parts cut in order for the track to fit on a single side, but Wakeman refused as its length was what he intended the piece to be.
He refused to extend the piece to fill both sides as it resembled the problem he had with the Yes album Tales from Topographic Oceans, a double album containing four, side long tracks that were deliberately extended to fit each side of a vinyl, an idea that Wakeman disagreed with. Instead, Wakeman filled the second side with two "related story wise" tracks, "The Prisoner" and "The Lost Cycle"; the album was recorded from January to March 1976 with Wakeman credited as the producer. He was joined by engineering assistant Didier Utard. Wakeman lived in the studio building with the engineers for the entire time, with his band members staying for a large amount of it. At one point in the recording, Wakeman woke up during the night after he thought of a particular sound he wished to put onto tape and woke an engineer to record it. "There was something quite magical about that and I've never been able to do it again". When Wakeman needed a waterfall effect and felt dissatisfied with a vinyl of pre-recorded waterfall sounds, he got his band mates to pour jugs of water into a tin bathtub, placed in a cellar for echo and recorded it.
He was dissatisfied with the result and it was too short, so he suggested they all drink wine and urinate in the bath at the same time. Upon completion, Wakeman accidentally flicked some marmalade onto the master tape; this resulted in Tregurtha spending several hours washing off around 300 feet of tape using soap and water without damaging it. Should the tape have become useless, Wakeman said they would have had to fly the band over and rerecord the parts. In a 2003 interview, Wakeman said he could hear any section of No Earthly Connection and recall what time of the day he put them to tape. During the recording, Wakeman found himself sitting on a wall crying in a village miles from the studio. "I still don't know how I got there or why I was crying" and added, "It was as if my mind had blown a fuse". He said his album Out There is, in many ways, a sequel to No Earthly Connection. No Earthly Connection marked a change in Wakeman's musical direction, he retained the progressive rock style in his music, but made a conscious decision to make a more serious album without the comedic and tongue in cheek elements he had incorporated in his previous works.
He wished to write something "that I believed in fervently". Wakeman said it is a part fictional and non-fict