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Modern-day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers; the region is named after the Ndebele people. Other ethnic groups who inhabit parts of Matabeleland include the Tonga, Venda, Sotho and Khoisan; as of August 2012, according to the Zimbabwean national statistics agency ZIMSAT, the southern part of the region had 683,893 people, comprising 326,697 males and 356,926 females, with an average size household of 4.4 in an area of 54,172 square kilometres. As for the Matabeleland Northern Province, it had a total population of 749,017 people out of the population of Zimbabwe of 13,061,239; the proportion of males and females was 48 and 52 percent within an area of just over 75,017 square kilometres. The remaining Bulawayo province had a population of 653,337 in an area of 1,706.8 square kilometres. Thus the region has a combined population of 2,086,247 in an area of just over 130,000 square kilometres and, just over the size of England.

The major city is Bulawayo, other notable towns are Hwange. The land is fertile but dry; this area has important gold deposits. Industries include gold and other mineral mines, engineering. There has been a decline in the industries in this region. Promises by the government to draw water for the region through the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project have not been carried out; the region is marginalised by the government. Around the 10th and 11th centuries, the Bantu-speaking Bakalanga arrived from the south and settled in Mapungubwe on the Limpopo and Shashi river valleys, they moved north to Great Zimbabwe. By the 15th century, the Bakalanga had established a strong empire at Khami under a powerful ruler called Dlembeu; this empire was split by the end of the 15th century and were conquered by the Nguni people. In the late 1830s, Mzilikazi Khumalo, led a group of Nguni and other tribes into the Lozvi Empire of the Bakalanga. Many of the Bakalanga people were incorporated to create a large state called Mthwakazi Kingdom.

Mthwakazi, a Zulu word which means "something which becomes big at conception", in Zulu "into ethe ithwasa yabankulu" but the territory was called Matabeleland by Europeans. Mzilikazi organised this ethnically diverse nation into a militaristic system of regimental towns and established his capital at Bulawayo. Mzilikazi was a statesman of considerable stature, able to weld the many conquered tribes into a strong, centralised kingdom. In 1840, Matabeleland was founded. In 1852, the Boer government in the Transvaal made a treaty with Mzilikazi. Gold was discovered in northern Mthwakazi in 1867; the area, settled by the Zezuru people, remnants of the Mwenemutapa kingdom, while the European powers became interested in the region. Mzilikazi died on 9 September 1868, near Bulawayo, his son, succeeded him as king. In exchange for wealth and arms, Lobengula granted several concessions to the British, but it was not until twenty years that the most prominent of these, the 1888 Rudd Concession gave Cecil Rhodes exclusive mineral rights in much of the lands east of Lobengula's main territory.

Gold was known to exist, but with the Rudd concession, Rhodes was able in 1889 to obtain a Royal Charter to form the British South Africa Company. In 1890, Rhodes sent a group of settlers, known as the Pioneer Column, into Mashonaland where they founded Fort Salisbury. In 1891 an Order-in-Council declared Mashonaland British protectorates. Rhodes had a vested interest in the continued expansion of white settlements in the region, so now with the cover of a legal mandate, he used a brutal attack by Ndebele against the Shona near Fort Victoria in 1893 as a pretext for attacking the kingdom of Lobengula. In 1893, a concession awarded to Sir John Swinburne was detached from Matabeleland to be administered by the British Resident Commissioner of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, to which the territory was formally annexed in 1911 and it remains part of modern Botswana, known as the Tati Concessions Land; the first decisive battle was fought on 1 November 1893, when a laager was attacked on open ground near the Bembesi River by Imbizo and Ingubo regiments.

The laager consisted of 670 British soldiers, 400 of whom were mounted along with a small force of native allies, fought off the Imbizo and Ingubo forces, which were considered by Sir John Willoughby to number 1,700 warriors in all. The laager had with it small artillery: 5 Maxim guns, 2 seven-pounders, 1 Gardner gun, 1 Hotchkiss gun; the Maxim machine guns took center stage and decimated the native force at the Battle of the Shangani. Although Lobengula's forces totaled 80,000 spearmen and 20,000 riflemen, versus fewer than 700 soldiers of the British South Africa Police, the Ndebele warriors were not equipped to match the British machine guns. Leander Starr Jameson sent his troops to Bulawayo to try to capture Lobengula, but the king escaped and left Bulawayo in ruins behind him. An attempt to bring the king and his forces to submit led to the disaster of the Shangani Patrol when a Ndebele Impi defeated a British South Africa Company patrol led by Major Allan Wilson at the Shangani river in December 1893.

Except for Frederick Russell Burnham and two other scouts sent for reinforcements, the detachment was surrounded and wiped out. This incident had a lasting influence on Matabeleland and the colonists who died in this battle are buried at Matobo Hills along with Jameson and Cecil Rhodes. In white Rhodesian history, Wilson

End of Days (Torchwood)

"End of Days" is the thirteenth and final episode of the first series of the British science fiction television series Torchwood. It aired on the digital television channel BBC Three on 1 January 2007, alongside the previous episode, "Captain Jack Harkness"; the episode was directed by Ashley Way. Continuing from the events of "Captain Jack Harkness", the episode involves the time-travelling clock seller Bilis Manger manipulating members of a team of alien hunters called Torchwood into opening a rift in time and space which would cause the release of the demon Abaddon; the episode received three 2008 BAFTA Cymru award nominations. During Gwen's morning off with her boyfriend Rhys, they both see news reports of UFO sightings over the Taj Mahal, an armed clash between CO19 officers and English civil war era soldiers; when she returns to the Hub, the team learns that they are caused by unstable rift activity after it was opened to rescue Tosh and Jack. Torchwood has its hands full. In that time, Gwen sees a glimpse of Bilis Manger.

Ianto sees Lisa. During a heated argument, Jack fires Owen. While at a bar, Owen sees Diane. Jack and Gwen go to Bilis' clock shop, "A Stitch In Time", where they learn that Bilis can step between eras in time; when Jack leaves, Bilis shows Gwen a vision. Gwen has him imprisoned in Torchwood for protection. However, Bilis causes a power cut to raise a security breach in the Hub, releases Rhys, kills him. Gwen and Jack finds Rhys' body in a pool of blood, just like in the vision, Gwen screams in horror. Jack tells her that they cannot bring him back, but she knows the only hope of restoring him is to open the rift. All but Jack agree to this, attempts to stop them by holding the team at gunpoint; when he insults them, Owen attacks and kills him, scans his and the team's retinas and open the rift. After Jack revives himself, they discover that Bilis has manipulated the team to open the rift, in order to release Abaddon whose shadow kills anyone who touches it; this gives Jack an idea. The shadow attacks Jack, but a blue light flows out of his chest and destroys Abaddon, killing Jack for good.

The rift is now closed. Gwen is relieved to see Rhys alive. After several days, Jack is brought back to life after Gwen kisses him goodbye; the team welcome him back. Jack announces to Gwen that the rift is now more volatile than ever. Gwen questions him: what would tempt him to open the rift to which Jack replies "the right kind of doctor." As the rest of the team go for a coffee run, Jack sees the Doctor's severed hand glowing. He hears a familiar whooshing noise coming from above the Hub, runs towards it; the rest of the team are perplexed at Jack's sudden departure. In the episode, much of the team see familiar faces from their pasts in order to convince them to open the Rift. Ianto sees a human Lisa from the episode "Cyberwoman", Owen sees Diane from the episode "Out of Time". During the time where Jack insults the team before they kill him and open the Rift, he recites Gwen and Owen's sexual relationship and Mary's, Owen's fight with a Weevil, Ianto hiding Lisa. A monster was sealed beneath Abaddon.

The Torchwood website questions if there are more like him across the universe, asking "Were there other beings like Abaddon? Are they entombed underneath planets across the universe?" - referring to the Beast as seen in the Doctor Who episode "The Satan Pit". Like the Beast, Abaddon was described as having been sealed away "before time". Bilis Manger describes Abaddon as "son of the Beast", the Beast says that some cultures have used the name Abaddon to refer to him; the episode's end dovetails directly into the cold open of the Doctor Who episode, "Utopia". Jack sees the Doctor's hand's jar bubbling and hears the TARDIS' arrival on the surface and dashes upstairs; the hand jar is missing an instant when Gwen tells the others that Jack is gone. The closing aerial shot of Roald Dahl Plass is set after "Utopia"'s cold open, as the TARDIS has left the water tower. Jack returns the hand jar to the Doctor in "Utopia"; when the first episode list was released, this episode was listed as "End of Days".

The episode was renamed "Apocalypse", only to return to the name "End of Days". The song "Begging You" by The Stone Roses features in this episode; the episode aired on 1 January 2007, alongside "Captain Jack Harkness". The episode received total viewing figures of 1.232 million, placing Torchwood number one on the top ten most viewed television series on multi-channel television the week it aired in the United Kingdom. The episode represented Torchwood in three BAFTA Cymru awards, including "Best Drama Series," Ben Foster for "Best Original Music Soundtrack," and Eve Myles for "Best Actress." It received mixed reviews from critics. Brigid Cherry of Total Sci Fi rated the episode 5 out of 10, describing the episode's gaps and dangling plot threads as "downright annoying," and felt preceding episode "Captain

Night Owls (album)

Night Owls is the second studio album by Vaya Con Dios. It was released in 1990. André Brasseur – Hammond organ Bruno Castelluccidrums Steve Clisby – background vocals Verona Davis – background vocals Jason Johnson – background vocals Dani Klein – vocals Eric Melaerts – acoustic guitar Patrick Mortier – trumpet, flugelhorn Dirk Schoufsbass guitar, producer Frank Wuytspiano Night Owls at Discogs Album Night Owls at

Cecil Fiennes

Cecil Brownlow Twisleton Wykeham Fiennes was an English first-class cricketer and clergyman. The son of Frederick Fiennes and his wife, Emily Wingfield, he was born in August 1831 at Adlestrop, Gloucestershire, he was educated before going up to New College, Oxford. He made his debut in first-class cricket for the Gentlemen of England against the Gentlemen of Kent and Surrey at Canterbury in 1855, he played first-class cricket until 1859, making six appearances for the Gentlemen of England and three appearances for the Marylebone Cricket Club. He scored 72 runs in his nine first-class appearances, in addition to taking 7 wickets with best figures of 4 for 26. After graduating from Oxford, he became an Anglican clergyman and was the rector of Hamstall Ridware in Staffordshire, he was the rector of Ashow in Warwickshire from 1866 until his death at Torquay in March 1870. His brother, was a first-class cricketer. Cecil Fiennes at ESPNcricinfo

Josh Campbell (journalist)

Josh Campbell is an American journalist and analyst with CNN, teaches national security at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Crossfire Hurricane: Inside Donald Trump's War on the FBI. Campbell served as a Supervisory Special Agent with the U. S. Federal Bureau of Investigation conducting national security and criminal investigations, his assignments included deploying in response to international terrorist attacks and kidnappings, overseas tours embedded with the CIA, U. S. Special Operations Command, Department of State, crisis communication manager for high-profile cyber and counterintelligence investigations, was appointed Special Assistant to former FBI Director James Comey, he was awarded four FBI Combat Theater awards for his work overseas in conflict zones. He is known for covering breaking news events involving national security matters, reporting domestically and internationally on law enforcement issues. In addition to on-air work, he contributes to, has been published in The New York Times, The Washington Post, USA Today.

Campbell grew up in Texas, received a B. A. in Government from The University of Texas at Austin. He received an M. A. from Johns Hopkins University and completed the Middlebury College Arabic language immersion program. Campbell is a term member with an officer in the Navy Reserve. On February 2, 2018, Campbell published an op-ed in The New York Times entitled "Why I Am Leaving the FBI", which outlined his criticism of current attacks on the FBI by the Donald Trump administration and the House Intelligence Committee, he remained a vocal critic of efforts to undermine the Robert Mueller Special Counsel investigation and has defended the Justice Department from political attacks. Crossfire Hurricane

Spichenkovo Airport

Spichenkovo Airport known as Novokuznetsk Airport, is one of two major airports in Kemerovo Oblast area, Southwestern Siberia located 17 km west of Novokuznetsk. It is named after the nearby town of Spichenkovo; the area has skiing resorts, the airport is the place where Russian holiday makers pass through arriving to Mezhdurechensk, Kemerovo Oblast. It is a civilian airport, servicing medium-sized airliners, such as the Airbus A320, Boeing 737-300, Tupolev Tu-134, Tupolev Tu-154, Yakovlev Yak-40, Yakovlev Yak-42, Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26, Ilyushin Il-76, helicopters Mil Mi-2, Mil Mi-8 There are a 2,680 m × 45 m and a 2,000 m × 49 m active runways. Ground handling services are provided by Russian Aviation Enterprise "OOO Aerokuzbass"; the Novokuznetsk Airport is a base of the local airline of Kemerovo Oblast "OAO Aerokuznetsk" operating charter flights from/to Novokuznetsk. The Aerokuznetsk fleet includes the following aircraft: 2 Tupolev Tu-154, Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26 and helicopters Mil Mi-2, Mil Mi-8.

Novokuznetsk Spichenkovo Airport is served by a local bus line operated by Novokuznetsk Transport Enterprise. The trip takes 30 minutes to Novokuznetsk Central Russian Railways Station; the airport is served by numerous Novokuznetsk taxis. Taxis to the city center cost 500 RUR; the nearby cities of Kemerovo Oblast: Prokopyevsk, Kiselyovsk, Belovo, Kemerovo, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Guryevsk, Mariinsk can be reached by taxi and local bus lines. Barnaul Airport Kemerovo Airport Official Site of Novokuznetsk-Spichenkovo Airport Novokuznetsk Airport at Russian Airports Database Great Circle Mapper: NOZ / UNWW - Novokuznetsk, Russian Federation ASN Accident history for UNWW NOAA/NWS current weather observations Historical Weather Records for Novokuznetsk Spichenkovo Airport is at coordinate 53°48′36″N 086°52′42″E